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Encyclopedia > Messerschmitt Bf 110
Bf 110
A flight of Bf 110 C-1s over the French country side, May 1940.
Type Night Fighter/Fighter Bomber
Manufacturer Bayerische Flugzeugwerke
Messerschmitt
Designed by Willy Messerschmitt
Maiden flight 12 May 1936
Introduced 1937
Retired 1945 (Luftwaffe)
Primary users Luftwaffe
Hungarian Air Force
Regia Aeronautica
Romanian Air Force
Number built Approximately 15,000

The Messerschmitt Bf 110 (called an "M.E. One-Ten" by American pilots) was a twin-engine heavy fighter ('Zerstörer' - German for 'Destroyer') in the service of the Luftwaffe during World War II. Later in the war it was changed to fighter-bomber (JagdBomber-Jabo) and night fighter operations, and it became the major night fighter type of the Luftwaffe. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Messerschmitt is a famous German aircraft manufacturer, known primarily for their World War II fighter aircraft, notably the Bf 109 and Me 262. ... Wilhelm Emil Messerschmitt (June 26, 1898 – September 15, 1978) (known as Willi or Willy) was a German aircraft designer and manufacturer. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1936: Events February February 13 - Imperial Airways commences airmail services to West Africa March March 23 - Impreial Airways begins scheduled flights between Hong Kong and Malaysia. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1937: Events March March 5 - Imperial Airways opens a new flying boat base at Hythe, Hampshire. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1945: // Events January January 1 - the Luftwaffe begins targeting Allied airfields in Europe as Operation Bodenplatte February February 13-15 - Allied bombers attack Dresden with incendiary weapons, destroying most of the city and killing some 50,000 people. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... The Hungarian Air Force is the air force branch of the Hungarian Army. ... Insignia applied with a decal on the tail of the Règia Aeronautica aircraft (reconstruction). ... The Romanian Air Force (Romanian: ) has an air force headquarters, an operational command, four air bases and an air defense brigade. ... A heavy fighter is a fighter aircraft designed to be used in the long-range role, or while carrying heavier weapons loads. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Design and development

In 1934 several countries in Europe began research and design of the strategic fighter, called the Kampfzerstörer (battle destroyer). The RLM, pushed by Hermann Göring issued a request for a new multipurpose fighter. Specifically, the request called for a twin-engined, three seat, all metal monoplane that was armed with cannons as well as a bomb bay. Only three companies out of the original seven responded to the request. These included Bayerische Flugzeugwerke (Messerschmitt), Focke-Wulf and Henschel. Due to Bayerische Flugzeugwerke ignoring most of the Kampfzerstörer specifications by RLM, only Focke-Wulf and Henschel were given the funds to build several prototype aircraft. By luck (and pressure by Ernst Udet) RLM reconsidered the ideas of the Kampfzerstörer and began focus on Zerstörer. Due to these changes the Bayerische Flugzeugwerke design better fitted RLM's requests. On 12 May 1936, Rudolf Optiz took flight in the first Bf 110 out of Augsburg. But, as many pre-war designs found, the engine technologies promised were not up to acceptable reliability standards. Even with the temperamental DB 600 engines, the RLM found the Bf 110, while not as maneuverable as desired, was quite a bit faster than the RLM original request specified, as well as faster than the then current front line fighter the Bf 109 B-1. Thus the order for four pre-production A-0 units was placed. The first of these were delivered on January of 1937. During this testing, both the Focke-Wulf Fw 187 and Henschel Hs 124 competitors were rejected and the Bf 110 was ordered into full production. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hermann Wilhelm Göring ( ) (also Goering in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, and commander of the Luftwaffe. ... Focke-Wulf Flugzeugbau AG was a German manufacturer of military aircraft used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. Many of the companys successful fighter aircraft designs were slight modifications of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190. ... Henschel & Son, during World War II, was the primary manufacturer of the Panzer VI. Henschel aircraft and missiles included: Henschel Hs 117 Schmetterling (Butterfly), surface-to-air missile (rocket-engined) Henschel Hs 121, fighter + trainer (prototype) Henschel Hs 123, ground-attack (biplane) Henschel Hs 124, heavy fighter + bomber (prototype) Henschel... Ernst Udet during World War I Ernst Udet (April 26, 1896 - November 17, 1941) was the second-highest scoring German flying ace of World War I. He was one of the youngest aces and was the highest scoring German ace to survive the war. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Daimler-Benz DB 600 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 110, Heinkel He 111 among others. ... A Focke-Wulf Fw 187. ... The Henschel Hs 124 was a German prototype twin-engined heavy fighter-bomber. ...


