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Encyclopedia > Merano
Comune di Merano
Stadtgemeinde Meran

Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Province Bolzano-Bozen (BZ)
Mayor Günther Januth
Elevation 325 m
Area 26 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 35,119
 - Density 1,285/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 46°40′N, 11°10′E
Gentilic Italian: meranesi
German: Meraner
Dialing code 0473
Postal code 39012
Frazioni Maia (Mais), Quarazze (Gratsch), Sinigo (Sinich)
Patron St. Nicholas
 - Day December 6
Website: www.comune.merano.bz.it

Merano (Italian, now most common in English; German: Meran, also used in English; Ladin: Meran; Archaic (857 AD): Mairania; Latin: Merona; many of the region's Italian languages/dialects use Meran), is a town in the province of Bolzano-Bozen, Italy. Generally best known for its spa resorts, it is located inside a basin, surrounded by mountains standing up to 3,335 m (11,000 ft), at the entrance to the Val Passiria, the Vinschgau (Val Venosta) and the Ultental (Val d'Ultimo) valleys. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol[1] (Italian: Trentino-Alto Adige; German: Trentino-Südtirol; Ladin: Trentin-Adesc Aut, also Trentin-Sudtirol [2][3]) is an autonomous region in Northern Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige, Sud Tirolo or Tirolo del Sud; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan – Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ladin (Ladino in Italian, Ladin in Ladin, Ladinisch in German) is a Rhaetian language spoken in the Dolomite mountains in Italy, between the regions of Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Map of languages of Italy Italy currently has one national language: Standard Italian. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige, Sud Tirolo or Tirolo del Sud; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan – Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy. ... A spa town is a town frequented, in times past, for health reasons, to take the waters. The name derives from the Belgian town Spa, and in continental Europe, a spa was known as a ville deau (town of water). ... This article needs to be wikified. ... The Val Passiria (German: ) is the valley of the Passirio river, in the mountains of northern Italy. ... Upper Vinschgau. ... The Ultental (Italian: , German: ) is a 40 km long mountain valley in the western part of South Tyrol, Italy. ...

Arcades in the centre of the city.
Arcades in the centre of the city.

In the past the town has been a popular place of residence for several scientists and artists, who appreciated its mild climate. Download high resolution version (600x800, 55 KB)Meran, Laubengasse File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (600x800, 55 KB)Meran, Laubengasse File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Among the town's landmarks are the Museum of Tourism, which was opened in the spring of 2003 and shows the historical development of tourism in the province, and the botanic garden. Both sites are located in the Trauttmansdorff Castle. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors. ...

Contents

History

The area was inhabited since the 3rd millennium BC, as showed by the presence of menhirs and other findings. The story of the city proper began in 15 BC when the Romans occupied the Adige valley founding a military camp, Castrum Majense. Merano was elevated to the status of a city during the 13th century. It was capital of the County of Tyrol from 1418 to 1848. The 3rd millennium BC spans the Early to Middle Bronze Age. ... Vienna becomes a frontier city guarding the Roman Empire against the German tribes to the north. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Adige (Italian: ; German: ; Ladin: Adiç or Adesc; Latin: Athesis; Trentino: Ades; Veneto: Adexe; Slovenian: Adiža) is a river with its source in the Alpine region of Trentino-Tiroler Etschland near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Coat of arms of Tyrol The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ...


After the county had been handed over to the Habsburg family in 1363 after the abdication of Countess Margarete Maultasch of Tyrol, in 1420 Friedrich IV moved the court to Innsbruck. Merano subsequently lost its predominant position and almost all its importance as an economic hub across the roads connecting Italy to Germany. The important mint was also moved to Hall in 1577. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 - 1363 - 1364 1365 1366 1367 1368 See also: 1363 state leaders Events Magnus II, King of Sweden, is deposed by Albert of Mecklenburg. ... Margarete Maultasch (1318 – October 3, 1369 in Vienna) was the last Countess of Tyrol from the Meinhardiner dynasty. ... Events May 21 - Treaty of Troyes. ... An engraving by W. Killian from 1623 Friedrich IV of Austria (1382 - June 24, 1439) was a Habsburg duke of Tirol, son of Leopold III of Austria. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Events March 17 - formation of the Cathay Company to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold May 28 - Publication of the Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings. ...


The Tyrolean struggle for freedom of 1809 drew attention again to Merano. In that year, on the Küchelberg above the city, the Tyroleans eked out a victory against the French and Bavarians troops. Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


The county was later restored on the person of Anna Maria Josephine Plochl, morganatic wife of Archduke Johann of Austria. After World War I, Merano became part of Italy with the rest of the province of Bolzano-Bozen. Archduke Johann (or John) of Austria (January 20, 1782 - May 11, 1859) was the 13th child of Grand Duke Leopold of Tuscany, who later became Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... South Tyrol (German and Ladin: Südtirol, Italian: Alto Adige, Sud Tirolo or Tirolo del Sud; official in German: Autonome Provinz Bozen – Südtirol, official in Italian: Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano – Alto Adige, official in Ladin: Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan – Südtirol) is an autonomous province of Italy. ...

Passirio River, panoramic view.
Passirio River, panoramic view.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 192 pixel Image in higher resolution (5280 × 1264 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 192 pixel Image in higher resolution (5280 × 1264 pixel, file size: 3. ...

Languages

According to the 2001 census, 51.50 % of the resident population speaks German as mother language, 48.01% Italian, and 0.49% Ladin. Ladin (Ladino in Italian, Ladin in Ladin, Ladinisch in German) is a Rhaetian language spoken in the Dolomite mountains in Italy, between the regions of Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto. ...


Sports

In 1981, the World Chess Championship match between Anatoly Karpov and Victor Korchnoi was held in Merano. A chess opening, the Meran Variation of the Semi-Slav Defense, was named after the town. The first act of the musical Chess is about a world chess championship match in Merano. Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Russian: ) (born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion. ... Viktor Korchnoi (Ви́ктор Льво́вич Корчно́й) (born March 23, 1931) is sometimes reckoned to be the strongest chess player never to have been world champion. ... This is a list of chess openings by the ECO classification: See also Chess and chess openings. ... The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queens Gambit chess opening, defined by the opening moves (in algebraic chess notation 1. ... Chess is a musical with lyrics by Tim Rice and music by Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson, formerly of ABBA. The story involves a romantic triangle between two players in a world chess championship, and a woman who manages one and falls in love with the other. ...


The city's handball team is one of the most important of Italy, winner of the scudetto in 2005. The ice hockey team won two national championships, but it is currently playing in the Second Division (A2 series). Handball is the name of several different sports: Team handball, or Olympic/European Handball is a game somewhat similar to association football, but the ball is played with the hand, not the foot. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...


Each September, the Gran Premio Merano takes place in the Maia Racecourse; this is the most famous Italian Steeplechase. The Gran Premio Merano is an annual horse racing event which takes place in september in Maia Racecourse, Merano, Italy. ... A steeplechase race The steeplechase is a form of horse racing (primarily conducted in the United Kingdom, United States, and Ireland) and derives its name from early races in which orientation of the course was by reference to a church steeple, jumping fences and ditches and generally traversing the many...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Merano
  • (Italian) (German) Homepage of the city
  • (Italian) (German) Homepage of the Tourism Authority


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


Images


  Results from FactBites:
 
Merano, Dolomite Mountains Travel Guide and Tourist Attractions (321 words)
Merano is different from the other settlements on the Dolomite mountains.
Merano flourished as the capital of the region from the Venosta rule to the Hapsburgs rule.
Merano was replaced by Innsbruck as the capital in 1420.
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