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Encyclopedia > Merrie Melodies
Merrie Melodies end title
Merrie Melodies end title

Merrie Melodies is the name of a series of animated cartoons distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures between 1931 and 1969. The series was produced by Leon Schlesinger Productions until 1944, when Schlesinger sold his studio to Warners. The newly renamed Warner Bros. Cartoons, Inc. continued producing the series until 1964. Thats All Folks File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Thats All Folks File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Animation is the technique in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model unit (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result with a... The WB Shield, used from 2001 to late 2003. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... Leon Schlesinger (1884 - December 25, 1949) was a producer at the Warner Bros. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1964 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Producer Leon Schlesinger had already produced one cartoon in the Looney Tunes series, and its success prompted him to try to sell a sister series to Warner Bros. His selling point was that the new cartoons would feature music from the soundtracks of Warner Bros. films and would thus serve as advertisements for Warner Bros. recordings. The studio agreed, and Schlesinger dubbed the series Merrie Melodies. In the entertainment industry, a producer is generally in charge of, or helps to coordinate, the financial, legal, administrative, technological, and artistic aspects of a production. ... Leon Schlesinger (1884 - December 25, 1949) was a producer at the Warner Bros. ... Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers cartoon series that preceded the Merrie Melodies series, and is both WBs first animated theatrical series and the second longest continuous animated series in any medium. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music Music City : a collaborative music database All Music Guide... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Film soundtrack. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ...


Walt Disney Studios had already scored with their Silly Symphonies. Since cartoon production usually began with a soundtrack, animating a piece of music made it easier to devise plot elements and even characters. The Walt Disney Studios refers to several different entities and locations associated with The Walt Disney Company: The Walt Disney Studios is one of the media empires four main operating units. ... Silly Symphonies is a series of cartoons made by Walt Disney Productions. ...


The Merrie Melodies series was taken on by Rudy Ising, one of the two animators (the other being Hugh Harman) who had worked on the original Looney Tunes short. Ising attempted to introduce new characters in his Merrie Melodies films, such as Piggy, Foxy, and Goopy Geer, but Foxy was so derivative of Mickey Mouse that he was dropped, possibly at Disney's urging. The Merrie Melodies shorts became largely plotless musicals or romances without any recurring characters and continued in this vein even after Ising left the studio in 1933. Hugh Harman (1908 – 1982) and Rudolf Rudy Ising (1903 – 1992) were animators and cartoon artists best known for founding the Warner Bros. ... An animator is one who is involved in the process of animation. ... Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers cartoon series that preceded the Merrie Melodies series, and is both WBs first animated theatrical series and the second longest continuous animated series in any medium. ... Piggy is an animated cartoon character in the Merrie Melodies series of films distributed by Warner Bros. ... See also Foxy (disambiguation) Foxy is an animated cartoon character featured in the Merrie Melodies series of films distributed by Warner Bros. ... Goopy Geer is a animated cartoon character in the Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies series of cartoons from Warner Bros. ... Mickeys most recognizable look has him wearing red shorts and yellow shoes. ... Walt Disney Walter Elias Walt Disney (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966), was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator. ... 1933 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1934, Schlesinger produced his first color Merrie Melodies shorts, Honeymoon Hotel and Beauty and the Beast, which were produced in Cinecolor (Disney had exclusive rights to the richer Technicolor process). Their success convinced Schlesinger to produce all future Merrie Melodies shorts in color as well. Looney Tunes continued in black and white until 1943. 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Honeymoon Hotel is a cartoon in the Warner Bros Merrie Melodies series produced in 1934. ... Cinecolor is an early subtractive color-model two color film process, based upon the Multicolor system of the 1920s. ... Walt Disney Walter Elias Walt Disney (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966), was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, voice actor, and animator. ... Technicolor is a three-strip color film process pioneered in the 1930s by the Technicolor Corporation, a company created by the husband-and-wife team of Herbert and Natalie Kalmus. ... Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers cartoon series that preceded the Merrie Melodies series, and is both WBs first animated theatrical series and the second longest continuous animated series in any medium. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Contractually, Merrie Melodies cartoons were obligated to include at least one full chorus from a Warner Bros. song. Warner Bros. requested that these songs be performed by name bands whenever possible, but this lasted only through the first few shorts. The policy annoyed the animators of Merrie Melodies, since the songs often interrupted the cartoons' momentum and pacing. For the communications operator see Chorus Communications For the computer operating system see ChorusOS In classical music a chorus is any substantial group of performers in a play, revue, musical or opera who act more or less as one. ...


In the late 1930s, the animators were released from this obligation, and the Merrie Melodies shorts came to resemble more closely the black-and-white Looney Tunes series. In 1943, Schlesinger began producing Looney Tunes in color as well, and the two series became virtually indistinguishable except by their theme music and opening titles. By this time the theme music for Looney Tunes was "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down" by Cliff Friend and Dave Franklin and the theme music for Merrie Melodies was an adaptation of "Merrily We Roll Along" by Charles Tobias, Murray Mencher & Eddie Cantor. // Events and trends The 1930s were spent struggling for a solution to the global depression. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... Merrily We Roll Along is a play by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, and a musical loosely based on it by Stephen Sondheim and George Furth. ... Charles Tobias was born on August 15, 1898 in New York City. ... Eddie Cantor (January 31, 1892 - October 10, 1964) was a comedian, singer, actor, songwriter, and one of the most popular entertainers in the United States of America in the early and middle 20th century. ...


Warner Bros.-owned songs continued to appear in some of the shorts, however, as shown by the frequent repetition of "The Merry-Go-Round Broke Down" and "Singing in the Bathtub," as well as the music of Carl Stalling and Raymond Scott, particularly "Powerhouse". Carl W. Stalling (1888–1974) was the most famous composer and arranger of cartoon music. ... Raymond Scott (September 10, 1908 - February 8, 1994), was a composer, bandleader, and inventor. ...


See also

Filmography 1930s 1930: Sinkin in the Bathtub Congo Jazz Hold Anything The Booze Hangs High Box Car Blues 1931: The Big Man From the North Aint Nature Grand? Ups n Downs Dumb Patrol Yodeling Yokels Boskos Holiday The Trees Knees Lady Play Your Mandolin Smile, Darn Ya... Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers cartoon series that preceded the Merrie Melodies series, and is both WBs first animated theatrical series and the second longest continuous animated series in any medium. ... Termite Terrace is the nickname for the old building on Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, USA where Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies were first created. ...

External links

  • The Big Cartoon Database entry for Merrie Melodies

  Results from FactBites:
 
MERRIE MELODIES FACTS AND INFORMATION (472 words)
The ''Merrie Melodies'' series was taken on by Rudy Ising, one of the two animators (the other being Hugh Harman) who had worked on the original ''Looney_Tunes'' short.
Ising attempted to introduce new characters in his ''Merrie Melodies'' films, such as Piggy, Foxy, and Goopy_Geer, but Foxy was so derivative of Mickey_Mouse that he was dropped, possibly at Disney's urging.
Contractually, ''Merrie Melodies'' cartoons were obliged to include at least one full chorus from a Warner Bros. song.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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