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Encyclopedia > Michael Grade

Michael Ian Grade CBE (born March 8, 1943) is a British businessman and a distinguished figure in the field of broadcasting. He became Executive Chairman of ITV plc on 8 January 2007 after his resignation from the role of BBC chairman. Born into a Jewish show business family, his father was the theatrical agent Leslie Grade, and his uncles were the impresarios Lew Grade and Bernard Delfont. He was educated at Stowe School, and St Dunstan's College, London. Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire (Military division) The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by King George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions; in decreasing order of seniority... March 8 is the 67th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (68th in leap years). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people. ... Show business is a vernacular term for the business of entertainment. ... Leslie Grade (1916-1979) is a British agent and executive with The Grade Organisation. ... Lew Grade, Baron Grade (birth name Louis Winogradsky) (December 25, 1906 - December 13, 1998) was an influential showbusiness impresario and television company executive in the United Kingdom. ... Bernard Delfont, Baron Delfont of Stepney Kt (5 September 1909-28 July 1994) was a leading Ukrainian-born theatrical impresario. ... St Dunstan’s College is a co-educational, fee-paying public school in south-east London, England. ...


He was made a CBE in 1998, and is married to his third wife, Francesca; they have a son, Samuel. Recently,whilst on a skiing holiday in France, Michael bet a group of people from Essex who offered him toffee vodka, he ofcourse accepted and then began a lengthy convisation with them about Coronation Street and Ultimate Force. Commanders Badge of the Order of the British Empire The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is an order of chivalry established on 4 June 1917 by George V. The Order includes five classes in civil and military divisions, in order of seniority: Knight or Dame Grand Cross... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...

Contents

Career

He began his career as a sports journalist with the Daily Mirror in 1960, and was a sports columnist from 1964 to 1966. By an account he told himself (on a Channel 4 chat-show, entitled The Late Clive James), the job had been organised by his father. When his father suffered a serious stroke in 1966, the 23-year-old Grade moved into his theatrical business. In 1969 he moved to London Management & Representation. He went into television in 1973 when he joined LWT as Deputy Controller of Programmes (Entertainment), achieving the post of Director of Programmes in 1976. At LWT, Grade worked alongside both John Birt and Greg Dyke and as Director of Programmes commissioned the controversial series Mind Your Language as well as the popular The Professionals and the long running arts strand The South Bank Show. In 1981 he had a stint in the United States as President of independent production company Embassy Television and as an independent producer. 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Channel Four Television Corporation. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... Year 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... John Birt, Baron Birt (born 10 December 1944), served as the Director-General of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) from 1992 to 2000, having previously been deputy director-general since 1987. ... Gregory Dyke (born 20 May 1947) is a journalist and broadcaster. ... Mind Your Language was a British comedy television series originally shown on ITV, between 1977 and 1979. ... From Left : Martin Shaw as Ray Doyle, Gordon Jackson as George Cowley, and Lewis Collins as William Bodie. ... The South Bank Show is a British television arts magazine show, presented by Melvyn Bragg and seen in over 60 countries — including Australia, New Zealand, the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. Its stated aim is to bring both high art and popular culture to a mass audience. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


BBC

Grade joined BBC Television in 1984 as Controller of BBC One, becoming Director of Programmes in 1986 and Managing Director Designate in 1987. His tenure as Controller was especially controversial, with several high profile public outcries over decisions, such as the forced 18-month hiatus for Doctor Who in 1985. It is not entirely clear the extent to which Grade alone was responsible for these rulings, but in the case of both Dynasty and Doctor Who, he became the most prominent target of the campaigns to save the series. In recent years, Grade has, on a number of occasions, claimed that he postponed Doctor Who out of personal dislike, but contemporary evidence does not support this; it may have had more to do with freeing studio time and other resources for pet projects such as EastEnders. Later in 1986 he took the decision to fire actor Colin Baker from the title role of Doctor Who. Grade was going out with Baker's ex-wife, Liza Goddard, at the time.[1] In 2003, Grade remarked to a journalist for The Daily Telegraph that he had fired Baker because he thought his portrayal of the Doctor was "utterly unlikable, absolutely god-awful in fact." The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A controller is a person or device that exercises or attempts to exercise control or influence. ... BBC One (or BBC1 as it was formerly styled) is the primary channel of the British Broadcasting Corporation. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A controller is a person or device that exercises or attempts to exercise control or influence. ... Doctor Who is a long-running British science fiction television programme (and 1996 television movie) produced by the BBC about the adventures of a mysterious time-traveller known as the Doctor, who explores time and space with his companions, solving problems and righting wrongs. ... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... EastEnders is a popular BBC television soap opera, first broadcast in the United Kingdom on BBC1 on 19 February 1985[2] and continuing to date. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Colin Baker (born London, June 8, 1943) is an English actor who is best known for playing the sixth incarnation of the Doctor in the long-running science fiction television series Doctor Who, from 1984 to 1986. ... Liza Goddard (born 20 January 1950, in Smethwick, West Midlands, England) is a television and stage actress best known for her work in the 1970s and 1980s. ... This article concerns the British newspaper. ...


