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Encyclopedia > Metropolitan area
Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower
Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower
A 3D rendered image of the San Diego-Tijuana metropolitan area, a bi-national urban agglomeration.

A metropolitan area is a large population centre consisting of a large metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence, or of more than one closely adjoining neighboring central cities and their zone of influence. One or more large cities may serve as its hub or hubs, and the metropolitan area is normally named after either the largest or most important central city within it. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2048 KB) Metropolitan Area in western Tokyo. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2048 KB) Metropolitan Area in western Tokyo. ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (1150 × 724 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (1150 × 724 pixel, file size: 1. ... The San Diego-Tijuana Metropolitan Area is the name of an urban agglomeration surrounding the cities of San Diego, California, United States and Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Athens Auckland Bangkok Beirut Berlin Buenos Aires Calgary Chicago Denver Detroit Frankfurt am Main Hong Kong Jakarta Johannesburg Karachi London Los Angeles Madrid Manila Melbourne Mexico City Miami Montreal Mumbai Moscow New York City Osaka Paris Santiago Seattle São Paulo Seoul Shanghai Singapore Sydney Tel Aviv Tokyo Toronto Vancouver... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Hub may refer to the following: Look up Hub on Wiktionary, the free dictionary The center of a wheel. ...

Contents

General definition

A metropolitan area usually combines an agglomeration (the contiguous built-up area) with peripheral zones not themselves necessarily urban in character, but closely bound to the center by employment or commerce; these zones are also sometimes known as a commuter belt, and may extend well beyond the urban periphery depending on the definition used. It is mainly the area that is not part of the city but is connected to the city. For example, Pasadena, California would be added to Los Angeles, California's metro area. While it isn't the same city, it is connected. In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...


The core cities in a polycentric metropolitan area need not be physically connected by continuous built-up development, distinguishing the concept from conurbation, which requires urban contiguity. In a metropolitan area, it is sufficient that central cities together constitute a large population nucleus with which other constituent parts have a high degree of integration. A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ...


In practice the parameters of metropolitan areas, in both official and unofficial usage, are not consistent. Sometimes they are little different from an urban area, and in other cases they cover broad regions that have little relation to the traditional concept of a city as a single urban settlement. Thus all metropolitan area figures should be treated as interpretations rather than as hard facts. Metro area population figures given by different sources for the same place can vary by millions, and there is a tendency for people to promote the highest figure available for their own "city". However the most ambitious metropolitan area population figures are often better seen as the population of a "metropolitan region" than of a "city".


Differences in terminology by country

The term metropolitan area is sometimes abbreviated to 'metro', for example in Metro Manila and Washington, DC Metro Area, which in the latter case should not be mistaken to mean the metro rail system of the city. In France the term for a metropolitan area is an aire urbain (urban area). Metropolitan Manila (Filipino: Kalakhang Maynila) or the National Capital Region (NCR) (Filipino: Pambansang Punong Rehiyon) is the greater metropolitan area of the city of Manila, the national capital and largest city in the Philippines. ... The Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area is the metropolitan area consisting of Washington, DC, Baltimore, Maryland, Northern Virginia, Central Maryland, and Eastern West Virginia. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


Country official unique definitions

In Australia, Statistical Divisions (SDs) are defined by the Australian Bureau of Statistics as areas under the unifying influence of one or more major towns or cities. Each capital city forms its own Statistical Division, and the population of the SD is the most-often quoted figure for that city's population. Statistical Districts are defined as non-capital but predominantly urban areas (for example that of Newcastle). The statistical divisions that encompass the capital cities are commonly though unofficially called 'metropolitan areas'. [1] Australian Bureau of Statistics logo The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) is the Australian government agency that collects and publishes statistical information about Australia. ... Newcastle CBD Newcastle is the seventh largest and the second oldest city in Australia [1] and the second largest in the state of New South Wales. ...


