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Encyclopedia > Merton College, Oxford
Colleges and halls of the University of Oxford
Merton College

The University of Oxford comprises 39 Colleges and 7 religious Permanent Private Halls (PPHs), which are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university. ... A Permanent Private Hall at the University of Oxford is an educational institution affiliated to the University — not as a full College, but able to award Oxford University degrees. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2084x1804, 1036 KB) A view of the front quad from inside Merton College, Oxford, UK. Date: 26 August 2005 Source: Taken by user (Tom Murphy VII) File links The following pages link to this file: Merton College, Oxford User:Brighterorange ...

                     
College name The House of Scholars of Merton
Named after Walter de Merton
Established 1264
Sister college Peterhouse, Cambridge
Warden Prof. Dame Jessica Rawson
JCR president Dani Quinn
Undergraduates 315
MCR president Greg Lim
Graduates 280


Location of Merton College within central OxfordCoordinates: 51°45′04″N 1°15′08″W / 51.751062, -1.252109
Homepage

Merton College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. Its foundation can be traced back to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, chancellor to Henry III and later to Edward I, first drew up statutes for an independent academic community and established endowments to support it. The important feature of Walter's foundation was that this "college" was to be self-governing and that the endowments were directly vested in the Warden and Fellows.[1] Walter de Merton (c. ... A contemporary monument to the Battle of Lewes, a crucial 1264 battle in the Second Barons War in England. ... Most of the colleges of the University of Cambridge have sister colleges in the University of Oxford (and vice versa). ... Full name Peterhouse Motto - Named after St Peter Previous names The Scholars of the Bishop of Ely St Peter’s College Established 1284 Sister College(s) Merton College Master The Lord Wilson of Tillyorn Location Trumpington Street Undergraduates 253 Postgraduates 125 Homepage Boatclub The chapel cloisters, through which Old Court... Professor Dame Jessica Rawson is the Warden of Merton College, Oxford University. ... In some universities in the United Kingdom—particularly collegiate universities—the student body is organised into one or more of the following: A Junior Common Room (JCR) A Middle Common Room (MCR) A Senior Common Room (SCR) In addition to this, each of the above phrases may also refer to... In some universities in the United Kingdom—particularly collegiate universities—the student body is organised into one or more of the following: A Junior Common Room (JCR) A Middle Common Room (MCR) A Senior Common Room (SCR) In addition to this, each of the above phrases may also refer to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 360 × 370 pixelsFull resolution (360 × 370 pixel, file size: 156 KB, MIME type: image/png) Small map of central Oxford This map may be incomplete, and may contain errors. ... Image File history File links Blue_pog. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The University of Oxford comprises 39 Colleges and 7 religious Permanent Private Halls (PPHs), which are autonomous self-governing corporations within the university. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... Walter de Merton (c. ... Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272) was the son and successor of John Lackland as King of England, reigning for fifty-six years from 1216 to his death. ... Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), popularly known as Longshanks[1], also as Edward the Lawgiver because of his legal reforms, and as Hammer of the Scots,[2] achieved fame as the monarch who conquered Wales and who tried to do the same to Scotland. ...


By 1274 when Walter retired from royal service and made his final revisions to the college statutes, the community was consolidated at its present site in the south east corner of the city of Oxford, and a rapid programme of building commenced. The hall and the chapel and the rest of the front quad were complete before the end of the 13th century, but apart from the chapel they have all been much altered since. To most visitors, the college and its buildings are synonymous, but the history of the college can be more deeply understood if one distinguishes the history of the academic community from that of the site and buildings that they have occupied for nearly 750 years.[2] Events May 7 - In France the Second Council of Lyons opens to consider the condition of the Holy Land and to agree to a union with the Byzantine church. ...

