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Encyclopedia > Methuselah

Methuselah or Metushélach (Hebrew: מְתוּשֶׁלַח / מְתוּשָׁלַח, Standard Mətušélaḥ / Mətušálaḥ Tiberian Məṯûšélaḥ / Məṯûšālaḥ ; "Man of the dart", or alternatively "when he dies/died, it will be sent/has been sent") is the oldest person whose age is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible. According to the Bible, he reached the age of 969 years. Genesis 5:27 states, "And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died" (American Standard Version). Genesis 5:5 states, "So all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died." (American Standard Version). Assuming Adam's life began at the time of creation, Adam was alive when Methuselah was born. This makes Methuselah the human link between Adam and Noah (Assuming Methuselah died at the time of the flood, or at least during Noah's lifetime). The name Methuselah has become a general synonym for any living creature of great age. “Hebrew” redirects here. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Tanakh, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early Middle Ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... 11th century manuscript of the Hebrew Bible with Targum Hebrew Bible is a term that refers to the common portions of the Jewish canon and the Christian canons. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... The Standard American Edition, Revised Version, more commonly known as the American Standard Version (ASV), is a version of the Bible that was released in 1901. ... The Standard American Edition, Revised Version, more commonly known as the American Standard Version (ASV), is a version of the Bible that was released in 1901. ...


Using Bishop Ussher's Bible chronology from the creation to Nebuchadrezzar II provides the following dates: [1] Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656) James Ussher (sometimes spelled Usher) (4 January 1581–21 March 1656) was Anglican Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland between 1625–1656 and a prolific religious scholar who most famously published a chronology which calculated the date of Creation as 4004 BC. // Ussher... The Ussher chronology is a 17th-century chronology of the history of the world formulated from an interpretative reading of the Bible by James Ussher, the Anglican Archbishop of Armagh (in what is now Northern Ireland). ... An engraving inside an onyx-stone-eye in a Marduk statue that might depict Nebechandrezzar II Nebuchadrezzar II, more often called Nebuchadnezzar () (c 630-562 B.C.E), was a ruler of Babylon in the Chaldean Dynasty, who reigned c. ...

Contents

// Events 4860 BC - Mount Mazama in Oregon collapses, forming a caldera that later fills with water and becomes Crater Lake, the deepest lake in the United States. ... This article is about the biblical text. ... The 4th millennium BC saw major changes in human culture. ... The 3rd millennium BC spans the Early to Middle Bronze Age. ... This article is about great floods. ...

Biblical mentions

Methuselah is mentioned in Genesis as the son of Enoch and the father of Lamech (father of Noah), whom he fathered at the age of 187. A close reading of the dates in the Old Testament reveals that Methuselah is said to have died in the year of the Great Flood, but the Bible does not indicate if the cause of his death was by drowning. Some have interpreted his name as a prophecy: when he dies, the Flood will come. In that case, the long life has an allegorical dimension, showing that God withheld judgment on humans for a very long time. For other uses, see Genesis (disambiguation). ... Enoch (חֲנוֹךְ) is a name occurring twice in the generations of Adam. ... Lamech (in Hebrew לֶמֶך Lemmech) is the name of two men appearing in the genealogies of Adam in the book of Genesis. ... This article is about the biblical Noah. ... Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh to refer to its canon, which corresponds to the Protestant Old Testament. ... This article is on mythology involving great floods. ...


However, in the ancient texts from which the English Bible was translated, there are variations of the ages of the patriarchs in different versions. The Samaritan Pentateuch gives his lifespan as 720 years. Other versions of the Septuagint give dates which would have him surviving the Flood. Some Bible scholars have suggested that the age has been adjusted in order to exactly match the flood. [1] The Septuagint: A column of uncial text from 1 Esdras in the Codex Vaticanus, the basis of Sir Lancelot Charles Lee Brentons Greek edition and English translation. ...


