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Encyclopedia > Metropolitan Line
Metropolitan
Colour on map Maroon
Year opened 1863
Line type Sub-Surface
Rolling stock A Stock
Stations served 34
Length (km) 66.7
Length (miles) 41.5
Depots Neasden
Journeys made 53,697,000 (per annum)
Rail lines of
Transport for London
London Underground lines
  Bakerloo
  Central
  Circle
  District
  East London
  Hammersmith & City
  Jubilee
  Metropolitan
  Northern
  Piccadilly
  Victoria
  Waterloo & City
Other lines
  Docklands Light Railway
  Tramlink
  Overground (starts November 2007)
Portal:London Transport London Transport Portal

The Metropolitan Line is part of the London Underground, coloured maroon on the Tube map. It was the first underground railway (or subway) in the world, opening on January 10, 1863 (however, parts of that initial section are no longer served by the Metropolitan Line, but by the Hammersmith & City, District and Circle lines). The main line runs from Aldgate in the City of London to Amersham, with branch lines to Uxbridge, Watford and Chesham. For the initial section of the Line the rails are in tunnel for much of the way; beyond Baker Street, at Finchley Road the Line runs in the open. Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... An A60 stock stands at Surrey Quays on the East London Line The interior of a Metropolitan Line A60 Stock train at Baker Street station in 2005 The A60 Stock is a class of sub-surface train run on the London Underground, which was built in 1960 by Cravens of... Transport For London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system throughout Greater London in England. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The Bakerloo Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured brown on the Tube map. ... London Transport Portal The Central Line is a line of the London Underground and coloured red on the tube map. ... The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... The East London Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured orange on the Tube map. ... The Hammersmith and City Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured salmon pink on the Tube map, running between Hammersmith and Aldgate East, extending to Barking in the rush hours. ... The Jubilee Line is a line on the London Underground, coloured silver grey on the Tube map. ... For other uses, see Northern Line (disambiguation). ... The Piccadilly Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured dark blue on the Tube map. ... The Victoria Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured light blue on the Tube map. ... The Waterloo & City Line is a short underground metro line in London, formally opened on 11 July 1898. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of east London, England. ... Tramlink (initially known as Croydon Tramlink) is a public transport tramway in south London, operated by FirstGroup on behalf of Transport for London. ... London Overground [1] is the network of rail services in London, United Kingdom to be provided by the London Rail division of Transport for London (TfL) from 11 November 2007. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... Maroon is a color related to dark red. ... Tube map is the commonly-used name for the schematic diagram that represents the lines, stations, and zones of Londons rapid transit rail system, the London Underground. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway—usually in an urban area—with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Hammersmith and City Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured salmon pink on the Tube map, running between Hammersmith and Aldgate East, extending to Barking in the rush hours. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ... Trains at Aldgate tube station Entrance to Aldgate tube station Aldgate tube station is a London Underground station located at Aldgate in the City of London. ... The City of London is a geographically-small city within Greater London, England. ... Amersham Station, Amersham HP6 Amersham Station Sign Amersham station is a London Underground station in Zone D on the Metropolitan line. ... Categories: Metropolitan Line stations | Piccadilly Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Watford is a station at the end of the Watford branch of London Undergrounds Metropolitan Line in the north-western part of the network in Zone A. // The station is in Cassiobury Park Avenue, at the junction with Metropolitan Station Approach, in the Cassiobury area of Watford. ... Chesham lies at the end of the Chesham branch of the Metropolitan line, and opened 8 July 1889 as the original northern terminus of the Metropolitan Railway from Baker Street. ... 94 Baker Street, formerly the Apple Boutique. ...


The four-track layout for part of the distance — between Wembley Park and Moor Park — allows for the running of express or "fast" services to the outer suburbs. Baker Street is the terminus for some trains, with others continuing into the City to Aldgate. Moor Park is a London Underground station in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire. ...

Contents

History

The origins of the Metropolitan Line lie with the incorporation, in 1853, of the North Metropolitan Railway, the original name of the Metropolitan Railway, which railway had been empowered, with the Metropolitan District Railway to complete an Inner Circle of railways in London. The first section was opened from near Paddington to Farringdon Street (now Farringdon station) in January 1863; work on the railway had begun in February 1860 using the "cut-and-cover" method of construction. This caused massive traffic disruption in north London: during the work the Fleet Sewer bursting into the diggings, flooding the partly-built tunnel. This is a historical article. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station is a major National Rail station in the Paddington area of London, England. ... Farringdon station platforms Farringdon station is a London Underground and National Rail station in Farringdon, just north of the City of London. ... Entrance to the Fleet River, Samuel Scott, c. ...

