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Encyclopedia > Messinia
Messinia Prefecture
Νομός Μεσσηνίας
Location of Messinia Prefecture in Greece
 
Periphery Peloponnese
Capital Kalamata
Population 180,264 (2005)
Ranked 15th
Area 2,991 km² Ranked 15th
Population density 60.3/km² Ranked 19th
Number of provinces 4
Number of municipalities 29
Number of communities 2
Postal codes 24x xx
Area codes 272x0, 276x0
Licence plate code ΚΜ
ISO 3166-2 code GR-17
Website

Messinia (Greek: Μεσσηνία, also spelled Messenia; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a prefecture in the Peloponnese, a region of Greece. Messinia is bounded on the east by Mount Taygetus, on the north by the river Neda and the Arcadian Mountains, on the south and west by the sea. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The peripheries (περιφέρειες) are the subnational divisions of Greece. ... Though Peloponnese is used to refer to the entire peninsula, the periphery with that name includes only part of that landmass. ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... This is a list of the prefectures of Greece, in order of descending population (in 2005). ... -1... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Following is a list of Greek prefectures ordered by population density. ... Here are a lists of the provinces (Greek: επαρχεία, eparcheia fr. ... Communities and municipalities of Greece are one of several levels of government within the organizational structure of that country. ... Communities and municipalities of Greece are one of several levels of government within the organizational structure of that country. ... Here are list of postal codes in Greece. ... This is an alphabetical list by town of dialing codes in Greece. ... Greek car number plates are composed of three letters and four digits per plate (e. ... The front page of the English Wikipedia Website. ... This is a list of traditional Greek place names. ... Greece consists of 13 administrative regions known as Peripheries of Greece, which are further subdivided into 51 prefectures (nomoi, singular - nomos, Greek: νομοί, νομός)): See also List of the prefectures of Greece by area List of the prefectures of Greece by population density List of the prefectures of Greece by population External... Though Peloponnese is used to refer to the entire peninsula, the periphery with that name includes only part of that landmass. ... Taygetus or Taygetos (Greek: Ταΰγετος), also Taigetos is a mountain range of the Peloponnesus, Southern Greece, extending about 65 mi (100 km) north from the southern end of Cape Matapan in the Mani Peninsula. ...

Contents


History

Historically and economically the most important part of Messinia is the great plain, consisting of two distinct portions, watered by the river Pamisus (mod. Pirnatza) and its affluents. This is the most fertile tract in Greece, and at the present day produces oranges, citrons, almonds, figs, grapes and olives in great abundance and of excellent quality. The plain, is bounded on the north by the Nomian Mountains (modern Tetrási, around 1,570 m, 5210 ft.) and their westerly extension, on the west by the mountains of Cyparissia (around 1,300 m, 4000 ft.), a southern continuation of which forms the south-west peninsula of the Morea, attaining its greatest height in Mt Mathia (mod. Lykódimo about 950 m, 3160 ft.). Off the south coast of, this peninsula lie the three Oenussae islands and the islet of Theganussa (Venetikó). In spite of its long coastline, Messenia has no good harbours except the Bay of Pylos (Navarino), and has never played an important part in Greek naval history. Look up orange in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Citron is a citrus fruit of the species Citrus medica. ... Binomial name Prunus dulcis (Mill. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis - Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina - Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica - Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla - Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa - Chinese Banyan Ficus... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Syria and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. ... Kyparissia, rarely Cyparissia is a town of around 4,000 in western Messenia. ... The Morea and surrounding states carved from the Byzantine Empire, as they were in 1265 (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911) The name Morea (Μωρέας) for Peloponnesos first appears in the 10th century in Byzantine chronicles. ...


