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Encyclopedia > Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
Pseudonym: John Lange
Jeffrey Hudson
Born: October 23, 1942
Occupation: Novelist
Nationality:  United States
Genres: Action
Science Fiction
Website: www.michaelcrichton.com

Michael Crichton, pronounced /ˈkɹaɪtən/ [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. His best-known works are techno-thriller novels, films and television programs. His works are usually based on the action genre and heavily feature technology. Many of his future history novels have medical or scientific underpinnings, reflecting his medical training and science background. A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Authorship redirects here. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... A Television producer oversees the making of television penis programs. ... Techno-thrillers are a hybrid genre, drawing subject matter generally from spy thrillers, war novels, and science fiction. ... “Moving picture” redirects here. ... Television series redirects here. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Universe was a 1941 story from Heinleins Future History series (shown here in the 1951 Dell edition). ...

Contents

Biography

Crichton was born in Chicago,[2] Illinois to John Henderson Crichton and Zula Miller Crichton, and raised in Roslyn, Long Island, New York.[1] Crichton has two sisters, Kimberly and Catherine, and a younger brother, Douglas. Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Roslyn (/ROHZ-lin/) is a village in Nassau County, New York on the North Shore of Long Island. ... Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... “NY” redirects here. ...


He attended Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts as an undergraduate, graduating summa cum laude in 1964.[3] Crichton was also initiated into the honors organization Phi Beta Kappa. He went on to become the Henry Russell Shaw Traveling Fellow, 1964-65 and Visiting Lecturer in Anthropology at Cambridge University, England, 1965. He graduated from Harvard Medical School, gaining an M.D. in 1969 and did post-doctoral fellowship study at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California, in 1969–1970. In 1988, he was Visiting Writer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. While in medical school, he wrote novels under the pen names John Lange and Jeffery Hudson. A Case of Need, written under the latter pseudonym, won the 1969 Edgar Award for Best Novel. He also co-authored Dealing with his younger brother Douglas under the shared pen name Michael Douglas. The back cover of that book contains a picture of Michael and Douglas at a very young age taken by their mother. Harvard Yard Harvard College is the undergraduate section and oldest school of Harvard University, founded in 1636. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... The Phi Beta Kappa Society is an honor society which considers its mission to be fostering and recognizing excellence in undergraduate liberal arts and sciences. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... The Medicinæ Doctor or Doctor of Medicine (M.D. or D.M.) is a doctorate level degree held by medical doctors. ... Salk Institute Salk Institute The Salk Institute for Biological Studies is an independent non-profit educational research organization in La Jolla, California. ... One of the beaches at La Jolla Cove La Jolla, California, is a seaside resort community comprised of 42,808[1] residents within the city of San Diego. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private, coeducational research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... The Edgar Allan Poe Awards (popularly called the Edgars), named after Edgar Allan Poe, are presented every year by the Mystery Writers of America. ...


His two pen names were both created to reflect his above-average height. According to his own words, he was about 2.06 m (6 ft 9 in) tall in 1997.[4] Lange means "tall one" in German, Danish and Dutch, and Sir Jeffrey Hudson was a famous seventeenth century dwarf in the court of Queen Henrietta Maria of England. Categories: People stubs ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... see dwarf, and for insular dwarfism and other meanings see Dwarf (disambiguation). ... Queen Henrietta Maria (November 25, 1609 – September 10, 1669) was Queen Consort of England, Scotland and Ireland (June 13, 1625 - January 30, 1649) through her marriage to Charles I. The U.S. state of Maryland (in Latin, Terra Mariae) was so named in her honour by Cæcilius Calvert, son... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem specific to England — the United Kingdom anthem is God Save the Queen. ...


Crichton has admitted to having once, during his undergraduate study, plagiarized a work by George Orwell and submitted it as his own. According to Crichton the paper was received by his professor with a mark of "B−". Crichton has claimed that the plagiarism was not intended to defraud the school, but rather as an experiment. Crichton believed that the professor in question had been intentionally giving him abnormally low marks, and so as an experiment Crichton informed another professor of his idea and submitted Orwell's paper as his own.[5] Plagiarism (from Latin plagiare to kidnap) is the practice of claiming, or implying, original authorship or incorporating material from someone elses written or creative work, in whole or in part, into ones own without adequate acknowledgement. ... Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903[1][2] – 21 January 1950), better known by the pen name George Orwell, was an English author and journalist. ...


