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Encyclopedia > Metalworking
Turned chess pieces
Turned chess pieces

Metalworking is the craft and practice of working with metals to create structures or machine parts. The term covers a wide range of work-from large ships, bridges and oil refineries to delicate jewellery and instruments. Consequently, this craft covers a wide range of skills and entails the use of many types of tools. Image File history File links Information. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1794x1392, 269 KB) Summary Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie, September 2005 Turned chess pieces Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Metalworking User:Graibeard/gallery Wikipedia:WikiProject Metalworking/Main page ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1794x1392, 269 KB) Summary Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie, September 2005 Turned chess pieces Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Metalworking User:Graibeard/gallery Wikipedia:WikiProject Metalworking/Main page ... A craft is a skill, especially involving practical arts. ... A practice refers to a way that something is done. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily loses electrons to form positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. ... Wind turbines The scientific definition of a machine is any device that transmits or modifies energy. ... Italian Full rigged ship Amerigo Vespucci in New York Harbor, 1976 A ship is a large watercraft capable of offshore navigation. ... A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ... View of the Shell/Valero Martinez oil refinery An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum products. ... Amber jewellery in the form of pendants. ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. ...

Contents

History

Metalworking is a trade, art, hobby and industry that relates to metallurgy - a science, jewelery making - an art and craft, as a trade and an industry with ancient roots spanning all cultures and civilizations. Metalworking had its beginnings millennia in the past. Early humans, we speculate, realized different stones had different properties. These were freed metal ores on the earth's surfaces. We can further speculate that some indigenous groups attributed magical and spiritual significance to them. At some imprecise point humankind discovered that these lustrous rocks were meltable, and ductile and able to be formed into various articles for tools, adornment and practical uses. Humans over the millennia learned to work raw metals into objects of art, adornment, trade and practicality. Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Jewellery (spelled jewelry in American English) consists of ornamental devices worn by persons, typically made with gems and precious metals. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ...


By the historical periods of the Pharohs in Egypt, the Vedic Kings in India, and the Tribes of Israel, and Mayan Civilization in North America among other ancient populations, precious metals began to have value attached to them, and in some cases rules for ownership, distribution, and trade were created, enforced and agreed upon by respective peoples. By the above periods skills at creating objects of adornment, religious artifacts, and trade instruments of precious metals (non-ferrous), as well as weaponry usually of ferrous metals and/or alloys were finely honed and flawlessly executed skills and techniques practised by artisans, blacksmiths, atharvavedic practitioners, alchemists, and other categories of metalworkers around the globe. For example, the ancient technique of granulation is found spontaneously around the world in numerous ancient cultures before the historic record shows people travelled seas or overland to far regions of the earth to share this process still being used, and attempted by metalsmiths today. A blacksmith A blacksmith at work A blacksmith at work A blacksmiths fire Hot metal work from a blacksmith A blacksmith is a person who creates objects from iron or steel by forging the metal; i. ... The Atharvaveda (Sanskrit: अथर्ववेद, , a tatpurusha compound of , a type of priest, and meaning knowledge) is a sacred text of Hinduism, and one of the four Vedas, often called the fourth Veda. According to tradition, the Atharvaveda was mainly composed by two groups of rishis known as the Bhrigus and the... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Granular synthesis is a sound synthesis method for digital musical instruments (synthesizers) that operates on the microsound time scale. ...


As time progressed metal objects became more common, and ever more complex. The need to further acquire and work metals grew in importance. Skills related to extracting metal ores from the earth began to evolve, and metalsmiths became more knowledgable. Metalsmiths became important members of society. Fates and economies of entire civilizations were greatly affected by the availability of metals and metalsmiths. Today modern mining practices are more efficient, and conversely more damaging to the earth, and the workers that are engaged in the industry. Those that finance the operations are driven by profits per ounce of extracted precious metals and today's gold market which as of the date of this editing, are at a 25 year high. The metalworker though depends on the extraction of precious metals to make jewelery, build more efficient electronics, and for industrial and technological applications from construction to shipping containers to rail, and air transport. Without metals, goods and services would cease to move around the globe on the scale we know today. More individuals then ever before are learning metalworking as a creative outlet in the forms of jewelery making, hobby restoration of aircraft and cars, blacksmithing, tinsmithing, tinkering, and in other art and craft pursuits. Trade schools continue to teach welding in all of its forms, and there is a proliferation of schools of Lapidary and Jewelers arts and sciences at this- the beginning of the 21st. Century a.c.e./a.d.