Methuselah is also mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Enoch as being the son of Enoch and as having brothers. The writer tells Methuselah of the coming Deluge and of a future Messianic kingdom.[2] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Lifespan

Modern science puts the natural limit on current human longevity below 130 years. This would support the Biblical reference in Genesis 6:3, where God placed a limit of 120 years on man's lifespan. This being the case, Methuselah's lifespan has been a source of much speculation. Some resolve the issue by suggesting that Methuselah's long lifespan is not meant to be taken literally, while others attribute it to translation errors inflating a shorter lifespan. Biblical literalists, on the other hand, have proposed several reasons that might explain a drastic decrease in the human lifespan after the Noachian deluge. The most compelling, however, is the fact that Gen. 6:3 says, "And the Lord said, 'My spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.'" In other words, man's lifespan would be gradually shortened over time, as punishment for sin. Even the idea of death came from sin (i.e. the Fall) at the Garden of Eden, before which man could potentially have lived forever (according to Genesis chapter 2). Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... Longevity is a term that generally refers to long life or great duration of life.[1] Reflections on longevity have usually gone beyond acknowledging the basic shortness of human life and have included thinking about methods to extend life. ... Noah or Nóach (Rest, Standard Hebrew נוֹחַ Nóaḥ, Tiberian Hebrew נֹחַ Nōªḥ; Arabic نوح Nūḥ), son of Lamech and the grandson of Methuselah, built an ark to save his family and a selection of the worlds animals from the Deluge. ...


One solution involving translation error is proposed by Robert Best, who suggests that inaccurate conversion between various ancient Sumerian numerical systems produced the ages of Methuselah, Noah, and kin out of Sumerian king lists; Best calculates that Methuselah's actual age would have been 85, and that he would have had his first son at age 17 (as opposed to after age 100).[3] Another theory suggests lunar cycles were mistaken for the solar ones; if this is the case, each lifespan from Genesis would be shortened by a factor of 12.37; this calculation also gives ages for Methuselah and his contemporaries that resemble those of modern humans. Objections to such life-shortening calculations, however, may be raised on the grounds that, if reductions by these factors are carried out, several biblical fathers would have had children while they themselves were approximately five years old.[4] The Sumerian king list is an ancient text in the Sumerian language listing kings of Sumer from Sumerian and foreign dynasties. ... In astronomy, a phase of the Moon is any of the aspects or appearances presented by the Moon as seen from Earth, determined by the portion of the Moon that is visibly illuminated by the Sun. ...


Many Creationists, meanwhile, accept the ages recorded in the Bible, and have speculated on reasons for the dramatic decrease in lifespans following the Great Flood of Noah's time. One reason claimed is that conditions before the flood caused much less ultraviolet light from the sun to impact the earth, and that this allowed for longer life spans. The Institute for Creation Research has posited that a vapor canopy surrounded the earth before the Flood, and that it was the source of the floodwaters. Such a canopy would also have protected humankind from the aging effects of the sun's ultraviolet rays. After the dissipation of the canopy during the Flood, according to this theory, lifespans dropped rapidly to what they are today. Mainstream scientists have rejected the vapor canopy "theory", asserting that it does not stand up to scientific analysis.[5] Creationism is a religious belief that humanity, life, the Earth, and the universe were created in their original form by a deity or deities (often the Abrahamic God of Judaism, Christianity and Islam), whose existence is presupposed. ... For other uses, see Ultraviolet (disambiguation). ... The Institute for Creation Research (ICR) is a biblical research institute based in Santee, California that focuses on constructing and teaching a Young Earth Creationist world-view. ...


Young Earth creationist Carl Wieland alternatively speculates that the decline in lifespan is because of the drastic reduction in population due to the Flood, causing a genetic bottleneck in which the genes that coded for longevity were lost.[6] This speculation, however, also does not withstand scientific scrutiny since a genetic bottleneck would only affect genes which are not highly useful (i.e. not selected for). It is obvious that longer lived people would produce more offspring and therefore longevity would only be lost if the individuals who survived the flood did not have the longevity gene. Adam and Eve, the first human beings according to Genesis. ... Carl Wieland is an Australian young Earth creationist, author, and speaker. ... A population bottleneck (or genetic bottleneck) is an evolutionary event in which a significant percentage of a population or species is killed or otherwise prevented from reproducing, and the population is reduced by 50% or more, often by several orders of magnitude. ... For other uses, see Gene (disambiguation). ...