The initial deliveries of the Bf 110 encountered several issues with delivery of the DB 600 motors, which forced Bayerische Flugzeugwerke to install Junkers Jumo 210B engines, which left the Bf 110 seriously underpowered and able to reach a top speed of only 268 mph. The armament of the A-0 units was also limited to four nose mounted MG 17 machine guns. Jumo 210 The Jumo 210 was Junkers Motorens first production gasoline aircraft engine, produced just before the start of World War II. It produced about 650hp in common versions, and can be considered a counterpart of the Rolls-Royce Kestrel in many ways. ... The MG 17 was a 7. ...


Even without delivery of the DB 600 engines, Bayerische Flugzeugwerke began assembly the Bf 110 in the summer of 1937. As the DB 600 engines continued to have issues, Bayerische Flugzeugwerke was forced to continue using Jumo motors, the 210G, which supplied 700 hp each (versus the 610 supplied by the 210B). Three distinct versions of the Bf 110B were built, the B-1, which featured a total of four MG 17 and two MG FF 20 mm cannons. The B-2 reconnaissance version, which installed a camera in place of the cannons, and the B-3 which was utilized as a trainer, with the cannons replaced by extra radio equipment. Only 45 Bf 110Bs were built before the Jumo 210G engine production line ended. The major identifier of the A & B 110s was the very large "mouth" bath radiators located under the engine.


In the later months of 1938, the DB 601 B-1 engines finally became available. With the new engine, the design teams removed the radiators under the engine, and replaced them with a water/glycol radiators located under the wing, to the outside of the engines. With the DB 601 engine, the Bf 110's maximum speed increased to a respectable 336 mph with a range of approximately 680 miles.


Operational service

A total of at least seven major revisions of the Bf 110C existed as listed below. The Bf 110C was the first Bf 110 to see widespread combat and enjoyed some success in the Polish and French campaigns.


The Bf 110 Zerstörerwaffe (Destroyer Force) saw considerable action during operation Operation Weserübung the invasion of Denmark and Norway. two Zerstörergeschwader (1 and 76) were committed with 64 aircraft[1]. The Bf 110 destroyed 25 Danish military aircraft stationed on the Værløse airbase on 9 April through ground strafing.One Danis Fokker D.XXI did manage to get airborne but was immediately shot down[2]. During this campaign Victor Mölders, brother of the famous Werner Mölders, took the official surrender of the town after landing at the local airfield. Dressed in flying gear he was given a lift into the town centre by a milkman to find suitable quarters for I.ZG 1's Bf 110 crews[2]. Combatants Germany Denmark Norway Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... Værløse is a municipality in eastern Denmark, in the county of Copenhagen on the island of Zealand. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Strafing (adaptation of German strafen, to punish, specifically from the World War I humorous adaptation of the German catchphrase Gott strafe England), is the practice of firing on a static target from a moving platform. ... Werner Mölders (March 18, 1913 - November 22, 1941) was a German Luftwaffe World War II fighter ace. ...


In Norway the Bf 110s helped secure the Oslo-Fornebu airport, escorting Junkers Ju 52 transports loaded with paratroops (Fallschirmjäger). The Germans were engaged by several Gloster Gladiators and the ensuing battle both sides lost two aircraft[3]. The Messerchmitt pilots did not know that many earlier waves of transports had turned back and the airport was unsecured. Landing their cargo's many transports were destroyed. The remaining Bf 110s straffed the airfield and helped the ground troops take the airfield, the air support provided by the Zerstörer was instrumental, and it was to perform well as a fighter-bomber in the coming campaigns. During these battles a future Luftwaffe Ace, Helmut Lent scored his fifth and sixth victories against Norwegian opposition. The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju - Auntie Ju - and Iron Annie) was a transport aircraft and bomber manufactured 1932 – 1945 by Junkers. ... Fallschirmjäger Fallschirmjäger photo taken from The Hague, Bezuidenhout during the invasion of the Low Countries, morning of May 10, 1940   (often rendered Fallschirmjager in English; from German Fallschirm parachute and Jäger, a term for light infantry; literally hunter; ranger) are German paratroopers. ... The Gloster Gladiator was a biplane fighter, used by the Royal Air Force and the Royal Navy, during World War II. The aircraft had a top speed of around 414 km/h. ... German Night-fighter pilot. ...


