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Encyclopedia > Metrosexual

Metrosexual is a neologism generally applied to heterosexual men with a strong concern for their appearance, or whose lifestyles display attributes stereotypically seen among gay men. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... A neologism is a word, term, or phrase which has been recently created (or coined), often to apply to new concepts, to synthesize pre-existing concepts, or to make older terminology sound more contemporary. ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ...

Contents

Evolution of the word

The term originated in an article by Mark Simpson ("Here come the mirror men"[1]) published on November 15, 1994, in The Independent. Simpson wrote: Mark Simpson is a British journalist, broadcaster and writer focussing primarily on issues of gender, sexuality and pop culture. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ...

Metrosexual man, the single young man with a high disposable income, living or working in the city (because that’s where all the best shops are), is perhaps the most promising consumer market of the decade. In the Eighties he was only to be found inside fashion magazines such as GQ, in television advertisements for Levis jeans or in gay bars. In the Nineties, he’s everywhere and he’s going shopping.

The term increased greatly in popularity following Simpson's 2002 Salon.com article "Meet the metrosexual", which identified David Beckham as the metrosexual posterboy. The advertising agency Euro RCSG Worldwide adopted the term shortly thereafter for a marketing study, and the New York Times published a Sunday feature, "Metrosexuals Come Out"; the story trickled into local news outlets across North America. David Beckham David Robert Joseph Beckham OBE (born May 2, 1975) is an English footballer born in Leytonstone, London. ...


Simpson's Salon.com definition is more nuanced than the term's common use today.

"The typical metrosexual is a young man with money to spend, living in or within easy reach of a metropolis – because that's where all the best shops, clubs, gyms and hairdressers are. He might be officially gay, straight or bisexual, but this is utterly immaterial because he has clearly taken himself as his own love object and pleasure as his sexual preference. Particular professions, such as modeling, waiting tables, media, pop music and, nowadays, sport, seem to attract them but, truth be told, like male vanity products and herpes, they're pretty much everywhere.

"For some time now, old-fashioned (re)productive, repressed, unmoisturized heterosexuality has been given the pink slip by consumer capitalism. The stoic, self-denying, modest straight male didn't shop enough (his role was to earn money for his wife to spend), and so he had to be replaced by a new kind of man, one less certain of his identity and much more interested in his image – that's to say, one who was much more interested in being looked at (because that's the only way you can be certain you actually exist). A man, in other words, who is an advertiser's walking wet dream."[2]

Former Metro Radio presenter Mitch Murray claims that he invented the term in the 1980s. At that time, he says, the word had a very different connotation, as it was simply a play on words involving "Metro Radio" and heterosexuals. Murray would send a weekly tape to the local radio station in Newcastle upon Tyne. "Very early during the process", he created station identification segments, one of which he claims included the phrase "We are the metrosexuals". It is unclear whether the segment was actually broadcast and there is no documentary evidence of his claims.[3] Also, when the word first became popular, various sources incorrectly attributed its origin to trendspotter Marian Salzman, but by Salzman's own admission[4] Simpson's use of the term in a 1994 Independent newspaper article predates her use of the term. Metro Radio is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to North East England. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Metro Radio is an Independent Local Radio station broadcasting to North East England. ... One version of a Heterosexuality symbol Heterosexuality is sexual or romantic attraction between opposite sexes, and is the most common sexual orientation among humans. ... Logo used by the Independent Broadcasting Authority for promoting Independent Local Radio services. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Station identification. ...


