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Encyclopedia > Mexican peso
Mexican peso
peso mexicano (Spanish)
Mexican Coins in circulation
$1000 Mexican Coins in circulation
ISO 4217 Code MXN
User(s) Flag of Mexico Mexico
Inflation 3.76%
Source Banco de Mexico, December 2007
Subunit
1/100 centavo
Symbol $ or Mex$
centavo ¢
Nickname varo, bolas, lana, lucas, papiros, morlacos, feria, marmaja, moni, billelle, pachocha.
Coins
Freq. used 50¢, $1, $2, $5, $10
Rarely used 5¢, 10¢, 20¢, $20, $50, $100
Banknotes $20, $50, $100, $200, $500, $1000
Central bank Bank of Mexico
Website www.banxico.org.mx
Printer Bank of Mexico
Website www.banxico.org.mx
Mint Casa de Moneda de México
Website www.cmm.gob.mx

The peso is the currency of Mexico. The symbol used for the peso is "$", basically the same as for the US dollar since the dollar derived its logo from the Spanish-Mexican currency. The current ISO 4217 code for the peso is MXN; prior to the 1993 revaluation (see below), the code "MXP" was used. The peso is subdivided into 100 centavos, represented by "¢". The name peso also means "weight" in Spanish. The name was originally used in reference to pesos oro (gold weights) or pesos plata (silver weights). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 251 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 314 pixel, file size: 120 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mexican peso ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Centavo is a Spanish word derived from the Latin Centum meaning hundred. It is a fractional monetary unit, used to represent one hundredth of a basic monetary unit in many countries around the world including: Argentina Bolivia Brazil Cape Verde Chile Colombia Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guinea-Bissau... $ redirects here. ... Centavo is a Spanish word derived from the Latin Centum meaning hundred. It is a fractional monetary unit, used to represent one hundredth of a basic monetary unit in many countries around the world including: Argentina Bolivia Brazil Cape Verde Chile Colombia Dominican Republic Ecuador El Salvador Guatemala Guinea-Bissau... The Banco de México (Spanish: Bank of Mexico), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank. ... The word printer is used to describe a company that provides commercial printing services, involving typesetting, printing and book-binding. ... The Banco de México (Spanish: Bank of Mexico), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... La Casa de Moneda de México is the national mint of Mexico and the oldest mint in the Americas, established in 1535. ... $ redirects here. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A two cent euro coin In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ...

Contents

History

Commemorative Two pesos coin from 1921
Commemorative Two pesos coin from 1921

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

First peso

The peso was initially the name of the eight-real coins issued in Mexico by Spain. These were the so-called Spanish dollars or pieces of eight in wide circulation in the Americas and Asia from the height of the Spanish Empire until the early 19th century. After Mexico gained its independence in 1821, the new government continued the Spanish monetary system of 16 silver reales = 1 gold escudo, with the peso of 8 reales the largest silver coin. Paper money was also issued, denominated in pesos. The real was a currency of Mexico, issued until 1897. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... An anachronous map of the overseas Spanish Empire (1492-1898) in red, and the Spanish Habsburg realms in Europe (1516-1714) in orange. ...


In 1863, the first issue was made of coins denominated in centavos, worth one hundredth of the peso. This was followed in 1866 by coins denominated "one peso". Coins denominated in reales continued to be issued until 1897. In 1905, the gold content of the peso was reduced by 49.3% but the silver content of the peso remained initially unchanged (subsidiary coins were debased). However, from 1918 onward, the weight and fineness of all the silver coins declined, until 1977, when the last silver 100-peso coins were minted.


Second peso

Throughout most of the 20th century, the Mexican peso remained one of the most stable currencies in Latin America, since the economy did not experience periods of hyperinflation common to other countries in the region. However, after the Oil Crisis of the late 1970s, Mexico defaulted on its external debt in 1982 and experienced several years of inflation and devaluation until a government economic strategy called the "Stability and Economic Growth Pact" (Pacto de estabilidad y crecimiento económico, PECE) was adopted under President Carlos Salinas. On 1 January 1993, the Bank of Mexico introduced a new currency, the nuevo peso ("new peso", or MXN), written "N$" followed by the numerical amount. One new peso, or N$1.00, was equal to 1000 of the obsolete MXP pesos. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Oil crisis may refer to: 1973 oil crisis 1979 energy crisis 1990 spike in the price of oil Oil price increases of 2004 and 2005 Hubbert peak theory Energy crisis This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state of Mexico. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... The Banco de México (Spanish: Bank of Mexico), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank. ...


