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Encyclopedia > Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper

Merian Caldwell Cooper (October 24, 1893, Jacksonville, Florida, USAApril 21, 1973, San Diego, California, USA, died of cancer) was an American aviator, American Air Force and Polish Air Force officer, adventurer, director, screenwriter and producer. Image File history File linksMetadata Merian_Cooper. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Merian_Cooper. ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: Country United States State Florida County Duval  - Mayor John Peyton (R) Area    - City 2,264. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Nickname: Americas Finest City Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Mayor Jerry Sanders City Attorney Michael Aguirre City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer Ben Hueso Area    - City 963. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these cells to invade other tissues, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis. ... An aviator is a person who flies aircraft for pleasure or as a profession. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... Flag of the Polish Air Force Polish Air Force (SiÅ‚y Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SiÅ‚y Powietrzne RP). ... An adventurer or adventuress is one who takes part in a risky or speculative course of action for profit or position, or one who lives by his or her wits. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Screenwriters, scenarists or script writers, are authors who write the screenplays from which movies and television programs are made. ... A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ...

Cooper's most famous film work was the 1933 movie King Kong. See also: 1932 in film 1933 1934 in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events British Film Institute founded. ... This is about the original movie and novel. ...

He was married to Dorothy Jordan, and was the father of Polish translator and writer Maciej Słomczyński. Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language—the source text—and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language—the target text, also called the translation. ... Maciej SÅ‚omczyÅ„ski (10. ...


Early life

Born to John C. Cooper and the former Mary Coldwell, Merian Caldwell Cooper entered the U.S. Naval Academy in 1912 but left in 1915 (his senior year). In 1916 he joined the Georgia National Guard to help chase Pancho Villa in Mexico. Teamwork: Fourth Class Midshipmen lock arms and use ropes made from uniform items as they brace themselves climbing the Herndon Monument The United States Naval Academy, or USNA, is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The United States National Guard is a component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air National Guard). ... A graphical timeline is available here: Timeline of the Mexican Revolution Doroteo Arango Arámbula (June 5, 1878 – July 23, 1923) — better known as Francisco Villa or, in its diminutive form, Pancho Villa — was one of the foremost leaders and best known generals of the Mexican Revolution, between 1911 and...

World War I

Cooper was a bomber pilot during World War I. He was shot down and captured by Germans, serving out the remainder of the war in a POW camp. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Franz...

Polish Independence

American volunteers, Merian C. Cooper and Cedric Fauntleroy, fighting in the Kosciuszko Squadron of the Polish Air Force.
American volunteers, Merian C. Cooper and Cedric Fauntleroy, fighting in the Kosciuszko Squadron of the Polish Air Force.

From late 1919 until the 1921 Treaty of Riga he was a member of a volunteer American flight squadron, the Kosciuszko Squadron, which supported the Polish Army in the Polish-Soviet War. On July 26, 1920, his plane was shot down, and he spent nearly 9 months in a Soviet prisoner of war camp. He escaped just before the war was over and made it to Latvia. For valor he was decorated by Polish commander-in-chief Józef Piłsudski with the highest Polish military decoration, the Virtuti Militari. Merian Cooper and Cedric Fauntleroy (Brigham Young University, Collections) This work is copyrighted. ... Merian Cooper and Cedric Fauntleroy (Brigham Young University, Collections) This work is copyrighted. ... Cedric Fauntleroy (sometimes also Cedric Faunt le Roy) was an American pilot who in 1919 volunteered to serve in the Polish Air Force during the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Polish fighters of the Kościuszko Squadron. ... Flag of the Polish Air Force Polish Air Force (SiÅ‚y Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SiÅ‚y Powietrzne RP). ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for full calendar). ... The Peace of Riga (also known as the Treaty of Riga, Polish: Traktat Ryski) signed on 18th March 1921 between Poland and Soviet Russia ended the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Polish fighters of the Kościuszko Squadron. ... Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... Combatants Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Second Polish Republic Commanders Mikhail Tukhachevsky Semyon Budyonny Joseph Stalin Józef PiÅ‚sudski Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Strength 950,000 including reserves 5 million 360,000 including reserves 738,000 Casualties Unknown, dead estimated at 100,000 - 150,000 Unknown, dead estimated at... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... Prisoner of War camps Contents // Categories: Substubs | Prisons and detention centres ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Office Chief of State, Marshal of Poland Term of office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Polish Leader Political party none, see Sanacja for details Spouse Maria PiÅ‚sudska Aleksandra PiÅ‚sudska Date of birth December 5, 1867 Place of birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania... Virtuti Militari The Virtuti Militari (Latin: For Military Virtue) was created in 1792 and is Polands highest military decoration for valor in the face of the enemy and one of the oldest military decorations in the world still in use . ...

During his time as a POW, Cooper wrote an autobiography entitled "Things Men Die For" by "C". He turned the manuscript over to Dagmar Matson, his girl Friday, to type for publisher submission. It was submitted to G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York (the Knickerbocker Press) in 1927 and published that same year. Just after release, he got cold feet about releasing the personal details about "Nina" and asked Dagmar to buy up every copy she could find...she did and managed to acquire most of the 5,000 copies that had been released. Cooper kept a copy and Dagmar kept a copy (which now belongs to me) the rest were eventually destroyed. Dagmar sent Nina money every month, on behalf of Cooper, until his death.