Crichton has been married five times and divorced four times. He has been married to Suzanna Childs, Joan Radam (1965-1970), Kathy St. Johns (1978-1980) and Anne-Marie Martin, the mother of his only child, daughter Taylor. Crichton is currently married to Sherri Alexander. Anne-Marie Martin is a Canadian actress and writer (born November 11, 1957 in Toronto, Ontario) who is best known for playing Sgt. ...


Literary techniques

Crichton's works are frequently cautionary in that his plots often portray scientific advancements going awry, commonly resulting in worst-case scenarios. A notable recurring theme in Crichton's plots is the pathological failure of complex systems and their safeguards, whether biological ("Jurassic Park"), military/organisational ("The Andromeda Strain") or cybernetic ("Westworld"). This theme of the inevitable breakdown of "perfect" systems and the failure of "failsafe measures" can be seen strongly in the poster for "Westworld" (slogan: "Where nothing can possibly go worng .." (sic) ) and in the discussion of chaos theory in "Jurassic Park". Pathology (in ancient Greek pathos = pain/pation and logos = word) is the study of diseases. ... The term Fail-safe is used to describe: A device which, if (or when) it fails, fails in a way that will cause no harm or at least a minimum of harm to other devices or danger to personnel. ... A plot of the Lorenz attractor for values r = 28, σ = 10, b = 8/3 In mathematics and physics, chaos theory describes the behavior of certain nonlinear dynamical systems that under specific conditions exhibit dynamics that are sensitive to initial conditions (popularly referred to as the butterfly effect). ...


The use of author surrogate has been a feature of Crichton's writings since the beginning of his career. In A Case of Need, one of his pseudonymous whodunit stories, Crichton used first-person narrative to portray the hero, a Bostonian pathologist, who is running against the clock to clear a friend's name from medical malpractice in a girl's death from a hack job abortion. As a literary technique, an author surrogate is a character who expresses the ideas, questions, personality and morality of the author. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... A whodunit or whodunnit (for Who done it? and sometimes referred to as a Golden Age Mystery novel) is a complex, plot-driven variety of the detective story in which the puzzle is paramount. ... Nickname: Location in Massachusetts, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Suffolk County Settled 1630 Incorporated (city) 1822 Government  - Mayor Thomas M. Menino (D) Area  - City  89. ... Pathology (from Greek pathos, feeling, pain, suffering; and logos, study of; see also -ology) is the study of the processes underlying disease and other forms of illness, harmful abnormality, or dysfunction. ... Medical malpractice is an act or omission by a health care provider which deviates from accepted standards of practice in the medical community and which causes injury to the patient. ...


That book was written in 1968, nearly five years before the landmark case that legalized abortion nationwide in the US, Roe v. Wade (1973). It took the hero about 160 pages to find the chief suspect, an underground abortionist, who was created to be the author surrogate. Then, Crichton gave that character three pages to justify his illegal practice. A landmark decision is the outcome of a legal case (often thus referred to as a landmark case) that establishes a precedent that either substantially changes the interpretation of the law or that simply establishes new case law on a particular issue. ... Legalization is the process of removing a legal prohibition against something which is currently illegal. ... Holding Texas law making it a crime to assist a woman to get an abortion violated her due process rights. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... In the parlance of criminal justice, a suspect is a term used to refer to a person, known or unknown, suspected of committing a crime. ...


Some of Crichton's fiction uses a literary technique called false document. For example, Eaters of the Dead is a fabricated recreation of the Old English epic Beowulf in the form of a scholarly translation of Ahmad ibn Fadlan's tenth century manuscript. Other novels, such as The Andromeda Strain and Jurassic Park, incorporate fictionalized scientific documents in the form of diagrams, computer output, DNA sequences, footnotes and bibliography. However, some of his novels actually include authentic published scientific works to illustrate his point, as can be seen in 'State of Fear.' A literary technique or literary device may be used in works of literature in order to produce a specific effect on the reader. ... A false document is a form of verisimilitude that attempts to create in the reader (viewer, audience, etc. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Penis[1], Englisc by its speakers) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... The first page of Beowulf Beowulf is an Old English heroic elegy,[1] composed during the Early Middle Ages. ... Ahmad ibn Fadlān ibn al-Abbās ibn Rašīd ibn Hammād (أحمد إبن فضلان إبن ألعباس إبن رشيد إبن حماد) was a 10th century Muslim writer and traveler who wrote an account of his travels as a member of an embassy of the Abbasid Caliph of Baghdad to the king of the Volga Bulgars, the Kit... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... The Andromeda Strain (1969) is a techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton. ... Jurassic Park is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton that was published in 1990. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ...


