FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Metropolitan Toronto

Metro Council redirects here. For the legislative body of Nashville, Tennessee, see Metropolitan Council (Davidson County). For a governmental body in Minnesota, see Metropolitan Council. For other cities named Nashville, see Nashville (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 195 km 710 km 2. ... Howard Gentry, Jr. ... Official language(s) None Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 12th 225,365 km² 400 km 645 km 8. ... The Metropolitan Council is a governmental organization in Minnesota made up of representatives of local governmental units in and around the seven county metro area (see Minneapolis-St. ...


The Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto was the name of the highest level of municipal government in the Toronto, Ontario, Canada, area from 1954 to 1997. It resembled, in some ways, a regional municipality, being formed of smaller municipalities but having more responsibilities than a county or district. It was commonly referred to as "Metro" or "Metro Toronto" to avoid confusion with the existing City of Toronto, which was one of its members. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Welcome! Hello, Ontario, and welcome to Wikipedia! Thank you for your contributions. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...

Contents


History and politics

Formation

In Ontario, the creation of municipalities falls under provincial jurisdiction. Thus it was a provincial act, the Metropolitan Toronto Act, that created this level of government in 1953. When it took effect in 1954, the portion of York County south of Steeles Avenue (an old concession line and township boundary) was severed from the county and incorporated as the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto. (The area north of Steeles remained in York County, which became York Region in 1971.) This provincial act was created in 1953 to co-ordinate the services in the various municipalities in the Toronto area. ... The Canadian province of Ontario has several historic counties, which are past census divisions that no longer exist today. ... In Upper and Lower Canada, concession roads were laid out by the colonial government through undeveloped land to define lots to be developed; the name comes from a Lower Canadian French term for a row of lots. ... Motto: Ontarios Rising Star Area: 1,761. ...


As well as the City of Toronto proper, Metro Toronto took in the Towns of New Toronto, Mimico, Weston, and Leaside; the Villages of Long Branch, Swansea, and Forest Hill; and the Townships of Etobicoke, York, North York, East York, and Scarborough. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... New Toronto is a working-class neighbourhood in the south-west corner of Toronto, Ontario, and is roughly bounded by Lake Ontario to the south, the Kipling Avenue to the west, New Toronto Street to the north, and Royal York Road to the east. ... Mimico, Ontario is a neighbourhood in southern Etobicoke, which is itself now part of Toronto, and bounded by the Gardiner Expressway to the north, Dwight Avenue on the west, the Humber River to the east and Lake Ontario to the south. ... Weston is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in the north-west end of the city. ... Leaside is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... Long Branch is a former village that is now part of the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Swansea is a neighbourhood in the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Forest Hill is an affluent neighbourhood in central Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... Etobicoke (pronounced a-TOE-ba-coe; in SAMPA [@[email protected]]), is the western region of Toronto, Ontario. ... York is a very diverse and vibrant community in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... North York forms the central part of the northern half of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The East York Civic Centre, the former City Hall East York is a former suburb of Toronto, which was a borough of Metropolitan Toronto before it was amalgamated into the megacity of Toronto in 1998. ... Motto: Established: 1 January 1850 (township), 1 January 1967 (borough), June 1983 (city), 1 January 1998 (amalgamated) Area: 187. ...


The Metropolitan Toronto Council initially consisted of 12 councillors from Toronto (including the mayor), and one representative (usually a mayor or reeve) from each of the surrounding municipalities. Metropolitan Toronto also had planning authority over the surrounding townships such as Vaughan, Markham, and Pickering, but these areas did not have representation on Metro Council. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... In some Canadian provinces, a reeve is the elected head of a village or township, performing a similar role to the mayor of a town or city. ... Vaughan (2005 population 235,000)[1] is a city in York Region north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Markham is a town in York Region, directly north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Pickering (2005 population approximately 94,000) is a city located directly to the east of Toronto in Durham Region, Ontario, Canada. ...


Growth

Frederick Gardiner was the first Metro Chairman, and under his leadership, Metropolitan Toronto experienced a period of substantial growth, including the expansion of its early subway network and a number of highways, including the Gardiner Expressway, named in his honour. Frederick G. Gardiner was the first chairman of Metropolitan Toronto council, the governing body for the Municipality of Metro Toronto, from 1953 to 1967. ... The Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto or Metro Chairman was the leader of Metropolitan Toronto and the most senior politican figure in the municipality. ... A subway train pulls into St. ... View of the Gardiner Expressway, west of downtown Toronto, from the pedestrian overpass at the foot of Roncesvalles Avenue. ...