Contents

The buildings

The "House of Scholars of Merton" originally had properties in Surrey (in present day Merton) as well as in Oxford, but it was not until the mid-1260s that Walter de Merton acquired the core of the present site in Oxford, along the south side of what was then St John's Street (now Merton Street). The college was consolidated on this site by 1274, when Walter made his final revisions to the college statutes.-1... Merton Street is a historic and picturesque cobbled lane in central Oxford, England. ...


The initial acquisition included the parish church of St John (which was superseded by the chapel) and three houses to the east of the church which now form the north range of Front Quad. Walter also obtained permission from the king to extend from these properties south to the old city wall to form an approximately square site. The college continued to acquire other properties as they became available on both sides of Merton Street. At one time the college owned all the land from the site of what is now Christ Church to the south eastern corner of the city. The land to the east eventually became the present day garden, while the western end was leased by Warden Rawlins in 1515 for the foundation of Corpus Christi (at an annual rent of just over £4).[3] College name Christ Church Named after Jesus Christ Established 1546 Sister College Trinity College Dean The Very Revd Christopher Andrew Lewis JCR President William Dorsey Undergraduates 426 MCR or GCR President {{{MCR President}}} Graduates 154 Home page Boat Club Christ Church (Latin: Ædes Christi, the temple or house of Christ... 1515 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... College name Corpus Christi College Named after Corpus Christi, Body of Christ Established 1517 Sister College Corpus Christi College President Sir Tim Lankester JCR President Binyamin Even Undergraduates 239 Graduates 126 Homepage Corpus Christi College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ...


The chapel

Merton College from Christ Church Meadow
Merton College from Christ Church Meadow

By the late 1280s the old church of St John the Baptist had fallen into "a ruinous condition",[4] and the college accounts show that work on a new church began in about 1290. The present choir with its enormous east window was complete by 1294. The window is an important example (because it is so well dated) of how the strict geometrical conventions of the Early English Period of architecture were beginning to be relaxed at the end of the 13th century.[5] The south transept was built in the 14th century, the north transept in the early years of the 15th. The great tower was complete by 1450. The chapel replaced the parish church of St. John and continued to serve as the parish church as well as the chapel until 1891. It is for this reason that it is generally referred to as Merton Church in older documents, and that there is a north door into the street as well as doors into the college. This dual role also probably explains the enormous scale of the chapel, which in its original design was to have a nave and two aisles extending to the west.[6] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x902, 377 KB)Photograph of Merton College taken by myself in December 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x902, 377 KB)Photograph of Merton College taken by myself in December 2005. ... The choir stalls in the quire of Bristol Cathedral, Bristol, England The choir stalls at Buxheim Priory, by Ignaz Waibl See also: Choir (disambiguation) A quire (sometimes referred to as a choir) is an area of a church or cathedral, usually in the western part of the chancel between the... Salisbury Cathedral, built c. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... Links to full descriptions of the elements of a Gothic floorplan are also found at the entry Cathedral diagram. ... In a modern church an aisle is thought of as a row down the middle of the church with a set of pews on each side. ...


A new choral foundation was established in 2007, providing for a choir of sixteen undergraduate and graduate choral scholars singing from October 2008. The choir will be directed by Peter Phillips, currently director of the Tallis Scholars. British vocal ensemble consisting of normally 10 members. ...


Front quad and the hall

The hall is the oldest surviving college building, but apart from the door with its magnificent medieval ironwork almost no trace of the ancient structure has survived the successive reconstruction efforts, first by James Wyatt in the 1790s and then again by Gilbert Scott in 1874. The hall is still used daily for meals and houses a number of important portraits. It is not usually open to visitors. Fonthill Abbey. ... Gilbert Scott may refer to several of a family of British architects: Sir George Gilbert Scott (1811 - 1878), who was principally known for his architectural designs for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and St Pancras Station George Gilbert Scott Junior (1839 - 1897), son of the above Sir Giles Gilbert Scott...


Front quad itself is probably the earliest collegiate quadrangle, but its informal, almost haphazard, pattern cannot be said to have influenced designers elsewhere. A reminder of its original domestic nature can be seen in the north east corner where one of the flagstones is marked "Well". The quad is formed of what would have been the back gardens of the three original houses that Walter acquired in the 1260s.