With experience fighting in Norway, efforts were made to extend the combat range of the Bf 110, these became the Bf 110D Long Range (Langstrecken) Zerstörer. Several different external fuel tanks, in the shape of 1050-litre ventral fuel tank, resulted in no less than four versions of the Bf 110D, including the Dackelbauch tank, which due to cold weather and limited knowledge of fuel vapours, sometimes exploded, leading to unexplained losses during the North Sea patrols. As a result the aircrews came to dislike this version. Also effected was the handling characteristics. The Bf 110 was not as maneuverable as it was and the added weight served to decrease its qualities in this field.


Luckily for the Zerstörerwaffe encountered mostly British bombers, and it performed well. On the 13 June 1940, eight Skua dive-bombers were shot down in as many minutes, among the victores was Herbert Schob who survived the war as one of the most successful Bf 110 pilots. Total losses during this campaign amounted to only 20[4]. June 13 is the 164th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (165th in leap years), with 201 days remaining. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The campaign in the west that followed in 1940 demonstrated the the '110 was vulnerable in hostile skies. It performed well against the Belgian, Dutch and French Air Forces suffering relatively light losses, but on encountering increasing numbers of Hurricanes and Spitfires it was to become quickly outclassed. The Zerstörerwaffe had lost 60 machines in the Western Campaign[5]. This article is about weather phenomena. ... The term Spitfire can refer to: a euphemistic translation of Cacafuego, a Spanish treasure galleon captured by Sir Francis Drake, a warplane, see Supermarine Spitfire a ship, see HMS Spitfire a movie from 1934, see Spitfire (1934) The US title of the British 1942 film The First of the Few. ...


Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain revealed the Bf 110's fatal weaknesses as a daylight fighter against single-engine aircraft. Even with a back seat gunner it could not compete with single engined fighters. Against early Hurricanes or late P-51 Mustangs, it was hoplessly outclassed. Its size and weight meant that it had high wing loading, which limited its manoeuverability. Furthermore, although it had a significantly higher top speed than contemporary RAF Hurricanes, it had poor acceleration. However, it was unique at the time as a long range bomber escort, and did not have the problems of restricted range that hampered the Bf 109E. Although outclassed, it was still formidable as a high escort for bombers using the tactic of diving upon an enemy, delivering a long range burst from its powerful forward facing armament, then breaking contact to run for it.[6] Combatants United Kingdom Including combatants from:[1] Poland New Zealand Canada Czechoslovakia Belgium Australia South Africa France Ireland United States Jamaica Palestine Rhodesia Germany Including combatants from Italy Commanders Hugh Dowding Hermann Göring Strength 754 single-seat fighters 149 two-seat fighters 560 bombers 500 coastal 1,963 total... The North American P-51 Mustang was an American long-range single-seat fighter aircraft that entered service with Allied air forces in the middle years of World War II. The P-51 became one of the conflicts most successful and recognizable aircraft. ... In aerodynamics, wing loading is the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of the wing. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Hawker Hurricane was a British single-seat fighter aircraft designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. ... German Airfield, France, 1941 propaganda photo of the Luftwaffe, Bf 109 fighters on the tarmac The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. ...


In a strange episode in the aftermath of the Battle of Britain, on 10 May 1941, Rudolf Hess, Hitler's 'Deputy Fuehrer' and a senior Nazi, used a Bf 110 to fly from Augsburg, north of Munich, to Scotland, in order to broker a peace deal between Germany and Great Britain. is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ; Austro-Bavarian: Minga[2]) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Cha togar mfhearg gun dioladh (Scottish Gaelic) Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic and Scots1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II...