Grade was also responsible for the repeating of Australian soap opera Neighbours, at first purely an afternoon programme, in a later timeslot, on the advice of his daughter who was irritated that she could not watch it due to her being at school. This proved to be a successful scheduling decision that still remains in place as of 2007, and paid off at the time with audiences in excess of 15 million viewers for the new 5.35pm showings. It acts as a target finish time for CBBC and as a buffer between it and the 6 O'Clock News. He also came close to completely axing the sitcom Blackadder, judging the first series to be unfunny, because of lukewarm reviews and high cost (it featured extensive location sequences). He demanded that the price for renewing the series was that it be a completely studio-based production with an audience. It went on to become one of the most successful British sitcoms of all time. For Philippine soap opera, see Teleserye. ... Neighbours is a long-running Australian soap opera, which began airing in March 1985. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD (or CE) era. ... Blackadder is the generic name that encompasses four series of an acclaimed BBC One historical sitcom, along with several one-off installments. ...


Channel 4

In 1987 he returned to commercial television, accepting the post of chief executive of Channel 4, replacing Jeremy Isaacs. Grade phased out some of the channel's more high-brow programming, for which he was accused of 'dumbing down'. Grade responded that in the week he took over at Channel 4 they had screened a repeat of The Far Pavilions in which the American actress Amy Irving 'blacked up' as an Indian Princess. During this period he was attacked by the Conservative press, in particular the columnist Paul Johnson in the Daily Mail gave him the soubriquet of Britain's "pornographer-in-chief". He was successful in developing the business at a time when Channel 4 was obliged to give a proportion of its advertising revenue to the rival ITV network. As well as securing talent from the BBC Grade also recognised the improving quality of US television output making series such as Friends and ER mainstays of the channel's schedule. Grade also became embroiled in a vicious dispute with Chris Morris over the series Brass Eye. He went from Channel 4 to head First Leisure Corporation, leaving there in 1999 after a substantial restructuring to return to media as chairman of the new Pinewood and Shepperton studios company. 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chief Executive may refer to: Chief Executive of Hong Kong Chief Executive of Macau Chief Executive Officer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Channel Four Television Corporation. ... Sir Jeremy Isaacs (b. ... The Far Pavilions is an epic novel of British-Indian history by M. M. Kaye, first published in 1978, which tells the story of an English officer during the Great Game. ... Amy Irving (born September 10, 1953 in Palo Alto, California) is an Academy Award nominated American actress. ... Paul Johnson (born Paul Bede Johnson on November 2, 1928 in Manchester, England) is a British Roman Catholic journalist, historian, speechwriter and author. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper, a tabloid, first published in 1896. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... Friends. ... ER is a long-running American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. ... Chris Morris in Brass Eye Chris Morris (born September 5, 1965 in Bristol, England) is an English comedy writer, satirist and radio DJ. Morris grew up in Cambridgeshire; both his parents were doctors. ... Brass Eye is a UK television series of satirical spoof documentaries which aired on Channel 4 in 1997 and was re-run in 2001. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... For other uses of chair, see chair (disambiguation). ...


BBC (again)

Grade had ambitions to become chairman of the BBC board of governors in 2001, but lost out to Gavyn Davies. He was also on the board of the ill-fated Millennium Dome. He has been chairman of Octopus Publishing, the Camelot Group, and Hemscott, which he has indicated he will be giving up. The Board of Governors of the BBC is a group of twelve people who together regulate the BBC and represent the interests of the public, in particular those of viewers and listeners. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gavyn Davies Gavyn Davies (born 27 November 1950) was the chairman of the BBC from 2001 until 2004, a former Goldman Sachs banker and a former economic advisor to the British Government. ... The Millennium Dome, with the Canary Wharf complex in the background, seen from the River Thames Aerial view of the Millennium Dome The Millennium Dome, seen from the Isle of Dogs. ... Camelot Group plc is a private company which runs the UKs National Lottery, or Lotto. ...