Mob quad

See main article Mob Quad

Visitors to Merton are often told Mob Quad, built in the 14th century, is the oldest quadrangle of any Oxford or Cambridge college and set the pattern for future collegiate architecture, but Front Quad was certainly enclosed earlier (albeit with a less unified design) and other colleges, for example Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, can point to their own older examples. An old picture of Mob Quad Mob Quad is a four sided group of buildings in Merton College, Oxford surrounding a small lawn. ... An old picture of Mob Quad Mob Quad is a four sided group of buildings in Merton College, Oxford surrounding a small lawn. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The old library occupies the south and west ranges of Mob Quad, and the original archive room is still in the north east corner; it houses one of the most complete sets of college records in Europe. A view down one of the librarys wings. ...


Fellows' quad

The grandest quadrangle in Merton is the Fellows' Quadrangle, immediately south of the hall. The quad was the culmination of the work undertaken by Sir Henry Savile at the beginning of the 17th century. The foundation stone was laid shortly after breakfast on 13 September 1608 (as recorded in the college Register), and work was complete by September 1610 (although the battlements were added later).[7] The southern gateway is surmounted by a tower of the four Orders, probably inspired by Italian examples that Warden Savile would have seen on his European travels. The main contractors were from Yorkshire (as was Savile), John Ackroyd and John Bentley of Halifax did the stonework and Thomas Holt the timber. This group were also later employed to work on the Bodleian Library and Wadham College.[8] Sir Henry Savile (November 30, 1549 – February 19, 1622), Warden of Merton College, Oxford, and Provost of Eton, was the son of Henry Savile of Bradley, near Halifax, in Yorkshire, a member of an old county family, the Saviles of Methley, and of his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Ramsden. ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Look up Yorkshire in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Entrance to the Library, with the coats-of-arms of several Oxford colleges The Bodleian Library, the main research library of the University of Oxford, is one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in England is second in size only to the British Library. ... College name Wadham College Named after Nicholas Wadham Established 1610 Sister College Christs College Warden Sir Neil Chalmers JCR President Ben Jasper Undergraduates 460 MCR President David Patrikarakos Graduates 180 Homepage Boatclub Wadham College is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England, located at the southern...


Other buildings

Most of the other buildings are Victorian or later and include: St. Alban's Quad (or "Stubbins"), designed by Basil Champneys,[9] built on the site of the medieval St. Alban's Hall (elements of the older façade are incorporated into the part that faces onto Merton Street); the Grove building, built in 1864 by William Butterfield but "chastened" in the 1930s;[10] the buildings beyond the Fellows' Garden called "Rose Lane"; several buildings north of Merton Street, including a tennis court, and the Old Warden's Lodgings (designed by Champneys in 1903);[9] and a new quadrangle in Holywell Street, some distance away from the college. Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Basil Champneys (1842-1935) Champneys was the architect for Newnham College, Cambridge, Manchesters John Rylands Library and Oriel College, Oxfords Rhodes Building. ... St Mary Brookfield William Butterfield (7 September 1814 – 23 February 1900), born in London, architect of the Gothic revival, and associated with the Oxford Movement (aka the Tractarian Movement). ... Merton Street Tennis Court, almost opposite Merton College, is the home of the Oxford University Real Tennis Club. ...


The gardens

The garden fills the southeastern corner of the old walled city of Oxford. The walls may be seen from Christ Church Meadows. Among other things, the gardens contain a mulberry tree planted in the early 17th century, an armillary sundial, a beautiful lawn, and the old Fellows' summer house (now a music room). Christ Church Meadow is a famous water meadow, and popular walking and picnic spot in Oxford, England. ... Species See text. ... For other uses, see Sundial (disambiguation). ...