For some Bible believers, the cause of the decrease in human longevity is that God sets a specific lifespan for human beings, as in Genesis 6:3: "Then the Lord said, 'My Spirit will not contend with [or "remain in"] man forever, for he is mortal [or "corrupt" (NIV)] ; his days will be a hundred and twenty years.'" Witness Lee's "Four Falls of Man" hypothesis holds that man's life span was shortened four times, due to sin: from everlasting to 1,000 (first fall--the fall of Adam;) from 1,000 to 500 (second fall...the Earth around the time of Noah), from 500 to 250 (third fall) and finally from 250 to 120 (fourth fall brings in the law with Moses). Notably, in the times of King David, when actual ages were recorded, the ages of the kings generally were in the range of 40-70 years old..[7] Witness Lee (李常受 Pinyin: Lǐ Chángshòu) (1905-June 9, 1997) was a Chinese Christian preacher and church leader associated with the Local churches movement and Living Stream Ministry. ...


See also

The effects of ageing on a human face Elderly woman Ageing or aging is the process of systems deterioration with time. ... Back to Methuselah (A Metabiological Pentateuch) is a 1921 series of five plays and a preface by George Bernard Shaw. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, and socialist. ... Longevity is a term that generally refers to long life or great duration of life.[1] Reflections on longevity have usually gone beyond acknowledging the basic shortness of human life and have included thinking about methods to extend life. ... Longevity myths are claims to extreme longevity that are of dubious reliability, or even subsequently disproven. ... Maximum life span is a measure of the maximum number of years a member of a group has been observed to survive. ... The Methuselah Mouse Prize or Mprize is a growing $3. ... DVD cover of documentary film Methuselah is a bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California, which, at 4789 years old, is the oldest living organism currently known and documented. ... Requiem for Methuselah is a third season episode of Star Trek: Original Series, first broadcast February 14, 1969, on St. ... The current Star Trek franchise logo Star Trek is an American science fiction entertainment series and media franchise. ... Cover of the 2000 Year Old Man album The 2000 Year Old Man was a persona created by Mel Brooks and Carl Reiner starting around 1961. ... Carl Reiner (born March 20, 1922) is an American actor, film director, producer, writer and comedian. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Methuselahs Children is a 1941 science fiction novel by Robert Heinlein. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Donald V. Etz (1993) Vetus Testamentum vol 43 no 2 pages 171-189
  2. ^ The Book of Enoch. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  3. ^ Best, Robert. Noah's ark and the Ziusudra Epic. ISBN
  4. ^ Centenarians. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  5. ^ Steiger, Frank. Creationist Vapor Canopy. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  6. ^ Wieland, Carl. Living for 900 years. Retrieved on 2006-08-29.
  7. ^ {{http://www.ministrybooks.org/books.cfm?id=%23%26O%24%2B%0A}}
  8. ^ Vernon Eric Bridges (2007) The Methuselah Factor ISBN 9780954229221
  9. ^ http://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/0954229223
Hebrew Bible Genealogy from Adam to David
v  d  e
Creation to Flood Adam Seth Enos Kenan Mahalalel Jared Enoch Methuselah Lamech Noah Shem
Origin of the Patriarchs Arpachshad Shelah Eber Peleg Reu Serug Nahor Terah Abraham Isaac Jacob
Nationhood to Kingship Judah Pharez Hezron Ram/Aram Amminadab Nahshon Salmon Boaz Obed Jesse David

  Results from FactBites:
 
Methuselah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (643 words)
Methuselah is mentioned in Genesis as the son of Enoch and the father of Lamech (father of Noah), whom he fathered at the age of 187.
Methuselah is also mentioned in the Book of Enoch as being the son of Enoch and as having brothers.
The Methuselah Mouse Prize: is the premiere effort of The Methuselah Foundation; a scientific competition designed to draw attention to the ability of new technologies to slow and even reverse the damage of the aging process, preserving health and wisdom.
Methuselah (WebBible Encyclopedia) - ChristianAnswers.Net (172 words)
This fact, plus the former possible meaning of his name, suggests that Methuselah's very godly father, Enoch, received a prophecy from God when his son was born, thus the name.
Methuselah's great age may be further evidence of God's "long-suffering...in the days of Noah" (1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 3:9).
Methuselah's name is mentioned seven times in the Bible: Genesis 5:21,22, 25,26,27; 1 Chronicles 1:3; Luke 3:37.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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