On January 1, 1996, the modifier nuevo was dropped from the name and new coins and banknotes – identical in every respect to the 1993 issue, with the exception of the now absent word "nuevo" – were put into circulation. The ISO 4217 code, however, remained unchanged as MXN. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ...


Thanks to the stability of the Mexican economy and the growth in foreign investment, the Mexican peso is now among the 15 most traded currency units in the world, and is the most traded currency in Latin America. It has been fairly stable for the last few years; since the late 1990s the peso has traded at about $9 to $10 to the U.S. dollar. This makes it relatively easy to convert from dollars to pesos and back; the 50¢ coin (tostón) is worth about the same as a U.S. nickel, and a 200-peso note about USD $20. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Use outside Mexico

The Spanish dollar or Mexican peso was widely used in the early United States. By a decree of July 6, 1785, the value of the United States dollar was set to approximately match the Spanish dollar, both of which were based on the weight of silver in the coins.[1] The first U.S. dollar coins were not issued until April 2, 1792, and the peso continued to be officially recognized and used, along with other foreign coins, until February 21, 1857. In Canada, it remained legal tender, along with other foreign silver coins, until 1854 and continued to circulate beyond that date. [1] The Mexican peso also served as the model for the Straits dollar, the Hong Kong dollar, the Japanese yen and the Chinese yuan. [2] The term yuan refers to the round Spanish dollars, Mexican pesos and other 8 reales silver coins which saw use in China during the 19th century. The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Straits dollar was the currency used in the British colonies and protectorates in Malaya and Borneo, including the Straits Settlements until 1939. ... ISO 4217 Code HKD User(s) Hong Kong Inflation 2. ... Yen redirects here. ... This article is about the Chinese currency base unit. ... It has been suggested that Chinese yuan be merged into this article or section. ...


Coins

19th century

One centavo coin of 1890
One centavo coin of 1890

The first coins of the peso currency were 1 centavo pieces minted in 1863. Emperor Maximilian, ruler of the Second Mexican Empire from 1864-1867, minted the first coins with the legend "peso" on them. His portrait was on the obverse, with the legend "Maximiliano Emperador;" the reverse shows the imperial arms and the legends "Imperio Mexicano" and "1 Peso" and the date. They were struck from 1866 to 1867. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2816 × 2112 pixel, file size: 2. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ...


The new Mexican republic continued to strike the 8 reales piece, but also began minting coins denominated in centavos and pesos. In addition to copper 1 centavo coins, silver (.903 fineness) coins of 5, 10, 25 and 50 centavos and 1 peso were introduced between 1867 and 1869. Gold 1, 2½, 5, 10 and 20-peso coins were introduced in 1870. The obverses featured the Mexican 'eagle' and the legend "Republica Mexicana." The reverses of the larger coins showed a pair of scales; those of the smaller coins, the denomination. One-peso coins were made from 1869 to 1873, when 8 reales coins resumed production. In 1882, cupro-nickel 1, 2 and 5 centavos coins were issued but they were only minted for two years. The 1 peso was reintroduced in 1898, with the Phrygian, or liberty cap design being carried over from the 8 reales. 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Phrygian can refer to: A person from Phrygia The Phrygian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


20th century

A mixture of new and old pesos
A mixture of new and old pesos

In 1905 a monetary reform was carried out in which the gold content of the peso was reduced by 49.36% and the silver coins were (with the exception of the 1 peso) reduced to token issues. Bronze 1 and 2 centavos, nickel 5 centavos, silver 10, 20 and 50 centavos and gold 5 and 10 pesos were issued. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2240x433, 424 KB) Some of my coins from my collection. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2240x433, 424 KB) Some of my coins from my collection. ...


In 1910, a new peso coin was issued, the famous "Caballito", considered one of the most beautiful of Mexican coins. The obverse had the Mexican official coat of arms (an eagle with a snake in its beak, standing on a cactus plant) and the legends "Estados Unidos Mexicanos" and "Un Peso." The reverse showed a woman riding a horse, her hand lifted high in exhortation, and the date. These were minted in .903 silver from 1910 to 1914. Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Between 1917 and 1919, the gold coinage was expanded to include 2, 2½ and 20-peso coins. However, circulation issues of gold ceased in 1921. In 1918, the peso coin was debased, bringing it into line with new silver 10, 20 and 50 centavos coins. All were minted in .800 fineness to a standard of 14.5 g to the peso. The liberty cap design, already on the other silver coins, was applied to the peso. Another debasement in 1920 reduced the fineness to .720 with 12 g of silver to the peso. Bronze 10 and 20 centavos coins were introduced in 1919 and 1920, but coins of those denominations were also minted in silver until 1935 and 1943, respectively.