Fiction

Year Cover Title Notes
1966 Odds On as John Lange
1967 Scratch One as John Lange
1968 Easy Go as John Lange
A Case of Need as Jeffrey Hudson
though later re-released
in Crichton's name
1969 The Andromeda Strain
The Venom Business as John Lange
Zero Cool as John Lange
1970 Grave Descend as John Lange
Drug of Choice as John Lange
Dealing: Or the Berkeley-to-Boston
Forty-Brick Lost-Bag Blues
co-written with brother
Douglas Crichton;
published as Michael Douglas
1972 The Terminal Man
Binary as John Lange
1975 The Great Train Robbery
1976 Eaters of the Dead
1980 Congo
1987 Sphere
1990 Jurassic Park
1992 Rising Sun
1994 Disclosure
1995 The Lost World
1996 Airframe
1999 Timeline
2002 Prey
2004 State of Fear
2006 Next

Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Oddson. ... Odds On is Michael Crichtons first published novel. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Scratch One is Michael Crichtons second novel ever published. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Easygo. ... Easy Go is Michael Crichtons third published novel. ... Image File history File links A_Case_of_Need. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The Andromeda Strain (1969) is a techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Venom Business is Michael Crichtons fifth published novel. ... Zero Cool is Michael Crichtons sixth published novel. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Download high resolution version (751x1173, 114 KB)Book cover of The Terminal Man, scanned it myself This image is a book cover. ... The Terminal Man is a novel by Michael Crichton. ... Binary is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton in 1972. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Trainrobbery. ... The Great Train Robbery is a bestselling 1975 historical fiction novel written by Michael Crichton. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Eaters_of_the_Dead. ... Eaters of the Dead: The Manuscript of Ibn Fadlan Relating His Experiences with the Northmen in A.D. 922 is a 1976 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Congo_novel. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Sphere_novel. ... Sphere is a science fiction novel written by Michael Crichton and published in 1987. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (470x662, 105 KB)Book Cover. ... Jurassic Park is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton that was published in 1990. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links RisingSuncover. ... Rising Sun is a book (ISBN 0394589424) written in 1992 by Michael Crichton about a murder in the Los Angeles headquarters of a Japanese business. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links MichaelCrighton_Disclosure. ... Disclosure is a novel by Michael Crichton, released in 1993. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links The Lost World book cover This image is of a book cover, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the publisher of the book. ... The Lost World is a novel by Michael Crichton, published in 1995 by Ballantine Books. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x843, 65 KB) Taken from the Michael Crichton official site http://www. ... Airframe is a novel by Michael Crichton, first published in hardback edition in 1996 and as a paperback edition in 1997 by Ballantine Books. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links MichaelCrighton_Timeline. ... Timeline is a science fiction novel by Michael Crichton that was published in November 1999. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Image File history File links The cover of the Novel Prey by Michael Crichton. ... Prey is a techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton first published in hardback edition in November 2002 and as a paperback edition in November 2003 by Harper Collins. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links MichaelCrighton_StateOfFear. ... State of Fear is a 2004 novel by Michael Crichton published by HarperCollins on December 7, 2004. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links 0060872985. ... Next is a 2006 novel by Michael Crichton. ...

Non-fiction

Apart from fiction, Crichton has written several other books based on scientific themes, amongst which is Travels, which also contains autobiographical episodes. Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...


As a personal friend to the Neo-Dadaist artist Jasper Johns, Crichton compiled many of his works in a coffee table book also named Jasper Johns. That book has been updated once. Neo-Dada is an artistic movement of the 20th century, usually thought to have begun in the 1960s. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Coffee table book on coffee table A coffee table book is a hardcover book that rests on a coffee table or similar surface in an area where guests sit and are entertained, thus inspiring conversation or alleviating boredom. ...


