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Encyclopedia > Meramec River
The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park
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The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park
Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg
Canoers enjoy a float trip on the Meramec below Leasburg

The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and St. Louis, before it empties into the Mississippi River at Arnold, Missouri. Between the mouth and its source, it falls 313 meters (1,025 feet). The Meramec watershed covers portions of eight additional counties -- Maries, Gasconade, Iron, Washington, Reynolds, St. Francois, Ste. Genevieve, and Texas -- totaling approximately 10,300 square kilometers (3,980 square miles). Year-round navigability begins at the confluence of Dry Fork and the Maramec Spring branch just south of St. James, and continues until the river enters the Mississippi at Arnold, Missouri. Download high resolution version (599x800, 396 KB)This is a picture of the Meramec River as it flows past Route 66 State Park in St. ... Download high resolution version (599x800, 396 KB)This is a picture of the Meramec River as it flows past Route 66 State Park in St. ... The Meramec River flows past Route 66 State Park in Missouri. ... Image File history File links Meramec_River_float_trip_200509. ... Image File history File links Meramec_River_float_trip_200509. ... Leasburg is a village located in Crawford County, Missouri. ... Official language(s) None Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St. ... Ozark redirects here. ... Dent County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1990. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... St. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... Arnold is a city located in Jefferson County, Missouri. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... Maries County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Gasconade County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Iron County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Reynolds County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... St. ... Ste. ... Texas County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... Fishing for trout is popular in the spring branch of Maramec Spring. ... St. ...


The first European explorer was French Jesuit priest Jacques Gravier, who traveled the river in 1699-1700, and reports that the name means 'the river of ugly fishes' or 'ugly water' in Algonquin. Early variant spellings of the name were Mearamigoua, Maramig, Mirameg, Meramecsipy, Merramec, Merrimac, Mearmeig, and Maramecquisipi. The river early on became an important industrial shipping route, with lead, iron, and timber being sent downstream by flatboat and shallow-draft steamboat. The river is also the site of many canoe outfitters and ferry boat excursions. Today, the river is used commercially by tourboats and sand and gravel mining barges. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Roman Catholic priests in traditional clerical clothing. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish white Atomic mass 207. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... A Flatboat is a boat with a flat bottom and has square ends. ... In nautical parlance, draft is the depth below waters surface of the lowest part of a ship or boat. ... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... A canoe is a relatively small boat, typically human-powered, but also commonly sailed. ... The Pride of Rotterdam, One of the P&O Ferriess Flagships operating the Hull-Rotterdam Route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and sometimes their vehicles, on scheduled services. ... Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. ...


Numerous trails travel along the river and up over the bluffs giving the hiker a glimpse of ducks, herons, beavers and other species of wildlife that may be seen along the river. A country trail, formed by wheels of vehicles. ... // Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Merginae For other uses, see Duck (disambiguation). ... Genera See text. ... Binomial name Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 A taxidermied American Beaver The American Beaver (Castor canadensis) is a large semi-aquatic rodent native to Canada, most of the United States and parts of northern Mexico. ...


The river was listed at one time as one of the most polluted rivers in Missouri. Local and state government along the river have taken tremendous steps in cleaning it up. Today the river is one of the most diverse waters in Missouri. The river is plentiful in; black crappie, channel catfish, flathead catfish, largemouth bass, paddlefish, rainbow trout, brown trout, rock bass, smallmouth bass, walleye, white crappie, and some of the richest mussel beds in the state. The endangered Ozark Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi) also lives in the river. Water pollution Water pollution is a large set of adverse effects upon water bodies (lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater) caused by human activities. ... Species - white crappie - black crappie Pomoxis [Rafinesque, 1818], is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Binomial name Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818) Channel catfish {Ictalurus punctatus) are North Americas most popular catfish species among anglers. ... Binomial name Pylodictis olivaris (Rafinesque, 1818) The Flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris), also called the yellow cat, opelousas, mud cat and shovelhead cat, are large North American freshwater catfish. ... Binomial name Micropterus salmoides The Largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is a species of fish. ... Species Genus Polyodon   Polyodon spathula Genus Psephurus   Psephurus gladius Paddlefish (family Polyodontidae) are primitive Chondrostian ray-finned fishes. ... Binomial name Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum, 1792 Subspecies See text. ... Binomial name Salmo trutta Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The Brown Trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the Sea Trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species distinguished chiefly by the fact that the brown trout... Binomial name Ambloplites rupestris (Rafinesque, 1817) The rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Binomial name Micropterus dolomieu Lacépède, 1802 The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Binomial name Sander vitreus (Mitchill, 1818) This article is about the fish; for the terms related to the eye, see Iris (anatomy) and Strabismus. ... Species - white crappie - black crappie Pomoxis [Rafinesque, 1818], is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... Subclasses Heterodonta Palaeoheterodonta A mussel is a bivalve mollusk that can be found in lakes, rivers, creeks, intertidal areas, and throughout the ocean. ... Binomial name Cryptobranchus alleganiensis Daudin, 1803 Subspecies (Eastern Hellbender) (Ozark Hellbender) The Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) is a large aquatic salamander native to North America whose habitat includes large, swiftly flowing streams with rocky bottoms. ...


