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Encyclopedia > Metropolitan borough

A metropolitan borough (or metropolitan district) is a type of local government district in England, covering urban areas within metropolitan counties. The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... The six metropolitan counties shown within England The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level subnational entity in current use in England. ...


Origin of the term

The first metropolitan boroughs were created in 1900 by the London Government Act 1899 which created 28 metropolitan boroughs as sub-divisions of the County of London. They replaced vestries as the second tier of local government. They were Battersea, Bermondsey, Bethnal Green, Camberwell, Chelsea, Deptford, Finsbury, Fulham, Greenwich, Hackney, Hammersmith, Hampstead, Holborn, Islington, Kensington, Lambeth, Lewisham, Paddington, Poplar, Shoreditch, Southwark, St Marylebone, St Pancras, Stepney, Stoke Newington, Wandsworth, Westminster, Woolwich 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ... The London Government Act 1899 (62 & 63 Vict. ... The County of London (in red), super imposed upon todays Greater London area, to show the difference in size with post-1965 Borough boundaries The County of London was an administrative county of England from 1888 to 1965. ... A vestry is a room within or attached to a church which is used to store vestments and other items used in worship. ... Categories: Stub | London Government ... The Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey was a metropolitan borough in the County of London, created in 1899. ... Old Bethnal Green Town Hall. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell was a metropolitan borough in London. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Chelsea was a metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it was amalgated with the Metropolitan Borough of Kensington to form the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Deptford was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1900 and 1965, when it became part of the London Borough of Lewisham along with the Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury was a metropolitan borough within the County of London from 1899 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Islington to form the London Borough of Islington. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Fulham was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it was merged with the Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith to form the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1899 and 1965. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney was a metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1899 to 1965. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Hammersmith was, between 1899 and 1965, a metropolitan borough of the County of London. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was a metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1899 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras and the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead to form the London Borough of Camden. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Islington was a metropolitan borough within the County of London from 1899 to 1965, when it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury to form the London Borough of Islington. ... Categories: Stub | London Government ... The Metropolitan Borough of Lambeth was a metropolitan borough under London County Council from 1899 to 1965. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Lewisham was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it became part of the London Borough of Lewisham along with the Metropolitan Borough of Deptford. ... History The Metropolitan Borough of Paddington was a metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it was merged into the London Borough of Westminster. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Poplar was between 1899 and 1965 a metropolitan borough in the County of London. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Shoreditch was a metropolitan borough of the County of London between 1899 and 1965, when it was merged with others to form the London Borough of Hackney. ... The Arms of The Metropolitan Borough of Southwark The Metropolitan Borough of Southwark was a metropolitan borough in the County of London, created in 1899, as a merger of the parishes of St Saviour, St Mary Newington, St George the Martyr and Christ Church. ... The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone was a metropolitan borough of the County of London from 1899 until in 1965 it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Paddington and the Metropolitan Borough of Westminster to form the London Borough of Westminster. ... The Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras was a metropolitan borough under London County Council between 1899 and 1965, when it was amalgated with the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead and the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn to form the London Borough of Camden. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Stepney was between 1899 and 1965 a metropolitan borough in the County of London. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Stoke Newington was a metropolitan borough in the County of London between 1899 and 1965 when it became part of the London Borough of Hackney. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Wandsworth was a metropolitan borough under the London County Council, from 1899 to 1965. ... The Arms of The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1899 to 1965. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1899 to 1965. ...


In 1965 the County of London was abolished by the London Government Act 1963 and replaced by Greater London. The 28 metropolitan boroughs were also abolished and replaced by larger London boroughs. 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The London Government Act 1963 was an Act of the UK parliament which led to the official recognition of the conurbation known as Greater London. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. ...


Current usage

The current metropolitan boroughs were created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972. New metropolitan counties were created to cover the six largest urban areas in England outside Greater London, and these were subdivided into metropolitan districts, all of which inherited or have been granted Royal Charters to give them borough or city status. The new metropolitan boroughs replaced the county boroughs, municipal boroughs and urban and rural districts which preceded them. The districts typically have populations of 174,000 to 1.1 million. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Local Government Act 1972 (1972 c. ... The six metropolitan counties shown within England The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level subnational entity in current use in England. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... A borough is an administrative division used in various countries. ... Cathedral city redirects here. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... A borough is a political division originally used in England. ... In the British Isles an urban district was a type of local government district which covered an urbanised area. ... In local government on the British Isles, a rural district was a predominantly rural area used for local government. ...


