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Encyclopedia > Merkit

The Merkit, Merged, or Mergid (Merged means "wise ones," "adept ones," "skillful ones," "(skillful) archers," or "hunters" in Mongolian) were a Mongol tribe with a fierce reputation that inhabited southeastern Siberia during the Middle Ages. After a long struggle over two decades, the Merkits were defeated and incorporated into the Mongol nation formed by Temüjin (later Genghis Khan) in the first decade of the 13th century.[1] They disappear as a separate group after the Mongol unification of 1206, but Merkit descendants may still be found in Mongolia. Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article is about the person. ...

Peoples of Eurasia around 1200, before the establishment of the Mongol empire
Peoples of Eurasia around 1200, before the establishment of the Mongol empire

Image File history File links Premongol. ... Image File history File links Premongol. ... For other uses, see Eurasia (disambiguation). ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... Expansion of the Mongol Empire Historical map of the Mongol Empire The Mongol Empire, also known as the Mongolian Empire (Mongolian: , Mongolyn Ezent Güren; 1206–1405) was the largest contiguous empire in history and for sometime was the most feared in Eurasia. ...

Ethnic Relations

The ethnicity of the Merkits is somewhat obscure; most likely they were Mongolic (related to Mongols, Naimans, Keraits, and Khitan), but it has also been postulated that they are more closely related to Paleo-Asians,[citations needed] such as the Chukchi, or to Tungusic peoples, such as the Manchu and the Evenks.[2] Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Naimans or Naiman Mongols (Naiman also means eight in Mongolian) were a Mongol people dwelling in central Asia, closely related to the Kara-Khitai, and subservient to them until 1177. ... For the anti-Talmudic Jewish sect, see Karaite Judaism. ... Khitan may refer to: Khitan people Khitan language Khitan script Category: ... The term Chukchi may refer to Chukchi people Chukchi language This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The term Tungusic peoples is used to describe a peoples speaking a Tungusic languages. ... The Manchu people (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Mongolian: Манж) are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria (todays Northeastern China). ... The Evenks or Evenki (obsolete: Tungus or Tunguz, autonym: Эвэнки, Evenki) are a nomadic Tungusic people of Northern Asia. ...


Conflict with Genghis Khan

Temüjins mother Hoelun, originally from the Olkhunut tribe, had married the Merkit warrior Chiledu around 1160. She was abducted by Temüjins father Yesugei, while being escorted home by Chiledu. Hoelun was the mother of Mongol Khan Genghis Khan and the grandmother of Ogedei Khan, first emperor of Yuan Dynasty. ... Olkhunut was the tribe of Hoelun, the mother of Temujin, more widely known as the Genghis Khan. ... Yesugei Baghatur or Yesugei The Brave (11XX–1180) (Yesügei, Yesükhei) was a Mongol Khan (or ruler). ...


In turn, Temüjin's new wife Börte was kidnapped by Merkit raiders from their campsite by the Onon river around 1184 and given to one of their warriors. Temüjin, supported by his blood brother Jamuga and his foster-father Toghril, the Khan of the Keraits, attacked the Merkit and rescued Börte within the year. The Merkit were dispersed after this attack. Shortly thereafter she gave birth to a son named Jochi. Temüjin accepted paternity but the question kept lingering over Jochi's life. Börte Ujin was the Grand Empress of the Mongol Khan Genghis Khan, founder of the Mongol Empire. ... Jamuqa (could also be spelled Jamuka, Djamugha or Yamuqa or similar) was a Mongol military and political leader and the chief rival to Temüjin, later Genghis Khan, in the unification of the Mongol tribes. ... This article is about Wang Khan Toghrul, ruler of the Kerait. ... Jochi (also spelled Jöchi) (c. ...


Those incidents resulted in a strong animosity between Temüjin and his family and the Merkits. Over the following two decades, he attacked them several times. By the time he had united the other Mongol tribes and was given the title "Genghis Khan" in 1206, the Merkit seem to have disappeared as a separate ethnic group. Those who survived were most likely absorbed by other Mongol tribes.


References

  1. ^ Jack Weatherford (2004). Genghis Khan and the making of the modern world. Three Rivers Press. ISBN 978-0-609-61062-6 (0-609-61062-7).  Most of the dates in this article are from this book, which is mainly based on the Secret History.
  2. ^ Regnal Chronologies : Mongols.
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Merkit - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (230 words)
The Merkit are a Kazakh tribe that inhabited southeastern Siberia during the Middle Ages, regarded by their neighbours as being particularly ferocious.
Later, Temüjin's wife Börte was kidnapped by Merkit raiders and given to one of their warriors.
Shortly thereafter she gave birth to a son; Temüjin accepted paternity of the boy but named him Jochi ("the Guest") and there was always a tension between him and his brothers.
Merkit - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (252 words)
The Merkit were an Asian tribe inhabiting southeastern Siberia during the Middle Ages, regarded by their neighbours as being particularly ferocious.
Their ethnicity is somewhat obscure; the balance of the evidence suggests that they were Mongolic-speaking (related to Mongols, Naimans, Keraits, and Khitan), but it has also been postulated that they are more closely related to Paleo-Asians such as the Chukchi, or to Tungusic (like Manchu and Evenk).
Later, Temujin's wife Börte was kidnapped by Merkit raiders and given to one of their warriors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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