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Encyclopedia > Mexicali
Mexicali
Mexicali at night
Mexicali at night
Motto: Tierra Cálida
(Warm Land)
Location of Mexicali within Baja California
Location of Mexicali within Baja California
Coordinates: 32°40′00″N 115°28′00″W / 32.666667, -115.466667
Country Mexico
State Baja California
Municipality Mexicali
Founded March 14, 1903
Elevation 10 m (33 ft)
Population (2008)
 - City 1,000,010
 - Density 81.94/km² (212.2/sq mi)
 - Metro Incl. Imperial Valley and SLRC: 1,155,399
Time zone America/Tijuana or Mexico/BajaNorte (Daylight Savings/Summer Time switchover date is different from Pacific Time) (UTC-8)
Area code(s) +52 686
Website: XVIII Ayuntamiento de Mexicali

Sources: INEGI, Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Municipal Palace of Veracruz Municipalities (municipios in Spanish) are the second-level administrative division in Mexico (where the first-level administrative division is the estado, or state). ... Mexicali is a municipio (second-level municipality) in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area codes in Mexico by code 0-99 This range of area codes is currently reserved for the Metropolitan areas of Mexico: Guadalajara, Monterrey and Mexico City See Area codes in Mexico by code (0-99) 200-299 This range of area codes is currently reserved for Puebla, Tlaxcala, Oaxaca...

Mexicali is the capital of the State of Baja California, Mexico. Mexicali is also the seat of the municipality of Mexicali. Founded on March 14, 1903, Mexicali is situated on the U.S.-Mexico border adjacent to Calexico, California. Mexicali has grown to be an important city in Mexico and is the northernmost city in Latin America, located at 32°40′0″N, 115°28′0″W. The United Mexican States or Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México) is a federal republic made up of 31 states (estados) and one Federal District, (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Mexicali is a municipio (second-level municipality) in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... Location of Calexico, California County Imperial Government  - Mayor Lewis Pacheco Area  - City 7. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


The link is emphasized by the way each city's name combines the words "México" and "California." To the East of Mexicali lie the states of Arizona (US) and Sonora (México), to the west lies the municipality of Tecate, and to the South lies the municipality of Ensenada. Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Tecate. ... The port of Ensenada Ensenada is a city in the state of Baja California, Mexico. ...

Contents

History

In pre-Columbian times, the Río Colorado (Colorado River) delta was inhabited by a centuries-long succession of Yumano tribes. When the Spanish first stumbled upon the delta after traversing, with great difficulty, the Sonoran Desert's Camino del Diablo ("Devil's Road"), a sophisticated Río Colorado culture was cultivating squash, melons, peas, and five colors of corn: yellow, blue, white, red, and blue-white. The Native Americans also possessed an impressive knowledge of medicinal herbs and employed desert plants like mesquite and agave in a wide variety of uses. Like their neighbors the Kiliwas, the Cucapás' numbers were greatly reduced by Spanish evangelization in northwest Mexico. Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Map of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. ... Species - hubbard squash, buttercup squash - cushaw squash C. moschata- butternut squash C. pepo- most pumpkins, acorn squash, summer squash References: ITIS 223652002-11-06 Hortus Third Squashes are four species of the genus Cucurbita, also called pumpkins and marrows depending on variety or the nationality of the speaker. ... For other uses, see Melon (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... Brazilian Indian chiefs The scope of this indigenous peoples of the Americas article encompasses the definitions of indigenous peoples and the Americas as established in their respective articles. ... Species Many; see text. ... Species see text. ... The Kiliwa are an aboriginal people of northern Baja California, Mexico. ... The Cocopah are a Native American peoples that emigated from Baja California, Mexico, and settled on the lower reaches of the Colorado River. ...


Among the major Yumano groups in the region were the Cucapás, who navigated the difficult Río Colorado on reed rafts. Today Cucapá descendants inhabit a small government-protected corner of the delta near the junction of the Hardy and Colorado rivers. For the most part, the Indians work on agricultural ejidos or fish the rivers, although many have migrated to Mexicali. Few indigenous customs survived both the Spanish and Mexican eras; both the Kiliwas and the Cucapás continued to practice cremation rituals, for example, until they were banned by the Mexican government early this century. Now Mexicali is progressing more than ever and is one of the fastest growing cities in the Mexican nation, especially an event to dedicate the population mark at one million on the city's 104th birthday (March 14, 2007). For the Venezuelan city, see Ejido, Mérida. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The building of an agricultural empire

