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Encyclopedia > Messolongi
Prefecture: Aitolia-Acarnania
Province: Messolonghi

38.38/38°22'51' N lat.
21.428/21°25'45' E long
Population: (2001)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank



Gulf of Patras
9 m(centre)
about 600 to 800 m
Postal code: 302 00
Area/distance code: 11-30-26310 (030-26310)-2
Municipal code: 0218
Car designation: ME (Messolonghi)
3-letter abbreviation: MES

Messolonghi, also Messolongi, Mesolongi (Greek, Modern: Μεσολόγγι, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), older forms Messolongio, Mesolongio, Messolongion, Messolonghion is a town of about 12,000 people (as of 1991 census) in central Greece. The town is the capital of Aetolia and Acarnania and is also the second largest town. It is the seat of the municipality of Iera Poli Messolonghiou. Messolonghi is linked and is bypasses since the 1960s with GR-5/E55. The road to Astakos is to the northwest and is also accessed to GE-48 to the east. It is located S of Agrinio, SSW of Karpenisi, WSW od Amfissa, W of the Rio-Antirio Bridge, W of Nafpaktos, E of Aitoliko and SE of Astakos. The town was founded in the 16th century and is located between the Achelous and the Evinos rivers. The town contains a port on the Gulf of Patras (Patra or Patrai). It trades in fish, wine, and tobacco. The Arakynthos mountains lie to the northeast. The town is almost canalized but houses are within the gulf and the swamplands. The Messolonghi Lagoon lies to the west and is also a swampy area. In the ancient times, the land was part of the gulf. The town had a train station which used to link the railway line linking to Ioannina and became abandoned in the 1980s. Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos): External link Map Categories: Lists of subnational entities | Prefectures of Greece ... Aitolia_Acarnania, (Greek: Αιτωλοακαρνανία) also Aetoloacarnania, rarely Aetolia and Acarnania or Aitoloakarnania is one of the fifty_one prefectures of Greece. ... Here are a lists of the provinces (Greek: επαρχεία, eparcheia fr. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list by town of dialing codes in Greece. ... The National Statistical Service of Greece (NSSG) is a General Secretariat of the Greek Ministry of Economy and Finance with more than 1100 employees. ... The Greek car license plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (f. ... Katharevousa (Greek Καθαρεύουσα, IPA //) is a form of the Greek language, created during the early 19th century by Adamantios Korais (1748-1833). ... Aitolia_Acarnania, (Greek: Αιτωλοακαρνανία) also Aetoloacarnania, rarely Aetolia and Acarnania or Aitoloakarnania is one of the fifty_one prefectures of Greece. ... Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... Greece Interstate 5 is a highway in Western Greece. ... The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden and... Greece Interstate 48 is a highway in Western and Central Greece. ... Agrinio is the largest town of the Aitolia-Acarnania prefecture of Greece, with about 80. ... Naupactus is also a scientific name, see Naupactus (beetle) Nafpaktos, Latin: Naupactus or Naupactos (Italian, Lepanto; modern Greek, Ναύπακτος, rarely Epakto), is a town in the nomarchy of Acarnania and Aetolia, Greece, situated on a bay on the north side of the straits of Lepanto. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... For the river, see Achelous River In Greek mythology, Achelous (Greek: Αχελώος), was the patron deity of the river by the same name, which is the largest river of Greece, and thus the chief of all river deities, every river having its own river spirit. ... The Gulf of Patras (Greek: Πατραϊκός Κόλπος Patraikos Kolpos) is a gulf that stretches from the eastern part of the Ionian Sea between Oxeia island and Cape Araxos in the south in the west up to the Strait of Rion at the capes Rio and Antirrio to the east next... Ioannina (Greek: Ιωάννινα, often Γιάννενα Giannena, Yiannena or Γιάννινα Giannina, Yiannina ; Albanian: Janinë or Janina; Aromanian: Ianina, Bulgarian: Янина Janina) is a city in and capital of Epirus, Greece, with a population of approximately 100,000 and sitting at an elevation of 600 metres above sea level. ... Events and trends The 1980s marked an abrupt shift towards more conservative lifestyles after the momentous cultural revolutions which took place in the 1960s and 1970s and the definition of the AIDS virus in 1981. ...