Processes

Shape modifying by material removal processes

Milling

Main article: Milling machine

Milling is the complex shaping of metal (or possibly other materials) parts, by removing unneeded material to form the final shape. It is generally done on a milling machine, a power-driven machine that in its basic form is comprised of a milling cutter that rotates about the spindle axis (like a drill), and a worktable that can move in multiple directions (usually three dimensions [x,y,z axis] relative to the workpiece, whereas a drill can only move in one dimension [z axis] while cutting). The motion across the surface of the workpiece is usually accomplished by moving the table on which the workpiece is mounted, in the x and y directions. Milling machines may be operated manually or under computer numerical control (CNC), and can perform a vast number of complex operations, such as slot cutting, planing, drilling and threading, rabbeting, routing, etc. Two common types of millers are the horizontal miller and vertical miller. Endmills for a milling machine. ... Endmills for a milling machine. ... Milling cutters are cutting tools used in milling machines or machining centres. ... A child using an electric drill with a screwdriver bit mounted in the chuck. ... A wooden dining table and chairs. ... The acronym CNC stands for Computer(ized) Numerical(ly) Control(led), and refers specifically to the computer control of machine tools for the purpose of (repeatedly) manufacturing complex parts in metal as well as other materials, using a program written in a notation conforming to the EIA-274-D standard... Endmills for a milling machine. ... The term planer may refer to several types of woodworking machines or metalworking machine tools: Thicknesser or Thickness planer, a machine that creates boards of an even thickness throughout their length (North American English) Jointer, a machine that produces flat surfaces and straight edges on boards (UK and Australia) Hand... Drilling is the process of using a drill bit in a drill to produce holes. ... A rebate or rabbet A rabbet (also known as rebate) is a recess or groove cut into the edge of a piece of machineable material, usually wood. ... A D-handle fixed-base router A router is a woodworking tool used to rout out (hollow out) an area in the face of a piece of wood. ...


Turning

Main article: Lathe (metal)
Conventional metalworking lathe
Conventional metalworking lathe

A lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material so that when abrasive, cutting, or deformation tools are applied to the workpiece, it can be shaped to produce an object which has rotational symmetry about an axis of rotation, called Solids of Revolution. Examples of objects that can be produced on a lathe include candlestick holders, table legs, bowls, baseball bats, crankshafts or camshafts. Center lathe with DRO and chuck guard. ... Conventional lathe. ... Conventional lathe. ... A machine tool is a powered mechanical device, typically used to fabricate metal components of machines by the selective removal of metal. ... Abrasives are extremely commonplace and are used very extensively in a wide variety of industrial, domestic, and technological applications. ... Two examples of the use of knurling in hand tools. ... The triskelion appearing on the Isle of Man flag. ... The axis of rotation of a rotating body is a line such that the distance between any point on the line and any point of the body remains constant under the rotation. ... This article should be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... welcome:: This is an article about items in a room. ... A salad in a bowl sits next to a small pie in a pie dish Chawan, drinking bowls used in a Japanese tea ceremony Bowls used as construction tools in contemporary India. ... Four historically significant baseball bats showcased in the National Baseball Hall of Fames traveling exhibit Baseball As America. ... Crankshaft (red), pistons (gray) in their cylinders (blue), and flywheel (black) Continental engine marine crankshafts, 1942 Components of a typical, four stroke cycle, DOHC piston engine. ... Computer animation of a camshaft The camshaft is an apparatus often used in piston engines to operate poppet valves. ...