After the Jesuits left, the Spanish and later the Mexicans had little to do with the northeastern corner of the Baja California peninsula, perceiving it as an untamable, flood-prone desert delta. Around the time of the U.S. Civil War, a Yale geologist, while surveying a route for the Southern Pacific Railroad, wandered into the delta and discovered what the dwindling population of Yumanos had known for centuries: the 2.5 km thick sediment was prime farming soil. The sediments extended far to the west of the river itself, accumulating in a shallow basin below the Sierra de Cucapá. All it needed was the addition of water to become an agricultural miracle. Baja California Peninsula (highlighted) The Baja California Peninsula or Lower California is a peninsula in the west of Mexico. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


In 1900 the U.S.-based California Land Company received permission from the Porfirio Díaz government to cut a canal through the delta's Arroyo Alamo, thus linking the dry basin with the Colorado River. To attract farmers to the area, the developers named the basin the Imperial Valley. In March 1903, the first 500 farmers arrived; by late 1904, 100,000 acres (405 km²) of valley were irrigated, with 10,000 people settled on the land and harvesting cotton, fruits, and vegetables. A collection of huts and ramadas that straddled the border was named Calexico on the U.S. side, Mexicali on the Mexican side.


Seeing that the equally fertile Valle de Mexicali lay undeveloped, another U.S. land syndicate, the Colorado River Land Company, moved in. Led by Harry Chandler, then publisher of the Los Angeles Times, the syndicate controlled some 800,000 acres (3200 km²) of northern Baja and in 1905 began constructing a Valle de Mexicali irrigation system. Instead of using Mexican labor, as the Imperial Valley developers had, Chandler imported thousands of Chinese coolies or ditch diggers.


After a major 1905 rainfall, the channel dug from Arroyo Alamo (or Rio Hardy) ended up diverting the entire outflow of the Colorado River into the Imperial Valley, taking Mexicali with it; unknowingly, the syndicate had tapped into one of the river's original routes. The Salton Sink, a dried-up remainder of the Sea of Cortez, became the Salton Sea virtually overnight. By 1907, a hundred new ponds formed where the river briefly flowed and gave more irrigation abilities for the Imperial valley on both sides of the US-Mexican border. For the film, see The Salton Sea. ...


Neither the U.S. nor Mexico wanted to take responsibility for the growing New River created by Chandler's mistake. As both valleys became increasingly inundated, the Southern Pacific Railroad stepped in and, to protect its tracks, dumped a sufficient amount of rock into the river to head the Colorado back into the Cortez, leaving a canal to the Valle de Mexicali. From then on, both valleys became highly productive agricultural centers. The New River is a river that runs from Mexicali, Baja California, in Mexico into the United States through Calexico, California. ...


Mexicali was born on 14 March 1903 with Manuel Vizcarra as the town's first authority and assistant judge (juez auxiliar). Mexicali is now the capital city of Baja California, the 29th state of Mexico. Shortly after the first irrigation canals were built, most of the land was bought by the Colorado River Land Company from the USA The company developed commercial crops and became almost a monopoly until it was decided to sell its land to Mexican farmers in 1936 and 1937. Previously, they gave land to European, East Indian, Arabian and Japanese farm hands instead of local Mexicans. is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Manuel Vizcarra was a Mexican judge and founder of the city of Mexicali now the state capital of the state of Baja California (Mexico). ...


The Imperial Valley (in Mexico, El Valle de Mexicali or Mexicali Valley) is the agricultural heart of the state, with more than 2,000 square kilometres of irrigated land. This valley is responsible for some of the biggest crops in Mexico, including wheat and cotton. With an ensured supply of water, coming under the ground from a canal in the United States, Mexicali has become an important exporter of asparagus, broccoli, carrots, green onions, lettuce, peas, peppers, radishes and tomatoes for the whole world. The Imperial Valley and the Salton Sea, as seen from the Space shuttle. ...


Cotton became the most important crop of the Valley and it helped to develop the dressing and textile industries. In the early 1950s, the Mexicali Valley became the biggest cotton producing zone in the whole country. Production increased even more in the mid-1960s, reaching more than half a million parcels harvested in just one year.