In 1947, a new issue of silver coins was struck, with the 50 centavos and 1 peso in .500 fineness and a new 5-peso coin in .900 fineness. A portrait of José María Morelos appeared on the 1 peso and this was to remain a feature of the 1-peso coin until its demise. The silver content of this series was 5.4 g to the peso. This was reduced to 4 g in 1950, when .300 fineness 25 and 50-centavo and 1-peso coins were minted alongside .720 fineness 5 pesos. A new portrait of Morelos appeared on the 1 peso, with Cuauhtemoc on the 50 centavos and Miguel Hidalgo on the 5 pesos. No reference was made to the silver content except on the 5 pesos. Portrait of José María Morelos, oil painting José María Teclo Morelos y Pavón (30 September 1765 - 22 December 1815) was one of the main early leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain. ... Cuauhtémoc (also Cuauhtemotzin or Guatimozin; also written Cuauhtemoc without the diacritical mark) was the last Aztec ruler (Tlatoani) of Tenochtitlán and the last Aztec Emperor. The name means descending eagle, from Nahuatl cuauhtli (eagle) and temoc (descent); by extension it can be interpreted as setting sun. He lived... Miguel Hidalgo. ...


In 1955, bronze 50 centavos were introduced, along with smaller 5-peso coins and a new 10-peso coin. In 1957, new 1-peso coins were issued in .100 silver. This series contained 2.6 g of silver per peso. A special 1 peso was minted in 1957 to commemorate Benito Juárez and the constitution of 1857. These were the last silver pesos. The 5-peso coin now weighed 18 grams and was still 0.720 silver; the 10-peso coin weighed 28 grams and was in 0.900 silver. For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ...


Between 1970 and 1974, a new coinage was introduced, consisting of brass 1 and 5 centavos, cupro-nickel 10, 20 and 50 centavos, 1, 5 and 10 pesos and silver 25 pesos (only issued 1972). In 1977, silver 100 pesos were issued for circulation. In 1980, smaller 5-peso coins were introduced alongside 20 pesos and (from 1982) 50 pesos in cupro-nickel. Between 1983 and 1985, the sizes of the coins for 20 centavos and above were reduced. Base metal 100, 200, 500 ,1000 and 5000-peso coins were introduced between 1984 and 1988. In chemistry, the term base metal is used informally to refer to a metal that oxidizes or corrodes relatively easily, and reacts variably with diluted hydrochloric acid (HCl) to form hydrogen. ...


Nuevo peso

In 1993, coins of the new currency (dated 1992) were issued in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 50 centavos, 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 nuevos pesos. The 5 and 10 centavos were minted in stainless steel and the 20 and 50 centavos in aluminium bronze. The nuevo peso denominations were bimetallic, with the 1, 2 and 5 nuevos pesos having aluminium bronze centres and stainless steel rings, and the 10, 20 and 50 nuevos pesos having .925 silver centers and aluminium bronze rings. In 1996, the word nuevo(s) was removed from the coins. New 10 pesos were introduced with base metal replacing the silver centre. The 20 and 50-peso coins are the only currently circulating coinage in the world to contain any silver. The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ...


In 2003 the Bank of Mexico began the gradual launch of a new series of bimetallic $100 coins. These number 32 – one for each of the nation's 31 states, plus the Federal District. While the obverse of these coins bears the traditional Coat of arms of Mexico, their reverses show the individual coats of arms of the component states. The first states to be celebrated in this fashion were Zacatecas, Yucatán, Veracruz, and Tlaxcala. In circulation they are extraordinarily rare, but their novelty value offsets the unease most users feel at having such a large amount of money in a single coin. Although the Bank has tried to encourage users to collect full sets of these coins, issuing special display folders for the purpose, the high cost involved has worked against them. Bullion versions of these coins are also available, with the outer ring made of gold, instead of an aluminium bronze. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Banco de México (Spanish: Bank of Mexico), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... The Mexican Federal District, known in Spanish as Distrito Federal (D.F.), is an area within Mexico that is not part of any of the Mexican states, but an independent self-governing city-state and the seat of the Federal Government. ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... This article is about a state of Mexico. ... For other uses, see Yucatán (disambiguation). ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... For other uses, see Tlaxcala (disambiguation). ... A precious metal is a rare metallic element of high, durable economic value. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ...


The coins commonly encountered in circulation have face values of 20¢, 50¢, $1, $2, $5, $10, and $20. The $50, 10¢ and 5¢ coins are rarely seen and largely disliked by users. As of late 2006 and early 2007, the usage of 20¢ coins is also gradually declining. Small commodities are priced in multiples of 10¢, but stores may choose to round the total prices to 50¢. There is also a trend for supermarkets to ask customers to donate those cents to charities so that they can round the amount to 50¢ or 1 peso.