Rising popularity of the term followed the increasing integration of gay men into mainstream society and a correspondingly decreased taboo towards deviation from existing notions of masculinity. Over a short timespan, the Netherlands, Belgium and Canada introduced same-sex marriage legislation, various US states legalized same-sex marriage and civil unions, the US Supreme Court struck down anti-sodomy statutes as unconstitutional in Lawrence v. Texas and gay characters and themes, long present on TV shows like Will & Grace, Queer as Folk, and Ellen made further inroads. In particular, the Bravo network introduced Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, a show in which stereotypically style- and culture-conscious gay men gave advice to their heterosexual counterparts. For other uses, see Society (disambiguation). ... This article is about cultural prohibitions in general, for other uses, see Taboo (disambiguation). ... Manliness redirects here. ... One of four newly wedded same-sex couples in a public wedding at Taiwan Pride 2006. ... Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ... A civil union is one of several terms for a civil status similar to marriage, typically created for the purposes of allowing homosexual couples access to the benefits enjoyed by married heterosexuals (see also same-sex marriage); it can also be used by couples of differing sexes who do not... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... A statute is a formal, written law of a country or state, written and enacted by its legislative authority, perhaps to then be ratified by the highest executive in the government, and finally published. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into constitutionality. ... Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... TV redirects here. ... Will & Grace is a popular American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on NBC from 1998 to 2006. ... Queer as Folk is an American and Canadian television series co-production, produced by Showtime and Temple Street Productions which was based on the British series of the same name created by Russell T. Davies. ... For the syndicated television talk show, see: The Ellen DeGeneres Show. ... This article is about the U.S. cable network. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... Queer Eye for the Straight Guy is an hour-long American television series that premiered on the Bravo cable television network on July 15, 2003, and promptly became both a surprise hit (at least by the standards of cable TV) and one of the most talked-about television programs of...


Media explaining the term often rely on citing a few individuals as prime illustrations. Simpson's 2002 Salon.com article "Meet the metrosexual" used Beckham as its prime exemplar—and most journalists and marketers followed suit. David Beckham or Tom Egger have been called a "metrosexual icon"[5] and is often coupled with the term. Amply referred-to individuals include personalities such as Brad Pitt, Arnold Schwarzenegger,[6] and Ryan Seacrest. David Beckham David Robert Joseph Beckham OBE (born May 2, 1975) is an English footballer born in Leytonstone, London. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation IPA: ) (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-born American bodybuilder, actor, and politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of the U.S. state of California. ... Ryan John Seacrest is an American television/radio host. ...


A 60 Minutes story on 1960s-70s pro footballer Joe Namath suggested he was "perhaps, America's first metrosexual"[7] after filming his most famous ad sporting Beautymist panty hose. This article is about the CBS news magazine. ... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ...


Simpson for his part has called Joe Namath 'America's abandoned metrosexual prototype', leaving the field open for later Brit metro imports such as Beckham. [8]


Pointing out the differences between Becks and Namath and how far we've come Simpson writes:

If this ad were to be reprised by David Beckham today you would notice the following differences: He would look much better in pantyhose He wouldn’t say ‘I don’t wear pantyhose’. And if he did, no one would believe him. He wouldn’t be wearing anything else He wouldn’t laugh. Fashion, as his titanium-cheekboned wife has taught him, is a very serious business. And, most of all, he wouldn’t be selling them to women.

[9]


Other terms

Over the course of the following months, other terms countering or substituting for "metrosexual" appeared. Perhaps the most widely used was "retrosexual," a traditionally masculine man who rejects focus on physical appearance, sort of the opposite of a metrosexual (again coined by Simpson, who described the term in a Salon.com article entitled "Beckham, the virus."[10] Salon. ...

"Becks is the uber-metrosexual, not just because he rams metrosexuality down the throats of those men churlish enough to remain retrosexual and refuse to pluck their eyebrows, but also because he is a sportsman, a man of substance—a "real" man—who wishes to disappear into surfaceness in order to become ubiquitous—to become media."

Another example, the übersexual, coined by marketing executives and authors of The Future of Men (and perhaps inspired by Simpson's use of the term "uber-metrosexual"), caused Simpson to reply, "Any discussion in the style pages of the media about what is desirable and attractive in men and what is 'manly' and what isn't, is simply more metrosexualization. Metrosexuality—do I really have to spell it out?—is mediated masculinity."[11] Next big thing redirects here. ...


Many of the individuals now named übersexuals — e.g., George Clooney, Ewan McGregor, Bono — were once shining examples of metrosexuality, showing little differentiation between the two terms. George Timothy Clooney (born May 6, 1961) is an American actor, director, producer and screenwriter who gained fame as one of the lead doctors in the long-running television drama, ER (1994–99), as Anthony Edwardss best friend and partner, Dr. Douglas Doug Ross, but is best known for... Ewan Gordon McGregor (born March 31, 1971; pronounced [1]) is a Scottish actor who has had significant success in mainstream, indie and art house films. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ...