The material may be held in place by a chuck or worked between one or two centers of which at least one can be moved horizontally to accommodate varying material lengths. In a metalworking lathe, metal is removed from the workpiece using a hardened cutting tool which is usually fixed to a solid moveable mounting called the "toolpost", this arrangement is then moved around the workpiece using handwheels and/or computer controlled motors. The main difference between the Milling Machine and the Lathe is that in the Milling Machine the tool is moving but in the Lathe, the work is moving. Modern CNC lathes can do secondary operations like milling in X,Y,Z direction by using driven tools also called live tools. When driven tools are used the work piece stops rotating and the driven tool executes the machining operation with a rotating cutting tool. Driven tools increase machining performance as all operations can be made in one set up in the CNC lathe. A Chuck is a specialised type of clamp used to hold rotating tools or materials. ... Center lathe with DRO and chuck guard. ... A tool bit generally refers to a plain High Speed Steel (HSS) tool. ...


Cutting

There are many technologies available to cut metal. Sawing, chisel, shearing, burning by Laser, gas jet and plasma, erosion by water jet or electric discharge, and hand cutting. Cutting fluid or coolant are introduced by a spray across the face of the tool and piece to decrease the temperature caused by friction and to prevent tool point weld. Portable saw A saw is a tool for cutting wood or other material, consisting of a serrated blade (a blade with the cutting edge dentated or toothed) and worked either by hand or by steam, water, electric or other power. ... Steel woodworking chisel. ... A small pair of shears A pair of shears is any scissors-type tool of relatively large size. ... Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. ... Plasma cutting is a process used to cut steel and other metals (or sometimes other materials) using a plasma torch. ... Water Jet has several meanings including : simply a jet of water under pressure a marine propulsion mechanism for jetskis and some other types of boats (see: pump-jet) a tool for cutting and abrasion in the machining of engineering materials, see water jet cutter. ... Spark erosion is a machining process that is particularly used in the making of plastics moulding tools. ... Cutting fluid or coolant is liquid used to cool and lubricate the cutting edges of machine tools and the pieces they are shaping. ... A coolant, or heat transfer fluid, is a fluid which flows through a device in order to prevent its overheating, transferring the heat produced by the device to other devices that utilize or dissipate it. ... Friction is the force that opposes the relative motion or tendency toward such motion of two surfaces in contact. ... Welding is a joining process that produces coalescence of materials (typically metals or thermoplastics) by heating them to welding temperature, with or without the application of pressure or by the application of pressure alone, and with or without the use of filler material. ...


Drilling and threading

Three different types and sizes of taps
Three different types and sizes of taps

Drilling is the process of using a drill bit in a drill to produce holes. Under normal usage, swarf is carried up and away from the tip of the drill bit by the fluting. The continued production of chips from the cutting edges pushes the older chips outwards from the hole. This continues until the chips pack too tightly, either because of deeper than normal holes or insufficient backing off (removing the drill slightly [breaking the chip] or totally from the hole [clearing the bit] while drilling). Lubricants (or coolants) (i.e. cutting fluid) are sometimes used to ease this problem and to prolong the tool's life by cooling, lubricating the tip and improving chip flow. Drilling is the process of using a drill bit in a drill to produce holes. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1452x1032, 252 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1452x1032, 252 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Drill bits are cutting tools used to create cylindrical holes. ... A child using an electric drill with a screwdriver bit mounted in the chuck. ... Various examples of swarf, including a block of compressed swarf Swarf (or turnings) is shavings and chippings of metal -- the debris or waste resulting from metalworking operations. ... Drill bits are cutting tools used to create cylindrical holes. ... Cutting fluid or coolant is liquid used to cool and lubricate the cutting edges of machine tools and the pieces they are shaping. ...


Taps and dies are tools commonly used for the cutting of screw threads in metal parts. A tap is used to cut a female thread on the inside surface of a predrilled hole, while a die cuts a male thread on a preformed cylindrical rod. Taps and dies are generally metalworking tools for the creation (cutting) of screw threads in metal parts. ... Screw thread, used to convert torque into the linear force in the flood gate. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily loses electrons to form positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. ...