As a result of this growth, the Province of Ontario reorganized Metro in 1967. The seven small towns and villages, which were no longer any denser than the surrounding areas, were eliminated. This left the City of Toronto and the five townships, which at this time were redesignated as boroughs. (All but East York later opted to be called cities instead.) Long Branch, New Toronto, and Mimico were absorbed into Etobicoke; Weston was absorbed into York; Leaside, into East York; and Swansea and Forest Hill, into Toronto. Welcome! Hello, Ontario, and welcome to Wikipedia! Thank you for your contributions. ... A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... A panorama of Sydney, Australia at night. ...


As the seats on Metro Council were reapportioned according to population, the council was now dominated by the suburban majority; but it continued to address suburban and inner city issues in equal measure.


Political structure

Originally, members of the Metropolitan Toronto Council also sat on their respective lower-tier councils; they were not directly elected to the upper-tier council, and because Toronto councillors often voted in a bloc, inner-city issues tended to dominate. The arrangement was achieved by electing two members in each ward. The person who achieved the greatest number of votes was named the senior alderman. The person with the second most votes was the junior alderman. Both aldermen sat on the local council. Only the senior alderman sat on Metro Council. The Province of Ontario changed this arrangement in 1988, requiring direct elections to Metro Council and severing the links between the two tiers. Now only the mayors of the six member municipalities sat on both the upper-tier and lower-tier councils. Metropolitan Toronto became more difficult to manage, and the incentive for the lower-tier councillors to scapegoat Metro council (which they no longer sat on) increased tensions.


The first Chairman of Metropolitan Toronto, Frederick Gardiner, was appointed by the province; subsequent chairmen were elected by Metro Council itself. The Metro Chairman was, for many years, an ex-officio member of the Council without having to be elected to Metro Council by constituents as either a local mayor, controller, alderman or councillor. Beginning in 1988, the position of chairman was chosen by council members from amongst its own members. Frederick G. Gardiner was the first chairman of Metropolitan Toronto council, the governing body for the Municipality of Metro Toronto, from 1953 to 1967. ... In municipal government a Board of Control is an executive body of municipal government which usually deals with financial and administrative matters. ...


As usual in Ontario municipalities, all of these councils were non-partisan, although in later years some councillors (and candidates) did identify themselves explicitly as New Democratic Party members. Metro councillors were elected by simple plurality. A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The New Democratic Party (NDP) is a political party in Canada with a social democratic philosophy and moderate democratic socialist tendencies that contests elections at both the federal and provincial levels. ... The plurality electoral system (or first past the post electoral system), is a voting system for single-member districts. ...


From the inception of Metro Toronto until amalgamation, there were six chairmen altogether:

Frederick G. Gardiner was the first chairman of Metropolitan Toronto council, the governing body for the Municipality of Metro Toronto, from 1953 to 1967. ... William Randall Allen (June 29, 1919 - October 1, 1985) is a former Toronto politician and served as the second Chairman of the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto from 1962 to 1969. ... Albert Campbell was the chairman of Metropolitan Toronto from 1969 to 1973. ... Paul Victor Godfrey (born 1939 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian politician and businessman. ... C. Dennis Flynn (December 17, 1923 - August 19, 2003) was Chairman of Metropolitan Toronto from 1984 to 1988. ... Alan Tonks (born April 2, 1943 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian politician, and was the final Metro Toronto Chairman before the amalgamation of Metro Toronto into the new City of Toronto. ...

Amalgamation

During the 1990s many people came to feel that Metropolitan Toronto, set up to encompass the urban region of Toronto, was no longer relevant. On the one hand it served barely 50% of what was becoming known as the Greater Toronto Area; on the other, its residents often felt more concerned with local matters than Metro-wide ones. When a City of Toronto election ballot included a non-binding referendum question on eliminating the Metro level of government, there was a substantial vote in favor. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... The Greater Toronto Area (called the GTA by local residents) is the largest metropolitan area in Canada. ...


In the 1995 provincial election, Ontario Progressive Conservative Party leader Mike Harris campaigned on reducing the level of government in Ontario, and promised to examine Metropolitan Toronto with an eye to eliminating it. However, in the end the Harris government announced what they saw as a superior cost-saving plan: Metro Toronto would be amalgamated with its six member municipalities to form a new City of Toronto. In effect, the existing City of Toronto and the other five municipalities would be abolished and the larger Metro government retained. The Ontario general election of 1995 was held on June 8, 1995, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the province of Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario Progressive Conservative Party (PC Party of Ontario, also known as Tories) is a right-of-centre political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Michael Deane Harris (born January 23, 1945, in Toronto, Ontario) was the twenty-second Premier of Ontario from June 26, 1995 to April 15, 2002. ...


