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Encyclopedia > Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly
Knyaz de Tolly
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Knyaz de Tolly

Knyaz Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, called by the Russians as Mikhail Bogdanovich Barklay de Tolly (Михаи́л Богда́нович Баркла́й-де-То́лли) (born December 21, 1761 in Riga, [then] Imperial Russia; died May 26, 1818 in Insterburg, [then] Prussia), was a Russian field marshal and Minister of War. Image File history File links Barclay-de-tolly. ... Image File history File links Barclay-de-tolly. ... Kniaz’ or knyaz is a word found in some Slavic languages. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Riga (Latvian: RÄ«ga), the capital of Latvia, is situated on the Baltic Sea coast on the mouth of River Daugava, at 56°58′N 24°8′E. Riga is the largest city in the Baltic states and serves as a major cultural, educational, political, financial, commercial and industrial center... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Chernyakhovsk is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, which before 1945 was known by its German name, Insterburg and was in East Prussia. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and...


Barclay de Tolly was born in the Baltic provice of Livonia which then belonged to Imperial Russia. He was a native German-speaking descendant of a Scottish family which had settled in Livonia in the 17th century. He entered the Russian army at an early age. The Baltic Provinces were the provinces of the Russian Empire on the territory which is now Baltic States. ... Estonia, Livonia and Courland from a 1740 map Livonia (Latvian: Livonija; Estonian: Liivimaa; German: Livland; Polish: Inflanty; Russian: Лифляндия or Liflandiya) once was the land of the Finnic Livonians, but came in the Middle Ages to designate a much broader territory controlled by the Livonian Order on the eastern coasts of... Royal motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within the UK Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ...


In 1788 - 1789 Barclay served against the Turks, in 1790 and 1794 against the Swedes and Poles. He became a colonel in 1798 and a major-general in 1799. 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1790 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


In the war of 1806 against Napoleon, Barclay took a distinguished part in the Battle of Pultusk (December 1806) and was wounded at the Battle of Eylau (7 February 1807), where his conduct won him promotion to the rank of lieutenant-general. In 1808 he commanded against the Swedes in Finland, and in 1809 by a rapid and daring march over the frozen Gulf of Bothnia he surprised and seized Umeå. He was made Governor-General of Finland between 1809 and 1810. In 1810 he became minister of war, and he retained that post until 1813. 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Napoleon I of France, by Jacques-Louis David Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution, and the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from 11 November 1799 to 18 May 1804, then as Emperor of the... The Battle of Pułtusk took place on December 26, 1806 near Pułtusk, Russians with 120 guns under General Bennigsen, and 35,000 French under Marshal Lannes. ... The Battle of Eylau, fought on February 7–8, 1807, was a bloody and inconclusive contest between the forces of Napoléon and a mostly Russian army under General Bennigsen. ... February 7 is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1807 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Baltic Sea The Gulf of Bothnia (Fin. ... UmeÃ¥ (IPA: ˘ʉmÉ™oː – â–¶ (help· info)) is a city in upper Norrland in northern Sweden. ... The Governor-General of Finland was the head of the Senate of Finland, the government in the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland, between 1808 and 1917. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia in 1812 Barclay was the command of the 1st Army of the West, the largest of the Russian armies facing Napoleon. Barclay proposed the now famous scorched earth tactic of drawing the enemy deep into one's own territory. Russians keenly opposed the appointment of a foreigner as commander-in-chief, and after Barclay was forced to engage Napoleon at Smolensk (17 - 18 August 1812) and defeated, the great outcry caused him to resign his command and take a subordinate place under the veteran Kutuzov. A Scorched Earth policy is a military tactic which involves destroying anything that might be useful to the enemy while advancing through or withdrawing from an area. ... The First Battle of Smolensk took place on August 17, 1812, between 175,000 French under Napoleon Bonaparte and 130,000 Russians under Prince Bagration, of whom about 50,000 and 60,000 respectively were actually engaged. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mikhail Kutuzov Prince Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (Russian: ) (September 16, 1745 – April 28, 1813 (n. ...