Die head | Drill | Drill bit | Drill bit shank | Drill bit sizes | Drill and tap size chart | Drilling | Jig borer | Pin chuck | Screw thread | Taps and dies | Tap wrench A die head is a threading die that is used in the high volume production of threaded components. ... A child using an electric drill with a screwdriver bit mounted in the chuck. ... Drill bits are cutting tools used to create cylindrical holes. ... The shank is the part of a drill bit grasped by the chuck of a drill. ... Drill bits are the cutting tools of drilling machines. ... Below is a comprehensive drill and tap size chart for all drills, imperial and metric, and taps up to 1 inch. ... An electric drill A drill is a tool with a rotary drill bit used to bore holes through material. ... The jig borer is a type of machine tool invented at the end of World War I to make possible the quick-yet-very-precise location of hole centers. ... Two pin chucks. ... Screw thread, used to convert torque into the linear force in the flood gate. ... Taps and dies are generally metalworking tools for the creation (cutting) of screw threads in metal parts. ... Two Bar tap wrenches and a T style tap wrench A tap wrench is a hand tool used to operate any small tool that has a square driving head as part of its body. ...

Grinding

Main article: Grinding machine
Flick grinder with magnetic chuck
Flick grinder with magnetic chuck

Grinding uses an abrasive process to remove material from the workpiece. A grinding machine is a machine tool used for producing very fine finishes, making very light cuts, or high precision forms using a abrasive wheel as the cutting device. This wheel can be made up of various sizes and types of stones, diamonds or inorganic materials. Rotating abrasive wheel on a bench grinder. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1743x1383, 284 KB) Summary Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie, September 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1743x1383, 284 KB) Summary Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie, September 2005. ... Abrasives are extremely commonplace and are used very extensively in a wide variety of industrial, domestic, and technological applications. ... A machine tool is a powered mechanical device, typically used to fabricate metal components of machines by the selective removal of metal. ... A grinding wheel is an expendable wheel that carries an abrasive compound on its periphery. ... This article is about the gemstone. ... Inorganic chemistry is the branch of chemistry concerned with the properties and reactions of inorganic compounds. ...


the simplest grinder is a bench grinder or a hand-held angle grinder, for deburring parts or cutting metal with a zip-disc.


grinders have increased in size and complexity with advances in time and technology. from the old days of a manual toolroom grinder sharpening endmills for a production shop, to today's 30000rpm CNC auto-loading manufacturing cell producing jet turbines, grinding processes vary greatly.


grinders need to be very rigid machines to produce the required finish. some grinders are even used to produce glass scales for postioning CNC machine axis. the common rule is the machines used to produce scales be 10X more accurate than the machines the parts are produced for.


in the past grinders were used for finishing operations only due to limitations of tooling. modern grinding wheel materials and the use of industrial diamonds or other made-made coatings (cubic boron nitride) on wheel forms have allowed grinders to achieve excellent results in production enviroments instead of being relegated to the back of the shop.


modern technology has advanced grinding operations to include CNC controls, high material removal rates with high precision, lending itself well to aerospace applications and high volume production runs of precision components.


Shape modifying with material retention processes

These processes modify the shape of the object being formed, without removing any material.


Casting

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Casting may be used to create artistic sculptures Casting is a manufacturing process by which a molten material such as metal or plastic is introduced into a mold, allowed to solidify within the mold, and then ejected or broken out to make a fabricated part. ... Casting may be used to create artistic sculptures Casting is a manufacturing process by which a molten material such as metal or plastic is introduced into a mold, allowed to solidify within the mold, and then ejected or broken out to make a fabricated part. ... This article is about the manufacturing process. ... This article is about the manufacturing process. ... Spin casting or Centrifugal Rubber Mold Casting (CRMC) is a method of utilizing centrifugal force to produce castings from a rubber mold. ...