The academic community

Foundation and origins

The College coat of arms

Merton College was founded in 1264 by Walter de Merton Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Rochester. It has a claim to be the oldest college in Oxford, although this claim is disputed between Merton College, Balliol College and University College. The substance of Merton's claim to the title of oldest College is that Merton was the first college to be provided with "statutes", a constitution governing the College set out at its founding. Merton's statutes date back to 1274, whereas neither Balliol nor University College had statutes until the 1280s. Merton was also the first to be conceived as a community of scholars working to achieve academic ends, rather than just a place for the scholars to live in. Image File history File links Merton-college-crest. ... Image File history File links Merton-college-crest. ... A contemporary monument to the Battle of Lewes, a crucial 1264 battle in the Second Barons War in England. ... Walter de Merton (c. ... and of the Balliol College College name Balliol College Named after John de Balliol Established 1263 Sister college St Johns College, Cambridge Master Andrew Graham JCR President Helen Lochead Undergraduates 403 MCR President Chelsea Payne Graduates 228 Location of Balliol College within central Oxford , Homepage Boatclub Balliol College (pronounced... College name University College Collegium Magnae Aulae Universitatis Named after Established 1249 Sister College Trinity Hall Master Lord Butler of Brockwell JCR President Peter Surr Undergraduates 420 MCR President Monte MacDiarmid Graduates 144 Homepage Boatclub Crest of University College, Oxford University College (in full, the The Master and Fellows of...


Royalist sympathies in the Civil War

During the English Civil War, Merton was the only Oxford College not to side with Parliament. The reason for this was Merton's annoyance with the interference of their Visitor, the Archbishop of Canterbury. Due to this, the college was moved to London at the start of the Civil War and its buildings were commandeered by the Royalists and used to house many of Charles the First's court when Oxford was used as the Royalists' capital. This included the King's French wife, Queen Henrietta Maria, who was housed in or near what is now the Queen's Room, the room above the arch between Front and Fellows' Quads. For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ...


Differences were quickly settled after the war, however, and a portrait of Charles the First hangs in Merton's Hall as a reminder of the role it played in his court.


The modern academic community

In recent years, the College has achieved high rankings in the Norrington Table and in the last six years, Merton has been top of the Norrington table five times (St. John's came top in the 2004–05 academic year). It is, thus, the most academically successful College in the last twenty years, with more First Class degrees being awarded to its students than Upper Seconds. The Norrington Table is an annual ranking that lists the colleges of the University of Oxford in order of the performance of their undergraduate students on that years final examinations. ...


Merton has been Head of the River in Summer Eights only once: its men's 1st VIII held the headship in 1951, making Merton one of the less successful colleges at men's rowing; Merton's women have done rather better in recent years, gaining the headship in Torpids in 2003 and rowing over to defend the title in 2004. A Head of the River race is a rowing race, held as a procession race against the clock, with the winning crew receiving the title of Head of the River. ... At Oxford University, Eights Week constitutes the main intercollegiate rowing event of the year, and happens in May. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... At Oxford University, Torpids is one of two bumping races held in the year, the other being Eights. ...


Merton's peaceful precincts are disturbed once a year by the (in)famous Time Ceremony, when students, dressed in formal sub-fusc, walk backwards around Fellows' Quad drinking port. Traditionally participants also hold candles but in recent years this practice has been dropped, and many students have now adopted the habit of linking arms and twirling around at each corner of the quad. The purpose is ostensibly to maintain the integrity of the space-time continuum during the transition from British Summer Time to Greenwich Mean Time which occurs in the early hours of the last Sunday in October. There are two toasts associated with the ceremony, the first is "to good old times!", or "to a good old time!", whilst the second is "long live the counter-revolution!". The ceremony was invented by two undergraduates in 1971, partly as a spoof on other Oxford ceremonies, and partly to celebrate the end of the experimental period of British Standard Time from 1968 to 1971 when the UK stayed one hour ahead of GMT all year round. It is also seen by many as a protest against the abandonment of sub fusc in recent years. This page concerns the academic dress of Oxford University. ... A glass of tawny port. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving British Summer Time (BST) is the changing of the clocks in effect in the United Kingdom and Irish Summer Time (IST) in Republic of Ireland between the last Sunday in March and the last Sunday in October each...