Metropolitan Line Heraldry

Another major change took place in 1988, when the Hammersmith & City Line and East London Line — which already had well-defined individual identities — were split off from the Metropolitan Line to be run separately. The Metropolitan Line is now confined to its northern extension from Baker Street, through the area that came to be known as "Metro-land", plus its original track to Aldgate, running through the tunnels opened by the Metropolitan Railway back in 1868. The Metropolitan and East London Lines use the same trains and are still physically linked, although there is no longer a passenger interchange. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 789 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2977 × 2263 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 789 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2977 × 2263 pixel, file size: 4. ... The Hammersmith and City Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured salmon pink on the Tube map, running between Hammersmith and Aldgate East, extending to Barking in the rush hours. ... The East London Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured orange on the Tube map. ... Metropolitan steam locomotive Metro-land (or Metroland) refers, broadly speaking, to the suburban areas north-west of London, in the counties of Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Middlesex, served by the Metropolitan Railway, an independent company until absorbed by the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) in 1933. ...


In 1998, the Metropolitan Line was partly privatised in a controversial Public-Private Partnership. It is now part of the "Sub-Surface Railways" group, managed along with the Circle, Hammersmith & City and District lines by the Metronet consortium. Public-private partnership (PPP) is a system in which a government service or private business venture is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more private sector companies. ...


The Metropolitan Line's influence on underground railways world-wide has been immense. The Paris Métro took its name, in full Chemin de fer métropolitain, from the Metropolitan Line. This is the origin of the term metro. Line 5s crossing of the Seine on the Austerlitz viaduct. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


Trains

The train on the left is a Metropolitan Line A Stock unit, the smaller train is a Piccadilly Line 1973 tube stock train
The train on the left is a Metropolitan Line A Stock unit, the smaller train is a Piccadilly Line 1973 tube stock train

The current rolling stock in use on the Metropolitan Line is the sub-surface gauge A Stock built by Cravens in Sheffield, which is shared between the Metropolitan and East London lines. While it ran in service with unpainted aluminium bodywork for many years, since refurbishment the stock has received the now standard white and blue Underground livery, with red ends. Metropolitan Line services are usually formed of two four-car units coupled together for a total of eight cars, although the Chesham shuttle service and the East London Line are both served by four-car trains. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 850 KB) A Metropolitan Line A stock sub-surface gague train passes a smaller Piccadilly Line 1973 tube stock train. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 850 KB) A Metropolitan Line A stock sub-surface gague train passes a smaller Piccadilly Line 1973 tube stock train. ... Two 1973 Stock trains pass at Rayners Lane. ... An A60 stock stands at Surrey Quays on the East London Line The interior of a Metropolitan Line A60 Stock train at Baker Street station in 2005 The A60 Stock is a class of sub-surface train run on the London Underground, which was built in 1960 by Cravens of... Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. ... The East London Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured orange on the Tube map. ... Chesham lies at the end of the Chesham branch of the Metropolitan line, and opened 8 July 1889 as the original northern terminus of the Metropolitan Railway from Baker Street. ...


The A Stock trains were built in the early 1960s and are now the oldest trains operating on the London Underground. They replaced a wide variety of older rolling stock, including trains with hinged doors and compartments (T Stock electric multiple units for Watford services and locomotive-hauled carriages for Aylesbury services), as well as F Stock (built in 1920) used on Uxbridge services. The A Stock trains are due to be replaced by the new S Stock. The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The T Stock was built for the Metropolitan Railway in 1931-32 for use on electric services from Baker Street to Uxbridge and Watford. ... The F Stock was built for the Metropolitan District Railway in 1920. ... The S Stock is a class of sub-surface train currently under construction for the London Underground to replace ageing A60 and A62 Stock on the Metropolitan and East London Line Lines, C69 and C77 Stock on the Circle, Hammersmith & City and District Lines (Edgware Road-Wimbledon) and D78 Stock...




Map

Image File history File links Metropolitan_Line. ...

Stations

in order from east to west


Shared Circle and Hammersmith and City Lines

Trains at Aldgate tube station Entrance to Aldgate tube station Aldgate tube station is a London Underground station located at Aldgate in the City of London. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... Moorgate station is a London Underground and National Rail station in the City of London, on Moorgate, north of London Wall. ... Barbican tube station Barbican is a London Underground and mainline rail station serving the Barbican Centre in the City of London. ... Farringdon station platforms Farringdon station is a London Underground and National Rail station in Farringdon, just north of the City of London in the London Borough of Islington. ... Kings Cross St Pancras tube station is the London Underground station serving both Kings Cross and St Pancras main line stations in the London Borough of Camden. ... Categories: Circle Line stations | Hammersmith & City Line stations | Metropolitan Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Great Portland Street tube station Great Portland Street is a London Underground station near Regents Park. ...