Plastic deforming

A blacksmiths forge For finery forges (making iron) see finery forge. ... profile rolling (to manufacture a cone) Rolling is a fabricating process in which the metal, plastic, paper, glass, etc. ... Extrusion is a manufacturing process used to create long objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile. ... Metal Spinning is a process by which circles of metal are shaped over mandrels (also called forms) while mounted on a spinning lathe by the application of levered force with various tools. ... Stamping is a metalworking process by which sheet metal strips are punched using a press tool which is loaded on a machine press or stamping press to form the sheet into a desired shape. ...

Powder forming

This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Sheet metal forming

GGJKUIOYEEYRYH Sheet metal forming refers to the various processes used to convert cold rolled metal sheet into finished parts such as aluminium cans and automobile body panels. ... Bending Bending is a common manufacturing method to process sheet metal. ... Drawing is a manufacturing process for producing a wire, bar or tube by pulling on a material until it increases in length. ... Metal Spinning is a process by which circles of metal are shaped over mandrels (also called forms) while mounted on a spinning lathe by the application of levered force with various tools. ... Roll Forming Stand Roll forming is a continuous bending operation in which a long strip of metal is passed through consecutive sets of rolls, or stands, each performing only an incremental part of the bend, until the desired cross-section profile is obtained. ... Wheeling is the name of some places in the United States of America: Wheeling, Illinois Wheeling, West Virginia Wheeling is also a form of torture: Wheeling Wheeling is also a technique for the cold forming of sheet metal into complex shapes. ... The English Wheel is a manually operated metal working apparatus that allows a craftsman to curve flat sheets of metal, aluminium, or steel. ... An English wheel showing four interchangeable lower wheels (anvils), the larger fixed upper wheel, the pressure adjustment screw and a quick release mechanism The English Wheel is a manually operated metalworking apparatus that allows a craftsman to form smooth, compound curves from flat sheets of metal, such as aluminum or...


=== Joining processes ===


Welding

Main article: Welding
Arc welding
Arc welding

Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. This is often done by melting the workpieces and adding a filler material to form a pool of molten material that cools to become a strong joint, but sometimes pressure is used in conjunction with heat, or by itself, to produce the weld. This is in contrast with soldering and brazing, which involve melting a lower-melting-point material between the workpieces to form a bond between them. Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1960x2213, 3402 KB) A man gas metal arc welding. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1960x2213, 3402 KB) A man gas metal arc welding. ... A typical steel fabrication shop Fabrication, when used chas an industrial term, applies to the building of machines and structures by cutting, shaping and assembling components made from raw materials. ... Hot metal work from a blacksmith In chemistry, a metal (Greek: Metallon) is an element that readily loses electrons to form positive ions (cations) and has metallic bonds between metal atoms. ... A thermoplastic is a material that is plastic or deformable, melts to a liquid when heated and freezes to a brittle, glassy state when cooled sufficiently. ... Look up coalescence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Physics In physics, melting is the process of heating a solid substance to a point (called melting point) where it turns liquid. ... The use of water pressure - the Captain Cook Memorial Jet in Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra, Australia. ... For other uses, see Heat (disambiguation) In physics, heat, symbolized by Q, is energy transferred from one body or system to another as a result of a difference in temperature. ... (De)soldering a contact from a wire. ... Brazing is a joining process whereby a non-ferrous filler metal or alloy is heated to melting temperature (above 450°C; 842°F) and distributed between two or more close-fitting parts by capillary action. ...


