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Encyclopedia > Miami tribe

The Miami are a Native American tribe originally found in Indiana and Ohio, and now living also in Oklahoma. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,898 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...

Contents

Name

The name 'Miami' derives from the tribe's name for themselves in their own Algonquian language, Myaamia (plural Myaamiaki). Some sources say that the Miami called themselves the Twightwee (also spelled Twatwa), an onomatopoeic reference to their sacred bird, the Sandhill crane. However, "Twightwee" appears to be a Delaware language name for the Miamis, and some Miamis have stated that this was only a name used by other tribes for the Miamis, and not a name the Miamis used for themselves. Another common usage was Mihtohseeniaki, "the people," and the Miami continue to employ this ethnonym today. The Algonquian languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... For the supervillain, see Onomatopoeia (comics). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis) is a large crane of North America and extreme northeastern Siberia. ... Lenape (also called Delaware) is a language in the Algonquian language family spoken by the Lenape people. ...


Prehistory

The Miami are thought by anthropologists to be one of the cultural descendants of the Mississippian culture, characterized by maize-based agriculture, chiefdom-level social organization, extensive regional trade networks, hierarchical settlement patterns, and other factors. The historical Miami seem also to have enjoyed hunting. The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 900 to 1500 CE, varying regionally. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... A chiefdom is any community led by an individual known as a chief. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ...


European contact

When French missionaries first encountered the Miami in the mid 17th century, they were living around the shores of Lake Michigan. The Miami had reportedly moved there because of pressure from the Iroquois further east. Early French explorers noticed many linguistic and cultural similarities between the Miami bands and the Illiniwek. At this time, the major divisions of the Miami were: A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... --67. ... For other uses, see Iroquois (disambiguation). ... There was much conflict with a neigboring tribe of aliens!The Illiniwek (also known as the Illini, Illinois, Illinois Confederacy) were a group of six Native American tribes in the upper Mississippi River valley of North America. ...

  • Atchakangouen (also Atchatchakangouen or Greater Miami)
  • Kilatika
  • Mengkonkia (Mengakonia)
  • Pepikokia
  • Piankeshaw (Newcalenous)
  • Wea (Ouiatenon)

In 1696, the Comte de Frontenac appointed Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes as commander of the French outposts in northeast Indiana. Here he became good friends with the Miami people, settling first at the St. Joseph River, and, in 1704, establishing a trading post and fort at Kekionga, present day Fort Wayne, Indiana.[1] The Piankeshaw (or Piankashaw) Indians were Native Americans, and members of the Miami Indians who lived apart from the Miami nation. ... WEA may refer to: Warner Music Group, previously known as Warner-Elektra-Atlantic Werner Erhard and Associates, a successor organisation to Erhard Seminars Training and precursor to Landmark Education Washington Education Association White Eagle Aviation, airline based in Poland Workers Educational Association World Energy Assessment, Energy and the Challenge of... Frontenac Louis de Buade, Comte de Frontenac et de Palluau (May 22, 1622 – November 28, 1698) was a French courtier and Governor of New France from 1672 to 1682 and from 1689 to his death in 1698. ... Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes, was a Canadian soldier, explorer, and friend to the Miami Nation. ... Capital of the Miami Indian nation. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Indiana, USA Coordinates: , Country United States State Indiana County Allen Founded October 22, 1794 Incorporated February 22, 1840 Government  - Mayor Graham Richard (D)  - City Clerk Sandra Kennedy (D)  - City Council John N. Crawford (R) Samuel J. Talarico, Jr (R) John Shoaff (D) Tom Smith...


By the eighteenth century, the Miami had for the most part returned to their homeland in present-day Indiana and Ohio. The eventual victory of the British in the French and Indian War led to an increased British presence in traditional Miami areas. Shifting alliances and the gradual encroachment of white settlement led to some Miami bands merging. Native Americans created larger tribal confederacies as they allied both to participate in European wars and to fight advancing white settlement. By the end of the century, the tribal divisions were: Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and... The term white American (often used interchangeably with Caucasian American[3] and within the United States simply white[4]) is an umbrella term that refers to people of European, Middle Eastern, and North African descent residing in the United States. ...