Most recently, marketers and magazines like Men's Health trying to sell even more cosmetics to men have tried to foist the "heteropolitan" on the public. As with the defunct "ubersexual", they claimed that the metrosexual was "dead" and had been replaced by the "heteropolitan". Again, there was no real differentation from the metrosexual, there was, as with the "ubersexual", just a more uptight version of him. Mark Simpson wrote in The Guardian in 2007 about the irony of "metromag" Men's Health jumping on the "heteropolitan" — and homophobic[neutrality disputed] — bandwagon, asking, "When is Men's Health going to come out to itself?"[12]


None of these metro-offspring have thrived, although metrosexual seems to have stuck and become part of the language.


Übersexual

The word "'übersexual" (from German über = above, superior and Latin sexus = gender) was claimed to be coined by the authors of the book Future of Men (O'Reilly, Matathia, Salzman, 2005). It is a variant of metrosexual. The word seems to have been inspired by the phrase "uber-metrosexual", used by the creator of the metrosexual Mark Simpson to describe David Beckham.[13] Salzman appropriated Simpson's work on the metrosexual in 2002 to sell another book.[13] Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Mark Simpson is a British journalist, broadcaster and writer focussing primarily on issues of gender, sexuality and pop culture. ...


Simpson has pointed out that the book contains several deliberate misrepresentations of him, his work, and the history of the metrosexual.[14]


Many of the "top ubersexuals" named by Salzman, such as Bono, Bill Clinton and George Clooney were on her list of "top metrosexuals" in 2003. For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ...


The authors of Future of Men argue that the übersexual is not derivative of the metrosexual man.


The future of men, proclaim the authors, is "not to be found in the primped and waxed boy who wowed the world with his nuanced knowledge of tweezers and exfoliating creams. Men, at the end of the day, will have to rely on their intellect and their passion, their erudition and professional success, to be acknowledged and idealised in contemporary society. Called the 'übersexual'—-a degree of greatness and perfection, an acknowledgment that this is an evolved species of man—he is so perfect as to leave little margin for error and fallacy." Look up Greatness in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Perfection (disambiguation). ...


Some, including Simpson and Armistead Maupin, have suggested that behind this confused/confusing marketing-speak there was something rather simpler going on: a homophobic attempt to stop the metrosexual being so "gay". Or, as Salzman herself put it proudly, the ubersexual (unlike the metrosexual) "doesn't invite questions about his sexuality".[15]


Simpson has argued that from the beginning the appropriation of the metrosexual concept by American marketers such as Salzman in 2003 was always about trying to straighten him out. His original definition of the metrosexual was sexually ambiguous, or at least went beyond the straight/gay binary; marketers, in contrast, insisted that the metrosexual was always "straight" – they even tried to pretend that he wasn't vain.[14]


However, they failed to convince the public - hence the uber-straight ubersexual.


Despite a large global PR push for their 'new', completely 'non-gay' metrosexual, and a slavishly uncritical press which failed to notice that the list of top ten ubersexuals was largely the same as the one's they'd been printed two years previously for top ten metrosexuals, the 'ubersexual' failed to catch on with the public and was stillborn, as Salzman has admitted herself.[16]


Narcissism

Narcissism, according to Simpson, plays a crucial role in the metrosexual concept. As Simpson writes in "Narcissus goes shopping" (Male Impersonators, 1994), consumerism and narcissism are closely related. Citing Freud's On Narcissism, which analyzes the psychological aspect of narcissism and explains narcissistic love as follows: This article is about narcissism as a word in common use. ... For other uses, see Concept (disambiguation). ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... On Narcissism was a 1914 book by Sigmund Freud widely considered an introduction to Freuds theories of narcissism. ... For other uses, see Love (disambiguation). ...

"A person may love: (1) According to the narcissistic type: (a) What he is himself, (b) What he once was, (c) What he would like to be, (d) Someone who once was part of himself."[17]

The metrosexual, in its original coinage, is a person who, under the spell of consumerism, is or desires to be what he sees in magazines and advertising. Simpson's metrosexual would be a type A or type C narcissist, as he loves himself or an idealized image of what he would like to be. Consumerist redirects here. ...


Changing masculinity

Traditional masculine norms, as described in Dr. Ronald F. Levant's Masculinity Reconstructed are: "avoidance of feminity; restricted emotions; sex disconnected from intimacy; pursuit of achievement and status; self-reliance; strength and aggression; and homophobia."[18] Manliness redirects here. ... A bagpiper in Scottish military uniform. ... In psychology and other social and behavioral sciences, aggression refers to behavior that is intended to cause harm or pain. ... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ...