The earliest inhabitants of Messenia are said to have been Pelasgians and Leleges, of whom the latter had their capital at Andania. Then came an Aeolo-Minyan immigration, which apparently extended to Messenia, though the Pylos of Nestor almost certainly lay in Triphylia, and not at the site which in historic times bore that name. In the Homeric poems eastern Messenia is represented as under the rule of Menelaus of Sparta, while the western coast is under the Neleids of Pylos, but after Menelaus’s death the Messenian frontier was pushed eastwards as far as Taygetus. A body of Dorians under Cresphontes invaded the country from Arcadia, and, taking as their capital Stenyclarus in the northern plain, extended, first their suzerainty, and then their rule over the whole district. The task apparently proved an easy one, and the Dorians blending with the previous inhabitants produced a single Messenian race with a strong national feeling. But the fertility of the soil, the warm and genial climate, the mingling of races and the absence of opposition, combined to render the Messenians no match for their hardy and warlike neighbours of Sparta. War broke out—in consequence, it was said, of the murder of the Spartan king Teleclus by the Messenians - which, in spite of the heroism of King Euphaes and his successor Aristodemus ended in the subjection of Messenia to Sparta (c. 720 BC). Two generations later the Messenians revolted and under the leadership of Aristomenes kept the Spartans at bay for some seventeen years (648 BC631 BC, according to Grote): but the stronghold of Ira (Eira) fell after a siege of eleven years, and those Messenians who did not leave the country were reduced to the condition of helots. The next revolt broke out in 464 BC, when a severe earthquake destroyed Sparta and caused great loss of life; the insurgents defended themselves for some years on the rock-citadel of Ithome, as they had done in the first war; but eventually they had, to leave the Peloponnese and were settled by the Athenians at Naupactus in the territory of the Locri Ozolae. After the Battle of Leuctra (371 BC), Epaminondas invited the exiled Messenians scattered in Italy, Sicily, Africa and elsewhere to return to their country: the city of Messene was founded in 369 BC to be the capital of the country and, like Megalopolis in Arcadia, a powerful check on Sparta. Other towns too were founded or rebuilt at this time, though a great part of the land still remained very sparsely peopled. But though independent Messenia never became really powerful or able to stand without external support. After the fall of the Theban power, to which it had owed its foundation, it became an ally of Philip II of Macedon and took no part in the battle of Chaeronea (338 BC). Subsequently it joined the Achaean League, and we find Messenian troops fighting along with the Achaeans and Antigonus Doson at Sellasia in 222 BC. Philip V sent Demetrius of Pharos to seize Messene, but the attempt failed and cost the life of Demetrius: soon afterwards the Spartan tyrant Nabis succeeded in taking the city, but was forced to retire by the timely arrival of Philopoemen and the Megalopolitans. A war afterwards broke out with the Achaean League, during which Philopoemen was captured and put to death by the Messenians (183 BC), but Lycortas took the city in the following year, and it again joined the Achaean League, though much weakened by the loss of Abia, Thuria and Pherae, which broke loose from it and entered the League as independent members. In 146 BC the Messenians, together with the other states of Greece, were brought directly under Roman sway by L. Mummius. For centuries there had been a dispute between Messenia and Sparta about the possession of the Ager Dentheliales on the western slope of Taygetus: after various decisions by Philip of Macedon, Antigonus, Mummius, Caesar, Antony, Augustus and others, the question was settled in 25 by Tiberius and the Senate in favour of the Messenians (Tac. Ann. iv. 43). Ancient Greek writers used the name Pelasgians (Gk. ... The Leleges were one of the aboriginal peoples of Greece, the Aegean and southwest Anatolia (compare Pelasgians), who were found there when the Indo-European Hellenes arrived. ... There are also Pylos in Ilia including Pylos Ilias and Pyrgos Trifylias which are both archaeological sites Pylos (Greek Πύλος Formerly Navarino) is the name of a bay and a town on the west coast of the Peloponnese, in the district of Messenia in southern Greece. ... In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia was the son of Neleus, the King of Pylos, and Chloris. ... Bust of Homer in the British Museum For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... This article is about Menelaus