Barclay was present at the Battle of Borodino (7 September 1812), but left the army soon afterwards. In 1813 his honor was restored by the Czar. He was re-employed in the field and took part in the campaign in Germany. After the Battle of Bautzen (21 May 1813) he once again became commander-in-chief of the Russian forces, and in this capacity he served at Dresden (26 - 27 August 1813), Kulm (29 - 30 August 1813) and Leipzig (16 - 19 October 1813). After the last battle he became a count. Combatants First French Empire Russian Empire Commanders Napoleon Bonaparte Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov Strength 134,000 155,000 Casualties 30,000 45,000 {{{notes}}} The Battle of Borodino (Russian: Бородино) (September 7, 1812, or August 26 in the Julian calendar then used in Russia), also called the Battle of the Moskva, was... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Battle of Bautzen was fought on May 21, 1813, and resulted in a French victory under Napoléon Bonaparte against the Kingdom of Prussians and Russians. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Battle of Dresden was fought on August 26-27, 1813, and resulted in a French victory under Napoleon Bonaparte against Austrians, Russians and Prussians under General Schwartzenberg. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Battle of Kulm was a battle of the Napoleonic Wars. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants France, Poland (Duchy of Warsaw), some states of Confederation of the Rhine Russia, Austrian Empire, Prussia, Sweden Commanders Napoleon I of France, prince Jozef Antoni Poniatowski Karl von Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blucher Crown Prince Charles of Sweden Strength 191,000 430,000 Casualties 38,000 dead or wounded 30... October 19 is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up Count in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ...


Barclay took part in the invasion of France in 1814 and at Paris received the baton of a Field Marshal. In 1815 he again served as commander-in-chief of the Russian army which invaded France, and was created knyaz (prince) at the close of the war. He died at Insterburg in Prussia on 26 May (Old Style 4 May) 1818 and his remains were embalmed and put into the mausoleum built after the project of a famous Russian architect Apollon Štšedrin in 1832 in Jõgeveste(Estonia). 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Baton refers to: The term baton refers to any of several types of cylindrical or tapered instruments composed of a wide variety of materials, and of differing functions: A baton (billy, billy club, nightstick, riot stick) is a type of striking/parrying weapon, staff or club, typically used by police... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Kniaz’ or knyaz is a word found in some Slavic languages. ... The term prince (the female form is princess), from the Latin root princeps, when used for a member of the highest aristocracy, has several fundamentally different meanings - one generic, and several types of titles. ... Chernyakhovsk is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, which before 1945 was known by its German name, Insterburg and was in East Prussia. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (140th in leap years). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


Barclay adopted the son of his lieutenant because he had no heir. The family name was continued as Barclay de Tolly-Weymarn.

Preceded by:
Aleksey Arakcheyev
Minister of Land Forces
1810 – 1812
Succeeded by:
Aleksey Gorchakov

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain. Dawes portrait of Arkacheev from the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace. ... // War Collegium War Collegium was created in the course of Government reform of Peter I 11 December 1717. ... Coat of arms of the Gorchakov family Gorchakov, or Gortchakoff (Russian: ) is a Russian princely family of Rurikid stock, descended from the Rurikid sovereigns of Peremyshl, Russia. ... The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910-1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly (359 words)
Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, called by the Russians Mikhail Bogdanovich, Prince Barclay de Tolly (1761 - 1818), Russian field marshal, was born in Livonia, a descendant of a Scottish family which had settled in Russia in the 17th century.
In the war of 1806 against Napoleon, Barclay took a distinguished part in the Battle of Pultusk[?] (December 1806) and was wounded at the Battle of Eylau (7 February 1807), where his conduct won him promotion to the rank of lieutenant-general.
Barclay took part in the invasion of France in 1814 and at Paris received the baton of a Field Marshal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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