Crichton is also the author of Electronic Life, a book that introduces BASIC programming to its readers. In his words, being able to program a computer is liberation: BASIC (Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) is a family of high-level programming languages. ... Computer programming (often shortened to programming or coding) is the process of writing, testing, and maintaining the source code of computer programs. ...

In my experience, you assert control over a computer—show it who's the boss—by making it do something unique. That means programming it....[I]f you devote a couple of hours to programming a new machine, you'll feel better about it ever afterward.[6]

To prove his point, Crichton included many self-written demonstrative Applesoft (for Apple II) and BASICA (for IBM PC compatibles) programs in that book. Crichton once considered updating it, but the project seemed to be canceled. Applesoft BASIC was the second dialect of BASIC supplied on the Apple II computer, superseding Integer BASIC. Applesoft BASIC was supplied by Microsoft; Apple was looking for a new version of BASIC for the Apple II Plus computer with 48 KB of RAM, and after their success with Altair BASIC... The Apple II was one of the most popular personal computers of the 1980s. ... Microsoft BASICA (short for Advanced BASIC) is a simple disk-based BASIC interpreter written by Microsoft for PC-DOS. BASICA allows use of the ROM-resident BASIC on the PC while DOS is loaded (the ROM BASIC itself runs when nothing is loaded when booting) and adds functionality such as... IBM PC (IBM 5150) with keyboard and green screen monochrome monitor (IBM 5151), running MS-DOS 5. ...


His non-fiction works are:

Year Title
1970 Five Patients
1977 Jasper Johns
1983 Electronic Life
1988 Travels

1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Five Patients is a non-fiction book by Michael Crichton that recounts his experiences of hospital practices in the late 1960s at Massachusetts General Hospital in the USA. The book follows each of five patients through their hospital experience and the context of their treatment, showing how it fell below... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Electronic Life is a 1983 nonfiction book by Michael Crichton, an author better known for his novels. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...

Movies and television

Crichton has written and directed several motion pictures:

Year Title Notes
1972 Pursuit A TV movie
1973 Westworld
1978 Coma
1979 The First Great Train Robbery
1981 Looker
1984 Runaway
1989 Physical Evidence
1994 ER Creator/Writer/Executive Producer
1996 Twister

Pursuit is a TV movie written and directed by Crichton that is based on his novel Binary. Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Westworld was a 1973 film written and directed by Michael Crichton. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Coma is a 1978 suspense film based on the novel Coma by Robin Cook. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... The First Great Train Robbery is a 1979 film directed by Michael Crichton and based on his novel The Great Train Robbery. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Looker is a 1981 science fiction thriller. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... Runaway is a 1984 action film starring Tom Selleck, Gene Simmons and Cynthia Rhodes. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... ER is a long-running, Emmy-winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Twister is a 1996 disaster film starring Helen Hunt and Bill Paxton as storm chasers researching tornadoes. ...


Westworld was the first feature film that used 2D computer-generated imagery (CGI) and the first use of 3D CGI was in its sequel, Futureworld (1976), which featured a computer-generated hand and face created by then University of Utah graduate students Edwin Catmull and Fred Parke. Computer-generated imagery (commonly abbreviated as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics (or more specifically, 3D computer graphics) to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ... Futureworld was a 1976 sequel to the 1973 science fiction film Westworld. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Utah (also The U or the U of U or the UU), located in Salt Lake City, is the flagship public research university in the state of Utah, and one of 10 institutions that make up the Utah System of Higher Education. ... Edwin Catmull after receiving a medal at SIGGRAPH 2001. ...


Crichton directed the film Coma, adapted from a Robin Cook novel. There are other similarities in terms of genre and the fact that both Cook and Crichton are physicians, are of similar age, and write about similar subjects. Coma is a 1978 suspense film based on the novel Coma by Robin Cook. ... Robin Cook (born May 4, 1940 in New York) is an American doctor/novelist who writes about medicine and topics affecting public health. ... Look up genre in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ...