the king of Sparta. ... Sparta (Σπάρτη) was a city in ancient Greece, whose territory included, in Classical times, all Laconia and Messenia, and which was the most powerful state of the Peloponnesus. ... This article or section should include material from Dorian invasion The Dorians were one of the ancient Hellenic (Greek) races. ... For the 5th century BCE Spartan by the same name, see Aristodemus (Spartan). ... Centuries: 9th century BC - 8th century BC - 7th century BC Decades: 770s BC 760s BC 750s BC 740s BC 730s BC - 720s BC - 710s BC 700s BC 690s BC 680s BC 670s BC Events and Trends 728 BC - Piye invades Egypt, conquering Memphis and receives the submission of the rulers... Aristomenes was a mythical king of Messenia, celebrated for his struggle with the Spartans, and his resistance to them on Mount Ira for 11 years. ... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 690s BC 680s BC 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC - 640s BC - 630s BC 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC 590s BC Events and Trends Assyrian king Ashurbanipal founds library, which includes our earliest complete copy of the Epic... Centuries: 8th century BC - 7th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 680s BC 670s BC 660s BC 650s BC 640s BC - 630s BC - 620s BC 610s BC 600s BC 590s BC 580s BC Events and Trends 637 BC - Josiah becomes king of Judah. ... Helots were Peloponnesian Greeks who were enslaved under Spartan rule. ... Centuries: 4th century BC - 5th century BC - 6th century BC Decades: 510s BC 500s BC 490s BC 480s BC 470s BC - 460s BC - 450s BC 440s BC 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC Years: 469 BC 468 BC 467 BC 466 BC 465 BC - 464 BC - 463 BC 462 BC... Combatants Thebes Sparta Commanders Epaminondas Cleombrotus I † Strength 6,000–7,000 10,000–11,000 Casualties Unknown About 2,000 {{{notes}}} Leuctra was a village of Boeotia in the territory of Thespiae, chiefly noticeable for the battle fought in its neighborhood in 371 BC between the Thebans and the... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC - 370s BC - 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 376 BC 375 BC 374 BC 373 BC 372 BC - 371 BC - 370 BC 369 BC 368... Epaminondas For information about the modern board game of the same name, see Epaminondas (game). ... Messene (Greek: Μεσσήνη Messínî or Messénê ) was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Messenia (until the modern prefecture was created). ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC 380s BC 370s BC - 360s BC - 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 320s BC 310s BC 374 BC 373 BC 372 BC 371 BC 370 BC - 369 BC - 368 BC 367 BC 366... Megalopolis (Greek: large city, great city) can mean: The city of Megalópoli (Μεγαλοπολη), Megalopolis, Greece. ... Philip II of Macedonia (382 BC–336 BC; in Greek Φιλιππος, transliterated Philippos) was the King of Macedonia from 359 BC until his death. ... Chaeronea was a city in the province of Boeotia in Ancient Greece. ... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 343 BC 342 BC 341 BC 340 BC 339 BC - 338 BC - 337 BC 336 BC 335... The Achaean League was a confederation of Greek city states in Achaea, a territory on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. ... Antigonus III Doson (263 BC-221 BC), king of Macedonia 229 BC-221 BC. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty. ... Sellasia, Selasia or Selassia (Greek: Σελλασία) rarely Arakhova is a village and a municipality which this town is the seat of the municipality of Oinounta, Inounta or Inouda (Greek, Modern: Οινούντα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ous), ancient form: Oinous or Inous, Latin: Oenus located in the northwestern part of the prefecture of... Centuries: 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC Decades: 270s BC 260s BC 250s BC 240s BC 230s BC - 220s BC - 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC Years: 227 BC 226 BC 225 BC 224 BC 223 BC - 222 BC - 221 BC 220 BC... Coin of Philip V of Macedon (r. ... Nabis was the last king of Sparta. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC - 180s BC - 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC Years: 188 BC 187 BC 186 BC 185 BC 184 BC - 183 BC - 182 BC 181 BC... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC - 140s BC - 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 151 BC 150 BC 149 BC 148 BC 147 BC - 146 BC - 145 BC 144 BC... Events Han dynasty was restored in China as Liu Xiu proclaimed himself emperor, start of jiangwu era (->56). ... A bust of younger Emperor Tiberius For the city in Israel, see Tiberias. ... The Roman Senate (Latin, Senatus) was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. ...


