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Encyclopedia > Merlene Ottey
Medal record
Center
Merlene Ottey
Women’s Athletics
Competitor for Flag of Jamaica Jamaica / Flag of Slovenia Slovenia
Olympic Games
Silver 1996 Atlanta 100 m
Silver 1996 Atlanta 200 m
Bronze 2000 Sydney 100m
Silver 2000 Sydney 4x100 m relay
Bronze 1980 Moscow 200 m
Bronze 1984 Los Angeles 100 m
Bronze 1984 Los Angeles 200 m
Bronze 1992 Barcelona 200 m
Bronze 1996 Atlanta 4x100 m relay
World Championships
Gold 1991 Tokyo 4x100 m relay
Gold 1993 Stuttgart 200 m
Gold 1995 Gothenburg 200 m
Silver 1983 Helsinki 200 m
Silver 1993 Stuttgart 100 m
Silver 1995 Gothenburg 100 m
Silver 1995 Gothenburg 4x100 m relay
Bronze 1983 Helsinki 4x100 m relay
Bronze 1987 Rome 100 m
Bronze 1987 Rome 200 m
Bronze 1991 Tokyo 100 m
Bronze 1991 Tokyo 200 m
Bronze 1993 Stuttgart 4x100 m relay
Bronze 1997 Athens 200 m

Merlene Joyce Ottey (born May 10, 1960 in Hanover, Jamaica) is a Jamaican-born Slovenian track athlete. Ottey began her career representing Jamaica, but since 2002, has represented Slovenia, where she now resides. She ranks at number four on the list of the all time female athletes on the 100 meters, and number three on the corresponding 200 meters list. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Mens Athletics Medal Winners at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1500 m 5,000 m 10,000 m Marathon 110 m Hurdles 400 m Hurdles 3,000 m Steeplechase 4 x 100 m Relay 4 x 400 m 20 km Walk 50... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Mens Athletics Medal Winners at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1500 m 5,000 m 10,000 m Marathon 110 m Hurdles 400 m Hurdles 3,000 m Steeplechase 4 x 100 m Relay 4 x 400 m 20 km Walk 50... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, 46 events in athletics were contested, 24 for men and 22 for women. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, 46 events in athletics were contested, 24 for men and 22 for women. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Athletics at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 38 events. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Athletics Medal Winners at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics Mens medal winners Women’s Medal Winners External links Zola Budd Categories: ‪1984 Summer Olympics events‬ | ‪Athletics at the Olympics‬ ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Athletics Medal Winners at the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics Mens medal winners Women’s Medal Winners External links Zola Budd Categories: ‪1984 Summer Olympics events‬ | ‪Athletics at the Olympics‬ ... The 92 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Athletics Medal Winners at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics Categories: | ... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... Mens Athletics Medal Winners at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics 100 m 200 m 400 m 800 m 1500 m 5,000 m 10,000 m Marathon 110 m Hurdles 400 m Hurdles 3,000 m Steeplechase 4 x 100 m Relay 4 x 400 m 20 km Walk 50... The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ... The 3rd World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan between August 23 and September 1. ... These are the official results of the Womens 4x100 metres event at the 1991 IAAF World Championships in Tokyo, Japan. ... The 4th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Gottlieb Daimler Stadium, Stuttgart, Germany between August 13 and August 22. ... The 5th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg, Sweden between August 5 and August 13. ... The inaugural World Championships in Athletics were run under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations and were held at the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland between August 7 and August 14. ... The 4th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Gottlieb Daimler Stadium, Stuttgart, Germany between August 13 and August 22. ... The 5th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg, Sweden between August 5 and August 13. ... The 5th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg, Sweden between August 5 and August 13. ... The inaugural World Championships in Athletics were run under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations and were held at the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland between August 7 and August 14. ... The 2nd World Championships in Athletics under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations were held in the Olympic Stadium in Rome, Italy between August 28 and September 6. ... The 2nd World Championships in Athletics under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations were held in the Olympic Stadium in Rome, Italy between August 28 and September 6. ... The 3rd World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan between August 23 and September 1. ... These are the official results of the Womens 100 metres event at the 1991 IAAF World Championships in Tokyo, Japan. ... The 3rd World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan between August 23 and September 1. ... These are the official results of the Womens 200 metres event at the 1991 IAAF World Championships in Tokyo, Japan. ... The 4th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Gottlieb Daimler Stadium, Stuttgart, Germany between August 13 and August 22. ... The 6th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece between August 1 and August 10, 1997. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... very beautiful city ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... A womens 400m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... (Redirected from 100 m) 100m is the classic sprint race distance. ... 200m is a sprint running event. ...