1992 Series [3] [4]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of first minting
Diameter Weight Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
15.5 mm 1.58 g Stainless steel
16% ~ 18% chromium
0.75% nickel, maximum
0.12% carbon, maximum
1% silicon, maximum
1% manganese, maximum
0.03% sulfur, maximum
0.04% phosphorus, maximum
remaining of iron
Smooth State title, coat of arms Value, the Quincunces Ring from the Aztec sun stone 1992
10¢ 17 mm 2.08 g Value, the Sacrifice Ring from the Aztec sun stone
20¢ 19.5 mm (shortest)
Dodecagon
3.04 g Aluminium bronze
92% copper
6% aluminium
2% nickel
Smooth State title, coat of arms Value, Ácatl (13th day of the Aztec calendar) 1992
50¢ 22 mm
Scalloped shape
4.39 g Value, the Acceptance Ring from the Aztec sun stone
N$1
or $1
21 mm 3.95 g
R: 2.14 g
C: 1.81 g
Ring: Stainless steel (as 10¢)
Center: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Smooth State title, coat of arms Value, the Sunshine Ring from the Aztec sun stone N$: 1992
$: 1996
N$2
or $2
23 mm 5.19 g
R: 2.81 g
C: 2.38 g
Value, the (partial) Days Ring from the Aztec sun stone
N$5
or $5
25.5 mm 7.07 g
R: 3.82 g
C: 3.25 g
Value, the Snakes Ring from the Aztec sun stone
N$10
or $10
28 mm 11.183 g
R: 5.579 g
C: 5.604 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
925‰ silver (1/6oz)
75‰ copper
Milled State title, coat of arms Value, Tonatiuh from the Aztec sun stone at the center 1992
$10 28 mm 10.329 g
R: 5.579 g
C: 4.75 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
65% copper
25% zinc
10% nickel
Milled State title, coat of arms Value, Tonatiuh from the Aztec sun stone at the center 1997
N$20 32 mm 16.996 g
R: 8.59 g
C: 8.406 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
925‰ silver (1/4oz)
75‰ copper
Milled State title, coat of arms Miguel Hidalgo 1993
N$50 39 mm 33.967 g
R: 17.155 g
C: 16.812 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
925‰ silver (1/2oz)
75‰ copper
Milled State title, coat of arms Value, the Hero Cadets of the Battle of Chapultepec
Commemorative Coins (selected) [5]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of first minting
Diameter Weight Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
$10 28 mm 10.329 g
R: 5.579 g
C: 4.75 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
65% copper
25% zinc
10% nickel
Inscription State title, coat of arms Value, Tonatiuh from the Aztec sun stone at the center, "AÑO 2000" or "AÑO 2001" instead of "DIEZ PESOS" as commemorative legend 2000
$20 32 mm 15.945 g
R: 8.59 g
C: 7.355 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center: Cupronickel
75% copper
25% nickel
Milled State title, coat of arms Xiuhtecuhtli Year 2000, Aztec "New Fire" ceremony 2000
Octavio Paz
$100 39 mm 33.967 g
R: 17.155 g
C: 16.812 g
Ring: Aluminium bronze (as 50¢)
Center:
925‰ silver (1/2oz)
75‰ copper
Intermittent milling State title, coat of arms Coats of arms of the 31 States of Mexico and the Federal District
(In reverse alphabetical order)
2003
Culture of the states (e.g. architecture, wildlife, flora, art, science, dances)
(In normal alphabetical order)
2005
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimeter, a Wikipedia standard for world coins. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Mexican 5¢ coin, 1993 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... REDIRECT [[ Insert text]]EWWWWWWWWWWWWW YO General Name, symbol, number chromium, Cr, 24 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 6, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 51. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Carbon (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Silicone. ... General Name, symbol, number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Standard atomic weight 54. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... General Name, symbol, number phosphorus, P, 15 Chemical series nonmetals Group, period, block 15, 3, p Appearance waxy white/ red/ black/ colorless Standard atomic weight 30. ... General Name, symbol, number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican 10¢ coin, 1993 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican 20¢ coin, 1993 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A regular dodecagon. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Aluminum redirects here. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... The sun stone also called the Aztec calendar on display at the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City. ... Mexican 50¢ coin, 1993 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican coin, $1, 1996 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The 630 foot (192 m) high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican coin, $2, 1996 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican $5 coin, 1996 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... In Aztec mythology, Tonatiuh was the sun god. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican $10 coin, 1996 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... In Aztec mythology, Tonatiuh was the sun god. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Mexican coin, $20, 1993 issue File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... Miguel Hidalgo. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Winfield Scott Nicolás Bravo #, Mariano Monterde School Commandant, Juan N. Perez commander Remants Leon Brigade) Strength 13,000 876 cadets, 4000 regulars Casualties 130 killed 703 wounded 29 missing 862 total 1,800 killed and wounded 823 captured 2,623 Total Gen. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... In Aztec mythology, Tonatiuh was the sun god. ... Original stone on display in the Mexican National Museum of Anthropology and History. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... Cupronickel is an alloy of copper, nickel and strengthening impurities, such as iron and manganese. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... The mask of Xiuhtecuhtli, from the British Museum, of Aztec/Mixtec provenance. ... For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). ... Octavio Paz Lozano (March 31, 1914 – April 19, 1998) was a Mexican writer, poet, and diplomat, and the winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Literature. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... The Coat of Arms of Mexico has been an important symbol of Mexican politics and culture for centuries. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... The Mexican Federal District, known in Spanish as Distrito Federal (D.F.), is an area within Mexico that is not part of any of the Mexican states, but an independent self-governing city-state and the seat of the Federal Government. ...