Demographics

View of the Civic Center Monument, designed by noted Mexicali artist, Francisco Arias Beltrán, to the four original municipalities in Baja California (Mexicali, Mexico)
View of the Civic Center Monument, designed by noted Mexicali artist, Francisco Arias Beltrán, to the four original municipalities in Baja California (Mexicali, Mexico)

The city itself had a 2005 census population of 653,046, whereas the municipality's population was 895,962. It is the 13th largest municipality in Mexico as of the Census 2005 with population estimates exceeding one million alone. The population is constantly growing due to the number of Maquiladoras in the area and migrational aspects, like seasonal labor and the constant in-and-out flow of immigrants to the U.S. or into Mexico. Image File history File links 12889328_943945bf51. ... Image File history File links 12889328_943945bf51. ... Mexicali is a municipio (municipality) in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... A maquiladora (or maquila) is a factory, that imports materials and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing. ...


Boroughs (delegaciones)

The municipality of Mexicali is divided into 1 city area and 14 administrative boroughs (delegaciones, in Spanish) of which the city of Mexicali occupies 3 beside the city area These boroughs offer administrative services such as urban planning, civil registry, inspection, verification, public works and community development and are served by a Delegado Municipal (Municipal Delegate). Mexicali is a municipio (municipality) in the Mexican state of Baja California. ...


Economy

In its beginnings Mexicali was an important center for cotton production for export until synthetic fabrics reduced the worldwide demand for the fiber.


Currently horticulture is the most successful agricultural activity with scallion, green onion and asparagus being among the most important crops. Cotton and wheat are still cultivated but with government price guarantees and subsidies making wheat farmer protests an annual event. There is an annual agribusiness fair in March drawing interested people from all over Mexico and the United States called Agrobaja.


The current prospects for economic growth in Mexicali rely on in-bond and assembly plants, mainly for export, including companies like Sony, Daewoo, Mitsubishi, Honeywell, Paccar, Vitro, Skyworks Solutions, Cardinal Health, Bosch, Price Pfister and Kwikset. Mexicali is also home to many food processing plants such as Nestle, Jumex, Bimbo, Coca-Cola and Sabritas. Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... This article is about the chaebol Daewoo Group. ... For information on Mitsubishi brand computer monitors, see NEC-Mitsubishi Electronics Display of America Inc. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... PACCAR, Inc. ... ... Skyworks Solutions, Inc. ... Price Pfister is an American manufacturer of faucets. ... Kwikset is a lock manufacturer founded in 1946. ...


There are joint efforts on behalf of the Baja California government and the private sector to attract more companies to Mexicali based on a cluster strategy focusing on the regions' strengths of qualified labor, abundant energy and water supplies, a pro-business environment and its location on the California border.


Mexicali is considered among the most prosperous cities in Mexico, although US tourists can observe the level of poverty in rural villages surrounding the modern, upper-middle class enclave of Mexicali proper. The North American Free Trade Agreement of 1994 that eliminated most trade restrictions between the two nations offers Mexicali an economic boom in the next decade. NAFTA redirects here. ...


Silicon Border

Silicon Border is a high-tech manufacturing park currently under construction near the border with California. The aim of the manufacturing park is to capitalize on Mexicali's proximity to Silicon Valley to lure some of the lucrative semiconductor manufacturing market to Mexico. The Mexican Federal and Baja California governments have committed over $2 million to the project. Additionally, former President Vicente Fox offered 10 years of tax-free status to any firms that locate in the park and invest $1 billion or more. The cost of a single semiconductor manufacturing plant can top $1.5 billion. For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Vicente Fox Quesada (born July 2, 1942) was the President of Mexico from 2000 to 2006. ...


California's Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has repeatedly promoted cooperation with the project in his radio addresses.[1] Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German IPA: ; born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, Golden Globe-winning actor, businessman and politician currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ...


The proximity of two new power plants is a major aide to this project, as manufacturing semiconductors requires a high-quality electricity supply. As the project grows, it is slated to receive a dedicated power plant. Further infrastructure improvements associated with Silicon Border include a new highway (under construction) and an additional border crossing.[2]


Natural resources

In spite of its arid desert location Mexicali is watered through a system of aquifers in the valley. Under a 1944 water treaty the city is "...guaranteed [an] annual quantity of 1,500,000 acre-feet (1,850,234,000 cubic meters) [of water] to be delivered..." from the Colorado River.[3] On the nearby Volcano, Cerro Prieto,[4] presides a geothermal plant, from which electrical energy is generated.[5]


Tourism

Mexicali also relies on tourism as a medium revenue, and visitors cross by foot or car from Calexico in the United States every day. Restaurants and taco stands, pharmacies, bars and dance clubs are part of the draw for the city's tourists. Many shops and stalls selling Mexican crafts and souvenirs are also located in walking distance from the border.