Additional terms

In 1800 only 3% of the world's population lived in cities. Sometime in the next few months, though, that proportion will pass the 50% mark, if it has not done so already. Wisely or not, Homo sapiens has become Homo urbanus.[1]


If several metropolitan areas are located in succession, metropolitan areas are sometimes grouped together as a megalopolis (plural megalopoleis, also megalopolises). A megalopolis consists of several interconnected cities (and their suburbs), between which people commute, and which are so close together that suburbs can claim to be suburbs of more than one city. Another name for a megalopolis is a metroplex (short for metropolitan complex). Megalopolis (Greek: large city, great city) can mean: The town of Megalópoli (Μεγαλοπολη), Megalopolis, Greece. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Megalopolis (Greek: large city, great city) can mean: The town of Megalópoli (Μεγαλοπολη), Megalopolis, Greece. ... A Metroplex is an area of 2 or more very close statistical metropolitan areas that converge upon one another. ...


This concept was first proposed by the French geographer Jean Gottmann in his book Megalopolis, a study of the northeastern United States. One famous example is the BosWash megalopolis consisting of Boston, Providence, Hartford, New York City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and vicinity.

The biggest one is the Taiheiyo Belt (the Pacific Megalopolis) in Japan consisting of Tokyo MA, Shizuoka MA, Nagoya MA, Osaka MA, Okayama MA, Hiroshima MA, Fukuoka MA and vicinity. Guangdong Province's Pearl River Delta is a huge megalopolis with a population of 48 million that extends from Hong Kong and Shenzhen to Guangzhou. Some projections assume that by 2030 up to 1 billion people will live in China's urban areas. Even rather conservative projections predict an urban population of up to 800 million people. In its most recent assessment, the UN Population Division estimated an urban population of 1 billion in 2050.

The megalopolis in Europe is the Ruhr Area in Germany, The Randstad (Knooppunt Arnhem-Nijmegen and Brabantse Stedenrij are counted with the Randstad) in the Netherlands, the Flemish Diamond in Belgium, Ile de France in France and the metropolitan area of London, as well as several 'smaller' agglomerations, such as the Meuse-Rhine Euregion, the Ems-Dollart Euregion, and the Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai Euregion. Together this megalopolis has an estimated population of around 50 million.

Africa's first megalopolis is said to be situated in the urban portion of Gauteng Province in South Africa, comprising the conurbation of Johannesburg, and the metropolitan areas of Pretoria and the Vaal Triangle, otherwise known as the PWV. It has been suggested that the whole of south-eastern, Midland and parts of northern England will evolve into a megalopolis dominated by London. Clearly when usage is stretched this far, it is remote from the traditional conception of a city. Jean Gottmann (October 10, 1915 – February 28, 1994) was a French geographer who was most widely known for coining the term megalopolis to describe the condition of the Boston-Washington corridor. ... The BosWash or Bosnywash or Boshington or Northeast Corridor or simply Northeast megalopolis is the name for a group of metropolitan areas in the northeastern United States, extending from Boston, Massachusetts to Washington, D.C., including Providence, Rhode Island; Hartford and New Haven and Stamford, Connecticut; New York, New York... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Nickname: Location in Rhode Island Coordinates: Country United States State Rhode Island County Providence Government  - Mayor David N. Cicilline (D) Area  - City  20. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... “New York, NY” redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... Nickname: Motto: The Greatest City in America,[4] Get in on it. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Taiheiyo Belt(太平洋ベルト) (Japanese: Pacific Belt) is the name for the continuous urbanization (aka megalopolis) in Japan extending from Tochigi Prefecture in the north all the way to Fukuoka Prefecture in the south, running for almost 1,200 km. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; pinyin: Guǎngdōng; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Kwangtung in older transliteration; Cantonese: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Map of Pearl River Delta (details) The Pearl River Delta (PRD, Chinese: 珠江三角洲; Mandarin Pinyin: ZhÅ« Jiāng SānjiÇŽozhōu; Cantonese IPA: ; Jyutping: zyu1 gong1 saam1 gok3 zau1), China, occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the river flows into the South China Sea. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China, located at the border with the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquially Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott or simply Pott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large (former) industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to the west, and Lippe to... Schematic map of the Randstad. ... The Flemish Diamond (in Dutch: Vlaamse Ruit) is a name of an area consisting of the central provinces of Flanders, Belgium. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | Provinces of South Africa | Gauteng Province ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... Motto: Praestantia Praevaleat Pretoria (May Pretoria Be Pre-eminent In Excellence) Country South Africa Province Gauteng Established 1855 Area  - City 1,644 km²  (634. ... The Vaal Triangle is a triangular area of land formed by Vereeniging, Vanderbijlpark and Sasolburg - three small cities that together comprise a substantial urban complex in South Africa. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Megacity is a general term for agglomerations or metropolitan areas which usually have a total population in excess of 10 million people. In Canada, megacity can also refer informally to the results of merging a central city with its suburbs to form one large municipality. A Canadian "megacity", however, is not necessarily an entirely urban area, as many cities so named have both rural and urban portions, and do not necessarily constitute a large metropolis. Their definition is thus close to the metropolitan area concept. A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. ...