Other theatres

After the Battle of Britain, Bf 110 units were largely moved to the Russian and Mediterranean theatres of war. The production of the Bf 110 was put on a low priority in 1941 in expectation of its replacement by the Me 210. During this time, two versions of the Bf 110 were developed, the E and F models. The E was designed as a fighter bomber (Zerstörer Jabo), able to carry four ETC-50 racks under the wing, along with the centerline bomb rack. The first E, the Bf 110 E-1 was originally powered by the DB 601B engine, but shifted to the DB 601P as they became available in quantity. The E models also had upgraded armor and some fuselage upgrades to support the added weight. Most pilots of the Bf 110E considered the plane slow and unresponsive, one former Bf 110 pilot commenting the E was "rigged and a total dog" The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a heavy fighter designed before the start of World War II to replace the Bf 110 in that role. ...


The Bf 110F featured the new DB 601F engines which produced 1,350 hp (almost double the original Jumo engines provided), which allowed for upgraded armor, strengthening, and increased weight with no loss in performance. Three common versions of the F model existed. Pilots typically felt the Bf 110F to be the best of the 110 line, being fully aerobatic and in some respects smoother to fly than the Bf 109, though not as fast.


Although the Me 210 entered service in mid-1941, it was eventually withdrawn for further development. There were insufficient aircraft to fully replace the Bf 110, so it fought until the end of the war. In the wake of the failure of the Me 210, the Bf 110G was designed. Fitted with the DB 605B engines, producing 1,475 hp in "War Emergency" setting, and 1,355 at altitude, the Bf 110G also underwent some changes which improved the aerodynamics of the aircraft, as well as improved nose armament. No Bf 110 G-1 existed, as the Bf 110 G-2 became the baseline Bf 110G and was fitted with a large number of Rüstsätze, making the G the most versatile of the Bf 110. Pilots reported the Bf 110G to be a "mixed bag" in the air, in part due to all changes between the G and F series. However the Bf 110G was considered a superior gun platform with excellent all-around visibility, and considered, until the advent of the He 219, the best of the Luftwaffe nightfighters. A night fighter is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night, or in other times of bad visibility. ...


Night fighting

Eventually withdrawn from daylight fighting, the Bf 110 enjoyed later success as a nightfighter, where its range, firepower and ability to mount radar stood it in good stead for the remainder of the war.


It was also used as a ground attack aircraft, starting with the C-4/B model, and as a day bomber interceptor, where its heavy firepower was particularly useful. Later on, there were dedicated ground attack versions which proved reasonably successful. The Bf 110 served the Luftwaffe extensively in various roles, though not in its intended role as a heavy fighter.


Another role the Bf 110 took on was as a potent bomber-destroyer. The extreme power of the Bf 110's weaponry could cripple or destroy any Allied bomber in seconds. Without an Allied escort, it was capable of wreaking immense destruction.


Armament

The Bf 110's main strength was its ability to accept some extreme weaponry. Early versions had four MG 17 machine guns in the upper nose and two 20 mm MG FF/M cannons fitted in the lower part of the nose. Later versions replaced the MG FF/M with the more powerful 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons and many G-series aircraft, especially those who served in the bomber-destroyer role, had two 30 mm MK 108 cannons fitted instead of the MG 17. The defensive armament consisted of a single, flexible mounted MG 15 machine gun. Late F-series and prototype G-series were upgraded to a 7.92 mm MG 81 machine gun with a higher rate of fire and the G-series was equipped with the twin-version MG 81Z. Many G-series night fighters were retrofitted or factory-built with the Schräge Musik off-bore gun system for shooting down bombers while passing underneath, frequently equipped with two MG FF/M, but field installations of the MG 151/20 or MK 108 cannons were also utilized. The Schräge Musik cannons were typically mounted to the back of the rear cockpit. The MG 17 was a 7. ... The MG FF was a drum-fed 20 mm aircraft cannon developed in 1936 by Oerlikon and license-produced in Germany. ... The MG 151 (MG 151/15) was a 15 mm cannon produced by Waffenfabrik Mauser starting in 1940. ... The MK 108 (German: Maschinenkanone - Machine Cannon) was an autocannon (30mm calibre) manufactured in Germany during World War II by Rheinmetall-Borsig for use in aircraft. ... The MG 15 was a 7. ... The MG 81 was a 7. ... The MG 81 was a 7. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The Bf 110G-2/R1 was also capable of accepting armament such the BK 37 cannon. A single hit from this weapon was usually certain death to any Allied bomber. The BordKanone BK 37 (Broad Cannon 37) cannon was a 37mm anti-tank/bomber autocannon manufactured by Rheinmetall and mounted on WWII Luftwaffe aircraft such as the anti-tank or bomber-destroyer versions of the Junkers Ju 87D-3 and G-2, Messerschmitt Bf 110G-2/R1-3, and others. ...


