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Encyclopedia > Meretz
Israel

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Meretz (מרצ, Hebrew: "vitality", "energy") was an Israeli leftist secular political party. It was formed in 1992 by the merger of three other parties, Ratz (רצ, Movement for Civil Rights and Peace), Mapam (מפ"ם, Israeli Workers Party) and Shinui (שינוי, Change). In 1996 they officially registered as a single party, but in 1997 part of Shinui (under the leadership of Avraham Poraz) left to form a separate movement. The Basic Laws of Israel are a key component of Israels uncodified constitution. The State of Israel has no formal constitution. ... The Jerusalem Law is a common name of Basic Law: Jerusalem, Capital of Israel passed by the Israeli Knesset on July 30, 1980 (17th Av, 5740). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 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In 2003 the party was dispanded and subsequently reformed as Meretz-Yachad. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Meretz. ...

Contents


Left wing positions

Meretz positions are left-wing in both social-economical and political views:

  1. Meretz supports the foundation of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip.
  2. It demands the total evacuation of Israeli settlements,
  3. The retreat of the Israeli army from the armistice lines of the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, known as the Green Line.
  4. Furthermore, Meretz supports moderate interference of the state in internal-economy and the full liberation of civil-rights from religion.

It is associated with the non-parliamentary movement "Peace Now". (Redirected from 1967 Arab-Israeli war) The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six-Day War or June War, was fought between Israel and its Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. ... Green Line may refer to: Provisional demarcation lines: Green Line (Cyprus), between the Cypriot government and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Green Line (Israel), between Israel and its Arab neighbors Green Line (Lebanon), between Christian and Muslim militias Public transit lines: The Green Line (Baltimore), a proposed transit line... Peace Now (Hebrew: שלום עכשיו - Shalom Achshav) is an extra-parliamental political movement in Israel, with the agenda of swaying popular opinion and convincing the Israeli government of the need and possibility for achieving a just peace and an historic conciliation with the Palestinian people and neighboring Arab countries; this in exchange...


Factions

Meretz has 2 main factions within it:

  1. The "Securitist Zionists" (Bithonistim) led by Yossi Sarid, Ran Cohen and Avshalom Vilan;
  2. The radicals led by Zehava Galon, Yossi Beilin and Shulamit Aloni.

The two factions differ mainly on their approach toward Israel Defense Forces operations in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; while the Securitist faction regards them as legitimate counter-terror operations, the radical stream oppose them as "illegal and immoral" attacks. Yossi Sarid (born October 24, 1940) is an Israeli left wing politician. ... Ran Cohen (in Hebrew רן כהן) (born June 20, 1937) is an Israeli politician and Knesset member of Yachad party. ... Avshalom Vilan is a member of the Israeli Knesset, of the party Meretz-Yachad. ... Yossi Beilin Dr. Yossef (Yossi) Beilin (Hebrew: ; born June 12, 1948) is an Israeli politician, Knesset member, and a former , deputy foreign minister and justice minister within the Israeli Labour Party. ... The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ...


Although Meretz officially denounces refusal to serve in the military on political grounds, the radical faction supports the refuseniks and justify their actions. Furthermore, there is a group of refuseniks who are members of the various institutions of Yahad, amongst others, the Yahad Council, the Yahad Management and the party Court. Refusal to serve in the Israeli military includes both refusal to obey specific orders and refusal to serve in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in any capacity due to pacifistic or antimilitaristic views or disagreement with the policies of the Israeli government as implemented by the army. ...


Meretz currently has 6 seats in the (16th elected) Israeli Parliament, and had seats in previous Parliaments as listed below:


1992 - 12 seats, 1996 - 9 seats, 1999 - 10 seats, 2003 - 6 seats. 2006 - 5 seats


Disbanding of Meretz

In December 2003, Meretz was disbanded in order to merge with Yossi Beilin's Shahar (שח"ר) movement. The new party was called Yachad (יח"ד);, which literally means "together", but is also an abbreviation of "Democrat Social Israel" in Hebrew. The original name was to be Yaad, which means "goal" in Hebrew, but was replaced because the meaning of Yad in Russian is poison. Yossi Beilin Dr. Yossef (Yossi) Beilin (Hebrew: ; born June 12, 1948) is an Israeli politician, Knesset member, and a former , deputy foreign minister and justice minister within the Israeli Labour Party. ... This is an article about the Israeli political party. ...


In March 2004 a party leadership race was run between Meretz's Ran Cohen and Shahar's Yossi Beilin, with Yossi Beilin emerging the victor. Following the victory of Beilin and Yachad's radicalization, many former Meretz supporters withdrew their support from the new party. 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Deaths • 08 Abu Abbas • 20 Queen Juliana • 28 Peter Ustinov • 30 Alistair Cooke More March 2004 deaths Ongoing events EU Enlargement Exploration of Mars: Rovers Haiti Rebellion Israeli-Palestinian conflict Occupation of Iraq Same-sex marriage in... Ran Cohen (in Hebrew רן כהן) (born June 20, 1937) is an Israeli politician and Knesset member of Yachad party. ... Yossi Beilin Dr. Yossef (Yossi) Beilin (Hebrew: ; born June 12, 1948) is an Israeli politician, Knesset member, and a former , deputy foreign minister and justice minister within the Israeli Labour Party. ...


In July 2005 Yachad changed its name to Meretz-Yachad. The reason was that the name Yachad was not recognized by the public, who preferred the old name Meretz. Chairman Beilin opposed a motion to revert back to Meretz and as a compromise it was decided to merge the 2 names as Meretz-Yachad. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Meretz. ...


In December 2005, Yossi Sarid announced his retirement from the Knesset, and the veteran MK and former Minister will not be running in the 2006 Israel Election.


External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Meretz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (531 words)
Meretz supports the foundation of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and in the Gaza Strip.
Although Meretz officially denounces refusal to serve in the military on political grounds, the radical faction supports the refuseniks and justify their actions.
In March 2004 a party leadership race was run between Meretz's Ran Cohen and Shahar's Yossi Beilin, with Yossi Beilin emerging the victor.
NationMaster.com - Encyclopedia: Meretz (2165 words)
Meretz will propose a law regulating the draft of yeshiva students for full military service in the Israel Defence Forces by [in response to] the judgement of the High Court of Justice with regard to the appeal that was submitted by Meretz.Equality should be given to all religions and all individuals in Israel.
Meretz supports regional cooperation that aims to reduce security tensions, to encourage commercial and economic relations, to confront threats to the natural environment and to develop cultural relations between the nations that live in the region.
Meretz is in favour of strengthening ties with the countries of the European Union and encourages the implementation of regional cooperation projects that are financed by the European Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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