Metropolitan districts were originally part of a two-tier structure of local government, and shared power with the metropolitan county councils (MCCs). They differed from non-metropolitan districts, in the division of powers between district and county councils. Metropolitan districts were Local Education Authorities and were responsible for social services and public transport provision — in non-metropolitan counties these services were the responsibility of county councils. Non-metropolitan districts (usually just called Districts) are local government sub-divisions of English Counties. ... A Local Education Authority (LEA) is the part of a council in England or Wales that is responsible for education within that councils jurisdiction. ... A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ...


In 1986 the metropolitan county councils were abolished by the Local Government Act 1985 and most of their functions were devolved to the boroughs, making them to a large extent unitary authorities. Some of their functions were taken over by joint bodies such as Passenger Transport Authorities, and joint fire, police and waste disposal authorities. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Local Government Act 1985 was an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... In the United Kingdom, Passenger Transport Executives (PTEs) are local government bodies which are responsible for public transport within large urban areas. ...


The 36 current metropolitan boroughs are:

Metropolitan County Metropolitan Boroughs
Greater Manchester Manchester, Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Salford, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan
Merseyside Liverpool, Knowsley, Sefton, St Helens, Wirral
South Yorkshire Sheffield, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham
Tyne and Wear Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Sunderland
West Midlands Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, Wolverhampton
West Yorkshire Leeds, Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Wakefield

For the historic London metropolitan boroughs see County of London. Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England which roughly encompasses the conurbation surrounding the City of Manchester, and has a population of 2. ... Manchester is a major city and metropolitan borough within Greater Manchester in North West England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Bolton is a metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Bury is a metropolitan borough in northern Greater Manchester. ... This article relates to the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. ... The Metropolitan borough of Rochdale is a metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester in North West England. ... Salford is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in North West England. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Stockport is a Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in north west England. ... Tameside is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester in north west England. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Trafford is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Wigan is a Metropolitan Borough of Greater Manchester, in the North West of England. ... Arms of the former Merseyside Metropolitan County Council Merseyside is a county, located in the North West of England. ... Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England, along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. ... Knowsley is a metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England. ... Sefton is a metropolitan borough on Merseyside, North West England, administered by Sefton Council. ... St Helens is a Metropolitan Borough in Merseyside, North West England. ... Wirral is a metropolitan borough in Merseyside, North West England, which occupies the northern part of the Wirral Peninsula, more commonly known as The Wirral. ... South Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber Government Office Region of England, in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... Barnsley is a metropolitan borough of the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire, England. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire in North West England. ... Rotherham is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire, England. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... This article is about a city in the United Kingdom. ... Gateshead is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear, in north-east England. ... South Tyneside is a metropolitan borough in Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... North Tyneside is a metropolitan borough in the North East of England, part of the Tyne and Wear urban area centred on Newcastle and formerly part of Northumberland. ... The City of Sunderland is a metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... The County of West Midlands is a metropolitan county in western central England, the United Kingdom, formed in 1974. ... This article is about the city in England. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... The Metropolitan borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... Sandwell is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... The Metropolitan Borough of Solihull is a metropolitan borough in the county of West Midlands in England. ... The Metropolitan borough of Walsall is a metropolitan borough of the county of West Midlands, England. ... Wolverhampton is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, traditionally part of the county of Staffordshire. ... West Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. ... The City of Leeds is a metropolitan borough with city status within the metropolitan county of West Yorkshire, England, stretching from Otley and Wetherby in the north, on the border with North Yorkshire, to the border with the district of Wakefield in the south, and from Pudsey on the border... Bradford is a metropolitan borough of West Yorkshire with city status. ... Calderdale is a metropolitan district in West Yorkshire, England. ... ... This article discusses the metropolitan district and named the City of Wakefield. ... The County of London (in red), super imposed upon todays Greater London area, to show the difference in size with post-1965 Borough boundaries The County of London was an administrative county of England from 1888 to 1965. ...


See also


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