The fighter-bomber versions could carry up to 2,000 kg of bombs depending on the type.


Variants

A Bf-110 G-4 night fighter at the RAF Museum in London.

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x798, 135 KB) A Bf 110G-4 Night fighter at the RAF Museum in London. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x798, 135 KB) A Bf 110G-4 Night fighter at the RAF Museum in London. ... A night fighter is a fighter aircraft adapted for use at night, or in other times of bad visibility. ... An Avro Lancaster in the main hangar of the RAF Museum London The Royal Air Force Museum (RAF Museum) is a museum dedicated to the history of aviation, and the British Royal Air Force in particular. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

Bf 110 A

Prototypes with two Jumo 210 engines. The Jumo 210 was Junkers Motorens first production gasoline aircraft engine, produced just before the start of World War II. It produced about 650hp in common versions, and can be considered a counterpart of the Rolls-Royce Kestrel in many ways. ...

Bf 110 A-0
The designation of the first four pre-production aircraft.

Bf 110 B

Small scale production with two Jumo 210 engines. The Jumo 210 was Junkers Motorens first production gasoline aircraft engine, produced just before the start of World War II. It produced about 650hp in common versions, and can be considered a counterpart of the Rolls-Royce Kestrel in many ways. ...

Bf 110 B-0
First pre-production aircraft, similar to B-1.
Bf 110 B-1
Zerstörer, four MG 17 7.92 mm machine guns and two MG FF 20 mm cannons, nose mounted.
Bf 110 B-2
Reconnaissance, both MG FF cannons removed, and various camera models added.
Bf 110 B-3
Trainer. MG FF cannons removed, and extra radio gear added. Some war weary B-1 were later refitted as B-3s.

Bf 110 C

First major production series, DB 601 engines. The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 109, among others. ...

Bf 110 C-1
Zerstörer, DB 601 B-1 engines.
Bf 110 C-2
Zerstörer, fitted with FuG 10 radio, upgraded from FuG III.
Bf 110 C-3
Zerstörer, upgraded MG FFs to MG FF/M.
Bf 110 C-4
Zerstörer, upgraded crew armor.
Bf 110 C-4/B
Fighter-bomber based on C-4, fitted with a pair of ETC 250 bomb racks and upgraded DB 601 Ba engines.
Bf 110 C-5
Reconnaissance version based on C-4, both MG FF removed, and Rb 50/30 camera installed, uprated DB 601P engines.
Bf 110 C-6
Experimental Zerstörer, additional single 30 mm MK 101 30 mm cannon in underfuselage mount, DB 601P engines.
Bf 110 C-7
Fighter-bomber based on C-4/B, two ETC-500 centerline bomb racks capable of carrying two 500 kg bombs, uprated DB 601P engines.

Bf 110 D

Heavy fighter/fighter-bomber, extreme range versions based on C-series, often stationed in Norway.

Bf 110 D-0
Prototype utilizing C-3 airframes modified with 1200l (316,8 US gallon) belly-mounted tank called Dackelbauch.
Bf 110 D-1
Long-range Zerstörer, modified C series airframes with Dackelbauch belly tank.
Bf 110 D-1/R2
Long-range Zerstörer, removed Dackelbauch tanks and replaced with wing mounted 900l (237,6 US gallon) drop tanks.
Bf 110 D-2
Long-range Zerstörer, two wing mounted 300l (79,2 US gallon) drop tanks and centerline mounted ETC 500 bomb rack.
Bf 110 D-3
Long-range Zerstörer, lengthened tail for rescue dingy. Either two wing mounted 300l (79,2 US gallon) or 900l (237,6 US gallon) drop tanks could be fitted. ETC500 was optional.

