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Encyclopedia > Mexican cuisine
This article is part
of the Cuisine series
Foods

Bread - Pasta - Cheese - Rice
Sauces - Soups - Desserts
Herbs and spices
Other ingredients Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links Title_Cuisine_2. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... For other uses, see Bread (disambiguation). ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sauce (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Soup (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Desert. ... For other uses, see Herb (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Spice (disambiguation). ... Food is any substance, usually composed primarily of carbohydrates, fats, water and/or proteins, that can be eaten or drunk by an animal for nutrition and/or pleasure. ...

Regional cuisines
Asia - Europe - Caribbean
South Asia - Latin America
Middle East - North America - Africa
Other cuisines...
Preparation techniques and cooking items
Techniques - Utensils
Weights and measures
See also:
Kitchens - Meals
Wikibooks: Cookbook

Mexican food is a style of food that originated in Mexico. Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and variety of spices. Asian cuisine is a term for the various cuisines of South, East and Southeast Asia and for fusion dishes based on combining them. ... See the individual entries for: // Belarusian cuisine Bulgarian cuisine Czech cuisine Hungarian cuisine Jewish cuisine Polish cuisine Romanian cuisine Russian cuisine Slovak cuisine Slovenian cuisine Ukrainian cuisine British cuisine English cuisine Scottish cuisine Welsh cuisine Anglo-Indian cuisine Modern British cuisine Nordic cuisine Danish cuisine Finnish cuisine Icelandic cuisine Lappish... Caribbean cuisine is a fusion of African, Amerindian, French, Indian, and Spanish cuisine. ... South Asian cuisine includes the cuisines of the South Asia. ... Latin American cuisine is a phrase that refers to typical foods, beverages, and cooking styles common to many of the countries and cultures in Latin America. ... The term Middle Eastern cuisine refers to the various cuisines of the Middle East. ... North American cuisine is a term used for foods native to or popular in countries of North America. ... Cuisine of Africa reflects indigenous traditions, as well as influences from Arabs, Europeans, and Asians. ... Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... This is a list of food preparation utensils, also known as kitchenware. ... In recipes, quantities of ingredients may be specified by mass (weight), by volume, or by count. ... A kitchen is a room used for food preparation and sometimes entertainment. ... For the coarsely ground flour, see flour. ... Tex-Mex is a term for a type of American food which is used primarily in Texas and the Southwestern United States to describe a regional cuisine which blends food products available in the United States and the culinary creations of Mexican-Americans that are influenced by the cuisines of...

Contents

National cuisine

When Spanish conquistadores arrived in the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan (the ancient city on which Mexico City was built), they found that the people's diet consisted largely of corn-based dishes with chiles and herbs, usually complemented with beans and squash. The conquistadores eventually combined their imported diet of rice, beef, pork, chicken, wine, garlic and onions with the indigenous foods of pre-Columbian Mexico, including chocolate, maize, tomato, vanilla, avocado, papaya, pineapple, chile pepper, beans, squash, sweet potato, peanut, fish and turkey. The totopo (a salted corn tortilla cooked in a fire oven) may have been created as part of this cuisine. A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Aztec is a term used to refer to certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who achieved political and military dominance over large parts of Mesoamerica in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries, a period referred to as the Late post-Classic... Tenochtitlan, looking east. ... Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México, D.F. or simply México) is the capital city of Mexico. ... The pre-Columbian era incorporates all period subdivisions in the history and prehistory of the Americas before the appearance of significant European influences on the Americas continent. ... For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vanilla (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Mill. ... Binomial name Carica papaya L. The papaya (from Carib via Spanish), is the fruit of the tree Carica papaya, in the genus Carica. ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... The chile pepper, chili pepper, or chilli pepper, or simply chile, is the fruit of the plant Capsicum from the nightshade family, Solanaceae. ... This article is on the plant. ... Species - hubbard squash, buttercup squash - cushaw squash C. moschata- butternut squash C. pepo- most pumpkins, acorn squash, summer squash References: ITIS 223652002-11-06 Hortus Third Squashes are four species of the genus Cucurbita, also called pumpkins and marrows depending on variety or the nationality of the speaker. ... Binomial name (L.) Lam. ... Binomial name L. This article is about the legume. ... Fish as a food describes the edible parts of water-dwelling, cold-blooded vertebrates with gills, as well as certain other water-dwelling animals such as mollusks, crustaceans, and shellfish. ... Totopos, in Mexican cuisine are a flat, round corn product similar to a tortilla best known as originating from Zapotec peoples of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec region of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... Two cooked tortillas made of wheat flour The Spanish word tortilla denotes two different classes of foods, depending on where the term is encountered. ...


Most of today's Mexican food is based on ancient traditions, such as the Aztecs and Maya, combined with culinary trends introduced by Spanish colonists. Quesadillas, for example, are a flour or corn tortilla with cheese (often a Mexican-style soft farmer's cheese such as Queso Fresco), beef, chicken, pork, and so on. The indigenous part of this and many other traditional foods is the chile pepper. Foods like these tend to be very colorful because of the rich variety of vegetables (among them are the chili peppers, green peppers, chilis, broccoli, cauliflower, and radishes) and meats in Mexican food. There is also a sprinkling of Caribbean influence in Mexican cuisine, particularly in some regional dishes from the states of Veracruz and Yucat√°n. The French occupation of Mexico also yielded some influences as well: the bolillo (pronounced bo-lee-yo, with the "o" as in "bore"), a Mexican take on the French roll, certainly seems to reflect this. The word Aztec is usually used as a historical term, although some contemporary Nahuatl speakers would consider themselves Aztecs. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... A huitlacoche quesadilla. ... Two cooked tortillas made of wheat flour The Spanish word tortilla denotes two different classes of foods, depending on where the term is encountered. ... Queso blanco is a soft, unaged white cheese. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... A bolillo is a type of bread traditionally made in Mexico, El Salvador, Portugal, and Brazil. ...