Following Davies' resignation as a result of the Hutton Inquiry report, it was announced on 2 April 2004 that Grade had been appointed Chairman of the Board of Governors of the BBC; at the time his only show-stopper requirement was that he did not have to give up being a Charlton Athletic Director. He took up his post on 17 May. The Hutton Inquiry was a British judicial inquiry chaired by Lord Hutton, appointed by the British government to investigate the death of a government weapons expert, Dr. David Kelly. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Board of Governors of the BBC is a group of twelve people who together regulate the BBC and represent the interests of the public, in particular those of viewers and listeners. ... Charlton Athletic Football Club are a Football club from South East London. ... May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ...


Following the end of the revived series of Doctor Who in 2005, he wrote a letter to the BBC Director-General, congratulating all involved in the project on its success, signing-off with "PS never dreamed I would ever write this. Must be going soft!"[2]


On 19 September 2006, he joined Ocado (the Waitrose food delivery company) as Chairman. Ocado Logo Ocado is an internet based grocery retailer in the United Kingdom. ...


ITV

On 28 November 2006, Grade and the BBC confirmed that he was to resign from his post with the BBC to replace Sir Peter Burt as Chairman and Charles Allen as Chief Executive of commercial rival ITV, becoming Executive Chairman of ITV plc effective from early 2007. Charles Allen (born 4 January 1957) was Chief Executive of ITV plc from its formation in 2004 until 2006. ... It has been suggested that Channel 3 (UK) be merged into this article or section. ... ITV plc (LSE: ITV) is the British media company that operates 11 of the 15 regional television broadcasters that make up the ITV Network, the oldest and largest commercial terrestrial television network in the United Kingdom. ...


ITV, which has been struggling with falling advertising and ratings, said the appointment was a "real coup". Mr Grade said his first priority at ITV would be to improve its programming.


References

  1. ^ Nathan, Sara, Colin Robertson and Thomas Whitaker. "ITV can make the Grade", The Sun, 2006-11-29. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  2. ^ Dean, Jason. "Doctor Who's greatest enemy finally surrenders" (free registration required), The Guardian, 2005-06-22. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.

Sara Nathan is an English journalist and newspaper columnist. ... This article is about a British tabloid. ... -1... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... -1... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 22 is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 192 days remaining. ... -1... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ...

External links

Media Offices
Preceded by
Sir Peter Burt
as non-Executive Chairman
Charles Allen
as Chief Executive
Executive Chairman of ITV plc
2007-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by
Lord Ryder (acting)
Chairman of the BBC Board of Governors
2004-2006
Succeeded by
Anthony Salz (acting)
Preceded by
Jeremy Isaacs
Chief Executive of Channel 4
1988-1997
Succeeded by
Michael Jackson
Preceded by
Alan Hart
Controller of BBC One
1984-1987
Succeeded by
Jonathan Powell

  Results from FactBites:
 
Michael Grade - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1112 words)
Grade was also responsible for the repeating of Australian soap opera Neighbours, at first purely an afternoon programme, in a later timeslot, on the advice of his daughter who was irritated that she could not watch it due to her being at school.
Grade had ambitions to become chairman of the BBC board of governors in 2001, but lost out to Gavyn Davies.
As of 28 November 2006, Grade and the BBC has confirmed that he is to resign from his post with the BBC to replace Sir Peter Burt as Chairman and Charles Allen as Chief Executive of commercial rival ITV, becoming Executive Chairman of ITV plc effective as of early 2007.
A Knighthood for Michael Grade Petition (514 words)
Michael Grade is one of the all time greats in British broadcasting and he is also a successful businessman.
Michael was responsible for repeating the Australian soap Neighbours at 5.35 pm, an excellent move which paid off at the time because Neighbours in the beginning was brilliant there is no doubt about that but unfortunately it has now had its day.
Michael wasn't responsible for the downfall of Neighbours, he doesn't write the scripts for the soap or decides what people to have in the show, his job was just to get the programme on at the right time to please the majority of the British Public.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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