Banknotes

First peso

Money issued by the Villa revolutionary government of Chihuahua in 1913
Money issued by the Villa revolutionary government of Chihuahua in 1913

The first banknotes issued by the Mexican state were produced in 1823 by Emperor Iturbide in denominations of 1, 2 and 10 pesos. Similar issues were made by the republican government later the same year. Ten-peso notes were also issued by Emperor Maximilian in 1866 but, until the 1920s, banknote production lay entirely in the hands of private banks and local authorities. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1136x744, 213 KB)[edit] Summary 10 centavo paper fiat money note issued by the Chihuahua state government during the anti-Huerta Constitutionalist rebellion in 1913. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1136x744, 213 KB)[edit] Summary 10 centavo paper fiat money note issued by the Chihuahua state government during the anti-Huerta Constitutionalist rebellion in 1913. ...

Mexican banknotes no longer in circulation
Mexican banknotes no longer in circulation

In 1920, the Comisión Monetaria issued 50-centavo and 1-peso note whilst the Bank of Mexico issued 2-peso notes. From 1925, the Bank issued notes for 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos, with 500 and 1000 pesos following in 1931. From 1935, the Bank also issued 1-peso notes and, from 1943, 10,000 pesos. The Bank of Mexico (Spanish: Banco de México), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank and lender of last resort. ...


Production of 1-peso notes ceased in 1970, followed by 5 pesos in 1972, 10 and 20 pesos in 1977, 50 pesos in 1981, 100 pesos in 1982, 500 pesos in 1984 and 1000 pesos in 1985. 5000-peso notes were introduced in 1981, followed by 2000 pesos in 1983, 20,000 pesos in 1985, 50,000 pesos in 1986 and 100,000 pesos in 1988.


Second peso

Series B and C

In 1993, notes were introduced in the new currency for 10, 20, 50, and 100 nuevos pesos. These notes are designated series B by the Bank. (It is important to note that this series designation is not the 1 or 2 letter series label printed on the banknotes themselves.) All were printed with the date 31 July 1992. The designs were carried over from the corresponding notes of the old peso. is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


In October 1994, Series C was issued with brand new designs. The word "nuevos" remained. 200 and 500 nuevos pesos were added. All were printed with the date 10 December 1992. is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Series D

The next series of banknotes, designated series D, was introduced in 1996. It is a modified version of series C with the word "nuevos" dropped, the bank title changed from "El Banco de México" to "Banco de México" and the clause "pagará a la vista al portador" removed. There are several printed dates for each denomination. In 2000, a commemorative series was issued which was like series D except for the additional text "75 aniversario 1925-2000" under the bank title. It refers to the 75th anniversary of the Bank. While series D includes the $10 note and is still legal tender, they are no longer printed, seldom seen, and the coin is more common. $10 notes are rarely found in circulation.