Mexico's drinking age of 18 (vs. 21 in the United States) makes it a common weekend destination for many high school and college aged Southern Californians who tend to stay within the Avenida Justo Sierra and Francisco L. Montejano.


Mexicali is also home to several pharmacies marketed toward visitors from the United States. These pharmacies sell some pharmaceutical drugs without prescriptions and at much lower costs than pharmacies in the US. Many medications still require a doctor's prescription, although several accessible doctor offices are located near the border as well.


As well in the musical side, Mexicali hosts one of the most important events in Progresive Rock in the world: Baja Prog. As of the early 97's, Baja Prog has always been in the eyes of the world for being an event gathering the best music groups of the progresive rock scene. This show was created and still organized by local musician and member of the band CAST Alfonso Vidales Moreno. This masive event, gathers tourism from all over the world.


Culture

The residents of Mexicali (Mexicalenses) call themselves "Cachanillas" and are from culturally diverse backgrounds, and it is among the most ethnically diverse cities in Mexico, with people from various Native American, European, African, (east) Asian, and Middle Eastern origins.[6]


In 2004, there were 7 theaters [7] in the city:

  1. Teatro del Estado.
  2. Teatro al Aire Libre del Centro Comunitario Estudiantil.
  3. Teatro de Casa de Cultura de Mexicali. Idem.
  4. Teatro del CREA
  5. Teatro Universitario de Mexicali, it is mainly used for UABC ceremonies and occasionally for plays.
  6. Teatro al Aire Libre de Rectoría
  7. Teatro del Seguro Social that was inaugurated in the 70's.
  8. Teatro al aire libre del Centro de Enseñanza Técnica y Superior CETYS unveiled on September 2006.
  9. Teatro del Centro de Enseñanza Técnica y Superior CETYS.
  10. IMAX Teatro in The Sol del Niño Museum
  11. Centro Estatal de las Artes with multiple teather and convention center

Mexicali also has the Baja Prog festival, a series of progressive rock concerts that take place during four consecutive days in springtime. It is hosted by CAST, a progressive rock band from Mexicali. Baja Prog is an annual progressive rock festival in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico, held since 1997. ... Look up Cast in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Swedish political music movement, see progg. ...


Sports

Mexicali has many sites where people from all over the country visit, as well as visitors from United States and Canada, such as the bullfighting arena, Plaza Calafia, where many bullfights ("corridas") are organized along the year. Mexicali has also a professional 18 hole Golf Course "Club Campestre" where both national and international championships take place regularly. Beside the amateur leagues, they are a few professional sport teams which plays in different leagues. Bullfighting, Edouard Manet, 1865–1866. ... Califia (or Calafia) is the name of a legendary Black Amazon warrior queen, associated with the mythical Island of California. ... This article is about the sport of golf. ...


Basketball

The City of Mexicali's basketball team is Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP) of Mexico, the Soles de Mexicali are the current champions of the LNBP (2006-2007). Their stadium is the "Auditorio del Estado" located in the "Ciudad Deportiva de Mexicali". This article is about the sport. ... The National Professional Basketball League (Spanish: LNBP- Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional) is a major professional basketball league in Mexico. ... Soles de Mexicali is a team in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico playing in the Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional (LNBP). ... Auditorio del Estado is an indoor arena in Mexicali, Mexico. ...


Mexicali is also home to a 2007 Pacific Coast Basketball Circuit franchise, the Calor de Mexicali (The Mexicali Heat). Their stadium is the "Gimnasio de Mexicali" located in the "Avenida Reforma".


Mexicali is also home to a 2007 American Basketball Association franchise, the Centinelas de Mexicali (The Sentinels). The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... The Mexicali Sentinels (Centinelas de Mexicali) are a team of the American Basketball Association scheduled to begin play in 2006 in Mexicali, Mexico. ...


Football

The "Ciudad Deportiva" also houses a Football stadium where the Cachanillas de Mexicali, a mexican third division football team. Soccer redirects here. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Tercera División is Mexicos fourth tier in the Mexican League System. ...


The home of the Pioneros del Valle, also a Mexican third division football team, is located in the Mexicali Valley, near to Ciudad Guadalupe Victoria.


