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Encyclopedia > Metropolis (2001 film)

Metropolis, also known as Osamu Tezuka's Metropolis or Robotic Angel (in Germany) is a manga by Osamu Tezuka and an anime movie based on the manga. A page from the Marmalade Boy manga, volume 1 (Japanese version) Manga (漫画) is the Japanese word for comics and/or cartoons (not necessarily animated, this includes print cartoons); outside of Japan, it usually refers specifically to Japanese comics. ... Osamu Tezuka and his creations commemorated on two stamps Dr. Osamu Tezuka (手塚 治虫 Tezuka Osamu, November 3, 1928 - February 9, 1989) was a Japanese manga artist and animator born in Ōsaka. ... A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime (アニメ) is a style of animation originating in Japan. ... Films are produced by recording actual people and objects with cameras, or by creating them using animation techniques and/or special effects. ...


Despite some similarities, the manga was only indirectly influenced by Fritz Lang's pre-World War II epic Metropolis. In fact, Osamu Tezuka claimed not to have seen the film at the time he was working on this story, but rather that he was inspired by the poster of the 1927 film. However, his creation of the character Mitchi was based on the only still picture of the movie that he had seen, which depicted the birth of a female robot. Tezuka did not want his manga to be made into a feature film and if he was still alive, the anime movie version probably would not have been produced. Fritz Lang Friedrich Anton Christian Lang (December 5, 1890 - August 2, 1976) was an Austrian film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known emigrés from Germanys school of expressionism to work in Hollywood. ... Metropolis is a very early science fiction film that was produced in Germany during the brief years of the Weimar Republic. ...


The manga is published in English by Dark Horse Comics. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Dark Horse Comics is an American comic book publisher, one of the largest independent publishers behind dominant publishers Marvel Comics and DC Comics. ...


The anime movie, released in June 2001 in Japan and on January 25th, 2002 in the U.S. (rated PG-13 by the MPAA), was directed by Rintaro, and written by Katsuhiro Otomo. 2001 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Events: June 5-June 9 - Houston, Texas is devastated by flooding when Tropical Storm Allison dumps 36 inches of rain on the city. ... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 (MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is a non-profit trade association formed to advance the interests of movie studios. ... Rintaro is the pseudonym of Hayashi Shigeyuki (January 22, 1941 - ), a director of anime. ... Katsuhiro Otomo (大友克洋 Ōtomo Katsuhiro) (born April 14, 1954 in Miyagi, Japan) is a Japanese manga artist and anime director. ...


The movie also has the honour of being the first anime movie since the mid 90's to be aired on Channel 4 in the UK (It aired in the early hours of Sunday 30th October and was aired both uncut and in Japanese with english Subtitles). Channel 4 is a public service television broadcaster in the United Kingdom (see British television). ...


A song by Ray Charles, "I Can't Stop Loving You" was played near the end of the movie. Ray Charles at the piano. ...


Quote (opening credits of the movie): "Every epoch dreams its successor." - Jules Michelet Jules Michelet (August 21, 1798–February 9, 1874) was a French historian. ...


Plot

The movie opens with the celebration of the completion of the Ziggurat when a robot, who is outside its zone, tries to crash the party, but is shot down by Rock, the adopted son of Duke Red, the most powerful man in Metropolis. Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ...


A Japanese private detective, Shunsaku Ban and his nephew, Kenichi, have arrived in the grand city-state of Metropolis. Metropolis itself lies in an unmentioned republic and it can best be described as a plutocracy where a man named Duke Red is the most influential citizen, overshadowing President Boon and Mayor Ryon, the heads of state and government of Metropolis. In Metropolis' heavily industrialised futuristic world, artificial intelligence has evolved a lot and robots are seen everywhere performing all sorts of tasks. Despite their intelligence robots do not have any of the rights that are granted to human beings. In order not to infringe upon human rights they are not allowed to have human names nor to travel between the four Zones which Metropolis is divided in without a special permission. Thus they live under Apartheid-like conditions. A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... A metropolis (in Greek metera = mother and polis = city/town) is a major city, which is an economical and cultural center for some country or larger region, and usually an important hub for international connections. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... The term plutocracy indicates a form of government where all the states decisions are centralized in an affluent wealthy class of citizenry, and the degree of economic inequality is high while the level of social mobility is low. ... Artificial intelligence (AI) is defined as intelligence exhibited by an artificial entity. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