Starting from 2001, each denomination in the series was upgraded gradually. On October 15, 2001, in an effort to combat counterfeiting, Series D notes of 50 pesos and above were further modified with the addition of an iridescent strip. On notes of 100 pesos and above, the denomination is printed in color-shifting ink in the top right corner. On September 30, 2002 a new $20 note was introduced. The new $20 is printed on longer-lasting polymer plastic rather than paper. A new $1000 note was issued on November 15, 2004. The Bank of Mexico refers to the $20, $50, and $1000 notes during this wave of change as "series D1". is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 5, 2004 the Chamber of Deputies approved a measure to demand that the Banco de México produce by January 1, 2006 notes and coins that are identifiable by the blind population (estimated at more than 750,000 visually impaired citizens, including 250,000 that are completely blind).[2] is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chamber of Deputies (Spanish: Cámara de Diputados) is the lower house of Mexicos bicameral legislature, the Congress of the Union. ... The Bank of Mexico (Spanish: Banco de México), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank and lender of last resort. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On December 19, 2005, $100, $200, and $500 MXN banknotes include raised, tactile patterns (like Braille), meant to make them distinguishable for people with vision incapacities. This system has been questioned[citation needed] and many demand that it be replaced by actual Braille so it can be used by foreigners not used to these symbols. The Banco de México, however, says they will continue issuing the symbol bills. is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Listen to this article ( info/dl) This audio file was created from a revision dated 2006-09-06, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... Listen to this article ( info/dl) This audio file was created from a revision dated 2006-09-06, and may not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ...


The raised, tactile patterns are as follows:

Value Bill Description of pattern
$100 Five diagonal lines side by side, with a negative slope, each broken up into three segments.
$200 Image:200mxn relieve.JPG Small broken-up square pattern.
$500 Image:500mxn relieve.JPG Four horizontal lines under each other, each broken up into three segments.

Image File history File links 100mxn_relieve. ... Image File history File links 200mxn_relieve. ... Image File history File links 500mxn_relieve. ...

Series F

In September 2006, it was announced that a new family of banknotes will be launched gradually. The 50-peso denomination in polymer was launched in November 2006. The 20-peso note was launched in August 2007. The 1000-peso note was launched in March 2008.



The launch of the $200 is expected in 2008, and the $100 and $500 notes in 2009. This family is the F Series.

Current MXN exchange rates
Series D [6]
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse printing issue withdrawal
[7] [8] $10 129 × 66 mm Aqua Emiliano Zapata 6 May 1994 1996 1997
$20 Blue Benito Juárez Hemiciclo a Juárez 6 May 1994
17 May 2001 (polymer)
1996
September 30, 2002
current
$50 Violet José María Morelos y Pavón Scene from Michoacán 6 May 1994
18 October 2000 (iridescent)
1996
October 15, 2001
$100 155 × 66 mm Red Nezahualcoyotl Xochipilli 6 May 1994
18 October 2000 (color shifting)
? (raised ink)
1996
October 15, 2001
December 19, 2005
$200 Green Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Façade of the temple of San Jerónimo 7 February 1995
18 October 2000 (color shifting)
? (raised ink)
$500 Brown Ignacio Zaragoza Puebla Cathedral
$1,000 Cyan Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Universidad de Guanajuato, Baratillo Fountain 26 March 2002 15 November 2004
Series F [9]
$20 120 × 66 mm Blue Benito Juárez Monte Albán 19 June 2006 20 August 2007 current
$50 127 × 66 mm Violet José María Morelos y Pavón Aqueduct of Morelia 5 November 2004 21 November 2006
$100 134 × 66 mm Red Nezahualcoyotl 2009
$200 141 × 66 mm Green Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz 2008
$500 148 × 66 mm Brown Diego Rivera Frida Kahlo 2009
$1000 155 × 66 mm Pink Miguel Hidalgo University of Guanajuato 2008
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For other uses, see Emiliano Zapata (disambiguation). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Portrait of José María Morelos, oil painting José María Teclo Morelos y Pavón (30 September 1765 - 22 December 1815) was one of the main early leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Michoacán Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Leonel Godoy (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRD: 8 PAN: 4  - Federal Senators Jesús Garibay García (PRD) Silvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - Total 59,928 km² (23,138. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the Texcocan philosopher-king. ... In Aztec mythology, Xochipilli was the god of love, games, beauty, dance, flowers, maize, and song. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sor Juana (12 November 1651 (or 1648, according to some biographers) – 17 April 1695), also known as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz or, in full, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz de Asbaje y Ramírez, was a self taught Mexican scholar, nun, and writer of the... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ignacio Zaragoza Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín (March 24, 1829 – September 8, 1862) was a general in the Mexican Army, best known for his 1862 victory against the French invading forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5 (the Cinco de Mayo). ... The colonial Puebla Cathedral is the see of the Archbishopric of Puebla, directed by the Puebla archbishop Rosendo Huesca. ... Miguel Gregorio Antonio Ignacio Hidalgo y Costilla Gallaga Mondarte Villaseñor (May 8, 1753 – July 31, 1811), also known as Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, or simply as Miguel Hidalgo,was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader. ... The Universitys main building, built in the 1940s View of the Templo de la Compañía from the courtyard of the former Faculty of Industrial Relations The Universidad de Guanajuato (in English, the University of Guanajuato) is a university based in Guanajuato, Mexico, made up of about 26... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Benito Juárez (disambiguation). ... Monte Albán is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site in the southern Mexican state of Oaxaca. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Portrait of José María Morelos, oil painting José María Teclo Morelos y Pavón (30 September 1765 - 22 December 1815) was one of the main early leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain. ... This article is about the city. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Texcocan philosopher-king. ... Sor Juana (12 November 1651 (or 1648, according to some biographers) – 17 April 1695), also known as Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz or, in full, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz de Asbaje y Ramírez, was a self taught Mexican scholar, nun, and writer of the... Diego Rivera (December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957, born Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez in Guanajuato, Gto. ... Frida Kahlo (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) was a Mexican painter, who has achieved great international popularity. ... Miguel Hidalgo. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