Merton college admitted its first female students in 1980 (largely due to pressure from the JCR) along with other traditionalist colleges such as Christ Church, leaving Oriel as the only remaining all-male college (although Oriel has since joined Merton to admit female students). Since this time however men have predominated at Merton and it consistently has one of the highest male to female ratios of an Oxford college (around 3:2). However Merton was the second traditionally male college to elect a female Warden in 1994. On these grounds, Merton also has the distinction of being the only college to have single sex accommodation for freshers, with female students going into the Rose Lane buildings and most male students going into 3 houses on Merton Street. Merton has had a reputation for having the best food in Oxford since an old Mertonian left money specifically for the improvement of the kitchens. The term Junior Combination Room or Junior Common Room (JCR) is used in many British universities (as well as at Harvard College in the United States) to refer to the collective of students (similar to a students union) at a constituent part of a university, typically a college or a...


In 2003, Merton JCR passed a motion expressing general support for student tuition fees, making it the only pro-tuition-fee student body in the UK. Merton JCR politics tends towards the apathetic, but fiercely independent of any organisation that might presume to speak for the JCR. The apathy is, in general, even greater towards OUSU. However, in November 2005, former Merton JCR president Alan Strickland was elected OUSU President for 2006–2007.


Notable former Mertonians

This list of Merton Fellows and alumni is grouped into centuries; where the person's life spans more than one century, the (approximate) date of matriculation is used, and given in brackets when known. The names are alphabetical by surname within each group. The matriculation ceremony at Oxford Matriculation, in the broadest sense, means to be registered or added to a list, from the Latin matrix. ...

See also Former students, Fellows and current Honorary Fellows of Merton College.

Medieval

Two additional outstanding academic figures from the early 14th century, John Duns Scotus and William of Ockham have long been claimed as Merton fellows, but there is no contemporary evidence to support this claim and as a Franciscan, Duns Scotus at least would have been ineligible for a fellowship at Merton.[11] Walter de Merton (c. ... Thomas Bradwardine (c. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Blessed John Duns Scotus (c. ... William of Ockham (also Occam or any of several other spellings, IPA: ) (c. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ...


16th century

John Jewel (sometimes spelled Jewell) (May 24, 1522 - September 23, 1571), bishop of Salisbury, son of John Jewel of Buden, Devon, was educated under his uncle John Bellamy, rector of Hampton, and other private tutors until his matriculation at Merton College, Oxford, in July 1535. ... Thomas Bodley Sir Thomas Bodley (March 2, 1545 - January 28, 1613), was an English diplomat and scholar, founder of the Bodleian Library, Oxford. ... Sir Henry Savile (1549 – February 19, 1622), Warden of Merton College, Oxford, and Provost of Eton, was the son of Henry Savile of Bradley, near Halifax, in Yorkshire, a member of an old county family, the Saviles of Methley, and of his wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Ramsden. ... Richard Smyth (or Smith) was the first person to hold the office of Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Oxford. ... The Regius Professorship of Divinity is one of the oldest and most prestigious of the professorships at the University of Oxford and at the University of Cambridge. ...

17th century

John Bainbridge (1582 – November 3, 1643) was an English astronomer. ... Robert Blake, General at Sea, 1599–1657 by Henry Perronet Briggs, painted 1829. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... William Harvey William Harvey (April 1, 1578 – June 3, 1657) was an English medical doctor, who is credited with being the first to correctly describe, in exact detail, the properties of blood being pumped around the body by the heart. ... Sir Richard Steele (bap. ... Anthony Wood or Anthony à Wood (December 17, 1632 - November 28, 1695) was an English antiquary. ...