World War II

Though old enough to be free of service in World War II, he enlisted anyway, as a colonel in the U.S. Army Air Forces, serving in China as chief of staff for General Claire Chennault of the China Air Task Force, then from 1943 to 1945 in the Southwest Pacific as chief of staff for the Fifth Air Force's Bomber Command. Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... The United States Army Air Forces, or USAAF, was a part of the U.S. military during World War II. The direct precursor to the U.S. Air Force, the USAAF formally existed between 1941 and 1947. ... Maj. ... This article concerns the American Volunteer Group, a World War II unit usually known as the Flying Tigers. For other uses of the term see Flying Tigers (disambiguation). ... ... The Fifth Air Force (5AF), with headquarters currently located at Yokota Air Base,Japan, is one of very few numbered air forces of the United States Air Force never to have been based in the United States itself. ...

Leading many missions and carefully planning them to minimize loss of life, he was known for his hard work and relentless planning. At the end of the war, he was promoted to brigadier general. A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ...

Film career

Cooper led movie production for RKO Pictures before and after WWII. RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ...

Cooper started his film career with documentaries, which combined real footage with staged sequences. In Chang (1927), he used this technique to create a memorable finale featuring an elephant stampede. Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... Chang: A Drama of the Wilderness (Famous Lasky Corp. ... See also: 1926 in film 1927 1928 in film 1920s in film years in film film // Events January 10 - The film Metropolis by Fritz Lang premieres. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... A stampede is an act of mass impulse among herd animals or a crowd of people in which the herd (or crowd) collectively begins running with no clear direction or purpose. ...

Throughout his career, Cooper was a proponent of technical innovation. The film King Kong, which he co-wrote, co-directed and appeared in, was a breakthrough in this regard. Additionally, Cooper helped pave the way for such ground-breaking technologies as Technicolor and wide screen Cinerama. King Kong battles a pterosaur in the original 1933 version. ... Logo celebrating Technicolors 90th Anniversary Technicolor is the trademark for a series of color film processes pioneered by Technicolor Motion Picture Corporation (a subsidiary of Technicolor, Inc. ... Cinerama is the trademarked name for a widescreen process which works by simultaneously projecting images from three synchronized 35 mm projectors onto a huge, deeply-curved screen, subtending 146° of arc, and for the corporation which was formed to market it. ...

Cooper was a good friend and frequent collaborator with noted Western director John Ford. In 1947, they formed Argosy Productions and produced such notable films as Rio Grande, The Quiet Man, and The Searchers. He was nominated for an Oscar for producing The Quiet Man in 1952, but lost to Cecil B. DeMille's The Greatest Show on Earth. Cooper did however receive an Honorary Oscar that same year. John Ford (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973) was one of the most accomplished American film directors of the 1930s to 1960s, known particularly as a director of the Westerns, although his tributes to the veterans of World War II and Americana are also equally effective. ... Río Bravo redirects here. ... The Quiet Man was a 1952 American film starring John Wayne, Maureen OHara, Victor McLaglen, and Barry Fitzgerald, and directed by John Ford. ... The Searchers may refer to: The Searchers – a 1956 epic Western movie The Searchers – a 1960s British rock band This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cecil B. DeMille on August 27, 1934 cover of Time Magazine Cecil Blount DeMille (August 12, 1881 – January 21, 1959) was one of the most successful filmmakers during the first half of the 20th century. ... The Greatest Show on Earth is the slogan for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. ...

Cooper has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (his name is misspelled "Meriam C. Cooper"). A band plays on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...

Pioneer in Aviation

He was a member of the board of Pan American Airways for decades and a pioneer founder in using airplanes. Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the United States principal international airline from the 1930s until its collapse in 1991, and was credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry. ...

See above his service in air corp in WWI and WWII.


  • In the 1933 version of King Kong, Cooper and co-director Ernest B. Schoedsack appear at the end piloting the plane that finally finishes off Kong. Cooper reportedly said, "We should kill the sonofabitch ourselves".
  • In the 2005 remake of King Kong, upon learning that Fay Wray is not available because she's making a film for RKO, Carl Denham (Jack Black) replies, "Cooper, huh? I might have known."
  • Cooper claimed that he got the idea for King Kong after he had a dream that a giant gorilla was terrorizing New York City. When he woke up, he recorded the idea and used it for the film.

This is a list of film-related events in 2005. ... King Kong is the 2005 remake of the original 1933 King Kong film about a fictional giant ape called Kong. ... Vina Fay Wray (September 15, 1907 – August 8, 2004) was a Canadian–American actress. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... Carl Denham, as portrayed by Robert Armstrong in the original 1933 version Carl Denham is a fictional film director in the films King Kong and Son of Kong (both released in 1933), as well as in the 2005 remake of King Kong, and a 2004 illustrated-novel titled Kong: King... Jack Black (born Thomas J. Black, Jr. ...


  • Janusz Cisek: "Kosciuszko, We Are Here!", McFarland Publishing
  • "I Am King Kong!", TCM Documentary, directed by Kevin Brownlow.

Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Kevin Brownlow (2 June 1938–) is a film historian, television documentary-maker, and author born in Crowborough, Sussex. ...

See also

Howard Robard Hughes, Jr. ...

External links



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