There are also more exotic dishes, cooked in the Aztec or Mayan style, with ingredients ranging from iguana to rattlesnake, deer, spider monkey, and even some kinds of insects. This is usually known as comida prehisp√°nica (or prehispanic food), and although not very common, is relatively well known. For other members of the family Iguanidae, see Iguanidae. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... This article is about the ruminent animal. ... Type species Simia paniscus Linnaeus, 1758 Species Ateles paniscus Ateles belzebuth Ateles chamek Ateles hybridus Ateles marginatus Ateles fusciceps Ateles geoffroyi Spider monkeys are New World monkeys of the family Atelidae, subfamily Atelinae. ...


Common dishes found on a national level

Foods that are part of the Mexican culinary tradition include:

  • Common appetizers and side dishes found in Mexican cuisine
  • Common main course dishes found in Mexican cuisine
  • Common drinks found in Mexican cuisine
  • Common desserts and sweets found in Mexican cuisine

Below is a list of dishes found in Mexican cuisine Enchilada with mole sauce Salsa verde, salsa roja Pico de gallo (salsa mexicana) Assorted tacos Guacamole Ensalada de nopales Caldo de res // pancakes ((invented by panqiqu)) Arroz amarillo Arroz con lima Arroz Español (Spanish rice) Arroz Verde Bolillos Calabaza... Below is a list of dishes found in Mexican cuisine Enchilada with mole sauce Salsa verde, salsa roja Pico de gallo (salsa mexicana) Assorted tacos Guacamole Ensalada de nopales Caldo de res // pancakes ((invented by panqiqu)) Arroz amarillo Arroz con lima Arroz Español (Spanish rice) Arroz Verde Bolillos Calabaza... Below is a list of dishes found in Mexican cuisine Enchilada with mole sauce Salsa verde, salsa roja Pico de gallo (salsa mexicana) Assorted tacos Guacamole Ensalada de nopales Caldo de res // pancakes ((invented by panqiqu)) Arroz amarillo Arroz con lima Arroz Español (Spanish rice) Arroz Verde Bolillos Calabaza... Below is a list of dishes found in Mexican cuisine Enchilada with mole sauce Salsa verde, salsa roja Pico de gallo (salsa mexicana) Assorted tacos Guacamole Ensalada de nopales Caldo de res // pancakes ((invented by panqiqu)) Arroz amarillo Arroz con lima Arroz Español (Spanish rice) Arroz Verde Bolillos Calabaza...

Regional cuisine

Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate and geography and ethnic differences among the indigenous inhabitants and because these different populations were influenced by the Spaniards in varying degrees. The north of Mexico is known for its beef production and meat dishes. Southeastern Mexico, on the other hand, is known for its spicy vegetable and chicken-based dishes. Seafood is commonly prepared in the state of Veracruz. For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... This article is about the food. ... For other uses, see Vegetable (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Mexican cuisine outside of Mexico

A distinction must be made between truly authentic Mexican food, and "Tex Mex" (Texan-Mexican) cuisines. Mexican cuisine combines with the cuisine of the southwest United States (which itself has a number of Mexican influences) to form Cal-Mex and Tex-Mex cuisine. Another style of cuisine that is commonly mistaken for Mexican food is New Mexican cuisine, which is found in New Mexico, USA. Tex-Mex is a term for a type of American food which is used primarily in Texas and the Southwestern United States to describe a regional cuisine which blends food products available in the United States and the culinary creations of Mexican-Americans that are influenced by the cuisines of... New Mexican food is a type of regional cuisine that originated in the US state of New Mexico. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Largest metro area Albuquerque metropolitan area Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ...



While many Mexican Resturants can be seen in almost any town throughout America, very few use "authentic" or "traditional" techniques/ingredients. Some states, such as Texas, New Mexico, and parts of California and Florida, have high Mexican/Spanish populations. Many authentic Mexican Resturants can be found in these parts of the country.


See also

The most important staple of Aztec cuisine was maize (corn), a crop that was so important to Aztec society that it played a central part in their mythology. ...

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Mexican cuisine

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mexican cuisine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (580 words)
Mexican cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration, and the variety of spices that it has.
Mexican gastronomy, in terms of diversity of appealing tastes and textures, is one of the richest in the world in proteins, vitamins, and minerals, though some people characterize it as excessively spicy.
Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate and geography and ethnic differences among the indigenous inhabitants and because these different populations were influenced by the Spaniards in varying degrees.
"Mexican Cuisine" (555 words)
It is often said that "cuisine is culture", and to understand the development of Mexican cuisine it is important to know something of the history of Mexico.
Some of the greatest innovations in Mexican cuisine came from the inspiration of nuns, among whose activities were to cook for the monks and priests.
Mexicans are very proud of our cuisine; to us, it gives a sense of unity and identity everywhere in the world were we meet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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