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Encyclopedia > Michael Cerularius

Michael Cerularius, (b. Constantinople c. 1000 - d. 1059), also known as Michael Keroularios or Patriarch Michael I, was the Patriarch of Constantinople from 1043 to 1059. In 1054 he quarrelled with legates sent by Pope Leo IX over church practises which had been differing from the Roman Church for centuries, especially the use of unleavened bread in the Eucharist. The legates excommunicated him, and he likewise excommunicated them, starting the Great Schism. This schism led to the end of the alliance between the Emperor and the Papacy, and caused later Popes to ally with the Normans against the Empire. In 1965, those excommunications were rescinded by Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras when they met in the Second Vatican Council. This was a significant step towards restoring communion between Rome and Constantinople.

Michael also quarrelled with Emperor Isaac I Comnenus over confiscation of church property. Isaac planned to depose Michael when Michael suddenly died in 1059, though there was no suspicion that he was murdered.

Preceded by:
Alexius I
List of Constantinople patriarchs Followed by:
Constantine III

  Results from FactBites:
Cerularius was stridently anti-Latin and particularly resentful of Rome’s claim of primacy over all Christendom.
Cerularius answered by rejecting the papal assertion of supremacy and presenting an encyclical embodying the Byzantine defense of independence from and equality with the Western church.
Cerularius also asserted the superiority of the church over the state, a position that led to his eventual dethronement and exile by the Byzantine emperor Isaac I Comnenus (c.
OCA - About Orthodox Christianity (857 words)
Michael Cerularius, the patriarch of Constantinople, refused to give the papal legates a hearing because he thought they were politically motivated.
The official reasons for Humbert's anathema and excommunication of Cerularius were the removal of the filioque from the Creed; the practice of married clergy; and liturgical errors.
Patriarch Michael Cerularius responded to Humbert's action by excommunicating all responsible" for the July 16 incident.
  More results at FactBites »



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