In the middle ages Messenia shared the fortunes of the rest of the Peloponnese. It was overrun by Slavs, who have left their traces in many village names, and was one of the chief battlefields of the various powers: Byzantines, Franks, Venetians and Turks, who struggled for the possession of the Morea. Striking reminders of these conflicts are afforded by the extant ruins of the medieval strongholds of Kalamata, Coron (anc. Asine, mod. Korone), Modon (Methone) and Pylos. At the present day Messenia forms a department, now a prefecture with its capital at Kalamata. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ...


About less than half of the population live within GR-7, in places from Allagi to S of Kalamata, along with the plain as the Kalamata-Messene metropolitan area, Peloponnese's third largest metropolitan city. Kalamata has an airport 5 km W of Kalamata. A harbor and port named from this city is not far from the downtown, originally connected with train tracks. It is one of the largest waterfronts in the peninsula. There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ...


Climate

Climate may vary, in the lowlands, temperatures are a bit warmer than Athens. Snow is not common during winter months except for the mountains expecially the Taygetus. Rain and clouds are common inland. Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world. ...


For one day in July 2000, morning temperatures were at the 37°C point in many areas. 2000 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December This is a timeline for events in July, 2000. ...


Transportation

There are four major highways in Messenia:

Greek National Road 7 is a north-to-south highway that runs from Kalamata in the south and ends in Corinth in the north. ... Greek National Road 9 is the second-longest national highway that runs into the Peloponnese. ... Greek National Road 82 (Pylos - Kalamata - Sparti) is a west to east highway linking Pylos with the GR-9/E55, Kalamata and downtown Sparta with GR-37/E???. The highway begins in downtown Pylos and runs through the southwestern part of Messenia and through curvy roads and through Lykodimos and...

Population

Year Population Density
1991 167,292 - 56/km²
2001 172,875 57.7/km²

1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

Communications

Television

  • Notioi Elliniki Teleorasi, lit. the Southern Greece Television

Municipalities and communities

Municipality YPES code Seat (if different)
Aetos 3802 Kopanaki
Aipeia 3803 Longa
Andania 3804 Diavolitsi
Androusa 3805
Arfara 3808
Aris 3806
Aristomenis 3807
Avia 3801 Kampos
Avlonas 3809 Sidirokastro
Chiliochoria 3831 Chandrinos
Dorio 3812
Eira 3813 Neda
Filiatra 3830
Gargalianoi 3811
Ithomi 3815 Valyra
Kalamata 3816
Koroni 3817
Kyparissia 3818
Lefktro 3819 Kardamyli
Meligala 3821
Messene 3822
Methoni 3820
Nestor 3823 Chora
Oichalia 3824 Meropi
Papaflessa 3825 Vlachopoulo
Petalidi 3826
Pylos 3827
Thouria 3814
Voufrades 3810 Chatzi
Community YPES code Seat (if different)
Trikorfo 3828
Tripyla 3829 Raptopoulo

See also: List of settlements in the Messinia prefecture Dorio, or Dorion is a municipality and a village in the prefecture of Messinia, Greece. ... Filiatra (Greek: Φιλιατρά), is a town located in western Messenia. ... Gargalianoi (Greek: Γαργαλιάνοι), also Gargaliani, the village of the burned-out Sinanis, is a community located in the western part of Messenia. ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... Kyparissia, rarely Cyparissia (Greek: Κύπαρισσία) is a town of around 4,000 in western Messenia. ... Messene (Greek: Μεσσήνη Messínî or Messénê ) was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Messenia (until the modern prefecture was created). ... Petalidi (Greek, Modern Πεταλίδι, Ancient/Katharevousa: -on), is a village and the seat of the municipality of the same name in the southcentral part of the prefecture of Messenia. ... There are also Pylos in Ilia including Pylos Ilias and Pyrgos Trifylias which are both archaeological sites Pylos (Greek Πύλος Formerly Navarino) is the name of a bay and a town on the west coast of the Peloponnese, in the district of Messenia in southern Greece. ... This is a list of settlements in the prefecture of Messinia, Greece. ...


Islands

  • Venetiko, southeast
  • Sapientza
  • Schiza, southwest. In April 19, 1991, an AB205 crashed on the island, no deaths were reported
  • Sphagia/Sfagia

April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sphagia is the modern name of the island known in ancient times as Sphacteria. ...

Provinces

  • Province of Kalamata - Kalamata
  • Province of Messene - Messene
  • Province of Pylia - Pylos
  • Province of Tryfilia - Kyparissia

External link:

  • http://www.kalamataonline.gr e-guide for Messinia and Kalamata
  • http://www.messinia.org
  • http://www.messinia.net.gr

www.kyparissianews.gr

  • In French:
  • In German:
    • http://www.griechenland.de/go4sun/Griechenland/Peloponnes/Messenien/FORUM
    • http://www.unterkunft.de/query/province__Messenien/infos.ausgermanien.de/Messenien
    • http://www.gottwein.de/latine/map/gr_mess.htm

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain. The 11th edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1910–1911) is the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
messinia greece, hotels kalamata, travel agents, car rental services, information, pictures, map kalamata greece (222 words)
During summertime or during wintertime, the prefecture of Messinia is always enchanting.
The prefecture of Messinia is a part of the geographical district of Peloponnese and is located at the southwestern part of the greater region.
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In many cases vacation rentals in Messinia, Greece are offered by the owners of the property but in some instances real estate agents also offer vacation rentals in Messinia.
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