In order to protect humans from mischievous-minded robots, the Marduk patrol the streets of Metropolis. Heavily armed men dressed in red destroy robots as they please. The Marduk is a vigilante group who has formed a political party. It's a public secret that their founder is Duke Red, and that his adopted son, Rock, is a leading figure in the organization. Marduk and his dragon, from a Babylonian cylinder seal Marduk [märdook] (Sumerian spelling in Akkadian AMAR.UTU solar calf; Biblical Merodach) was the name of a late generation god from ancient Mesopotamia and patron deity of the city of Babylon, who, when Babylon permanently became the political center... There is no absolute definition of a vigilante. ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ...


The private detective and his nephew, along with an assigned robot detective named Pero are looking for a person named Dr. Laughton who is among other things suspected by human rights organizations of human rights violations and the trading of human organs. Little do they know that Duke Red has hired Dr. Laughton to manufacture an extremely intelligent robot in the shape of Duke Red's deceased daughter. The robot is to sit on her customised throne, a supercomputer at the top of the newly built Ziggurat; a mountainous, towering government palace that Duke Red has constructed for military purposes of reaching the stars and establishing dominion over the entire Earth. Duke Red, without consulting military leaders has tested the Ziggurat's revolutionary solar superweapon of mass destruction that compromised national security. President Boon and other government and military leaders, discuss about the current situation and plan to arrest Duke Red for treason once enough resentment builds up against him. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... A supercomputer is a computer that leads the world in terms of processing capacity, particularly speed of calculation, at the time of its introduction. ... Dur-Untash, or Choqa zanbil, built in 13th century BC by Untash Napirisha, is one of the worlds best preserved ziggurats. ... A superweapon is an extremely powerful weapon by the standards of its time and its scale. ... Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) generally include nuclear, biological, chemical and, increasingly, radiological weapons. ... Security measures taken to protect the Houses of Parliament in London, England. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ...


Dr. Laughton plans to flee Metropolis once the robot, named Tima after Duke Red's daughter, is finished. Duke Red's adoptive son and Marduk leader-head of security, Rock, discovers Dr. Laughton's treacherous intentions and proceeds to kill him in cold blood. He then sets fire to Dr. Laughton's laboratory intending to destroy all traces including the robot Tima which is in suspended animation at the time.


However, Tima wakes up during the fire and is saved by Kenichi. Dr. Laughton dies before the detective manages to drag him out of there but manages to utter a few words regarding a precious notebook of his which the detective saves from the flames. During their escape from the burning building Kenichi and Tima falls down a sewage drain and become separated from the detective.


Thus, while the detective searches for his nephew, Kenichi and Tima are at the same being time chased by Rock who is monomanical about destroying Tima. Rock's determination to do so lies in his belief that his father, Duke Red, should be the one whom sits on the throne at the top of the Ziggurat and not a robot. In psychiatry, monomania (from Greek monos, one, and mania, mania) is a type of paranoia in which the patient has only one idea or type of ideas. ...


Escaping from Rock, Tima and Kenichi stumble upon Atlas who is the leader of a group of unemployed labourers who live in poverty below the Metropolis' glistering surface. The labourers demand better living conditions having lost their jobs due to mechanisation, i.e. robots and with the recent building of the Ziggurat having the food distributions discontinued. They are planning to take up arms and launch a coup d'├ętat against the Marduks and bring down the Ziggurat like God's wrath once brought down the tower of Babel. The revolution starts when Atlas kills Pero and the revolutionaries catch the Marduks off guard. Mechanization refers to the use of powered machinery to help a human operator in some task. ... A coup détat (pronounced ), or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a smaller supposedly weaker body that just replaces the top power figures. ... The Confusion of Tongues by Gustave Doré According to the narrative in Genesis Chapter 11 of the Bible, the Tower of Babel was a tower built by a united humanity in order to reach the heavens. ...


