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Encyclopedia > Mexico (state)
Estado de México
Location
Statistics
Capital Toluca
Area 21,355 km²
Ranked 25th
Population
(2005 census)
14,007,495
Ranked 1st
HDI (2004) 0.7789 - medium
Ranked 18th
Governor
(2005–2011)
Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI)
Federal deputies PRI / PVEM: 17
PAN: 13
PRD: 6
Federal senators PAN: 2
PRI: 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-MEX
Mex.

The State of México (often abbreviated to "Edomex" from Estado de México in Spanish) is a state in the center of the nation of Mexico. It is bounded to the north by Hidalgo, to the east by Tlaxcala and Puebla, to the south by Morelos and Guerrero, and to the west by Michoacán. The state of México has an area of 21,461 km² (9247 square miles). In 2003 the state had an estimated population of about 14,030,000 people. (The population in 1900 was 934,468, largely Native American.) Image File history File links Escudo_MX-MEX.gif‎ Imagen/Image por/by Juan Manuel Gabino Villascán De/From: FLAGS OF THE WORLD Image:Fotw. ... Map of Mexico showing Mexico State, from de wikipedia This image is assumed to be in the Public Domain by analogy with Image:Tamaulipas in Mexiko. ... Toluca is a city in México State in central Mexico, at 19. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their surface area. ... Political division of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their total population (per year 2000 census data from INEGI). ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... States of Mexico The following table presents a listing of Mexicos 31 federal states (and its Federal District, officially not a state), ranked in order of their Human Development Index, as reported by the United Nations in 2004. ... The United Mexican States ( Mexico) is a federal republic comprising 31 states and one federal district (the Mexican Federal District, or Distrito Federal). ... Enrique Peña Nieto (born July 20, 1966) is a Mexican politician and the current Governor of the State of Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... The Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (Spanish: Partido Verde Ecologista de México, known by the abbreviation PVEM) is one of the six political parties to enjoy representation in the Mexican Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Party of the Democratic Revolution (in Spanish: Partido de la Revolución Democrática, PRD) is one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Senate (Spanish: Cámara de Senadores or Senado) is the upper house of Mexicos bicameral Congress. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... The Institutional Revolutionary Party (Spanish: Partido Revolucionario Institucional or PRI) is a Mexican political party that wielded hegemonic power in the country—under a succession of names—for more than 70 years. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2000 the state had a population of some 2,231,000 people. ... Tlaxcala is the name of both a state of Mexico and of that states capital city. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Michoacán de Ocampo (From michoaque, Nahuatl for those who have fish) is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... Brazilian Indian chiefs The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ...


A large part of the state lies within that great depression of the Mexican plateau known as the Valley of Mexico. Enclosed within its boundaries, except on the south, is the Mexican Federal District and capital Mexico City with an area of 1,479 km², which is not in the state of Mexico, but borders it on three sides of the District. The Mexican Federal District, known in Spanish as Distrito Federal (D.F.), is an area within Mexico that is not part of any of the Mexican states, but an independent self-governing city-state and the seat of the Federal Government. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México, México D.F. or simply México, pronounced IPA: ) is the capital city of the nation of Mexico. ...


The state is divided into two unequal parts by the Sierra de Ajusco and Montes de las Cruces, which form a wooded ridge across it from east to west, with a general elevation of about 10,000 ft above sea-level, or about 2,500 above the plateau level. These ranges are part of a broken irregular chain which sometimes bears the name of Anahuac. This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ... Anahuac is a geographical district of Mexico, limited by the traditional and vaguely defined boundaries of an ancient Indian empire or confederation of that name previous to the Spanish conquest. ...


A considerable part of the northern plateau consists of a broad plain, once the bed of a great lake but now covered with swamps, sodden meadows and lakes. The surrounding country drains into this depression, but an artificial outlet has been created by the opening of the Tequixquiac tunnel. Beyond its margin the plateau drains westward to the Pacific Ocean through the Lerma, and north-east to the Gulf through the San Juan and Panuco. The Lerma River (Río Lerma) is Mexicos longest river. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Río Pánuco or the Pánuco River is a river in Veracruz, Mexico. ...


South of the Sierra de Ajusco, the country is roughly mountainous and drains to the Pacific through tributaries of the Rio Balsas. The Balsas River is a river in south-central Mexico which forms a large basin called the Balsas Basin. ...


