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Encyclopedia > Metaphysics of presence

The concept of the metaphysics of presence is an important consideration within the area of deconstruction. The deconstructive interpretation holds that the entire history of Western philosophy and its language and traditions has emphasized the desire for immediate access to meaning, and thus built a metaphysics or ontotheology around the privileging of presence over absence. Deconstruction is a term in contemporary philosophy and social sciences, denoting a process by which the texts and languages of Western philosophy (in particular) appear to shift and complicate in meaning, when read in light of the assumptions and absences they reveal within themselves. ... The history of philosophy is the study of philosophical ideas and concepts through time. ... This article is 58 kilobytes or more in size. ... Immediate Records was a British record label, started in 1965 by Rolling Stones manager Andrew Loog Oldham, concentrating on the London based British blues and R&B scene. ... Plato and Aristotle (right), by Raphael (Stanza della Segnatura, Rome). ... Ontotheology means the ontology of God and/or the theology of being. ...


Deconstructive thinkers, like Derrida, describe their task as the questioning or deconstruction of this metaphysical tendency in philosophy. This argument is largely based on the earlier work of Martin Heidegger, who in Being and Time claimed the parasitic nature of the theoretical attitude of pure presence upon a more originary involvement with the world in concepts such as the ready-to-hand and being-with. Friedrich Nietzsche is a more distant, but clear, influence as well. Jacques Derrida Jacques Derrida (July 15, 1930 – October 8, 2004) was an Algerian-born French literary critic and philosopher of Jewish descent, considered the first to develop deconstruction. Positioning Derridas thought Derrida had a significant effect on continental philosophy and on literary theory, particularly through his long-time... Martin Heidegger (September 26, 1889 – May 26, 1976) (pronounced ) was an influential German philosopher, best known as the author of Being and Time (1927). ... // Being and Time (German Sein und Zeit, 1927) is the most important work of German philosopher Martin Heidegger. ... // Martin Heidegger, the 20th-century German philosopher, introduced to the world a large body of work that represented a profound change of direction for philosophy. ... // Martin Heidegger, the 20th-century German philosopher, introduced to the world a large body of work that represented a profound change of direction for philosophy. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 to August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a German philosopher. ...


The presence to which Heidegger refers is both a presence as in a "now" and also a presence as in an eternal, always present, as one might associate with God or the "eternal" of laws of science. In undermining such a hypostatized belief in presence, novel pheomenological ideas, such that presence itself not subsisting, but coming about, in a primordial sense, through the action of our futural projection, our realization of finitude and the reception or rejection of the traditions of our time. A physical law, scientific law, or a law of nature is a scientific generalization based on empirical observations of physical behavior. ... In Christian usage, the Greek word hypostasis () has a complicated and sometimes confusing history, but its literal meaning is that which stands beneath. (See Liddell and Scotts Greek Lexicon [1]). It was used by, for instance, Aristotle and the Neoplatonists, to speak of the objective reality (as opposed to... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // Martin Heidegger, the 20th-century German philosopher, introduced to the world a large body of work that represented a profound change of direction for philosophy. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jacques Derrida - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5929 words)
The history of metaphysics, like the history of the West, is the history of these metaphors and metonymies.
This fluidity stands as a legacy of traditional (that is, Platonist) metaphysics founded on oppositions that seek to establish a stability of meaning through conceptual absolutes where one term, for example "good", is elevated to a status that designates its opposite, in this case "evil", as its perversion, lack or inferior.
No "meaning" is stable: rather, the only thing that keeps the sense of unity within a text is what Derrida called the "metaphysics of presence", where presence was granted the privilege of truth.
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