Messolonghi was a major stronghold of the Greek insurgents in the Greek War of Independence. Its inhabitants successfully resisted a siege by Turkish forces of the Ottoman Empire in 1822–23 and held out heroically against a second siege from 1825 to 1826, when the Ottoman forces captured the town. The famous English poet Lord Byron, who supported the Greek struggle for independence, died there in 1824. His memory is commemorated by a cenotaph and a statue located in the town. The Greek War of Independence was fought from the Greeks declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire on March 25 (now Greek Independence Day) 1821 until the modern state of Greece was granted independence by the Treaty of Constantinople in July 1832. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul (Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 6. ... Lord Byron, English poet Lord Byron (1803), as painted by Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, (January 22, 1788 – April 19, 1824) was the most widely read English language poet of his day. ... A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ...


Historical population

Year Population Change Municipal population
1981 11,375 - -
1991 10,916 -459/-4.04% 16,859
2001 - - - -->

1981 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sites of interest

  • Museum of the History and the Art of the Holy City of Mesolongi, website (http://www.culture.gr/4/42/421/42103/42103d/e42103d1.html)


Messolonghi has a schools, lyceums, gymnasia, churches, banks, a police station, a water tower, a post office, a junior soccer team, and a square (plateia). Plateia (πλατεία) is the Greek word for town square. ...

External links

  • http://www.kavi.gr/greeceinfos/messolongi.htm
  • http://www.in-greece.de/ziele/ort.php4?ort_id=101
  • projects/acheloos/acheloos3.html The Acheloos delta forms the Messolongi Lagoon (http://www.water-technology.net/)
  • http://www.ac-strasbourg.fr/pedago/ lettres/Victor%20Hugo/Notes/Missol.htm (in French)
  • http://p199.ezboard.com/fgreeceellasfrm94
  • http://www.e-city.gr/aitoloakarnania/home/view/1200.php (in Greek)

See also

  • Communities of Aitolia-Acarnania

Here are a list of communities, sub-communites, and some sections of the prefecture of Aitolia-Acarnania (Aetolia and Acarnania) in Greece: A-B Achira Achladokastro Aitos Agios Andreas Agios Dimitrios Agios Georgios Agios Ilias Agios Konstantinos Agios Nikolaos Agios Thomas Agia Paraskevi Agia Sofia Agia Varvara Agrampela Agridi Agrinio...

Northwest: Aitoliko North: Arakynthos Northeast: Makrynia
West: Messolonghi Lagoon Iera Poli Messolongiou East: Chalkia
South: Gulf of Patras
Municipalities of Aitolia-Acarnania/Aitoloacarnania
Agrinio | Aitoliko | Alyzia | Amfilochia | Anactorio | Angelokastro | Antirio | Apodotia | Pappadates | Astakos | Chalkia | Fyties | Iera Poli Messolongiou | Inacho | Kekropia | Makrynia | Menidi | Nafpaktos | Neapoli | Panaitoliko | Parakampylia | Paravola | Platanos | Pyllini | Stratos | Thermo | Thespies

  Results from FactBites:
The town of Messolongi (377 words)
Messolongi is a small city situated within central Greece, between the River Acheloos and the River Evinos, and counts with several peculiarities which turn it into a very interesting spot to meet.
The town of Messolongi is also called Messolonghi or Mesolongion, and was founded in the 16th century although it was inhabited before that époque.
During this war, the town of Messolongi was a very important stronghold and its inhabitants succeeded in their resistance against the Turkish invaders until Ottoman forces took control over the city.
Messolongi - Greece - Accommodation! (357 words)
Low budget hotels in Messolongi are available in and around the city as well as in the surrounding villages.
Camping in Messolongi and in the surrounding areas is a pleasure, as the camping grounds are located near scenic locations and most of them are also near the beaches.
If one is looking for private apartments to rent in Messolongi, either for a short or a longer period of time, one can find the apartment rentals in all areas of the city.
  More results at FactBites »



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