Many different energy sources can be used for welding, including a gas flame, an electric arc, a laser, an electron beam, friction, and ultrasound. While often an industrial process, welding can be done in many different environments, including open air, underwater and in space. Regardless of location, however, welding remains dangerous, and precautions must be taken to avoid burns, electric shock, poisonous fumes, and overexposure to ultraviolet light. A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, frost, and releases energy in varying intensities. ... Electricity arcs between the power rail and electrical pickup shoe on a London Underground train An electric arc is an electrical breakdown of a gas which produces an ongoing plasma discharge, similar to the instant spark, resulting from a current flowing through normally nonconductive media such as air. ... Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. ... e- redirects here. ... Friction is the force that opposes the relative motion or tendency toward such motion of two surfaces in contact. ... Ultrasound is a form of cyclic sound pressure with a frequency greater than the upper limit of human hearing, this limit being approximately 20 kilohertz (20,000 hertz). ... Underwater welding Underwater welding refers to a number of distinct welding processes that are performed underwater. ... Layers of Atmosphere - not to scale (NOAA)[1] Outer space, sometimes simply called space, refers to the relatively empty regions of the universe outside the atmospheres of celestial bodies. ... Sign warning of possible electric shock hazard An electric shock can occur upon contact of a human or animal body with any source of voltage high enough to cause sufficient current flow through the muscles or nerves. ... Note: Ultraviolet is also the name of a 1998 UK television miniseries about vampires. ...


Hand fabrication

Three different engineering hand scrapers
Three different engineering hand scrapers

A wide variety of hand and small power tools are often used for metalworking, and an experienced machinist can fabricate almost any part using only hand tools, although it may require more time than with advanced machinery. Many types of hand tools are used, including cutting and scraping tools to remove metal, impact tools to reshape metal, and a wide variety of tools for marking, positioning, or otherwise assisting the fabrication process. Metalworking hand tools are hand tools that are used in the metalworking field. ... Download high resolution version (1941x1047, 366 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Download high resolution version (1941x1047, 366 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Three different engineering hand scrapers A hand scraper is a single-edged tool used to scrape metal from a surface. ... A machinist is a craftsman who uses machine tools to make parts or alter parts by cutting away excess material. ...


Ball-peen hammer | Combination square | Drift pin | File | File card | Hammer | Hand scraper | Machinist square | Magnetic base | Peening | Pliers | Power tool | Punch | Rotary tool | Scriber | Throatless shear | Tongs | Tool | Vise | Workbench | Wrench A 380 mm (15 in) ball-peen hammer. ... A combination square is a tool used for multiple purposes. ... In metalworking, a drift pin (or simply drift) is the name for several kinds of tools used for enlarging holes, or aligning holes prior to bolting or riveting metal parts together. ... Detail of a double-cut flat file A file (or hand-file) is a hand tool used to shape material by abrasion. ... A File card is a brush with metal bristles, used to clean the cutting grooves in a file. ... A claw hammer For other uses, see Hammer (disambiguation). ... Three different engineering hand scrapers A hand scraper is a single-edged tool used to scrape metal from a surface. ... Two typical engineers squares A machinist square or engineers square is the metalworkers equivalent of a try square. ... Magnetic base as used in the engineering metaltrades. ... A 380 mm (15 in) ball-peen hammer. ... Needle-nose pliers Pliers are hand tools, designed primarily for gripping objects by using leverage. ... A power tool is a tool with a motor. ... A variety of punches are used in engineering. ... A handheld power tool with a variety of rotating accessory bits and attachments that can be used for cutting, carving, sanding, polishing and many other applications. ... An assortment of metal working scribers Scribers are hand tools used in the metal trades to mark lines on workpieces, prior to machining. ... A throatless shear is a cutting tool used to make complex straight and curved cuts in sheet metal. ... Tongs used for cooking or serving food Tongs are gripping and lifting tools, of which there are many forms adapted to their specific use. ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. ... Bench vise A vise (American and Canadian English) or vice (British English) is a mechanical screw apparatus used for holding or clamping a work piece to allow work to be performed on it using other tools, such as saws, planes, drills, mills, screwdrivers, sandpaper, In general, vises have a fixed... AmigaOS is the default native operating system of the Amiga and AmigaOne personal computers. ... Combination wrench, or combination spanner (left: box-end/ring, right: open-end) A wrench or spanner is a tool used to provide a mechanical advantage in applying torque to turn bolts, nuts or other hard-to-turn items. ...


Preparation and validation

Marking out

Main article: Marking out
A combination square used for transferring designs.
A combination square used for transferring designs.

