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Encyclopedia > Menton
Commune of Menton

Menton Old Town and Harbour
Location
Longitude 07° 30' 02" E
Latitude 43° 46' 32" N
Administration
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Chief town of 2 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération de la Riviera française
Mayor Jean-Claude Guibal
(2001-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 0 m–774 m
(avg. 16 m)
Land area¹ 14.05 km²
Population²
(1999)
28,812
 - Density (1999) 2,050.7/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 06083/ 06500
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Menton (Occitan: Menton in classical norm or Mentan in Mistralian norm; Italian: Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région of France. It has been called the most beautiful town on the French Riviera, and its nickname is La perle de la France ("The pearl of France"). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1536, 1871 KB) Summary Menton at the French Riviera, Cote dAzur. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Latitude, usually denoted symbolically by the Greek letter phi, , gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the equator. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The arrondissement of Nice is an arrondissement of France, located in the Alpes-Maritimes département, of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Alpes_Maritimes is a département in the extreme southeast corner of France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... The Quai des États-Unis in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ...

Contents

Geography

Menton is located on the Franco-Italian border, within the confines of the Côte d'Azur and the Ligurian Alps. It boasts a warm micro-climate favorable to lemon, tangerine, and orange groves. The Promenade des Anglais in Nice on the French Riviera at night. ... The Ligurian Alps are a mountain range in Italy. ...


The fishing industry was devastated in the 1980s and 1990s when the "killer Algae" Caulerpa taxifolia (a non-native Asian tropical green algae first discovered in the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco in 1984) that was introduced to the local environment spread throughout the coastal sea floor decimating the local fish life. Binomial name Caulerpa taxifolia (M. Vahl) C. Agardh, 1817 Caulerpa taxifolia is a species of seaweed (a type of algae) that has been commonly used as ornamentation in aquarium installations around the world. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The building rises from rocks Oceanographic Museum is a museum of marine sciences in Monaco-Ville, Monaco. ...


History

Menton was founded by the Count of Ventimiglia as château de Puypin (ca. 1000) and inhabited by Ligurian people. It was owned by the Grimaldi family from 1346 until 1848, before breaking away from the principality of Monaco and officially becoming French in 1861. During the 19th century, Menton became popular for its warm climate, and many famous people chose to vacation in the town. The campanile of the cathedral rises above Ventimiglia. ... The Ligures (Ligurians) were an ancient people who gave their name to Liguria, which once stretched from Northern Italy into southern Gaul. ... Grimaldi usually refers to House of Grimaldi, the rulers of Monaco. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


During World War II, Menton was annexed by Italy following the Fall of France in 1940. Menton enjoyed a steady flow of goods and services during this period as an example of the benefits of Italian government, but French residents were forced to assimilate into Italian culture. In 1943, German forces took control of the city. Menton was liberated by the Allies on September 8, 1944. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... In World War II, Battle of France or Case Yellow (Fall Gelb in German) was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries, executed 10 May 1940 which ended the Phony War. ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Menton was devastated by the conflict and it was not until the 1960s that its reconstruction was concluded. Since then, it has regained its appeal as a tourist destination. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ...


Sights

Perhaps the most famous aspect of Menton is its world-renowned gardens, including the Serre de la Madone, the Le Val Rahmeh, the Fontana Rosa, and the Maria Serena garden. Le Val Rahmeh, named for his wife, was established in 1905 by Englishman Sir Percy Radcliffe, the first owner of the gardens. Villa Fontana Rosa was built in 1922 by Blasco Ibáñez, a Spanish novelist, and the gardens of the villa are now open to the public. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ...


Events

Menton: Marché Municipal.jpg

Every year in February, the Lemon Festival takes place in the town. There are huge temporary statues built and covered with citrus fruit (lemons and oranges), and every year the festival follows a given theme. Past themes include Viva España, Disney, Neverland, and India. The festival lasts for a few days, with different bands passing through Menton's streets on foot or truck trailers. The casino gardens in the centre of town are decorated in the theme of the festival, using the celebrated fruit to cover the exhibits. The Casino Gardens are also the location for Menton's Christmas Festival. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Menton Classical Musical Festival is also held every year in the heart of the atmospheric old town.


Miscellaneous

Menton is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Baden-Baden is a town in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm trees Sochi (Russian: ) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai near the southern Russian border. ...

See also

Mentonasque is a language traditionally assigned to the Occitan language group but closer to Ligurian dialects spoken near Ventimiglia and Sanremo (intemelio). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Menton
  • Tourist information about Menton
  • City council website
  • Provence-Hideaways - Côte d'Azur/Menton
  • Independent website concerning culture and local sport
  • Street map of Menton
  • A few Old Postcards of Menton
  • Photo gallery of Menton
  • Menton attractions - places of interest in Menton, with descriptions and maps

Coordinates: 43°46′32″N, 7°30′2″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Menton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (497 words)
Menton (Italian, Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur région of France.
Menton is located on the Franco-Italian border, within the confines of the Côte d'Azur and the Ligurian Alps.
During the 19th century, Menton was popular because of its warm climate, and many famous people chose to take their vacation in the town.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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