18th century

David Hartley (1731 - December 19, 1813) was a member of the House of Commons (1774–80, 1782–84), an inventor, and the son of the philosopher David Hartley. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting (from left to right) John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ...

19th century

Max Beerbohm by William Rothenstein, 1893 Sir Henry Maximilian Beerbohm (August 24, 1872 - May 20, 1956) was an English parodist and caricaturist. ... E. C. Bentley (July 10, 1875 – March 30, 1956), was a popular English novelist and humorist of the early twentieth century, and the inventor of the clerihew, an irregular form of humorous verse on biographical topics. ... A Clerihew (or clerihew) is a very specific kind of humorous verse, typically with the following properties: The first line consists solely (or almost solely) of a well-known persons name The verse is humorous and usually whimsical, showing the subject from an unusual point of view; but it... Francis Herbert Bradley (30 January 1846 – 18 September 1924) was a British philosopher. ... Mandell Creighton (July 5, 1843 - January 14, 1901) was an English historian and Bishop of London. ... Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895) was a British statesman. ... Hardinge Stanley Giffard, 1st Earl of Halsbury (3 September 1825 - 1921) was a leading barrister, politician and government minister, serving as Solicitor General and Lord Chancellor of Great Britain. ... Halsburys Laws of England (also known as Halsburys Laws or simply Halsburys) is a definitive encyclopedic treatise on the laws of England. ... Time magazine, August 20, 1923 Frederick Edwin Smith, 1st Earl of Birkenhead, commonly known as F.E. Smith (July 12, 1872 - September 30, 1930) was a British Conservative statesman and lawyer of the early Twentieth Century. ... Frederick Soddy in 1922. ...

20th century (matriculated before 1960)

Max Horkheimer (front left), Theodor Adorno (front right), and Jürgen Habermas in the background, right, in 1965 at Heidelberg. ... Sir Lennox Berkeley (May 12, 1903 - December 26, 1989) was a British composer. ... Bannister was chosen as the first Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year for his accomplishments in 1954. ... Sir Basil Blackwell son of the founder of Blackwells bookshop in Oxford, which went on to become the Blackwells family publishing and bookshop empire, located on Broad Street in Oxford. ... Photo submitted by Martin Hornby _ (Gallaher Cigarette Cards) Charles Geoffrey Vickers (VC, Croix de Guerre (Belgium), U.S. Medal of Freedom) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British... Edmund Charles Blunden (November 1, 1896 - January 20, 1974), although not one of the top trio of English World War I writers, was an important and influential poet, author and critic. ... Frank Bough (IPA pronunciation of his last name: ) (born Fenton, Stoke-on-Trent, England, January 15th 1933) is a British television presenter who specialised in sports programmes. ... John Carey is Merton Professor of English at Oxford University, a distinguished critic, reviewer and broadcaster, and the author of several books, including studies of Donne, Dickens and Thackeray, Pure Pleasure: A Guide to the Twentieth Centurys Most Enjoyable Books, was described, by James Wood in the London Review... Group Captain Geoffrey Leonard Cheshire, Baron Cheshire, VC, OM, DSO and 2 Bars, DFC (7 September 1917–31 July 1992) was a British RAF pilot during the Second World War who received the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that... Thomas Stearns Eliot, OM (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965), was a poet, dramatist and literary critic. ... Erich S. Gruen (born 1935) is a notable American classicist and ancient historian. ... Stuart Hall (born 1932 in Kingston, Jamaica) is a cultural theorist from the United Kingdom. ... Sir Charles Antony Richard Hoare (Tony Hoare or C.A.R. Hoare, born January 11, 1934) is a British computer scientist, probably best known for the development of Quicksort, the worlds most widely used sorting algorithm, in 1960. ... Andrew Sandy Irvine (April 8, 1902 – 8-9 June 1924) was an English mountaineer who took part in the third British Expedition to Mount Everest in 1924. ... Sir Jeremy Isaacs (b. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... Sir Anthony James Leggett, KBE, FRS, (born March 26, 1938 in Camberwell, London, England), is John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Chair and Center for Advanced Study Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ... John Randolph Lucas (born 18 June 1929) is a British philosopher. ... Frederick Louis MacNeice (September 12, 1907 – September 3, 1963) was a British and Irish poet and playwright. ... Rt. ... Airey Neave in his German escape uniform. ... Terence John OBrien MC CMG (born Ranchi, India, 13 October 1921, died Wallingford, Oxfordshire 22 December 2006 was a British career diplomat. ... Reynolds Price Reynolds Price (born February 1, 1933, as Edward Reynolds Price) is a U.S. novelist, poet, dramatist, essayist and James B. Duke Professor of English at Duke University. ... Duke University is a private coeducational research university located in Durham, North Carolina, USA. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. ... Sir George was born in 1936 in Hungary. ... Siegfried Loraine Sassoon, CBE MC (8 September 1886 – 1 September 1967) was an English poet and author. ... Howard K. Smith Howard Kingsbury Smith (May 12, 1914 – February 15, 2002) was an American journalist, radio reporter, television anchorman and commentator, and one of the original Murrow boys. ... Nikolaas Tinbergen (April 15, 1907 - December 21, 1988) was a noted ethologist and ornithologist who shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Karl Von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behaviour patterns. ... John Ronald Reuel Tolkien CBE (3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English philologist, writer and university professor, best known as the author of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. ... Angus Frank Johnstone Wilson (August 11, 1913-1991) was a British novelist and short story writer. ...