Ottey holds the record for being the oldest track medalist ever, for running the fastest Women's Indoor 200 metres (in 21.87 seconds). [1], and for having the most women's World Championships medals (fourteen) [2]. Her career achievements and longevity have led to her being called the "Queen of the Track". A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ...

Contents

Life and sprinting career

Ottey was born the fourth of seven children to Hubert and Joan Ottey in Cold Spring, Hanover. She was introduced to the sport by her mother, who bought her a manual on track and field. In her early school years in the 1970s, Ottey attended Gurneys Mount and Pondside Schools before graduating from Ruseas and Vere Technical high schools. There she frequently competed barefooted in local races. very beautiful city ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ...


Ottey's inspiration came from listening to the track and field broadcast from the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, where Donald Quarrie ran in the sprint finals. Her athletics career took off when she emigrated to the U.S., and attended the University of Nebraska in 1979, where she joined the track team. She represented Jamaica in the 1979 Pan American Games, winning a bronze medal in the 200 m. She graduated from university with a Bachelor of Arts Degree, and married fellow athlete Nathaniel Page in 1984. The couple later divorced. There were two Olympic Games in the year 1976: 1976 Summer Olympics 1976 Winter Olympics This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Don Quarrie is regarded as one of the finest sprinters in the history of track and field. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Seal of the University of Nebraska The University of Nebraska is one of two public university systems in the state of Nebraska, USA. The system has four universities and a technical college: University of Nebraska-Lincoln University of Nebraska at Omaha University of Nebraska at Kearney University of Nebraska Medical... The logo of 1979 Pan American Games The 8th Pan American Games were held in San Juan, Puerto Rico, from July 1 to July 15, 1979. ... A bronze medal is a medal awarded to the third place finisher of contests (typically athletics competitions) such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. ... A B.A. issued from the University of Tennessee. ...


In the 1980 Moscow games, Merlene Ottey became the first female English speaking Caribbean athlete to win an Olympic medal. Back in Jamaica, she was awarded an Officer of the Order of Nation, and the Order of Distinction for ‘services in the field of sport’. Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


In the 1982 Commonwealth Games, Ottey won a gold medal in the 200m, and silver medal in the 100m. Nearly a decade later, in the 1990 Commonwealth Games, she won gold in both events. Ottey was named Ambassador of Jamaica after her gold medal win in the 1993 world championships. She has also been named Jamaican Sportswoman of the year 15 times between 1979 and 1997. Matilda the Kangaroo mascot for the 1982 Commonwealth Games (shown here during her circuit of the track at the stadium during the Games Opening Ceremony, and with a silhouette of Matilda and several joey kangaroos on a large screen, during Rolf Harris segment) Matilda turns her head and winks at... The 1990 Commonwealth Games were held in Auckland, New Zealand from January 24-February 3, 1990. ... An ambassador, rarely embassador, is a diplomatic official accredited to a foreign sovereign or government, or to an international organization, to serve as the official representative of his or her own country. ...


Throughout her career, she has won nine Olympic medals, the most by any woman in track and field history [3]. These include three silver and five bronze medals. Even though she has won several olympic medals, she has never won an olympic gold medal; she lost by as little as a thousandth of a second to Gail Devers, and a hundredth of a second on numerous occasions to different athletes. Yolanda Gail Devers (born November 19, 1966 in Seattle, Washington, USA) is a three-time Olympic 100 m champion in athletics for the US Olympic Team. ...


She won 14 World Championship medals between 1983 to 1997 —more than any other athlete, male or female — however, her failure to win many golds in major international competitions earned her the nickname "the Bronze Queen" in racing circles. She has won a total of three gold, three silver and eight bronze medals in the 4 x 100 m relay, the 100-m, and 200-m races. Ottey was appointed an Ambassador at Large by the Jamaican government in 1993.


