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Encyclopedia > Metuchen, New Jersey
Metuchen borough highlighted in Middlesex County
Metuchen borough highlighted in Middlesex County

Metuchen is a Borough in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 12,840. Image File history File links Metuchen-borough-nj. ... Image File history File links Metuchen-borough-nj. ... A Borough (sometimes spelled Boro on road signage) in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of twelve forms of municipal government. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Metuchen was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 20, 1900, from portions of Raritan Township (now known as Edison).[1] The New Jersey Legislature convene at the State House building in Trenton. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... The Edison Memorial Tower, one of Edison Townships notable landmarks. ...


The Borough of Metuchen is completely surrounded by Edison.

Contents

Geography

Metuchen is located at 40°32′28″N, 74°21′40″W (40.541054, -74.360992)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 7.1 km² (2.7 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1930 5,748
1940 6,557 14.1%
1950 9,879 50.7%
1960 14,041 42.1%
1970 16,031 14.2%
1980 13,762 -14.2%
1990 12,804 -7.0%
2000 12,840 0.3%
Est. 2005 13,383 [2] 4.2%
Population 1930 - 1990.[3]

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 12,840 people, 4,992 households, and 3,584 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,809.3/km² (4,684.8/mi²). There were 5,104 housing units at an average density of 719.2/km² (1,862.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the borough was 84.38% White, 5.30% African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.23% Asian, 1.12% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.96% of the population. The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 4,992 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. “Spouse” redirects here. ...


In the borough the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.


The median income for a household in the borough was $75,546, and the median income for a family was $85,022. Males had a median income of $58,125 versus $43,097 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,749. About 3.4% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Local government

The Mayor of Metuchen is Edmund O'Brien. Elected for a four-year term ending December 31, 2007.[4] The Mayor presides at Council meetings, approves ordinances, signs contracts, and appoints officials and members of various boards and commissions. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


The Borough has six Council members who serve three-year overlapping terms. The Council adopts ordinances and resolutions and makes all policy in the Borough government. Each member is assigned as a liaison to several departments, boards and commissions with the consent of Council. Members of the Borough Council are Richard Dyas (term expires December 31, 2009), Timothy Dacey (2008), Alan Grossman (2007), Richard E. Weber (2009), Catherine Totin (2007) and Thomas Vahalla (2008).[5] is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

Until 1870, what is now Metuchen was part of Woodbridge Township. Because the settlers in the western part of the township were so far removed from the village of Woodbridge, they early developed a separate identity. The name "Metuchen" first appeared in 1688/1689, and its name was derived from the name of a Native American chief, known as Matouchin.[6] In 1701, an overseer of roads was appointed for "Metuchen district". In 1705, Main Street was laid out at the same time as the road from Metuchen to Woodbridge, which one source calls a "reworking of the original road". Woodbridge Township is a Township in Melissas Ass, New Jersey, United States. ...


Sometime between 1717 and 1730, a meeting house was constructed for weekday meetings conducted by the pastor of the Woodbridge Presbyterian Church. In 1756, Metuchen Presbyterians succeeded in forming their own congregation, attesting to their growing numbers. In 1770, the congregations merged, with Metuchen getting 2/5th of the pastor's services and Woodbridge 3/5ths; by 1772 Metuchen had grown sufficiently to warrant 50% of his time. In 1793, the two churches again separated. Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ...


From the late 18th to the early 19th century Metuchen grew little. A map of 1799 shows ten buildings in the center of town along Main Street. By 1834, a Presbyterian church, a store, two taverns and about a dozen dwellings could be found. The opening of the Middlesex and Essex Turnpike (now Middlesex Avenue, portions in concurrency with Route 27) in 1806, and the Perth Amboy and Bound Brook Turnpike in 1808 seem not to have spurred growth to any appreciable extent. Not until the beginning of the railroad era did commercial and residential development surge. A multiplex or concurrency on a road network occurs where a single physical road carries two or more different highway, motorway or other road numbers. ... New Jersey State Highway 27 runs on an original alignment for United States Highway 1. ...


In 1836, the New Jersey Railroad was completed to New Brunswick. The construction of a station at Main Street made it inevitable that this would develop as the principal street. A business section soon began to appear between Middlesex Avenue and the railroad tracks, and commercial and service establishments gradually began to assume a more modern aspect (the typical 18th century tavern, for example, was replaced by the equally typical 19th century hotel). A map of the NJRR and other related railroads. ... Nickname: Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County Coordinates: , Country United States of America State New Jersey County Middlesex Established December 30, 1730 Incorporated September 1, 1784 Government  - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)  - Mayor James Cahill Area  - City  5. ...


The second half of the 19th century was a period of social, cultural and religious diversification in Metuchen. Between 1859 and 1866 the Reformed Church was organized, the first Catholic mass was celebrated and St. Luke's Episcopal Church was founded. In 1870 both the Building and Loan Association and the library opened, the same year that Raritan Township was incorporated. As the largest village in the new township, Metuchen naturally became its commercial and cultural center and acquired substantial political control. In 1879, the literary and debating society was formed, and in 1883 the Village Improvement Society. By 1882, Metuchen School #15 had an enrollment of 256 pupils, and by 1885 the New Jersey Gazette listed thirty-seven businesses. The Reformed churches are a group of Protestant denominations historically related by a similar Zwinglian or Calvinist system of doctrine but organizationally independent. ... The Episcopal Churchs Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington, D.C. is often referred to as the National Cathedral. The Episcopal Church in the United States of America is the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States and several other nations, including dioceses...