Within the lacustrine depression of the north are the lakes of Zumpango, San Cristobal, Xaltocan, Chalco, Xochimilco and Texcoco, the latter three lying partly or wholly in the Federal District. Texcoco has the lowest level and its water is brackish and undrinkable, though that of the streams flowing into it and of the other lakes is sweet. Lake Xochimilco is celebrated for its "floating gardens" or chinampas. Lake Chalco is a lake that was located in the mexican basin. ... Lake Xochimilco is a lake located in the Mexican Basin, this water body was an important element for the human development in central Mexico. ... Lake Texcoco is a lake in Mexico. ... Brackish water is water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as sea water. ... Chinampas is an Aztec term referring to a method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture through floating gardens—small, rectangle-shaped areas of fertile arable land used for agriculture in the Xochimilco region of the Basin of Mexico. ...


The principal industries of the state are agricultural, and the principal products are cereals, sugar, maguey (from which pulque is made), coffee, and fruit. Stock-raising has also had a profitable development, owing to the proximity of the national capital. The manufacturing industries are important; among the manufactures (1900) are cotton and woollen fabrics, flour, dairy products, glass-ware, pottery, bricks, wines and spirits. In 1900, the making of pulque from the sap of the maguey plant (Agave americana) was the chief industry of the state, and the product is exported in large quantities to the national capital. Look up Cereal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Magnification of typical sugar In non-scientific use, the term sugar means sucrose, also called table sugar or saccharose, a white crystalline solid disaccharide. ... ... Pulque, or octili, is an alcoholic beverage made from the fermented juice of the maguey, and is a traditional native beverage of Mesoamerica. ... A cup of coffee Coffee is a popular beverage prepared from the roasted seeds (not beans, though they are almost always called coffee beans) of the coffee plant. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ...


In 1900, the state was traversed by the Central, National, Mexican International and Interoceanic railways, and by short lines from the national capital to neighbouring towns.


The capital is Toluca, and other important towns are Zumpango (pop. 5942 in 1900), 30 miles north of the national capital, Tenango del Valle (5881 in 1900), 15 miles south-east of Toluca, and Lerma (estimated, 7200 in 1900), near the western frontier of the state. Also in the state are the cities of Buenavista, Chalco, Chimalhuacán, Coacalco, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Ecatepec, Huixquilucan, Ixtapaluca, López Mateos, Los Reyes, Metepec, Naucalpan, Nezahualcóyotl, Nicolás Romero, Ojo de Agua, San Francisco Coacalco, San Mateo Atenco, San Pablo de las Salinas, Texcoco, Tlalnepantla, and Xico. Also in the State of México are the Pre-Columbian ruins of the city of Teotihuacan. Toluca is a city in México State in central Mexico, at 19. ... Chalco de Díaz Covarrubias is a municipality located in Southen México State, and considered part of Mexico City despite is located in the outsides of it. ... Cuautitlán Izcalli (pronounced Coauh-titlán eez-calli) is a municipality in México State, Mexico. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Ixtapaluca is a local municipality in zone III of the state of México in Mexico. ... Metepec is a city in México,Mexico with a population of about 206,000 as of 2005. ... An aerial shot of the Satélite Towers —one of the most important symbols of Naucalpan— taken from a helicopter. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ... Ciudad Nicolás Romero also know as Villa Nicolás Romero is a town in the State of Mexico, Mexico. ... Ojo de Agua is a municipality in the Honduran department of Comayagua. ... San Francisco Coacalco is a city in Mexico State, Mexico. ... Texcoco is a city in México State, Mexico, located to the east of Mexico City at 19. ... Tlalnepantla de Baz is a municipality located in the State of México. ... Xico is a city in México State, Mexico, located at 19. ... The term Pre-Columbian is used to refer to the cultures of the New World in the era before significant European influence. ... Teotihuacan was the largest Pre-Columbian known city in the Americas, and the name Teotihuacan is used to refer to the civilization this city dominated, which at its greatest extent included most of Mesoamerica. ...


Municipalities

México State is subdivided into 125 municipalities (municipios). See Municipalities of México State. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... The Mexican state of México is made up of 122 municipalities (municipios): Categories: States of Mexico | Municipalities in Mexico ...


Reference

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

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Federal District: Mexican Federal District

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