Marking out (also known as layout) is the process of transferring a design or pattern to a workpiece and is the first step in the handcraft of metalworking. It is performed in many industries or hobbies, although in the repetition industries the need to mark out every individual piece is eliminated. Marking out is a moment of enjoying professional wrestling for what it is rather than analyzing its staged nature, and can be a sought-after experience for fans whose insider knowledge can make them jaded toward its entertainment aspect. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1209, 476 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2025x1209, 476 KB)Photograph taken by Glenn McKechnie on the 24th March 2005. ... A combination square is a tool used for multiple purposes. ... All Saints Chapel in the Cathedral Basilica of St. ... A pattern is a form, template, or model (or, more abstractly, a set of rules) which can be used to make or to generate things or parts of a thing, especially if the things that are generated have enough in common for the underlying pattern to be inferred or discerned...


In the metal trades area, marking out consists of transferring the engineer's plan to the workpiece in preparation for the next step, machining or manufacture. Technical drawing, also known as drafting, is the practice of creating accurate representations of objects for technical, architectural and engineering needs. ...



Metalworking:
v  d  e

Metalworking topics:   Image File history File links Blacksmith-hammer-anvil-50x50. ...

Casting | CNC | Cutting tools | Drilling and threading | Fabrication | Finishing | Grinding | Jewellery | Lathe (tool) | Machining | Machine tooling | Measuring | Metalworking | Hand tools | Metallurgy | Milling | Occupations | Press tools | Smithing | Terminology | Welding Casting may be used to create artistic sculptures Casting is a manufacturing process by which a molten material such as metal or plastic is introduced into a mold, allowed to solidify within the mold, and then ejected or broken out to make a fabricated part. ... A CNC Turning Center A CNC Milling Machine The abbreviation CNC stands for computer numerical control, and refers specifically to a computer controller that reads G-code instructions and drives the machine tool, a powered mechanical device typically used to fabricate metal components by the selective removal of metal. ... a Cutting Tool, in the context of Metalworking is any tool that is used to remove metal from the workpiece by means of shear deformation. ... Drilling is the process of using a drill bit in a drill to produce holes. ... A typical steel fabrication shop Fabrication, when used chas an industrial term, applies to the building of machines and structures by cutting, shaping and assembling components made from raw materials. ... Metalworking finishing is the activity of making things out of metal in a skillful manner. ... Rotating abrasive wheel on a bench grinder. ... Amber jewellery in the form of pendants. ... Conventional metalworking lathe In woodturning, metalworking, metal spinning, and glassworking, a lathe is a machine tool which spins a block of material so that when abrasive, cutting, or deformation tools are applied to the block, it can be shaped to produce an object which has rotational symmetry about an axis... A lathe is a common tool used in machining. ... A machine tool is a powered mechanical device, typically used to fabricate metal components of machines by the selective removal of metal. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Metalworking hand tools are hand tools that are used in the metalworking field. ... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Endmills for a milling machine. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Smith (metalwork). ... Power press with a fixed barrier guard A press, or a machine press is a tool used to work metal (typically steel) by changing its shape and internal structure. ... A smith, or metalsmith, is a person involved in the shaping of metal objects. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. ...

External links


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In both our metalworking and cleaning and refinishing shops we offer solutions to those faced with what to do with existing metalwork regardless of its condition.
When metalwork is too deteriorated to fully restore, we can reproduce original parts or reconstruct missing elements in our metalworking shop.
Fountains of Light: Islamic Metalwork from the Nuhad Es-Said Collection (325 words)
Fountains of Light: Islamic Metalwork from the Nuhad Es-Said Collection, the first exhibition of this superb group of objects in the United States, provides an in-depth view of the history of inlaid metalwork from its inception in Iran and present-day Afghanistan and Uzbekistan to its later development in Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and Anatolia (present-day Turkey).
In the late tenth century, metalworkers in eastern Iran began to manufacture brass and bronze objects inlaid with designs in gold, silver, and copper.
This technique allowed metalworkers to "paint" their vessels with scenes of hunting and feasting—associated with courtly life—astrological signs, and bold calligraphic dedications to rulers.
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