Many of his novels have been filmed by others:

Year Title Filmmaker/Director
1971 The Andromeda Strain Robert Wise
1972 Dealing: Or the Berkeley-to-Boston Forty-Brick Lost-Bag Blues Paul Williams
1972 The Carey Treatment (A Case of Need) Blake Edwards
1974 The Terminal Man Mike Hodges
1993 Rising Sun Philip Kaufman
1993 Jurassic Park Steven Spielberg
1994 Disclosure Barry Levinson
1995 Congo Frank Marshall
1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park Steven Spielberg
1998 Sphere Barry Levinson
1999 The 13th Warrior (Eaters of the Dead) John McTiernan
2003 Timeline Richard Donner

He has written the screenplay for the movies Extreme Close Up (1973) and Twister (1996) (the latter co-written with Anne-Marie Martin, his wife at the time). Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the 1971 film. ... Robert Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was a sound effects editor, film editor, and Academy Award-winning American film producer and director. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Carey Treatment is a 1972 film by Blake Edwards. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... The Terminal Man DVD Cover The Terminal Man is a film based on the 1972 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Mike Hodges (born July 29, 1932 in Bristol, England) is a British screenwriter and film director. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Rising Sun is a novel (ISBN 0394589424) written in 1992 by Michael Crichton about a murder in the Los Angeles headquarters of Nakamoto, a fictional Japanese corporation. ... Philip Kaufman (born October 23, 1936) is a film director and screenwriter from Chicago, Illinois. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Disclosure is a 1994 thriller based on Michael Crichtons novel of the same name. ... Barry Levinson Barry Levinson (born April 6, 1942 in Baltimore, Maryland) is a Jewish-American screenwriter, film director, actor, and producer of film and television. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Frank Marshall (born September 13, 1946) is an American movie producer and director, often working in collaboration with Kathleen Kennedy. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Sphere is a science fiction movie, released on February 13, 1998, starring Dustin Hoffman as Dr. Norman Johnson, Sharon Stone as Dr. Elizabeth Beth Halperin, Liev Schreiber as Dr. Ted Fielding and Samuel L. Jackson as Dr. Harry Adams. ... Barry Levinson Barry Levinson (born April 6, 1942 in Baltimore, Maryland) is a Jewish-American screenwriter, film director, actor, and producer of film and television. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... The 13th Warrior is a 1999 action film based on Michael Crichtons novel Eaters of the Dead, directed by John McTiernan and an uncredited Crichton, and starring Antonio Banderas as Ahmad ibn Fadlan and Vladimir Kulich as Bulywif (Beowulf). ... John McTiernan (born January 8, 1951) is a movie director, and a M.F.A. graduate of the AFI Conservatory, most notable for his action movies. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that may be overly long, confusing, or ambiguous. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ... Twister is a 1996 disaster movie starring Helen Hunt and Bill Paxton as storm chasers researching tornadoes. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Crichton is also the creator and executive producer of the television drama ER. In December 1994, he achieved the unique distinction of having the #1 movie (Jurassic Park), the #1 TV show (ER), and the #1 book (Disclosure, atop the paperback list). Crichton has written only three episodes of ER: ER is a long-running, Emmy-winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ...

  • Episode 1-1: "24 Hours"
  • Episode 1-2: "Day One"
  • Episode 1-3: "Going Home"

Computer games

Amazon is a graphical text adventure game created by Michael Crichton and produced by John Wells under Trillium Corp. Amazon was released in the United States in 1984 and it runs on Apple II, Atari ST, Commodore 64, and the DOS systems. Amazon was considered by some to be a breakthrough in the way it updated text adventure games by adding color graphics and music. It sold more than 100,000 copies, making it a significant commercial success at the time. John Wells may be: John Wells (rower) who competed for the Independent Rowing Club (USA) in Rowing at the 1904 Summer Olympics John Wells (1936 — 1998) British satirist. ... Zork, an early work of interactive fiction, running on a modern interpreter Interactive fiction, often abbreviated as IF, is a simulated environment in which players use text commands to control characters. ...


In 1999, Crichton founded Timeline Computer Entertainment with David Smith. Despite signing a multi-title publishing deal with Eidos Interactive, only one game was ever published, Timeline. Released on 8 December 2000 for the PC, the game received poor reviews and sold poorly. David A. Smith at work in 2005. ... Eidos Interactive is a publisher of video and computer games with its parent company based in the United Kingdom. ...