Controversy

In 1999, during a meet in Lucerne, Switzerland, a urine sample submitted had returned positive for the banned anabolic steroid nandrolone. Her 'B' sample also contained higher than normal levels of the substance. Ottey was subsequently banned by the IAAF from competing in the upcoming twenty-seventh Olympiad in Sydney, Australia in 2000. She also pulled out of World Championships in Seville, Spain. Lucerne (German: Luzern) is a city in Central Switzerland with a population of 60,274 (31 December 2003), capital of the canton of Lucerne. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Crystal structure of human sex hormone-binding globulin, transporting 5-alpha-dihydrotestosterone. ... Nandrolone is an anabolic steroid occurring naturally in the human body, albeit in small quantities. ... The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ...


Ottey, however, fought to clear her name, asserting that that charge was a "terrible mistake", and that she was totally innocent of knowingly taking steroids. [4]. In the summer of 2000, Ottey was cleared of all charges by the IAAF and Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association, and the laboratory who had tested her sample came under severe criticism. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ...


In Jamaica, at the National Senior Trials prior to selection for the Olympics, Ottey placed a disappointing fourth. According to the rules of the Jamaica Amateur Athletics Association (JAAA), only athletes who had finished in the top three at the trials were eligible to run at the Olympics; she was only qualified to run on the 4 x 100 m relay team. Ottey, asked that she be substituted for another team member, a courtesy that had been extended to others in the past. The JAAA's decision to replace Peta-Gaye Dowdie with Ottey caused widespread controversy. Dowdie's team members and many Jamaicans believed that Ottey had bullied her way onto the team. She was construed as an aging icon trying to retain power by usurping the place of a younger and equally worthy athlete. Jamaican 400m Olympian and championship medallist Gregory Haughton lead the notorious "Games Village" protests to oust Ottey, which made international headlines. The protest ended when The International Olympic Committee (IOC) threatened to throw the Jamaicans out of the Games if the team managers were not able to control their charges. [5]. The 4 x 100 m relay or sprint relay is an athletics track event run in lanes over one lap of the track with four runners completing 100 m each. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... Greg Haughton (born November 10, 1973 in Saint Mary, Jamaica) is a 400 metres runner who has won numerous international medals in individual and relay contests. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ...


At the 2000 Olympics, Ottey finished fourth in the 100 m she had fought to partake in, beaten from a medal by fellow Jamaica sprinter Tayna Lawrence. The race was won by Marion Jones who registered 10.75 seconds, who was followed by Ekaterini Thanou of Greece in 11.12 seconds. Lawrence posted 11.18 seconds to Ottey 11.19 seconds. In the 4×100 relay the Jamaican team, comprised of bronze medallist Lawrence, teenager and newcomer Veronica Campbell and Beverly MacDonald, was anchored to a silver medal. This medal gave Ottey her eighth medal, the most ever for a female athlete. Tayna Lawrence (born September 17, 1975 in Spanish Town, Jamaica) is a Track and Field sprint athlete, competing internationally for Jamaica. ... Marion Jones, also known as Marion Jones-Thompson (born October 12, 1975 in Los Angeles, California), is a former American athlete in track and field. ... Ekaterini Thanou (In Greek: Αικατερίνη Θάνου; born February 1, 1975) is a Greek athlete. ... Veronica Campbell (born May 15, 1982) is a track and field sprint athlete, competing internationally for Jamaica. ...


Due to the controversy, Ottey decided that "after Sydney I said I wasn't going to run another race for Jamaica ... because I felt like the Jamaicans were trying to push me out of the sport and I really needed to prove my point, that I might be 40 but I can still run." [6]


Slovenia

In 1998 Ottey moved to Slovenia, and began training with Slovene coach Srdjan Djordjevic. There she was still representing Jamaica. However, in May 2002, she became a Slovenian citizen, and now resides in Ljubljana, where she represents her new country in international events.   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. ...


Ottey competed for Slovenia in the 100 meters at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where she reached the semifinals. At age 46, she competed in the 2006 European Championships in Athletics. She finished fourth in the semi-finals of the 100 metres, preventing her from running the final, which was won by Belgium's Kim Gevaert. The Womens 100 m at the 2004 Summer Olympics as part of the athletics program were held at the Athens Olympic Stadium on August 20 and August 21. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Official logo The 19th European Championships in Athletics were held in Gothenburg, Sweden, between August 7 and August 13, 2006. ... Kim Gevaert (born: August 5, 1978 in Leuven, Belgium) is a sprint athlete. ...