Contemporary (matriculated since 1960)

Professor Colin Bundy is Warden of Green College, Oxford with effect from Michaelmas Term 2006. ... Clark, (February 23, 1964) is the author of groff and expat and has done much work with open-source software and XML. Born in London, Charterhouse School|Charterhouse]] and Merton College, Oxford, Clark has lived in Bangkok, Thailand since 1995, and is now a permanent resident. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Pat Fish read a humanities degree at Oxford University. ... Mark Haddon Mark Haddon (born 1962 in Northampton) is a novelist and poet, who was educated at Uppingham School and Merton College, Oxford, where he studied English. ... Adam John Hart-Davis (PhD) (born July 4, 1943) is a British author, photographer, and broadcaster, well-known in the UK for presenting the television series Local Heroes and What the Romans Did for Us, the latter spawning several spin-off series involving the Victorians, the Tudors, and the Stuarts. ... Former student at Merton College, Oxford, Tim Jackson founded QXL.com, an online auction service, which went public in 1999. ... Professor Sir Alec John Jeffreys, FRS, (born in 9 January 1950 at Luton in Bedfordshire) is a British geneticist, who developed techniques for DNA fingerprinting and DNA profiling. ... Alister E. McGrath (b. ... Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan 徳仁皇太子 (Naruhito Kōtaishi) (born February 23, 1960 at Togu Palace, Tokyo) is the eldest son of HIM Emperor Akihito and HIM Empress Michiko. ... Michael Ridpath is the author of various thrillers based around the world of high finance. ... Dana Stewart Scott (born 1932) is the emeritus Hillman University Professor of Computer Science, Philosophy, and Mathematical Logic at Carnegie Mellon University; he is now retired and lives in Berkeley, California. ... Sir Howard Stringer Sir Howard Stringer (born 1942) is a British-American businessman and Chief Executive Officer of Sony Corporation, before that he was CEO of the Sony Corporation of America. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Mark Thompson has been the BBC Director-General since May 2004. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ... The Honourable Edward Henry Butler Vaizey (born June 5, 1968) is a conservative commentator and columnist and has been selected as a Conservative candidate at the next UK general election. ... Wantage is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... For the French mathematician with work in the area of elliptic curves, see André Weil. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ...