Awards

Mystery Writers of America is an organization for mystery writers, based in New York. ... The Edgar Allan Poe Awards (popularly called the Edgars), named after Edgar Allan Poe, are presented every year by the Mystery Writers of America. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... The Edgar Allan Poe Awards (popularly called the Edgars), named after Edgar Allan Poe, are presented every year by the Mystery Writers of America. ... The First Great Train Robbery is a 1979 film directed by Michael Crichton and based on his novel The Great Train Robbery. ... Chrichtonsaurus was a dinosaur named for the author of Jurassic Park, Michael Crichton. ...

Speeches

"Aliens Cause Global Warming"

In 2003 he gave a controversial lecture at Caltech entitled "Aliens Cause Global Warming" [3] in which he expressed his views of the danger of "consensus science" — especially with regard to what he regards as popular but disputed theories such as nuclear winter, the dangers of second-hand smoke, and the global warming controversy. Crichton has been critical of widespread belief in ETs and UFOs, citing the fact that there is no conclusive proof of their existence. Crichton stated that "The Drake equation cannot be tested and therefore SETI is not science. SETI is unquestionably a religion." Crichton has commented that belief in purported scientific theories without a factual basis is more akin to faith than science. California Institute of Technology The California Institute of Technology (commonly known as Caltech) is a private, coeducational university located in Pasadena, California, in the United States. ... Nuclear winter is a hypothetical global climate condition that is predicted to be a possible outcome of a large-scale nuclear war. ... For the article on tobacco smoking, see here; For the main health effects of tobacco smoking, see here: Second-hand Smoke redirects here, for the Sublime album, see Second-hand Smoke (album) Passive smoking (also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), involuntary smoking or secondhand smoke) occurs when the exhaled... The global warming controversy is the debate concerning causes of increased global average air temperature since the mid-1800s, whether this warming trend is unprecedented or within normal climatic variations, predictions of additional warming, what the consequences are, and what actions should be taken. ... “Green people” redirects here. ... UFO can mean: Unidentified flying object United Future Organization, a Japanese-Brazilian electronic jazz band UFO, the rock band that previously featured Michael Schenker UFO, the Gerry Anderson TV series United Farmers of Ontario, a political party that formed the government in Ontario from 1919 to 1923 U.F.O... The Drake equation (rarely also called the Green Bank equation or the Sagan equation) is a famous result in the speculative fields of exobiology, astrosociobiology and the search for extraterrestrial intelligence. ... This article is about the search for extra-terrestrial intelligence. ... Faith has two general implications which can be implied either exclusively or mutually; To Trust: Believing a certain variable will act a specific way despite the potential influence of known or unknown change. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ...


Environmentalism as a religion

In a related speech given to the Commonwealth Club of California, called "Environmentalism as a religion" [4] (see Radical environmentalism), Crichton described what he sees as similarities between the structure of various religious views (particularly Judeo-Christian dogma) and the beliefs of many modern urban atheists who he asserts have romantic ideas about Nature and our past, who he thinks believe in the initial "paradise", the human "sins", and the "judgment day". He also articulates his belief that it is the tendency of modern environmentalists to cling stubbornly to elements of their faith in spite of what he would contend is evidence to the contrary. Crichton cites what he contends are misconceptions about DDT, second-hand smoke, and global warming as examples. The Commonwealth Club of California is a non-profit, non-partisan educational organization based in Northern California. ... Some environmentalists take the position that traditional methods of social change like political lobbying, public awareness campaigns, and the like are insufficient for achieving necessary changes in the relationship between humans and the environment. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Wanderer above the sea of fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe during the Industrial Revolution. ... Bold textHello ... DDT or Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane is the first modern pesticide and is one of the best known synthetic pesticides. ...