Bf 110 E

Mostly fighter bombers, strengthened airframe, up to 1,200 kg bombload.

Bf 110 E-0
Pre-production version, DB601B engines, pair of ETC50 bomb racks fitted outboard of engines, armament as C-4.
Bf 110 E-1
Production version of E-0, DB601P engines.
Bf 110 E-2
DB 601P engines, rear fuselage extension same as for D-3.
Bf 110 E-3
Long-range reconnaissance version.

Bf 110 F

Same as the E, again strengthened airframe, better armor, two 1,350 hp (1,010 kW) DB 601F engines. The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 109, among others. ...

Bf 110 F-1
Fighter-bomber.
Bf 110 F-2
Long-range Zerstörer, often used against allied heavy bombers.
Bf 110 F-3
Long-range reconnaissance version.
Bf 110 F-4
The first real night fighter (specially designed for this usage, 3-crew).

Bf 110 G

Improved F-series, two 1,475 hp (1,100 kW) DB 605B engines, tail rudders increased in size. Daimler-Benz DB 605 was a German aircraft engine, built during the World War II . ...

Bf 110 G-1
Not built.
Bf 110 G-2
Fighter-bomber, fast bomber, destroyer, often used against allied heavy bombers. (often equipped with rockets).
Bf 110 G-3
Long-range reconnaissance version.
Bf 110 G-4
3-crew night fighter, FuG 202/220 Lichtenstein radar, optional Schräge Musik.

Lichtenstein radar was a German airborn radar in use during World War II. Early Lichtenstein BC units were not deployed until 1942, and as they operated on the 2 m wavelength they required large antennas. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Bf 110 H

The final version, similar to the G, prototype/design stage only, cancelled.


Operators

 Germany
 Hungary
Flag of Italy Italy
 Romania
Flag of Soviet Union Soviet Union

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... The Hungarian Air Force is the air force branch of the Hungarian Army. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Insignia applied with a decal on the tail of the Règia Aeronautica aircraft (reconstruction). ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ... The Romanian Air Force (Romanian: ) has an air force headquarters, an operational command, four air bases and an air defense brigade. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... The Soviet Air Force, also known under the abbreviation VVS, transliterated from Russian: ВВС, Военно-воздушные силы (Voenno-Vozdushnye Sily), formed the official designation of the air force of the Soviet Union. ...

Survivors

At least two intact Bf 110 are known to exist. One of them, a Bf 110 G-4 night fighter, is displayed at RAF Hendon in London, UK. Another Bf 110 is on display in the Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin. Hendon Aerodrome was an aerodrome in north London, England and between 1908 and 1968 was an important centre for aviation. ... The German Museum of Technology The Deutsche Technikmuseum Berlin (German Museum of Technology) was founded in 1982 and has a large collection of historical technical artifacts. ...


Specifications (Messerschmitt Bf 110C-4)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2 (3 for night fighter variants)
  • Length: 12.3 m (40 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 16.3 m (53 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 3.3 m (10 ft 9 in)
  • Wing area: 38.8 m² (414 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 4,500 kg (9,900 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 6,700 kg (14,800 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2× Daimler-Benz DB 601B-1 liquid-cooled inverted V-12, 809 kW (1,100 hp) each

Performance

Armament

  • 2x 20 mm MG FF/M cannons
  • 4x 7.92 mm MG 17 machine guns
  • 1x 7.92 mm MG 15 for defense

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... The Daimler-Benz DB 601 was a German aircraft engine built during World War II. It was a liquid-cooled inverted V12, and powered the Messerschmitt Bf 109, among others. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing as limited by its fuel capacity. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... In aerodynamics, wing loading is the loaded weight of the aircraft divided by the area of the wing. ... Power-to-weight ratio is a measure commonly used when comparing various vehicles (or engines), including automobiles, motorcycles and aircraft. ... The MG FF was a drum-fed 20 mm aircraft cannon developed in 1936 by Oerlikon and license-produced in Germany. ... The MG 17 was a 7. ... The MG 15 was a 7. ...