Statistics, including market research by Euro RSCG, show that the pursuit of achievement and status is not as important to men as it used to be; and neither is, to a degree, the restriction of emotions or the disconnection of sex from intimacy. Another norm change is supported by research that claimed men "no longer find sexual freedom universally enthralling." The most important shift in masculinity is that there is less avoidance of femininity and the "emergence of a segment of men who have embraced customs and attitudes once deemed the province of women."[19] What is accepted as "masculine" has shifted considerably throughout the times, so the modern concept of how a man "should be" differs from the ideal man of previous eras. Some styles and behaviors that are today considered feminine were, in the past, part of the man's domain (e.g., knee britches, makeup, jewelry). Hence, as the concept of femininity conquered more territory, masculinity became more restricted.[citation needed] Perhaps metrosexuality is a reaction against this shift, as some men feel too confined within the gender roles.[attribution needed] It could also be considered a means of establishing greater equality between the sexes through a shift toward androgyny.[weasel words] This article is about the field of statistics. ... Market research is the process of systematic gathering, recording and analyzing of data about customers, competitors and the market. ... Euro RSCG is an advertising agency network with global operations headquartered in New York. ... Definition Intimacy is complex in that its meaning varies from relationship to relationship, and within a given relationship over time. ... Human sexuality is the expression of sexual feelings. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Pants. ... A bagpiper in military uniform. ... For other uses, see Androgyny (disambiguation). ...


Changes in culture and attitudes toward masculinity, visible in the media through television shows such as Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, Queer as Folk and Will & Grace, have changed these traditional masculine norms. Metrosexuals only made their appearance after cultural changes in the environment and changes in views on masculinity. Queer Eye for the Straight Guy is an hour-long American television series that premiered on the Bravo cable television network on July 15, 2003, and promptly became both a surprise hit (at least by the standards of cable TV) and one of the most talked-about television programs of... // Queer As Folk (US) Based on the British series of the same name, Showtimes Queer as Folk presents the American version. ... Will & Grace is a popular American television sitcom that was originally broadcast on NBC from 1998 to 2006. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ...


Simpson explains in his article "Metrosexual? That rings a bell..." that "Gay men provided the early prototype for metrosexuality. Decidedly single, definitely urban, dreadfully uncertain of their identity (hence the emphasis on pride and the susceptibility to the latest label) and socially emasculated, gay men pioneered the business of accessorising—and combining—masculinity and desirability."[20] Urban culture is the culture of cities. ... Emasculate. ...


In a 2004 Salon.com interview, Simpson answers question about his "offspring".[21]


The commercial metrosexual

Brad Pitt is another often cited example of metrosexuality[citation needed]
Brad Pitt is another often cited example of metrosexuality[citation needed]

In its soundbite diffusion through the channels of marketers and popular media, who eagerly and constantly reminded their audience that the metrosexual was straight, the metrosexual has congealed into something more digestible for consumers: a heterosexual male who is in touch with his feminine side—he color-coordinates, cares deeply about exfoliation, and has perhaps manscaped. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Next big thing redirects here. ... In economics, consumers are individuals or households that consume goods and services generated within the economy. ... One version of a Heterosexuality symbol Heterosexuality is sexual or romantic attraction between opposite sexes, and is the most common sexual orientation among humans. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Men didn't go to shopping malls, so consumer culture promoted the idea of a sensitive guy who went to malls, bought magazines and spent freely to improve his personal appearance. As Simpson put it: For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ...

"For some time now, old-fashioned (re)productive, repressed, unmoisturized heterosexuality has been given the pink slip by consumer capitalism. The stoic, self-denying, modest straight male didn't shop enough (his role was to earn money for his wife to spend), and so he had to be replaced by a new kind of man, one less certain of his identity and much more interested in his image – that's to say, one who was much more interested in being looked at (because that's the only way you can be certain you actually exist). A man, in other words, who is an advertiser's walking wet dream."[22]

This commercial vision is also adapted in television's metrosexual archetype, Bravo's Queer Eye for the Straight Guy, in which the "Fab Five" instructively transform the appearance of the straight guy—but largely avoid dealing with his personality. Stoicism is a school of philosophy commonly associated with such Greek philosophers as Zeno of Citium, Cleanthes, or Chrysippus and with such later Romans as Cicero, Seneca, Marcus Aurelius, and Epictetus. ... Queer Eye for the Straight Guy is an hour-long American television series that premiered on the Bravo cable television network on July 15, 2003, and promptly became both a surprise hit (at least by the standards of cable TV) and one of the most talked-about television programs of...