Widespread speculation in the media

In a speech entitled "Why Speculate?", [5] delivered in 2002 to the International Leadership Forum, Crichton criticized the media for engaging in what he saw as pointless speculation rather than the delivery of facts. As an example, he pointed to a front-page article of the March 6 New York Times that speculated about the possible effects of U.S. President George W. Bush's decision to impose tariffs on imported steel. Crichton also singled out Susan Faludi's book Backlash for criticism, saying that it "presented hundreds of pages of quasi-statistical assertions based on a premise that was never demonstrated and that was almost certainly false". He referred to what he calls the "Murray Gell-Mann Amnesia Effect" to describe the public's tendency to discount one story in a newspaper they may know to be false because of their knowledge of the subject, but believe the same paper on subjects with which they are unfamiliar. Crichton used the Latin expression falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus, which he translated as "untruthful in one part, untruthful in all", to describe what he thought should be a more appropriate reaction. The speech also made several references to Crichton's skepticism of environmentalists' assertions about the possible future ramifications of human activity on the Earth's environment. The International Leadership Forum (ILF)[1] is a non-partisan, Internet-based think tank composed of top leaders who participate in policy forums online to discuss the major issues facing our global society. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The steel cable of a colliery winding tower. ... Susan C. Faludi (born April 18, 1959) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author of two well-known books: Backlash: The Undeclared War Against American Women (1992; ISBN 0-385-42507-4 ) and Stiffed: The Betrayal of the American Man (1999). ... Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929 in Manhattan, New York City, USA) is an American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. ... Amnesia (from Greek ) (see spelling differences) is a condition in which memory is disturbed. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ...


Role of science in environmental policy-making

In September 2005 Crichton testified at a Congressional hearing on climate change, having been called by Senator James Inhofe, a well-known disbeliever in global climate change (he's called global warming "the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people" [6]), to advise the Environment and Public Works Committee. In introducing himself to the committee, Crichton gave his credentials: James Mountain Inhofe, usually known as Jim Inhofe (born November 17, 1934) is an American politician from Oklahoma. ...

I am Michael Crichton, known to most people as the author of Jurassic Park and the creator of the television series ER. My academic background includes degrees from Harvard College and Harvard Medical School; I was a visiting lecturer in Physical Anthropology at Cambridge University; and a post-doctoral fellow at the Salk Institute, where I worked on media and science policy with Jacob Bronowski.

Crichton spoke on issues such as the role of science in policy making, criticisms of climate-change researcher Michael Mann and what Crichton claimed was the deliberate obstruction of research into the subject by some in the scientific community. [7] Michael Mann is the name of: Michael Mann (film director) (born 1943) Michael Mann (scientist), climate researcher. ...

Criticism

Many of Crichton's publicly expressed views, particularly on subjects like the global warming controversy, have caused heated debate. An example is meteorologist Jeffrey Masters' review of State of Fear: The global warming controversy is the debate concerning causes of increased global average air temperature since the mid-1800s, whether this warming trend is unprecedented or within normal climatic variations, predictions of additional warming, what the consequences are, and what actions should be taken. ... Weather Underground is a commercial weather service which provides free, real-time weather information via the Internet. ... State of Fear is a 2004 novel by Michael Crichton published by HarperCollins on December 7, 2004. ...

"[F]lawed or misleading presentations of Global Warming science exist in the book, including those on Arctic sea ice thinning, correction of land-based temperature measurements for the urban heat island effect, and satellite vs. ground-based measurements of Earth's warming. I will spare the reader additional details. On the positive side, Crichton does emphasize the little-appreciated fact that while most of the world has been warming the past few decades, most of Antarctica has seen a cooling trend. The Antarctic ice sheet is actually expected to increase in mass over the next 100 years due to increased precipitation, according to the IPCC." [8]

Peter Doran, author of the paper in the January 2002 issue of Nature which reported the finding referred to above, that some areas of Antarctica had cooled between 1986 and 2000 , wrote an opinion piece in the July 27, 2006 New York Times in which he stated "Our results have been misused as 'evidence' against global warming by Michael Crichton in his novel State of Fear".[9] Crichton himself states in the book that though he uses a number of studies to support his stance, the authors of these studies do not necessarily agree with his interpretations. Additionally, some of the characters in the novel caution that they do not necessarily claim that global warming is not an issue, but only that more research is necessary before we make any definition conclusions[citation needed]. An urban heat island (UHI) is a metropolitan area which is significantly warmer than its surroundings. ... Comparison of ground based (blue) and satellite based (red: UAH; green: RSS) records of temperature variations since 1979. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: it somewhat overstates the fame of this performer If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Nature is one of the most prominent scientific journals, first published on 4 November 1869. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


Al Gore is reported as having said on March 21, 2007 before a US House committee: "The planet has a fever. If your baby has a fever, you go to the doctor [...] if your doctor tells you you need to intervene here, you don't say 'Well, I read a science fiction novel that tells me it's not a problem.'" This, in Dave Langford's opinion, is a reference to State of Fear. [10] Albert Arnold Gore, Jr. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... David Langford David Langford (born April 10, 1953, in Newport, Monmouthshire) is a British science fiction author and critic. ...