The decade of the 1890s was a period of expansion for public utilities. In 1894, telegraph service was begun and in 1897 telephone service begun by the N.Y. and N.J. Telephone Company. In the same year the Midland Water Company commenced operation and supplied hydrants for "newly-formed" volunteer fire companies. In 1899, new street lighting system installed. At about the same time the Metuchen Wheelmen, a bicycling organization was formed, which lobbied for improved roads. Trolley service began in 1900. In addition, by the end of the decade, commerce had grown to such an extent that the New Brunswick Directory listed 91 businesses in 1899.


Metuchen attracted an influx of artists, literary figures and noted intellectuals during this time. It acquired the nickname "the Brainy Boro" after a friendly competition with the northern New Jersey community of Glen Ridge. One of the Borough's two post offices is named Brainy Boro Station. Map of Glen Ridge in Essex County Glen Ridge is a borough in Essex County, New Jersey, USA. As of the United States 2000 Census, the borough population was 7,271. ...


The new century began with what residents saw as the biggest improvement of all, incorporation, in 1900.


Transportation

Commuting had become a way of life for Metuchen residents by the turn-of-the-century. Daily commuters numbered 400 out of a population of 1,786 by the year 1900. Accessibility to New York City and New Brunswick enhanced the borough's reputation as a prestigious place to live, and the modern suburban ideal of small-town life where tired businessmen could escape the pace of the city grew in popularity. Today, Metuchen Station on New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor Line, provides service to many destinations including Trenton and Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Metuchen is a New Jersey Transit station on the Northeast Corridor Line, in Metuchen, New Jersey. ... The New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the state of New Jersey, and Orange and Rockland counties in New York. ... For the agglomeration of metropolitan areas, see article on BosWash megalopolis The Northeast Corridor (NEC) is an electrified railway line with overhead wires running from Washington, DC to Boston, Massachusetts, passing through Baltimore, Maryland, Wilmington, Delaware, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, New York, New York, New Haven, Connecticut and Providence, Rhode Island. ... Trenton Station is the New Jersey Transit rail station in Trenton, New Jersey. ... Pennsylvania Station (commonly known as Penn Station) is the major intercity rail station and a major commuter rail hub in New York City. ... Main article: New York City Midtown Manhattan viewed from the Brooklyn Bridge. ...


The biggest change to affect Metuchen between the World Wars was the rise of the automobile. In the 1920s, service stations were built, and the construction of U.S. Route 1 in 1930 diverted traffic away from Middlesex Avenue, and undoubtedly helped the borough retain its residential character. U.S. Route 1 in New Jersey is a portion of the United States highway which parallels the East Coast of the United States, running 2,390 miles (3,846 km) from Key West, Florida in the south, to Fort Kent, Maine at the Canadian border in the north, 66. ...


Notable residents

Noted current and former residents include:

Sen. ... The New Jersey Senate is the upper house of the New Jersey Legislature. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Lakers logo 1966-1991 The Los Angeles Lakers are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Los Angeles, California. ... John Anthony Ciardi (June 24, 1916 - March 30, 1986) was an American poet, translator, and etymologist. ... David Copperfield (born David Seth Kotkin) is a multi Emmy Award winning, American magician and illusionist best known for his combination of illusions and storytelling. ... James Joseph Florio (born August 29, 1937), usually known as Jim Florio, was the Democratic Governor of New Jersey from 1990 to 1994, the first Italian-American to hold the position. ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (October 31, 1852 – March 13, 1930) was a prominent female American writer of the Victorian era known for her short stories and novels of life in New England villages. ... Robert Hegyes (b. ... Welcome Back, Kotter (sometimes shortened to Welcome Back or Kotter) was an American television sitcom that originally aired on the ABC network from September 9, 1975 to June 8, 1979. ... Jerome H. Lemelson (born July 18, 1923 Staten Island, New York, died October 1, 1997) was an American inventor and patent holder who was famous for his use of submarine patents to extract over one billion dollars from major corporations in a variety of industries. ... Dan Fisher, commonly known as Fish, was the guitarist and vocalist of British post-hardcore band, The Cooper Temple Clause. ...

References

  1. ^ "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 170.
  2. ^ Census data for Metuchen borough, United States Census Bureau, accessed March 1, 2007
  3. ^ Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, accessed March 1, 2007
  4. ^ Borough of Metuchen Mayor, accessed March 1, 2007
  5. ^ Metuchen Borough Council, accessed March 18, 2007
  6. ^ If You're Thinking of Living in: Metuchen, The New York Times by Jerry Cheslow, August 5, 1990. "Named for the Raritan Indian chief Matouchin, who lived in the area in the late 17th century, Metuchen is one of the oldest settlements in New Jersey. Deeds in the area date to the 1680's, when it was part of Woodbridge Township, chartered by Lord Carteret in 1688."
  7. ^ Barbara Buono profile, New Jersey Legislature, accessed April 7, 2007. "PUBLIC/PARTY SERVICE: Metuchen Town Council 1993-94".
  8. ^ Andrew Bynum NBA Draft Profile, accessed November 26, 2006
  9. ^ The life by David Copperfield, accessed November 21, 2006
  10. ^ Chapter 6: Mary Eleanor Wilkins Freeman (1852-1930), accessed April 8, 2007. "Freeman did eventually marry Charles, on New Year’s Day, 1902, and they made their home in Metuchen, New Jersey."
  11. ^ Biography for Robert Hegyes, from the Internet Movie Database, accessed December 10, 2006
  12. ^ About Jerome Lemelson, accessed December 10, 2006

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... The New Jersey Legislature convene at the State House building in Trenton. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Metuchen, New Jersey - definition of Metuchen, New Jersey in Encyclopedia (398 words)
Metuchen is a borough located in Middlesex County, New Jersey.
The Borough of Metuchen lies within the Township of Edison.
Metuchen is located at 40°32'28" North, 74°21'40" West (40.541054, -74.360992)
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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