In some contrast, there is also the view that metrosexuality is at least partly a naturally occurring phenomenon, much like the Aesthetic Movement of the 19th century and that the metrosexual is merely a modern incarnation of a dandy. The Aesthetic movement is a loosely defined movement in art and literature in later nineteenth-century Britain. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the persons. ...


Another person who confesses to his metrosexuality is Mike Greenberg, co-host of the popular morning sports talk show "Mike and Mike in the Morning" on ESPN Radio. He has many times confessed to being metrosexual and his book has "Confessions of a Metrosexual Sportscaster" on it. Mike Greenberg (born August 6, 1967 in New York City, New York) is a television anchor and radio host for ESPN. At ESPN, he hosts the weekday evening SportsCenter and ESPN Radios Mike and Mike in the Morning show with Mike Golic. ... Mike and Mike in the Morning is a sports talk radio show hosted by Mike Golic and Mike Greenberg (aka Greeny) and broadcast on ESPN Radio from 6:00 am ET to 10:00 am ET, Monday through Friday. ... ESPN Radio is a national sports radio network based in the United States. ...


Another person who confesses to his metrosexuality is Dominic Monaghan, star of The Lord of the Rings trilogy and Lost. He has jokingly admitted that he "believes he should have been a homosexual—because he loves make-up, painting his nails and wearing skirts". Although some argue that this points more towards transvestism,[23] others[attribution needed] argue that since a woman who never wears make-up, never paints her nails, and never wears a skirt is presumed to be neither gay nor weird, this points more towards gender equality. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... LOST redirects here. ...


Stuff has proclaimed Ryan Seacrest as "the poster boy of metrosexuality".[24] Ryan John Seacrest is an American television/radio host. ...


A new metrosexual magazine owned by the Vogue Corporation called Men's Vogue was created to serve the interests of metrosexual men.[citation needed] An American mens fashion magazine, spun off from Vogue, a womens fashion magazine. ...


See also

This article is about narcissism as a word in common use. ... Consumerist redirects here. ... Manliness redirects here. ... Robert A. Johnsons He: Understanding Masculine Psychology Masculine psychology is a term sometimes used to describe and categorize issues concerning the gender related psychology of male human identity, as well as the issues that males confront during their lives. ... Homomasculinity is a term used to describe a subculture of gay men who self-identify with the imagery, culture, and gender role of what is normally seen as traditional, straight male masculinity. Homomasculine men may demonstrate traits that include, but are not limited to, an interest or participation in sports... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... A bagpiper in Scottish military clan-uniform. ... This article is about the persons. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... FOP (Formatting Objects Processor) is an XSL-FO processor written in Java, which provides the feature to convert XSL-FO files to PDF or direct-printable-files. ... For the cultural phenomenon, see metrosexual. ... A combination of pomo- (shorthand for postmodern), and -sexual (suggesting a sexual preference or orientation), the term itself is oxymoronic since it is descriptive of persons who do not identify with any specific classification of sexuality, and is used in reference to oneself as a protest against such labels. ... The word übersexual (from German über = above, superior and Latin sexus = gender) is a neologism for a conception of masculinity. ... Pianist Glenn Gould in typical hobosexual attire. ... For other uses, see Fashion (disambiguation). ...