Grace

The college preprandial grace is always recited before formal dinners in Hall and usually by the senior Postmaster present. The first two lines of the Latin text are based on verses 15 and 16 of Psalm 145. Psalms (from the Greek: Psalmoi (songs sung to a harp, originally from psallein play on a stringed instrument), Ψαλμοί; Hebrew: Tehilim, תהילים) is a book of the Hebrew Bible, Tanakh or Old Testament. ...

Oculi omnium in te respiciunt, Domine. Tu das escam illis tempore opportuno.
Aperis manum tuam, et imples omne animal benedictione tua.
Benedicas nobis, Deus, omnibus donis quae de tua beneficentia accepturi simus.
Per Iesum Christum dominum nostrum, Amen.

Roughly translated it means:

The eyes of the world look up to thee, O Lord. Thou givest them food in due season.
Thou openest thy hand and fillest every creature with thy blessing.
Thou blessest us, O God, with all the gifts which by thy good works we are about to receive.
Through Jesus Christ, Our Lord, Amen.

For the relevant verses of the Psalm, the Authorized Version has: This page is about the version of the Bible; for the Harvey Danger album, see King James Version (album). ...

15. The eyes of all wait upon thee; and thou givest them their meat in due season.
16. Thou openst thine hand, and satisfiest the desire of every living thing.

According to an article about Graces from the other place, a slightly different version of the Latin text of these verses is painted (apparently as a decoration) around Old Hall in Queens' College, Cambridge, and is "commonly in use at other Cambridge colleges". The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Full name The Queens College of Saint Margaret and Saint Bernard in the University of Cambridge Motto Floreat Domus May this House Flourish Named after - Previous names - Established 1448 Sister College(s) Pembroke College President Lord Eatwell Location Silver Street Undergraduates 490 Postgraduates 270 Homepage Boatclub The Gatehouse, as...


By contrast with the rather long pre-prandial grace, the post-prandial grace is brief: Benedictus benedicat ("Let him who is blessed, give blessing"). The latter grace is spoken by the senior Fellow present at the end of dinner on High Table.


References

  • Bott, A. (1993). Merton College: A Short History of the Buildings. Oxford: Merton College. ISBN 0-9522314-0-9.
  • Martin, G.H. & Highfield, J.R.L. (1997). A History of Merton College. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-920183-8.
  • Saunders, Jennifer; and Nikolaus Pevsner (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071045-0. 

Sir Nikolaus Pevsner CBE (January 30, 1902 – August 18, 1983) was a German-born British historian of art and, especially, architecture. ...

Notes

  1. ^ See Martin & Highfield, pp. 1–2
  2. ^ See Martin & Highfield, loc. cit.
  3. ^ See Bott, p.4
  4. ^ Anthony Wood, quoted in Bott, p.24
  5. ^ Pevsner, p.25
  6. ^ See Bott, pp.24–37
  7. ^ Bott, p.37
  8. ^ Martin & Highfield, p.163
  9. ^ a b Brock, M.G. and Curthoys, M.C., The History of the University of Oxford, Volume VII, Part 2 — Oxford University Press (2000) p. 755. ISBN 0-19-951017-2.
  10. ^ Pevsner, op. cit., p.164
  11. ^ Martin & Highfield, p.53

Anthony Wood or Anthony à Wood (December 17, 1632 - November 28, 1695) was an English antiquary. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Merton College, Oxford - Definition, explanation (1472 words)
Merton College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom.
Merton College was founded in 1264 by Walter de Merton Arch Chancellor and Bishop of Rochester.
Merton was also the first to be conceived as a community of scholars working to achieve academic ends, rather than just a place for the scholars to live in.
A Graduate of Merton College, Oxford (223 words)
Merton at Oxford University is among the oldest colleges in the English-speaking world.
In 1264-1274, the chancellor of England, Walter de Merton, endowed it as a secular institution patterned after higher education in religious orders.
This painting's background depicts Merton College, including its chapel tower, as seen from Christ Church Meadow; these thirteenth- to fifteenth-century buildings still stand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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