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Encyclopedia > Mercer County, New Jersey

{{Infobox U.S. CoiirjhtfnEGEYWnfv

 state = New Jersey | seal = Mc-m f 

seal.gif |

 map = Map of New Jersey highlighting Mercer County.svg | map size = 100 | founded = 1838 | seat = Trenton | area = 593 km² (229 mi²) | area land = 585 km² (226 mi²) | area water = 8 km² (3 mi²) | area percentage = 1.27% | census yr = 2000| pop = 350,761 | density = 599| web = www.mercercounty.org| 

|}} Map Political Statistics Founded c. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Mercer County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. Its county seat is Trenton6. Mercer County is the southernmost county in the New York Metropolitan Area. The county is named after General Hugh Mercer, who died at the Battle of Princeton in 1777. Mercer County ranks 79th among the highest-income counties in the United States with a per capita income of $27,914. A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... Map Political Statistics Founded c. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The New York metropolitan area is the largest in the United States (2005 U.S. Census Bureau CSA pop. ... A General is an officer of high military rank. ... Hugh Mercer (sketched by John Trumbull). ... Combatants United States Britain Commanders General George Washington Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood Strength 1,400 1,200 Casualties 30 dead 75 wounded 60 dead 150 wounded 244 captured {{{notes}}} The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents


Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 593 km² (229 mi²). 585 km² (226 mi²) of it is land and 8 km² (3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.27% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Water (from the Old English waeter; c. ...


The county is generally flat and low-lying, with a few hills closer to the Delaware River. One of them, Baldpate Mountain near Pennington, is the highest at 480 feet (146.3 m) above sea level. The lowest point is sea level along the Delaware. Delaware River Watershed The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Pennington highlighted in Mercer County. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 350,761 people, 125,807 households, and 86,303 families residing in the county. The population density was 599/km² (1,552/mi²). There were 133,280 housing units at an average density of 228/km² (590/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.48% White, 19.81% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 4.94% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 4.29% from other races, and 2.17% from two or more races. 9.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 125,807 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.60% were married couples living together, 13.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.40% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.16. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.00 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $56,613, and the median income for a family was $68,494. Males had a median income of $47,444 versus $34,788 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,914. 8.60% of the population and 5.90% of families were below the poverty line. 10.60% of those under the age of 18 and 8.40% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Mercer County has a County Executive form of government, in which the County Executive performs executive functions and a Board of Chosen Freeholders acts in a legislative capacity. The current County Executive is Brian M. Hughes. Members of the seven-person Board of Chosen Freeholders are elected at-large to serve three-year staggered terms. The Board has a Chair and Vice-Chair, and these positions are rotated amongst board members each year. A County Executive is the title assigned to a person hired to run the day to day operations of a county. ... Brian M. Hughes is the County Executive for Mercer County, New Jersey. ... The Board of Chosen Freeholders is the legislative body in each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...


The Freeholder Board acts as a formulator of policy and provides a check on the powers of the County Executive. The Board also approves all county contracts and gives advice and consent to the County Executive’s appointments of department heads, and appointments to boards and commissions. After receiving the proposed county budget from the County Executive in January of each year, it is the duty of the Freeholder Board to thoroughly review, make appropriate changes, and then vote on the budget.


As of 2006, Mercer County's Freeholders are:[1]

  • Freeholder Chair Keith V. Hamilton
  • Freeholder Vice Chair Pasquale "Pat" Colavita, Jr.
  • Ann M. Cannon
  • Anthony P. Carabelli
  • Tony Mack
  • Elizabeth Maher Muoio
  • Lucylle R. S. Walter

Municipalities

Index map of Mercer County municipalities (click to see index)

The following municipalities are located in Mercer County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities. Image File history File links Mercer_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ... Image File history File links Mercer_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... In United States law, a region of land is unincorporated if it is not a part of any municipality. ...

East Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Twin Rivers is a census-designated place located in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Ewing Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Hamilton Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Mercerville-Hamilton Square is a census-designated place located in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... White Horse is a census-designated place located in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Yardville-Groveville is a census-designated place located in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Hightstown highlighted in Mercer County. ... Hopewell highlighted in Mercer County. ... Hopewell Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Titusville is a census-designated place located in Hopewell Township in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Lawrence Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Map of Lawrenceville CDP in Mercer County Lawrenceville is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Lawrence Township in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... Pennington highlighted in Mercer County. ... See also: the Borough of Princeton, New Jersey Princeton Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Princeton North is a census-designated place located in Mercer County, New Jersey. ... See also: Princeton Township, New Jersey Princeton highlighted in Mercer County. ... Map Political Statistics Founded c. ... Washington Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. ... Princeton Junction is also a NJ Transit and Amtrak station on the Northeast Corridor line. ...

History

Officially founded in 1838 and carved out of other surrounding counties, Mercer County has a historical impact that reaches back to the pivotal battles of the American Revolutionary War. On the night of December 25, 1776, General George Washington led the American forces across the Delaware River to attack Hessian forces in Trenton, New Jersey, who did not anticipate an attack near Christmas. Washington followed up the assault with a surprise attack on General Charles Cornwallis' forces in the Battle of Princeton on the eve of January 2, 1777, eventually retaking the colony. The successful attacks built morale among the pro-independence colonists. Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene William Howe, Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was a conflict that... December 25 is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 6 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783, and later the first President of the United States, an office to which he was twice elected unanimously (unanimous among the Electoral College) and... Delaware River Watershed The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... In mathematics, the Hessian matrix of a function of several real variables is the (symmetric) matrix of all second partial derivatives. ... Map Political Statistics Founded c. ... Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a traditional holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus with both religious and secular aspects, commonly observed on 25 December. ... Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (December 31, 1738-October 5, British general and colonial governor. ... Combatants United States Britain Commanders General George Washington Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis Lieutenant Colonel Charles Mawhood Strength 1,400 1,200 Casualties 30 dead 75 wounded 60 dead 150 wounded 244 captured {{{notes}}} The Battle of Princeton was a battle of the American Revolutionary War, fought near Princeton, New Jersey... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Mercer County also has the dubious distinction of being the famed landing spot for a Martian invasion of the United States. In 1938, in what has become one of the most famous radio addresses of all time, Orson Welles acted out his War of the Worlds invasion. Wells landed his imaginary aliens on Mercer County soil, using what is now West Windsor Township as the point of first contact. 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Orson Welles on the set of Citizen Kane. ... On October 30, 1938, as a Halloween special, Orson Welles performed a live radio adaptation of H. G. Wells classic novel The War of the Worlds, which famously frightened many in the audience into believing that an actual Martian invasion was in progress. ... West Windsor Township highlighted in Mercer County. ...


References

  1. ^ Meet the Freeholders, accessed March 30, 2006
State of New Jersey
Capital Trenton
Regions Central Jersey | Delaware Valley | Jersey Shore | Meadowlands | North Jersey | Pine Barrens | South Jersey | New York metro area | Tri-State Region
Major Cities Atlantic City | Bayonne | Camden | Clifton | East Orange | Elizabeth | Hackensack | Hoboken | Jersey City | Linden | Long Branch | New Brunswick | Newark | Passaic | Paterson | Perth Amboy | Plainfield | Princeton | Union City | Vineland | In addition to the major cities listed, All Municipalities (by Population)
Counties Atlantic | Bergen | Burlington | Camden | Cape May | Cumberland | Essex | Gloucester | Hudson | Hunterdon | Mercer | Middlesex | Monmouth | Morris | Ocean | Passaic | Salem | Somerset | Sussex | Union | Warren

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mercer County, New Jersey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (876 words)
Mercer County is the southernmost county in the New York Metropolitan Area.
Mercer County ranks 79th among the highest-income counties in the United States with a per capita income of $27,914.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 10.20% from 18 to 24, 30.60% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1095 words)
Mercer County Park borders the township to the North and encompasses 2,500 acres of land that was shared from Hamilton Township along with neighboring Lawrence Township and West Windsor Township.
New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District, covering portions of Burlington County, Mercer County, Monmouth County and Ocean County, is represented by Christopher Smith (R).
New Jersey is represented in the Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Robert Menendez (D, Union City).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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