Core section

The Metropolitan line diverges from the Circle/Hammersmith & City lines just east of Baker Street station, where they use separate platforms, at a roughly 45 degree angle to the Circle/Hammersmith & City platforms.

At Wembley Park, the Metropolitan lines split from two tracks to four, with the faster lines on the outside. Fast services (typically to Amersham) and semi-fast services (typically to Watford) do not stop at Preston Road or Northwick Park. During the peaks, they also skip Wembley Park. Baker Street tube station is a station on the London Underground located on Baker Street. ... Finchley Road tube station is a London Underground station at Finchley Road and Canfield Gardens, just south of the O2 Shopping Centre. ... The Jubilee Line is a line on the London Underground, coloured silver grey on the Tube map. ... Willesden Green tube station is a London Underground station at Willesden. ... Categories: Jubilee Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Wembley Park tube station is a London Underground station at Wembley. ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ... Preston Road tube station is a station on the Metropolitan Line. ... Northwick Park is a London Underground station on the Metropolitan Line. ... Harrow-on-the-Hill station is a National Rail and London Underground station situated in Harrow in the London Borough of Harrow. ...


At Harrow, the line splits into two branches — the main line to Northwood and the Uxbridge branch.


Uxbridge branch

(continuing from Harrow on the Hill)

West Harrow tube station is a London Underground station in Harrow in north west London. ... Rayners Lane is a London Underground station, adjacent to Harrow Garden Village in north west London. ... The Piccadilly Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured dark blue on the Tube map. ... On the Metropolitan line and Piccadilly line, being the last station in zone 5 on this branch. ... Ruislip Manor tube station is a London Underground station in Ruislip in north London. ... In Greater London, Ruislip tube station is on the Metropolitan and Piccadilly Lines in Zone 6. ... The London - bound platform at Ickenham facing west Ickenham tube station is a London Underground station in Ickenham in Middlesex, Greater London. ... Hillingdon tube station is a London Underground station in North Hillingdon in west London. ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ... Categories: Metropolitan Line stations | Piccadilly Line stations | London Underground stubs ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ...

Northwood branch

(continuing from Harrow on the Hill)

After Harrow-on-the-Hill the lines are re-arranged into two parallel pairs, the slow (the northerly pair) and the fast. The fast lines are also shared with the National Rail line to Aylesbury (operated by Chiltern Railways) which had hitherto run parallel. The stations between Harrow-on-the-Hill and Moor Park (exclusive) only have platforms on the slow lines, and can only be stopped at by slow and semi-fast services, which usually run to Watford. At Moor Park the line splits, with the fast line forming the main line towards Amersham and the slow line heading off towards Watford. North Harrow tube station is a London Underground station situated in North Harrow, North West London. ... Pinner tube station is a London Underground station on the Metropolitan Line in zone 5. ... Northwood Hills tube station is a station on the Metropolitan Line, in Zone 6. ... Northwood is a station on the Metropolitan Line, in Travelcard Zone 6. ... Moor Park is a London Underground station in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire. ... National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo A typical National Rail station sign showing the double-arrow logo National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). ... Aylesbury railway station is the only railway station in Aylesbury. ... Chiltern Railways is a train operating company in England. ...


Watford branch

(continuing from Moor Park - a triangular connection also exists, allowing trains to run between Watford and Rickmansworth, and there are a few early-morning/late-evening services that do this).

Croxley is a London Underground station in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire. ... Watford is a station at the end of the Watford branch of London Undergrounds Metropolitan Line in the north-western part of the network in Zone A. // The station is in Cassiobury Park Avenue, at the junction with Metropolitan Station Approach, in the Cassiobury area of Watford. ...

Towards Amersham

(continuing from Moor Park)


Stations between Rickmansworth and Amersham are also served by most Chiltern services to Aylesbury. Chiltern Railways is a train operating company in England. ... Aylesbury railway station is the only railway station in Aylesbury. ...

Here trains either continue to Amersham or, during peak hours, go straight through on a separate branch to Chesham. At all other times there is a shuttle between Chalfont & Latimer and Chesham, which involves a change from Amersham trains. The service frequency between Chalfont & Latimer and Chesham is roughly every 30 minutes. Rickmansworth is a London Underground and National Rail station in the town of Rickmansworth, in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire just north of London. ... Chorleywood station is a London Underground station in Travelcard Zone B on the Metropolitan line. ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ... Chalfont and Latimer station is a station in Travelcard Zone C on the Metropolitan line. ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ... Amersham (previously Agmondesham) is a market town 27 miles north west of London, in the Chiltern Hills, England. ... Chesham is a market town in the Chiltern Hills, Buckinghamshire, England. ...

or Chesham lies at the end of the Chesham branch of the Metropolitan line, and opened 8 July 1889 as the original northern terminus of the Metropolitan Railway from Baker Street. ... Image File history File links Handicap_reverse. ...