Baseball

In addition, "Ciudad Deportiva" harbors the "CasasGeo" stadium where the professional baseball team "Águilas de Mexicali" plays every season. The Águilas de Mexicali is a Mexican baseball team playing for the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico in Mexicali, Baja California. The team was founded ok October 14, 1976. They have won the championship three times, 1985-1986 (coach Benjamin Reyes), in 1988-1989 (coach Dave Machemer), in 1998-1999 (coach Francisco Estrada). The team also won the 1986 Caribbean Series, played in Venezuela. The Águilas de Mexicali were formed in 1976 and have been a member of the Mexican Pacific League since. They are located in the border city of Mexicali, Baja California and have won three LMP pennets. Their brightest moment came when they won the 1986 Caribbean Series, only becoming the second Mexican team to take the title. [8] This article is about the sport. ... The Águilas de Mexicali (Mexicali Eagles) is a Mexican baseball team playing for the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico (Mexican Pacific League) in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico The team was founded on October 14, 1976. ... The Mexican Pacific league (Spanish: Liga Mexicana del Pacífico) is a developmental Baseball league playing in the winter months in northwestern Mexico. ...


The Azules de Mexicali is a professional Mexican baseball team which plays in the North Sonora League, the main supporting league of the "LMP". The Liga Norte de Sonora is a minor baseball league in Mexico that acts as a feeder system to the Mexican League in the summer season. ...


American Football

The team plays in the newly-build convention center, while local businessmen negotiate a deal for a American Football team with the af2 under ownership of the Arena Football League in 2008.[citation needed] and proud team of mexicali borregos Salvajes. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... af2 (short for arenafootball2) is the name of the Arena Football Leagues minor league, which started play in 2000. ... The Arena Football League (AFL) was founded in 1987 as an American football indoor league. ...


Shopping

Mexicali possesses a diversity of shopping malls, the most visited being Plaza La Cachanilla, located just a few minutes away from the US border. The mall hosts a variety of shops, which sell a wide array of things, ranging from cheap Mexican curiosities to expensive imports. The Plaza La Cachanilla also represents a common place for people to socialize. Especially in summer when the weather is hot, a lot of families come and spend all the day inside the mall.


Just about everything for recreation can be found in Mexicali, including pool halls, bowling alleys, traditional cantinas, car clubs, full contact strip clubs, movie theaters, museums, a zoo, a state university, a convention center, supermarkets, and fast food restaurants.


Weather

Climate chart for Mexicali
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13.0
 
21
5
 
 
9.1
 
24
7
 
 
7.9
 
26
9
 
 
1.3
 
30
12
 
 
0.8
 
34
16
 
 
0.3
 
39
20
 
 
1.5
 
42
24
 
 
8.1
 
41
25
 
 
9.1
 
38
22
 
 
8.9
 
33
15
 
 
4.6
 
26
8
 
 
10.9
 
21
5
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: [1]

Mexicali is well known for its extreme weather. The highest temperature recorded in Mexicali was 52°C (about 125°F) in July 1995. Average July highs hover around 42°C (107°F). On the other hand, winter normals are quite low, with average January lows of 5°C (41°F) and a record low of -8°C (18°F) recorded in January 1949.[9] The city received snow only once in recorded history, on December 1932.[10] Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Notable residents

Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León (born December 27, 1951) was President of Mexico from 1994 to 2000. ... Artist and cultural promoter. ... Nikki Clan is a Mexican pop band from Sonora and Baja California, The band is formed by Yadira Gianola (lead vocals), Alberto Espinoza (bass guitar), José Antonio Dabdoub (guitar), Ángel Yáñez (guitar), and José Carlos Fausto Monroy (drums). ... David Cárdenas Cortés (born October 15, 1973 in Mexicali, Mexico) is a right-handed Major League Baseball pitcher for the Colorado Rockies. ... Lupita Jones, Miss Universe 1991 Lupita Jones (born María Guadalupe Jones Garay on September 6, 1968 in Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico) became the first Mexican woman to win the title of Miss Universe. ... Norma Enriqueta Basilio from Baja California Mexico. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Reik is a Mexican band from Mexicali, Baja California, México that consists of Jesús Alberto Navarro Rosas (lead vocals), Julio Ramírez Eguía (guitar, backing vocals), and Gilberto Marín Espinoza Bibi (backing guitar, backing vocals). ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location of Calexico, California County Imperial Government  - Mayor Lewis Pacheco Area  - City 7. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... El Centro is the county seat of Imperial County, California, United States. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Indio Fashion Mall. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Yuma is a city in and the county seatGR6 of Yuma County, Arizona, United States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Gumi is a city in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... San Luis Río Colorado is a city in the Mexican state of Sonora. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ...