References

  1. ^ Weal 1999, p. 23.
  2. ^ a b Weal 1999, p. 24.
  3. ^ Weal 1999, p. 25.
  4. ^ Weal 1999, p. 29.
  5. ^ Weal 1999, p. 41.
  6. ^ Deighton 1996
  7. ^ Geust and Petrov 1998
  • Crawford, Jerry L. Messerschmitt BF 110 Zerstörer in action. Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1977. ISBN 0-89747-029-X.
  • Deighton, Len. Fighter: The True Story of the Battle of Britain. London: Pimlico, 1996. ISBN 0-71267-423-3.
  • Geust, Carl-Fredrik and Petrov, Gennadiy. Red Stars Vol 2. - German Aircraft in the Soviet Union. Tampere, Finland: Apali Oy, 1998. ISBN 952-5026-06-X.
  • Weal, John. Messerschmitt Bf 110 Zerstörer Aces World War Two. London: Osprey, 1999. ISBN 1-85532-753-8.

External links

  • Luftwaffe Resource Group
  • Lemairesoft

Related content

Related development

Me 210 - Me 410 - Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... The Messerschmitt Me 210 was a heavy fighter designed before the start of World War II to replace the Bf 110 in that role. ... The Messerschmitt Me 410 Hornisse (Hornet) was a Luftwaffe heavy fighter and Schnellbomber of World War II developed from the badly flawed Me 210. ...

Comparable aircraft

Designation sequence

Kl 107 - Bf 108 - Bf 109 - Bf 110 - He 111 - He 112 - He 113 A Focke-Wulf Fw 187. ... This article describes the World War II fighter aircraft. ... The Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu (屠龍, Dragon Slayer) was a two-seat, twin-engined fighter used by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II. The army gave it the designation Type 2 two-seat fighter; the Allied codename was Nick. ... The Nakajima J1N Gekko (月光, Moonlight) was a twin-engine night fighter used by the Japanese Imperial Navy during World War II. The Allied codename was Irving. The design was a development of the Type 2 Land-based reconnaisance plane, to which was fixed two sets of machine guns... The Lockheed P-38 Lightning was a World War II American fighter aircraft. ... Pe-2 in flight The Petlyakov Pe-2 (Cyrillic: Петляков Пе-2), nicknamed Peshka (Пешка - Pawn) was a Soviet dive bomber aircraft used during World War II. It was fast and maneuverable yet durable, and was manufactured in large numbers. ... The Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun was a single-engined sports and touring aircraft developed by Bayerische Flugzeugwerke. ... German Airfield, France, 1941 propaganda photo of the Luftwaffe, Bf 109 fighters on the tarmac The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German World War II fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. ... The Heinkel He 111 was the primary Luftwaffe medium bomber during the early stages of World War II, and is perhaps the most famous symbol of the German side of the Battle of Britain. ... The Heinkel He 112 was a fighter aircraft designed by Walter and Siegfried Günter at Heinkel. ... The Heinkel He 113 was a supposed Luftwaffe fighter aircraft of World War II, but which existed only as a propaganda and/or disinformation strategy. ...

Related lists

List of military aircraft of Germany This list of military aircraft of Germany includes prototype, pre-production, and operational types. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Messerschmitt Bf 110 - Germany (1391 words)
Rather than protecting the bombers under escort, the Bf 110C formations usually found that they were hard put to defend themselves, and the farcical situation developed in which single-seat Bf 109E fighters were having to afford protection to the escort fighters.
The last version, the Bf 110G, was intended for use originally as a fighter-bomber but, in view of the success of the F-4 and the increasingly heavy attacks on Germany by Allied bombers, was employed mostly as a night fighter.
It was in a Bf 110 that Rudolf Hess, Deputy Fuhrer of Germany, flew solo to Scotland on the night of May 10,1941, in the hope of negotiating peace terms with Britain, without Hitler's knowledge.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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