President Boon and the government wait for the right time to arrest Duke Red. The protests are later suppressed. But the President is then betrayed and assassinated by a pro-Marduk general and replaced by Duke Red who declares martial law. Martial law is the system of rules that takes effect (usually after a formal declaration) when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice. ...


Tima and Kenichi find his uncle, but the detective is then shot by Rock. Tima then falls back into the hands of Duke Red who exiles Rock for trying to kill her. At the Ziggurat, she writes Kenichi's name all over her room, much to the shock of one of the maids. Tima is interrogated and briefly taken captive by Rock who is then knocked unconscious by the detective. He has Tima locate Kenichi in the Ziggurat and proceeds to infiltrate it when Duke Red recaptures her.


Kenichi is reunited with his uncle who declares the mistreatment of his nephew as a direct violation of international law. Tima asks Duke Red if she is a robot or a human and Duke Red replies that she is a superhuman who has a true destiny: merge with the Ziggurat and rule the entire Earth. The detective throws down Dr. Laughton's notebook which contains evidence about Tima and the Ziggurat against Duke Red. After being shot by Rock, disguised as a maid, who in turn is shot by one of the guards, Tima sees the wound and announces that she is an "artificial human" created to conquer and destroy the world. Her command CPU is activated, commanding her to sit on her throne in which she falls to the dark side and the throne gives her complete control over the robots. International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ... A superhuman is something exceeding normal human standards. ... Intel 80486DX2 microprocessor in a ceramic PGA package A central processing unit (CPU), or sometimes simply processor, is the component in a digital computer that interprets and executes instructions and data contained in software. ...


Robots launch a revolution against humanity and when Kenichi pulls Tima from her throne (at the cost of half of her body and clothing deformed by the throne's electromagnetic effects), he tries to redeem her even though she tries to kill him. The robots kill Duke Red and many scientists before Rock presses a button that self-destructs the Ziggurat. It has been suggested that Revolutionary be merged into this article or section. ...


After her command CPU is deactivated, Kenichi tries to save the now "redeemed" Tima, but fails and she falls to her death as Metropolis is completely destroyed by the nuclear meltdown and explosive destruction of the Ziggurat. The next morning, Metropolis lies in ruins and a few robots survive while human survivors including Kenichi's uncle evacuate in an airship. Kenichi stays in Metropolis to help rebuild the city. He also recovers Tima's shoes and a few of her parts from the robot survivors and proceeds to look for more of her parts in order to rebuild her. After a radio finishes playing the music, it records Tima's voice and she says: "I am who?"


Missing ending picture

The Japanese version shows a picture after the credits depicting a shop named "Kenichi & Tima Robot Company," with Tima visible in the window, implying that Kenichi succeeded in rebuilding Tima. This picture was cut from the English language version of the film.


External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Metropolis (1927 movie) (956 words)
The film is set in the year 2026, in the extraordinary Gothic skyscrapers of a corporate city-state, the Metropolis of the title.
The film also contains a scene where Maria retells the story of the Tower of Babel contained in Genesis but in a way that connects it to the situation she and her fellow workers face.
Most silent films, including Metropolis, were shot at speeds of between 16 and 20 frames per second, but the digitally restored version with soundtrack plays at the standard sound speed of 24 frames per second (25 on PAL and SECAM videos and DVDs), which often makes the action look unnaturally fast.
metropolis - definition of metropolis in Encyclopedia (376 words)
A metropolis is a major city, which is an economical and cultural center for some country, and usually a hub for its international connections.
Otherwise the word "metropolitan" usually means "spanning the whole metropolis" (as in "metropolitan administration"); or "proper of a metropolis" (as in "metropolitan life", and opposed to "provincial" or "rural").
Metropolis is also the name given by James Patterson and Peter Kim to one of the Nine Moral Regions they identify within the United States in their 1991 best-selling book The Day America Told The Truth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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