  • Miami
  • Piankeshaw
  • Wea

The latter two groups were closely aligned with some of the Illini tribes and were later lumped with them for administrative purposes. The Eel River band maintained a somewhat separate status, which proved beneficial in the removals of the nineteenth century. The nation's traditional capital was Kekionga. WEA may refer to: Warner Music Group, previously known as Warner-Elektra-Atlantic Werner Erhard and Associates, a successor organisation to Erhard Seminars Training and precursor to Landmark Education Washington Education Association White Eagle Aviation, airline based in Poland Workers Educational Association World Energy Assessment, Energy and the Challenge of... There are two Eel Rivers in Indiana. ... The Indian Removal Act part of a U.S. government policy known as Indian Removal, was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. ...


Places named for the Miami

A number of places have been named for the Miami nation:

It should be noted that Miami, Florida is not named for the Miami nation, but rather the Mayaimi tribe of Florida. In 1715, the French built Fort Miami, originally called Fort Philippe and also known as Fort des Miamis, at the present-day city of Fort Wayne, Indiana where the St. ... Fort Miami was a fort on the bank of the St. ... Fort Miami was a fort built on the Maumee River at the eastern edge of the present-day city of Maumee, Ohio and southwest of the present-day city of Toledo, Ohio. ... The Great Miami River (also called the Miami River) is a tributary of the Ohio River, approximately 160 mi (257 km) long, in southwestern Ohio in the United States. ... ... The Maumee River at Grand Rapids, Ohio. ... Miami County is a county located in the state of Indiana. ... Miami County (standard abbreviation: MI) is a county located in the state of Kansas. ... Miami County is a county located in the state of Ohio. ... , This article is about the university in Oxford, Ohio. ... Location of Oxford in Butler County, Ohio Oxford is a college town located in the southwestern portion of the U.S. state of Ohio in northwestern Butler County in Oxford Township, originally called the College Township. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Miami-Dade Incorporated July 28, 1896 Government  - Type Mayor-Commissioner Plan  - Mayor Manny Diaz (I)  - City Manager Pedro G. Hernandez  - City Attorney Jorge L. Fernandez  - City Clerk Priscilla Thompson Area  - City  55. ... Approximate territory of the Mayaimi tribe The Mayaimis were a tribe of Native Americans who lived around Lake Okeechobee in Florida from the beginning of the Common Era until the 17th or 18th Century. ...


Notes

  1. ^ "Vincennes, Sieur de (Jean Baptiste Bissot)," The Encyclopedia Americana (Danbury, CT: Grolier, 1990), 28:130.

External Links

  • Miami Indian Collection (MSS 004)
  • Guide to Native American Resources

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Treaty of Mississinwas (806 words)
While the promises to the Miami elite seem for the most part to have been honored, the provisions for the maintenance of the lower orders were later modified to their detriment or ignored.
The "commoners" of the Miami tribe, as they might be called, were left helpless in the face of the Indian Removal Act and were often at the mercy of agents from the Bureau_of_Indian_Affairs, for whom the best interests of natives were not always a priority.
The tribe forecd to relocate to Oklahoma reservations due to the 1826 Treaty of Mississinwas signed by Chief Jean Baptiste de Richardville under his English name, "Joseph Richardville." The treaty allowed Richardville and his descendants to stay in Fort Wayne while his people were forced out of the state.
Miami (Tribe) - LoveToKnow 1911 (113 words)
MIAMI, a tribe of North American Indians of Algonquian stock.
The English called them Twightwees, a corruption of the native name, which meant the cry of the crane.
A few Miami still live on a reservation in Oklahoma and in Wabash county, Indiana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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