Records and achievements

  • Ottey ranks at number three on the list of the top ten all time athletes on the 200 meters - women, and number four on the 100 meter list.
  • Ottey has won a record number of medals at the indoor championships —six.
  • Ottey is the first female athlete to run 60 meters under seven seconds, 100 metres under eleven seconds—a feat she has accomplished 67 times — and 200 metres Indoor under 22 seconds. She has also clocked the fastest 100 and 200 meters in the same day.
  • Ottey has 57 consecutive wins in 100 meters—the most consecutive wins over 100 meters for a female, and 34 consecutive wins at 200 meters.
  • Ottey is the fastest in the world among all female athletes over 30. She has recorded the fastest time for any female athlete at age 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, and age 40.
  • Ottey is the first from the Western Hemisphere (outside the USA) to win two individual medals at the same games.
  • At the 1995 World Championships, Ottey became the oldest ever female gold medallist when she won the 200 m at age 35 years 92 days. At the 1997 World Championships in Athens, she became the oldest female medallist ever at 37 years 90 days, when she won the bronze medal. In 2000, at age 40, Ottey became the oldest track and field medalist when she anchored the Jamaican women's 4×100 meters to a silver medal.
  • Ottey is also one of two athletes to win twenty medals at the Olympic Games and the World Championships (combined).
  • Ottey holds the record for running the fastest women's Indoor 200 metres, in 21.87 seconds.
  • In five World Championships, Ottey has so far won thirteen medals: three gold, four silver and six bronze medals, while at the Olympics she has earned two silver and five bronze medals.
  • Ottey has won more Olympic medals than any other athlete from the Western Hemisphere. She is also the first female Caribbean athlete to win an Olympic medal.
  • Ottey's Olympics Medals:
  • Ottey has the most women's World Championships medals with fourteen:
    • Helsinki 1983 200 m Silver & 4 x 100 m relay Bronze
    • Rome 1987 100 m & 200 m Bronze
    • Tokyo 1991 100 m & 200 m Bronze & 4 x 100 m relay Gold
    • Stuttgart 1993 100 m Silver & 200 m Gold & 4 x 100 m relay Bronze
    • Gothenburg 1995 100 m Silver & 200 m Gold & 4 x 100 m relay Silver
    • Athens 1997 200 m Bronze

200m is a sprint running event. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... The 5th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg, Sweden between August 5 and August 13. ... The 6th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece between August 1 and August 10, 1997. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... A 200 metre race is a sprint running event. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... “West Indian” redirects here. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Music sample: Olympic Fanfare and Theme ( file info) — composed by John Williams for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... The 92 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... The 1996 Summer h Olympics, formally known as the Games of the XXVI Olympiad and informally known as the Centennial Olympics, were held in 1996 in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. ... The 2000 Summer Olympics or the Millennium Games/Games of the New Millennium, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, were the Summer Olympic Games held in 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The World Championships in Athletics is an event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations. ... The inaugural World Championships in Athletics were run under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations and were held at the Olympic Stadium in Helsinki, Finland between August 7 and August 14. ... The 2nd World Championships in Athletics under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations were held in the Olympic Stadium in Rome, Italy between August 28 and September 6. ... The 3rd World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan between August 23 and September 1. ... The 4th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held in the Gottlieb Daimler Stadium, Stuttgart, Germany between August 13 and August 22. ... The 5th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Ullevi Stadium, Gothenburg, Sweden between August 5 and August 13. ... The 6th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations, were held at the Olympic Stadium, Athens, Greece between August 1 and August 10, 1997. ...

Ottey in popular culture

Merlene Ottey is believed to be a true Jamaican icon with her athletic results, endurance and great determination to compete against much younger rivals. These features have also earned her a place in the Slovenian popular culture as one of the improvisational groups of the Slovene national improv league has named itself "Merlene Ottey Project". Their plays are based on the moto: "We might be 'a lot more experienced' then our competitors, but we don't give in to noone."


References

  • The Merlene Ottey Tribute
  • Merlene Ottey

External links

  • IAAF profile for Merlene Ottey
  • Merlene Ottey & the advance of women
Preceded by
Steffi Graf
United Press International
Athlete of the Year

1991
Succeeded by
Monica Seles

  Results from FactBites:
 
Merlene Ottey at AllExperts (1599 words)
Ottey was born the fourth of seven children to Hubert and Joan Ottey in Cold Spring, Hanover.
Ottey was subsequently banned by the IAAF from competing in the upcoming twenty-seventh Olympiad in Sydney, Australia in 2000.
Ottey competed for Slovenia in the 100 meters at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, where she reached the semifinals.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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