References

  • O'Reilly, Ann; Matathia, Ira; Salzman, Marian (2005). The Future of Men, Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 1-4039-6882-9.
  1. ^ Marksimpson.com 'Here come the mirror men' by Mark Simpson - first usage of the word 'metrosexual'
  2. ^ Simpson, Mark. (July 22, 2002). Meet the metrosexual. Salon.
  3. ^ Murray, Mitch. (January 9, 2007). "Questions", Daily Mail (London), p. 55.
  4. ^ 'Metrosexual? That rings a bell...' Mark Simpson on the appropriation of his bastard child
  5. ^ Chrisafis, Angelique. (June 16, 2003). "Spot the salmon pink shirt". The Guardian (London), p. 6.
  6. ^ Simpson, Mark (January 5, 2004). MetroDaddy speaks!. Salon.com; later MarkSimpson.com.
  7. ^ Broadway Joe, Football Great Talks About His Drinking Problem With Bob Simon - CBS News
  8. ^ America - meet David Beckham | MARK SIMPSON.com
  9. ^ Metro Cowboy to Play Metro Athlete | MARK SIMPSON.com
  10. ^ Simpson, Mark (June 28, 2003). Beckham, the virus. Salon.com.
  11. ^ Simpson, Mark (December 2005). Metrodaddy v. Ubermummy. MarkSimpson.com.
  12. ^ Comment is free: When the issue comes out
  13. ^ a b Marksimpson.com 'Becks the virus' Salon.com June 28, 2003
  14. ^ a b Metrodaddy v. Ubermummy | MARK SIMPSON.com
  15. ^ And now presenting ... THE UBERSEXUAL?!
  16. ^ 60 SECONDS: Marian Salzman | Metro.co.uk
  17. ^ Freud, Sigmund (1952). The major works of Sigmund Freud. Chicago: William Benton. 
  18. ^ Levant, Ronald F. Dr.; Gini Kopecky (1995). Masculinity Reconstructed: changing the rules of manhood: at work, in relationships and in family life. New York: Dutton. 
  19. ^ Alzheimer, Lillian. "Metrosexuals: The Future of Men?", Euro RSCG, 22 June 2003. 
  20. ^ Simpson, Mark (22 June 2003). Metrosexual? That rings a bell…. Independent on Sunday; later MarkSimpson.com.
  21. ^ .http://dir.salon.com/story/ent/feature/2004/01/05/metrosexual_ii/index.html]
  22. ^ Simpson, Mark (22 June 2002). Meet the metrosexual. Salon.com; later MarkSimpson.com.
  23. ^ http://uk.news.yahoo.com/18022007/364/monaghan-m-metrosexual.html
  24. ^ The Wimpiest Men on TV Article on Stuffmagazine.com

For other uses, see Salmon (disambiguation). ... Business shirt In American English, shirt can refer to almost any upper-body garment other than coats and bras (the term top is sometimes used in ladieswear). ... Manhood is the period in a males life when he has left behind the innocence of childhood. ...

External links

  • "Metrodaddy v. Ubermummy" The father of the metrosexual mocks the marketer's 'ubertwaddle'.
  • "The Metrosexual is Dead, Long Live the Metrosexual!" Article about the so-called demise of the metrosexual and the rise of its brother the übersexual.
  • "Meet the Metrosexuals" Mark Simpson introduces the metrosexual to the US in a 2002 Salon piece.
  • 'Metrodaddy Speaks!' Mark Simpson answers questions from the global media about his offspring in 2004
  • Mark Simpson reassesses the term in 2005
  • [1] Mark Simpson's blog
  • "Gay or Straight? Hard to Tell" (New York Times, June 2005)
  • "The Metrosexual Defined; Narcissism and Masculinity in Popular Culture" Article exploring the commercial and sociological aspects of the metrosexual
  • "Metrosexual Tarot: 'Queer Eye' collides with The Occult" (Yahoo! Pick of the Day, December 2004)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Dictionary: metrosexual (706 words)
metrosexual sound gay homosexual metro fag straight homo heterosexual queer bisexual ubersexual emo faggot male feminine fashion lesbian retrosexual sexual sexuality snag trendy bitch brokeback effeminate fruity hetrosexual prep pretty boy man masculine metro sexual metro-sexual poof sex sissy dandy fairy flamer lame mangina poser pussy urban butch camp cool douchebag fag hag fauxmosexual flaming
An American Metrosexual is like your average European male.
by definition, a metrosexual must be male due to the sterotype that women are usually conscientious of these things from the beginning.
What is a "Metrosexual?" (washingtonpost.com) (2711 words)
The word is "metrosexual." I don't know that I can define metrosexual any better than you but I'd love nothing more than to discuss its meaning and the changing definition of masculinity with you.
Metrosexuality is in simple terms, just a word used to define an evolution in masculinity.
Metrosexual may or may not be the type of word that is out of the lexicon in a couple of months.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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