External links

  • Mexicali Information Hotels, Maps, Weather and Activities (English)
  • Mexicali, Baja California is at coordinates 32°38′23″N 115°27′03″W / 32.6397, -115.45086 (Mexicali, Baja California)Coordinates: 32°38′23″N 115°27′03″W / 32.6397, -115.45086 (Mexicali, Baja California)

Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Economoy

  • Investment in Mexicali

Schools

Other

  • Manuel Vizcarra, Mexican judge, founded the city of Mexicali, Baja California on March 14, 1903
  • Rudolph Valentino, Italian silent era motion picture Hollywood actor, married Natacha Rambova in Mexicali, Mexico on May 13, 1922, his second marriage
  • Barbara Stanwyck, US film and television actress, lead role in "Mexicali Rose" film during 1929
  • Gene Autry, US performer, "Mexicali Rose" one of his popular songs
  • Dolores del Rio, Mexican film actress, one of the most beautiful women in Hollywood, a sex siren, but struggled against the "Mexicali Rose" image
  • Mexicali Shmoes, 1959 Looney Tunes cartoon directed by Friz Freleng, produced by John W. Barton of Warner Bros., has Jose and Manuel chasing Speedy Gonzales, and introduces Slowpoke Rodriguez, Speedy's cousin.
  • The Coasters, US doo wop and early rock and roll group, evolving from The Robins, song "Down in Mexico (in a little town called Mexicali)" in The Very Best of the Coasters
  • Grateful Dead, US psychedelia-influenced rock band, song "Mexicali Blues" in Skeletons from the Closet: The Best of Grateful Dead
  • Aztec Brewing Company started in Mexicali before moving to San Diego, California.
  • La Cronica One of Mexicali's online newspapers (in Spanish).
  • La Voz De la Frontera Another of Mexicali's online newspapers (also in Spanish).
  • RadioMexicali.com Radio stations from Mexicali on the Internet.

Manuel Vizcarra was a Mexican judge and founder of the city of Mexicali now the state capital of the state of Baja California (Mexico). ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Rudolph Valentino (May 6, 1895 – August 23, 1926) was an Italian actor, sex symbol, and early pop icon. ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Barbara Stanwyck (July 16, 1907 – January 20, 1990) was a four-time Academy Award-nominated, three-time Emmy Award-winning, and Golden Globe-winning American actress of film, stage, and screen. ... Orvon Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. ... Dolores Del Rio Dolores del Río (August 3, 1905 - April 11, 1983) was a Mexican film actress. ... Mexicali Shmoes is a 1959 Looney Tunes cartoon directed by Friz Freleng. ... The classic Coasters lineup. ... This article is about the band. ... A one-time regional brewery in Southern California, the Aztec Brewing Company (Aztec Brewery) holds the unique distinction of being the only brewing company ever to move from Mexico to the United States. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.siborder.com/Government_support.html
  2. ^ SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Mexico - Partners pushing 'silicon' center
  3. ^ The Mexican Water Treaty:
  4. ^ Global Volcanism Program | Cerro Prieto | Summary
  5. ^ CFE - Cerro Prieto, geotermoeléctrica
  6. ^ http://www.mexicali.gob.mx/ImagenesCS/CONAMM/index.html
  7. ^ Sistema de Información Cultural - CONACULTA - Mexico
  8. ^ Viva Beisbol newsletter by Bruce Baskin. Águilas de Mexicali.
  9. ^ Mexicali, MEX Weather - Forecasts, Radar Maps, Video, and News
  10. ^ IID Water Department
  • Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
  1. ^ http://www.siborder.com/Government_support.html
  2. ^ SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Mexico - Partners pushing 'silicon' center
  3. ^ The Mexican Water Treaty:
  4. ^ Global Volcanism Program | Cerro Prieto | Summary
  5. ^ CFE - Cerro Prieto, geotermoeléctrica
  6. ^ http://www.mexicali.gob.mx/ImagenesCS/CONAMM/index.html
  7. ^ Sistema de Información Cultural - CONACULTA - Mexico
  8. ^ Viva Beisbol newsletter by Bruce Baskin. Águilas de Mexicali.
  9. ^ Mexicali, MEX Weather - Forecasts, Radar Maps, Video, and News
  10. ^ IID Water Department
Baja California
Mexicali, capital
Municipalities

Ensenada | Mexicali | Tecate | Tijuana | Playas de Rosarito Image File history File links Bajamunicipios. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Mexicali is the capital of the State of Baja California, Mexico. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The municipio (municipality) of Ensenada is the largest in the state of Baja California and the largest in Mexico by area. ... Mexicali is a municipio (municipality) in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... Tecate is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... Tijuana is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. ... Seal of Playas de Rosarito Location of Playas de Rosarito Playas de Rosarito is a municipality in the Mexican state of Baja California. ...