Census population of a metro area is not the city population. However, it better demonstrates the population of the city. Los Angeles may only have a city population of near 4,000,000, but has two metropolitan area populations, depending on definition, 13 million and 18 million. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


References

  1. ^ 1217.0.55.001 - Glossary of Statistical Geography Terminology, 2003, Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2003

See also

Terms

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ... In American local government, a consolidated city-county, metropolitan municipality or regional municipality is a city and county that have been merged into one jurisdiction. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... The surface of the fictional world of Coruscant, the capital world of the Star Wars galaxy, and a popular example of an ecumenopolis. ... Industrial region or industrial area refers to a region with extremely dense industry. ... Athens Auckland Bangkok Beirut Berlin Buenos Aires Calgary Chicago Denver Detroit Frankfurt am Main Hong Kong Jakarta Johannesburg Karachi London Los Angeles Madrid Manila Melbourne Mexico City Miami Montreal Mumbai Moscow New York City Osaka Paris Santiago Seattle São Paulo Seoul Shanghai Singapore Sydney Tel Aviv Tokyo Toronto Vancouver... Metrobus may refer to: MCW Metrobus, a bus model manufactured by MCW in the 1970s and 1980s. ... A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. ...

Lists of metropolitan areas

This page lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas of the world, ranked by population. ... This table contains a list of Japanese metropolitan areas (都市圏) of more than 100,000 people in population size order. ... // Eurostat, the European Unions statistical agency, has created the concept of Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) in an effort to harmonize definitions[1] of urbanization in the European Union. ... This is a list of all the urban areas of the European Union which have more than 750,000 inhabitants in 2005. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This is a list of the largest metropolitan areas in the Americas. ... Here is a list of metroplexes that overlap multiple countries: Excluded from list is: City-states being part of the overlap. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Definition This is the difinition of metropolitan areas used by the ROC government in Taiwan. ... There are 11 metropolitan regions in Germany for planning purposes. ... There are 16 metropolitan regions (Byregioner, City Regions) in Norway. ... The following is a list of the biggest metropolitan areas in Mexico: Mexico City (22. ... The Metropolitan Areas of Sweden, Storstadsområden (Greater City Areas in swedish), are statistical regions defined by Statistics Sweden. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... Map of the Core Based Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico (MSAs in red and μSAs in blue) Map of the Combined Statistical Areas of the United States and Puerto Rico // The following sortable table lists the 718 primary census statistical areas[1] of the United States... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ...

External links

  • metropolis.org - An organisation of world metropolises
  • Urban Employment Areas in Japan (Metropolitan Employment Areas in Japan)

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