The Meramec River includes one of only three Red Ribbon Trout Areas in the state of Missouri, boasting a healthy rainbow trout population and an impressive brown trout population. Red Ribbon trout streams are managed by the Missouri Department of Conservation to produce trophy-sized fish.


Occasionally the river's name is mistakenly translated to mean "river of death", but this is probably in reference to the number of accidental drownings that occur in it every year.


Meramec Basin Project

This map shows the lake that would have been.
This map shows the lake that would have been.

The free-flowing Meramec River narrowly avoided having several dams built on it by the Corps of Engineers. Congress authorized several large dams in the upper Mississippi and Meramec river basins in 1938 following severe flooding in both 1927 and 1937. The war intervened, plans were delayed and altered, but the Meramec Basin Project finally started moving forward in the 1960s. The main dam was to be at Sullivan, Missouri, at Meramec State Park, with several additional dams upstream. However, these plans ran into opposition from the growing environmental movement of the 1960s and 1970s, as well as from recreational users of the free-flowing Meramec. The failure of the Teton Dam in 1976 increased the public's doubt about the wisdom of the project. Download high resolution version (640x638, 97 KB)Description: A topographic map showing the extent of Meramec Lake had it been constructed. ... Download high resolution version (640x638, 97 KB)Description: A topographic map showing the extent of Meramec Lake had it been constructed. ... DAMS is a racing team from France, involved in many areas of motorsports. ... United States Army Corps of Engineers logo The United States Army Corps of Engineers, or USACE, is made up of some 34,600 civilian and 650 military men and women. ... A congress is a gathering of people, especially a gathering for a political purpose. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is becoming very long. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Sullivan is a city located in Crawford and Franklin County, Missouri. ... Meramec State Park is a popular attraction in east central Missouri, just over 60 miles from the metropolis of St. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The reservoir behind the Teton Dam was emptied within hours of the initial breach. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


Grass-roots opposition forced politicians originally in favor of the project to reconsider. At the request of Sens. Jack Danforth and Tom Eagleton, Missouri Gov. Kit Bond allowed a non-binding referendum to be put on ballots in twelve surrounding counties, and on August 8, 1978, sixty-four percent of the voters rejected the dam proposal. The referendum carried no legal weight but caused Congress to reconsider. Under President Jimmy Carter, funding was removed from the project, and in 1981, President Ronald Reagan signed the bill finally de-authorizing the project. This was the first time that a Corps of Engineers project was stopped once construction had already begun, and marked a major victory for the American environmental movement. For other meanings, see Grass roots (disambiguation). ... John Danforth John Claggett Danforth (born September 5, 1936), also referred to as Jack Danforth, is a former United States Ambassador to the United Nations and former Republican United States Senator from Missouri. ... Thomas Francis Eagleton, LL.B., (born September 4, 1929) is a former U.S. Senator from Missouri. ... Christopher Samuel Kit Bond (born March 6, 1939 in St. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...


See also

This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of Missouri: Black River Blackwater River Blue River Bourbeuse River Castor River Chariton River Cuivre River Current River Des Moines River Eleven Point River Fabius River Fox River Gasconade River Grand River Horse River Lamine River Little River Little... Dam at Cedar Hill, Missouri, on the Big River // Location The Big River is a tributary of the Meramec River in east-central Missouri. ... // Location The Bourbeuse River (French for muddy) is located in east-central Missouri, in the Ozarks region, and is one of two major tributaries of the Meramec River, the other being Big River. ...

External links

  • Missouri Trout Hunter
  • US EPA Meramec River Website
  • US Fish and Wildlife Service
  • National Park Service: Missouri
  • Missouri Dept. of Natural Resources
  • Missouri Department of Conservation River and Watersheds: Meramac
  • U.S. Department of the Interior Water Resources of Missouri
  • The Meramec Basin Project - A Look Back 25 Years Later

  Results from FactBites:
 
Missouri Cabins and Trail Riding Vacations on the Meramec River. (485 words)
The 470-acre Meramec Farm is located on a bend in the beautiful, spring-fed Meramec River.
At Meramec Farm, spring inspires leisurely walks amid wildflowers, picnics, and afternoons spent fishing in the farms stocked ponds or in the river.
And since Meramec Farm is a working farm, animals considerably less wild are usually about, much to the delight of the children who visit the farm with their families.
Mississippi River - Free Encyclopedia (638 words)
With its source Lake Itasca, in Itasca State Park in northern Minnesota, it is joined by the Missouri and Meramec River at Saint Louis, and by the Ohio at Cairo, Illinois.
The river is divided into the upper Mississippi, from its source south to the Ohio River, and the lower Mississippi from the Ohio to its mouth near New Orleans.
Below this dam the Mississippi is a free flowing river although it is constrained in its channel by numerous levies.
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