International use

Some establishments in near border areas of the United States accept pesos as currency, mainly supermarkets. In 2007, Pizza Patrón, a chain of pizza restaurants in the southwestern United States started to accept the currency which has been a controversial topic in the U.S.A.[3][4]. Interestingly enough while the acceptance of Mexican Pesos in establishments remains a controversial topic within the United States, the acceptance of Canadian Dollars in border town establishments along the Canada / United States has been unquestioned for the past several decades. Other than American border towns, pesos are generally not accepted as currency outside Mexico. Pizza Patrón is a United States pizza chain headquartered in Dallas, Texas. ...


See also

The economy of Mexico is the 12th largest in the world,[1] with a gross domestic product (by PPP estimate) that surpassed a trillion dollars in 2004,[2] measured in purchasing power parity. ... The 1994 economic crisis in Mexico, widely known as the Mexican peso crisis, was triggered by the sudden devaluation of the Mexican peso in the early days of the presidency of Ernesto Zedillo. ... The Libertad is a silver bullion coin originating from Mexico. ...

References

  1. ^ (1785) Journals of the Continental Congress, Volume 28, 354-357. Retrieved on 2008-02-05. 
  2. ^ Ordenan emitir billetes para invidentes ("(The deputies) order production of bills for the non-seeing"). April 5, 2004. Retrieved on February 14, 2006 from esmas.com (Spanish)
  3. ^ "Pizza chain sparks debate by accepting pesos", MSNBC, 2007-01-12. Retrieved on 2008-01-30. 
  4. ^ Kovach, Gretel. "Pizza Chain Takes Pesos, and Complaints", The New York Times, 2007-01-14. Retrieved on 2008-01-30. 