Cities

Ensenada | Mexicali | Playas de Rosarito | Tecate | Tijuana Overlooking Ensenada at night The port of Ensenada Desert at Cataviña region. ... Mexicali is the capital of the State of Baja California, Mexico. ... Playas de Rosarito is a city in the Mexican state of Baja California and seat of the municipality of the same name. ... Tecate. ... Tijuana (Spanish [], English usually []), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... The following is a list of Mexican state capitals. ... The city of Aguascalientes is the capital of the state of Aguascalientes in western central Mexico. ... Aguascalientes IPA: is a state of Mexico, situated in the center of the country. ... Mexicali is the capital of the State of Baja California, Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... The Bay of La Paz, as seen from the International Space Station La Paz Entrance Sculpture La Paz is the capital of the Mexican state of Baja California Sur and an important regional commercial center. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... View of Campeche, showing Cathedral and part of old city fortifications Campeche is a city of Mexico located at 19°85′ N 90°53′ W, on the shore of the Gulf of Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 11 Largest City San Francisco de Campeche Government  - Governor Jorge Carlos Hurtado Valdez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI:2  - Federal Senators PRI:2 PAN:1 Area Ranked 18th  - State 50,812 km²  (19,618. ... Tuxtla Gutiérrez is a municipio (municipality), capital and largest city of the Mexican state of Chiapas. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Chiapas Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 118 Largest City Tuxtla Gutiérrez Government  - Governor Juan José Sabines Guerrero ( PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 7 PRD: 5  - Federal Senators PRI: 1 PRD: 1 PVEM: 1 Area Ranked 8th  - Total 74,211 km² (28,653 sq mi) Population (2005... Nickname: Motto: Bravery, Loyalty, Hospitality Coordinates: , Country State Foundation October 12, 1709 Government  - Mayor Carlos Borruel Baquera ( PAN) Elevation 1,415 m (4,642 ft) Population (2006)  - City 748,551  - Metro 1,000,124  - Demonym Chihuahuense Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7)  - Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6... THEY SUC |native_name = |nickname = Lady of the Desert |settlement_type = |motto = |image_skyline = |imagesize = |image_caption = |image_flag = Mexico stateflags Chihuahua. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... hi == Headline text == HEY PEOPLE WHAT IT DO??????????? Colima is the name of a city and a state in Mexico. ... Location within Mexico Country  Mexico Capital Colima Municipalities 10 Largest City Manzanillo Government  - Governor Jesus Silverio Cavazos Ceballos (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PAN: 2 PRI: 1 Area Ranked 29th  - State 5,191 km²  (2,004. ... The city of Durango (formally: Victoria de Durango) is the capital of the state of Durango, Mexico, located at . ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... A view of downtown Guanajuato from one of its many hills. ... Guanajuato is a state in the central highlands of Mexico. ... Chilpancingo (formally: Chilpancingo de los Bravos) is a city in the state of Guerrero, Mexico, located at 17° 33′0″N, 99° 30′0″W. It is the capital of Guerrero. ... Guerrero is a state in the United Mexican States. ... Pachuca (elevation: 2,426 meters) is the capital of the Mexican state of Hidalgo. ... Hidalgo is a state in central Mexico, with an area of 20,502 km². In 2005 census the state had a population of some 2,345,514 people. ... Coordinates: , Country State Foundation 1542 Government  - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN) Area  - City 187. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ... The United Mexican States, or Mexico, is a federal republic, comprising 31 states. ... This article is about the city. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 113 Government  - Governor Lazaro Cardenas Batel (PRD)  - Federal Deputies PRD: 8 PAN: 4  - Federal Senators Jesús Garibay García (PRD) Silvano Aureoles Conejo (PRD) Marko A. Cortés (PAN) Area Ranked 16th  - Total 59,928 km² (23,138. ... Cuernavaca is the capital and largest city of the state of Morelos in Mexico. ... Morelos is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... Tepic is the capital city of the Mexican state of Nayarit. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 20 Government  - Governor Ney González Sánchez (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 2 PRD: 1  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PRD: 1 Area Ranked 23rd  - State 26,979 km²  (10,416. ... Nickname: Motto: El Trabajo templa el Espíritu Location of Monterrey in northern Mexico Coordinates: , Country State Founded 20 September 1596 Government  - Mayor Adalberto Madero ( PAN) Area  - City 860 km² (332 sq mi) Elevation 537 m (1,762 ft) Population (2005)  - City 1,133,814  - Density 1,989/km² (5... Nuevo León (Spanish for New León, after the former kingdom in Spain) is a state located in northeastern Mexico. ... The city of Oaxaca (formally: Oaxaca de Juárez, in honor of 19th-century president and national hero Benito Juárez, who was born nearby) is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name. ... Catedral de Santo Domingo The Free and Sovereign State of Oaxaca or simply Oaxaca   is one of the 31 states of Mexico, located in the southern part of Mexico, west of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. ... Nickname: Location of Puebla in central Mexico Coordinates: Country Mexico State Puebla Founded 1531 Government  - Mayor Enrique Doger (PRI) Area  - City 546 km²  (211 sq mi) Elevation 2,175 m (7,136 ft) Population (2005)  - City 1,485,941  - Density 5,741/km² (14,869. ... The Mexican state of Puebla is located in the center of the country, to the east of Mexico City. ... Latitude 20. ... Querétaro (formal name: Querétaro Arteaga) is a state in central Mexico. ... Front of the palace of the Governor of the state of Quintana Roo in Chetumal Chetumal (coordinates: ) is a city on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico. ... Quintana Roo is a state of Mexico, on the eastern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. ... Nickname: Location of San Luis Potosí in central-north Mexico Country Mexico State San Luis Potosí Founded 3 November 1592 Government  - Mayor Jorge Lozano Armengol ( PAN) Area  - City 385 km²  (148. ... The Mexican state of San Luis Potosí has an area of 62,848 km² (24,266 mi²). It is in the north-central part of the Mexican republic, bordered by the states of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Querétaro, Hidalgo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Zacatecas. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Sinaloa. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Sinaloa Country Mexico Capital Municipalities 18 Government  - Governor Jesús Alberto Aguilar Padilla  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 2  - Federal Senators PRI: 2 PAN: 1 Area Ranked 18th  - Total 58,238 km² (22,485. ... Hermosillo is the capital of the desert state of Sonora, Mexico. ... Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. ... Villahermosa (Beautiful Village in Spanish language) capital city of Tabasco, Mexico and seat of municipality of Centro. ... This article is about the Mexican state of Tabasco. ... Ciudad Victoria (also known simply as Victoria ) is the capital city of the state of Tamaulipas, Mexico. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... The city of Tlaxcala is the capital and chief center of population of the Mexican state of the same name. ... For other uses, see Tlaxcala (disambiguation). ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 212 Largest City Veracruz Government  - Governor Fidel Herrera Beltrán (PRI)  - Federal Deputies PRI: 6 PAN: 11 PRD: 2 Convergencia: 2  - Federal Senators PRD: 1 PAN: 1 Convergencia: 1 Area Ranked 11th  - Total 71,699 km² (27,683. ... Places named Mérida or Merida include: Mexico Mérida, Yucatán, capital city of the state of Yucatán Philippines Mérida, Leyte, a municipality in Leyte province Spain Mérida, Spain, capital city of the Extremadura Autonomous Community Venezuela Mérida, Mérida, capital city of the state... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 106 Government  - Governor Ivonne Ortega Pacheco PRI  - Federal Deputies PAN: 4 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Hugo Laviada (PAN) Alfredo Rodríguez (PAN) Cleominio Zoreda (PRI) Area Ranked 20th  - State 38,402 km²  (14,827. ... Zacatecas is a city in Mexico, the capital of the state of Zacatecas. ... Zacatecas is one of the 31 constituent states of Mexico. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to Mexicali Turismo (246 words)
Mexicali, the capital of Baja California, borders California, the richest state in the United States.
Mexicali has a lot to offer, especially when you make it your next vacation destination.
Mexicali is just one hour and a half away from the casinos of Indio, Palm Springs and Viejas.
Mexicali - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2950 words)
Mexicali is the capital of the state of Baja California, Mexico as well as the capital of the municipality of Mexicali.
Mexicali is bordered to the north with the United States formally Imperial County in California, to the east with the states of Arizona and Sonora in Mexico, to the west with the municipality of Tecate, and to the south with the municipality of Ensenada.
Mexicali was born on 14 March 1903 with Manuel Vizcarra as the town's first authority and assistant judge (juez auxiliar).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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