The announcement touched off a firestorm of public objections to the "megacity" plan. In March 1997 a referendum in all six municipalities produced a vote of more than 3:1 against amalgamation; in April, both opposition parties held a filibuster in the provincial legislature. But the Harris government, with a solid majority, stood firm, denounced all opposition, and passed the City of Toronto Act. The amalgamation took place at year's end: on January 1, 1998, the new City of Toronto was born. A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... Parliamentary Opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ... In a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... The original act, Incorporation of the City of Toronto in 1834, was used to create the former City of Toronto. ...


City Hall and Metro Hall

At its inception in 1953, Metro was headquartered at 67 Adelaide Street East. When the new Toronto City Hall opened in 1964, one of its twin towers was intended for Metro Toronto offices and the other for the City of Toronto; the two councils shared the central Council Chamber. Eventually this space proved inadequate and committee facilities and councillors' offices were relocated to 390 Bay Street, across from City Hall; Metro Council continued to meet in the City Hall council chamber. Finally, in 1992, the Metro government moved out of Toronto City Hall altogether and into a newly constructed Metro Hall at 55 John Street, which was designed by the architects Brisbin, Brook, Beynon. Toronto City Hall The City Hall of Toronto, Ontario, Canada is one of the most distinctive landmarks of the city. ... Bay Street is a street in downtown Toronto, Ontario Canada. ... The Metro Centre Metro Hall Metro Hall is an office tower in Toronto, Canada. ...


The amalgamated council chose to meet at City Hall, though it temporarily met at Metro Hall while City Hall was retrofitted for the enlarged council. Metro Hall continues to be used as office space by the City of Toronto.


Services

The following is a list of services that were funded and provided by the Metro government:

In addition, the following agencies were Metro government agencies: Toronto Police Service (TPS) is the local police force for the City of Toronto. ... The Toronto Transit Commission, or TTC, is a public transport authority that operates buses, streetcars, and rapid transit lines in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Toronto Islands as seen from CN Tower The Toronto Islands are a chain of small islands providing a shallow natural harbour for the City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Department of Parks and Culture was responsible for maintaining major parks and cultural sites around Metro Toronto. ... Regional planning is a branch of planning that deals with the design and efficient placement of activities and infrastructure across a significantly large area of land. ... The department was responsible for maintaining major arterial roads, bridges and local freeways systems in Metro Toronto and not under local control. ... From 1975 to 1998, ambulance service in Metro Toronto were provided by Metro Toronto Ambulance and Ontarios Ministry of Health. ... Sewage (or domestic wastewater) treatment incorporates physical, chemical and biological processes which treat and remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants from water following human use. ... In polluted or even unfiltered mountain water there are lots of parasitic organisms and inorganic chemicals that are dangerous to humans. ... The works department was responsible for a variety of services: filtration plants sewage treatment plants public works projects The department is now under Toronto Water (part of Toronto Works and Emergency Services Department). ... Look up Garbage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The department of community services was responible for a variety of community related services not provided by the local municipalities: social services welfare hostels and shelters community services The department was headed the Commissioner of Community Services. ... The hostel division was responsible for providing housing and shelters for homeless ine Metro Toronto not run by non-profit organizations. ... Originally called the Metro Toronto Reference Library, the 6 floor library opened in 1977 and was built by Raymond Moriyama. ...

The Toronto Zoo is a zoo located in the northeastern part of Toronto, Ontario. ... The Hummingbird Centre The Hummingbird Centre is a major performing arts venue in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Looking East from the CNE Ferris Wheel (National Trade Centre at left, Automotive Building at right). ...

External links

  • Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto Act (Repealed in 2000)
  • York County
  • Metro Toronto Act 1954 (revised 1988)
  • Metro Toronto

  Results from FactBites:
 
Toronto - Search View - MSN Encarta (3157 words)
The population of the Toronto CMA was 5,304,100 in 2005.
Toronto’s CMA is the most populous in Canada; Montréal, in the province of Québec, is second largest at 3,635,700 (2005 estimate).
The Toronto Passage, as it was known, was described in 1615 by explorer Étienne Brûlé and was used as an overland shortcut between Lakes Ontario and Huron.
Toronto: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (4339 words)
Toronto (officially the City of Toronto) is the largest city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario, located on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario.
Toronto's climate is moderated by its southerly location within Canada and its proximity to Lake Ontario; its climate is among the mildest of any place in Canada east of the Rocky Mountain range.
Toronto's best-known landmark is the CN Tower, which currently stands as the tallest free-standing land structure in the world at 553 metres (1,815 ft).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m