Next controversy

In his 2006 novel Next (released November 28th), Crichton introduces a character named "Mick Crowley" who is a Yale graduate and a Washington D.C.-based political columnist. "Crowley" is portrayed by Crichton as a child molester. The character is a minor one who does not appear elsewhere in the book.[11]


A real person named Michael Crowley is also a Yale graduate, and a senior editor of The New Republic, a Washington D.C.-based political magazine. In March 2006, the real Crowley wrote an article strongly critical of Crichton for his stance on global warming in State of Fear. [12] Michael Crowley is an American journalist, and currently senior editor and columnist at The New Republic magazine. ... For other uses, see New Republic. ...


References

  1. ^ a b - Crichton, Michael. "For Younger Readers", michaelcrichton.com, 2005. Retrieved Dec. 11, 2005.
  2. ^ "Michael Crichton’s Mark on the Science Fiction World"; "Michael Crichton"; [1]; Profile by IGN; see the IMDB entry here
  3. ^ http://www.michaelcrichton.com/aboutmc/biography.html
  4. ^ http://www.adara-interactive.com/crichton/ow_transcripts2.htm
  5. ^ King of the techno-thriller, The Observer, December 3, 2006
  6. ^ Crichton, Michael. Electronic Life, Knopf, 1983, p. 44. ISBN 0-394-53406-9

IGN is a multimedia news and reviews website that focuses heavily on video games. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) [1] is an online database of information about actors, movies, television shows, television stars and video games. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Electronic Life is a 1983 nonfiction book by Michael Crichton, an author better known for his novels. ... The International Leadership Forum (ILF)[1] is a non-partisan, Internet-based think tank composed of top leaders who participate in policy forums online to discuss the major issues facing our global society. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Michael Crichton
  • michaelcrichton.com - Official website
  • Recorded BBC Five Live interview with Michael Crichton
  • Michael Crichton: From Scientist to Novelist, by Tal Cohen
  • Earth Institute News, Columbia.edu Criticism of the science of State of Fear
  • Michael Crichton at the Internet Movie Database
  • Audio interviews with Michael Crichton by Don Swaim of CBS Radio - RealAudio format
  • Michael Crichton's International Leadership Forum blog page
  • Official publisher web page for NEXT

Critical essays of Crichton's work and/or ideas: Image File history File links Information. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...

  • Review of Michael Crichton's State of Fear – Dr. Jeffrey M. Masters, Chief Meteorologist at The Weather Underground
  • Michael Crichton and Global Warming – David B. Sandalow, Environment Scholar for the Brookings Institute
  • Science Fiction: Michael Crichton takes a novel approach to global-warming alarmism. – Iain Murray, senior fellow at the Competitive Enterprise Institute
  • Rebuttal on Crichton's Speech
Persondata
NAME Crichton, Michael
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Crichton, John Michael; Lange, John; Hudson, Jeffrey
SHORT DESCRIPTION American novelist
DATE OF BIRTH October 23, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH Chicago, Illinois
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Michael Crichton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2492 words)
John Michael Crichton was born on October 23, 1942 in Chicago, Illinois to John Henderson Crichton and Zula Miller Crichton, and raised in Roslyn, Long Island, New York.
Crichton admitted to plagiarizing when he was on the stand in the course of a lawsuit trying to defend the authenticity of Twister, a movie which one individual claimed was based on his story entitled "Catch the Wind".
Crichton used the Latin expression "falsus in uno, falsus in omnibus", which he translated as "untruthful in one part, untruthful in all", to describe what he thought a more appropriate reaction should be.
Crichton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (171 words)
The surname Crichton is a Scottish surname derived from the Gaelic word crioch, which means border, and the Old English word tune which means farm or settlement.
Crichton Park, a neighborhood in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia.
Crichton Street Public School, an elementary school in the New Edinburgh neighborhood of Ottawa, Canada.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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