Amersham station is a London Underground station in Travelcard Zone D on the Metropolitan line. ...

Current service pattern

Platform information sign at Moorgate station advising passengers that some Metropolitan Line trains do not call at all stations. Over the years the list of stations 'non-stopped' has varied, with (for instance) at one time Harrow-On-The-Hill and West Harrow being included in the list. The list shown here is correct for 2007, although so few trains now non-stop Wembley Park that it may also soon need removing from the list.
Platform information sign at Moorgate station advising passengers that some Metropolitan Line trains do not call at all stations. Over the years the list of stations 'non-stopped' has varied, with (for instance) at one time Harrow-On-The-Hill and West Harrow being included in the list. The list shown here is correct for 2007, although so few trains now non-stop Wembley Park that it may also soon need removing from the list.

The Metropolitan line, unlike other London Underground lines, operates express services (the Piccadilly Line runs a fast service between Hammersmith and Turnham Green/Acton Town, but the intermediate stations are served by the District Line, and so all Piccadilly Line trains stop at all regular Piccadilly Line stations on their route, in the same way as the Metropolitan by-passes Jubilee Line stations between Finchley Road and Wembley Park). Fast services, usually to Amersham, call at Baker Street, Finchley Road, Wembley Park, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Moor Park and then all stations. There are also semi-fast services, usually in the peak, which use the fast stopping pattern as far as Harrow-on-the-Hill, but then run all stations, usually to Watford. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixel Image in higher resolution (1250 × 898 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Platform information sign at Moorgate station advising passengers that some Metropolitan Line trains do not call at all stations. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 575 pixel Image in higher resolution (1250 × 898 pixel, file size: 359 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Platform information sign at Moorgate station advising passengers that some Metropolitan Line trains do not call at all stations. ... The Piccadilly Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured dark blue on the Tube map. ... The District Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured green on the Tube map. ... The Jubilee Line is a line on the London Underground, coloured silver grey on the Tube map. ...


The current off-peak service pattern is as follows:

  • 6tph Uxbridge — Aldgate (all stations)
  • 6tph Watford — Baker Street (all stations)
  • 4tph Amersham — Baker Street (Fast). This section is also served by 2tph Chiltern Railways trains between Marylebone and Aylesbury, providing a 6tph service between Amersham and London.
  • 2tph Chesham — Chalfont & Latimer
(tph=trains per hour)

During peak hours the services vary much more. Trains can run through from Aldgate to any destination, and each terminus gets a mixture of fast and semi-fast, which generally don't stop at Wembley Park, and all stations services. Through trains also run between Chesham and London. There are also a few early-morning/late-evening trains from Rickmansworth to Watford. Chiltern Railways is a train operating company in England. ... The main entrance to Marylebone station. ... Aylesbury railway station is the only railway station in Aylesbury. ...


Future plans

Croxley Rail Link

Transport for London and Hertfordshire County Council are developing plans to divert the line from the current Watford station and re-route it over the disused Croxley Green branch line to Watford Junction, which subject to planning permission will be open in 2011 [1]. The current station is located in a housing estate by Cassiobury Park, rather than serving the centre of Watford. A new station would be provided at Ascot Road and Watford West will be refurbished and reopened.[2] Transport For London (TfL) is a local government body responsible for most aspects of the transport system throughout Greater London in England. ... A chromolithograph of Cassiobury House, published around 1880. ... Ascot Road tube station is a proposed tube station in Watford, Hertfordshire, England. ... Watford West is a disused railway station station. ...


Reorganisation

As part of a wider overhaul of the Sub-Surface Lines, there are also plans to run through Metropolitan Line trains from Uxbridge to Barking. This would be to replace Hammersmith & City Line services which would be curtailed or withdrawn as part of the Circle Line re-organisation. However, this would only be possible after the delivery of new rolling stock, which is due to arrive from 2009[3], as there are a number of gauge infingements which mean that the Metropolitan Line's A stock trains are banned east of Aldgate.[4] [5] The Circle Line of the London Underground became known as such in 1949, when it was separated from its parent lines, the Metropolitan Line and the District Line, although it had been shown on Underground maps since 1947. ...


References

  1. ^ see page 105 of 116
  2. ^ TfL website on the plans
  3. ^ TfL Commissioner reveals plans to upgrade Circle, District, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines
  4. ^ http://www.trainweb.org/tubeprune/Life%20Underground.htm#Metropolitan%20to%20Barking
  5. ^ http://www.trainweb.org/tubeprune/SSL%20PPP%20Upgrade.htm

External links

  • Metropolitan Line — London Underground website
  • Clive's Underground Line Guide — Metropolitan Line
  • The Metropolitan Line

 
 

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