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Logo esmas. ... For the news website, see msnbc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Bank of Mexico (Spanish: Banco de México), abbreviated BdeM or Banxico, is Mexicos central bank and lender of last resort. ... The peso is a unit of currency. ... The Argentine peso (originally established as the nuevo peso argentino or peso convertible) is the currency of Argentina. ... Chilean notes currently in circulation: 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 20,000 pesos The peso is the currency of Chile. ... ISO 4217 Code COP User(s) Colombia Inflation 4. ... The Cuban convertible peso (ISO 4217 code: CUC) is one of two official currencies in Cuba. ... ISO 4217 Code CUP User(s) Cuba Inflation 5% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... ISO 4217 Code DOP User(s) Dominican Republic Inflation 8. ... The pataca is the monetary unit of Macau (currency code MOP; Chinese: 澳門圓), made up of 100 avos. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... The peso uruguayo (ISO 4217 code: UYU) is the official currency of Uruguay. ... The peso argentino was the currency of Argentina between June 6, 1983 and June 14, 1985. ... ISO 4217 Code ARL User(s) Argentina Subunit 1/100 centavo Symbol $L centavo ¢ Coins 1, 5, 10, 20 50 centavos, 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 pesos Banknotes 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 50 000, 100 000, 500 000, 1 000 000 pesos Banco Central... The peso moneda corriente was an inconvertible Argentine currency between 1826-01-09 and 1881-11-04. ... The peso moneda nacional was the currency of Argentina between November 5, 1881 and December 31, 1969. ... The peso was the currency of Bolivia until 1987. ... The peseta was a unit of currency in Catalonia until 1850, when the whole of Spain decimalized. ... The peso was the currency of Costa Rica between 1850 and 1896. ... The peso was the currency of Ecuador between 1871 and 1884. ... The peseta (peseta guineana) was the currency of Equatorial Guinea from 1969 to 1975. ... The peso was the currency of Guatemala between 1859 and 1925. ... The peso was the currency of Guinea Bissau from 1975 to 1997 and was divided into 100 centavos. ... ... Look up fiat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The peso was the currency of Nicaragua between 1878 and 1912. ... The peso was the currency of Paraguay until 1944. ... The peseta was a shortlived denomination issued by Peru in 1880 and 1881. ... The pataca was the currency of Portuguese Timor between 1894 and 1959, except for the period 1942-1945, when the occupying Japanese introduced the Netherlands Indies gulden and roepiah. ... The peso was a currency issued in Puerto Rico between 1812 and 1819 and again between 1889 and 1897. ... The peso was the currency of El Salvador between 1877 and 1919. ... The Spanish dollar or peso (literally, weight) is a silver coin that was minted in the Spanish Empire after a Spanish currency reform in 1497. ... ISO 4217 Code ESP User(s) Spain, Andorra Inflation 1. ... The peso was the currency of Venezuela between 1843 and 1874. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The pataca of Malta was a large copper coin minted during the 16th century and 17th century as fiduciary coin. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... North American redirects here. ... C$ redirects here. ... ISO 4217 Code DKK User(s) Denmark, Greenland, Faroe Islands 1 Inflation 1. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... USD redirects here. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... ISO 4217 Code BZD User(s) Belize Inflation 3% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The colón (named after Christopher Columbus, known as Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) is the currency of Costa Rica. ... ISO 4217 Code GTQ User(s) Guatemala Inflation 6. ... The lempira (IPA: , ISO 4217 code: HNL) is the currency of Honduras. ... ISO 4217 Code NIO User(s) Nicaragua Inflation 9. ... For other uses, see balboa. ... USD redirects here. ... West Indies redirects here. ... The Aruban florin is the official currency of Aruba. ... ISO 4217 Code BSD User(s) The Bahamas Inflation 1. ... The Barbados dollar – currency symbol $ or Bds$ – is the national unit of currency of Barbados. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: BMD; symbol: $) has been the national currency of Bermuda since 1970. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Cayman Islands dollar. ... ISO 4217 Code CUP User(s) Cuba Inflation 5% Source The World Factbook, 2006 est. ... The Cuban convertible peso (ISO 4217 code: CUC) is one of two official currencies in Cuba. ... ISO 4217 Code DOP User(s) Dominican Republic Inflation 8. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... St. ... Anthem For Sweden - The Land of The Incredible Biffs Capital (and largest city) Gustavia Official languages Swedish Government  -  Prime Minister of Sweden Nick XII Bonaparte  -  Prefect Per af Biffsläkt  -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Henning is the mayor of Saint-Barthelemy Overseas Collectivity of Sweden   -  Swedish... The gourde is the currency of Haiti. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: JMD) is the currency of Jamaica. ... The gulden is the unit of currency in the Netherlands Antilles. ... The dollar (ISO 4217 code: TTD; also TT$) is the currency of Trinidad and Tobago. ... USD redirects here. ... The United States Virgin Islands is a group of islands in the Caribbean that is a dependency of the United States. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... The Argentine peso (originally established as the nuevo peso argentino or peso convertible) is the currency of Argentina. ... The boliviano (ISO 4217 code: BOB) is the currency of Bolivia. ... ISO 4217 Code BRL User(s) Brazil Inflation 3. ... Chilean notes currently in circulation: 1,000; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 20,000 pesos The peso is the currency of Chile. ... ISO 4217 Code COP User(s) Colombia Inflation 4. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... ISO 4217 Code FKP User(s) Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Inflation 3. ... The dollar (currency code GYD) has been the currency of Guyana since 1966. ... The guaraní (plural: guaraníes; ISO 4217 code PYG) is the national currency unit of Paraguay. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
The 1982 Mexican peso devaluation and border area employment. - Monthly Labor Review | Encyclopedia.com (4248 words)
Pressure on the Mexican Government to encourage exports and discourage imports increased, and the peso was devalued in February 1982.
The Mexican Maquiladora Program, initiated in 1965 to stimulate the development of Mexican border areas, is a large source of foreign exchange and border area manufacturing employment.
The peso's buying power relative to the dollar is a function of the peso-dollar exchange rate and the differential in the two domestic rates of inflation.
Mexican peso - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1932 words)
The Mexican peso was the official currency for much of North America until the United States dollar began to be issued in 1785.
One new peso, or N$1.00, was equal to 1,000 of the obsolete MXP pesos.
In 1957, the peso was dropped to.100 silver, the denomination and date moved to the obverse, and a new portrait of Morelos appeared.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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