FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Mental confusion


Severe confusion of a degree considered pathological usually refers to loss of orientation (ability to place oneself correctly in the world by time, location, and personal identity), and often memory (ability to correctly recall previous events or learn new materal). Confusion as such is not synonymous with inability to focus attention, although severe inability to focus attention can cause, or greatly contribute to, confusion. Together, confusion and inability to focus attention (both of which affect judgement) are the twin symptoms of a loss or lack of normal brain function (mentation).[citation needed] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Pathology (in ancient Greek pathos = pain/pation and logos = word) is the study of diseases. ...


The milder degrees of confusion as pathological symptoms, are relative to previous function. Thus (for example) a mathematician confused about manipulation of simple fractions, may be showing pathology which would not be diagnosible in a person without training in this area. Thus, as with the case of delirium, the minor degrees of pathological confusion cannot be diagnosed without knowledge of a person's "baseline", or normal, level of mental functioning.[citation needed]


Confusion may result from a relatively sudden brain dysfunction (see delirium). It may also result from chronic organic brain pathologies such as dementia. In either case, confusion is usually associated with some degree of loss of ability to focus attention, but (as noted) the association is not invariable, especially for lesser degrees of impairment.[citation needed] This article is about the mental state and medical condition. ... For other uses, see Dementia (disambiguation). ...


Many health problems may cause the syndromes of delirium or dementia. These syndromes may also occur together, and both of them usually include the symptom of confusion. Since mental function is extremely sensitive to health, the appearance of either a new confused state, or a new loss of ability to focus attention (delirium), may indicate that a new physical or mental illness has appeared, or that a chronic physical or mental illness has progressed (become more severe).[citation needed] This article is about the mental state and medical condition. ... For other uses, see Dementia (disambiguation). ... Illness (sometimes referred to as ill-health) can be defined as a state of poor health. ...

Contents

Possible causes

Confusion, like inability to focus attention, is a very general and nonspecific symptom of brain or mental dysfunction. In addition to many organic causes of confusion relating to a structural defect or a metabolic problem in the brain (analogous to hardware problems in a computer), there are also some psychiatric causes of confusion, which may also include a component of mental or emotional stress, mental disease, or other "programming" problems (analogous to software problems in a computer).[citation needed]


Causes of confusion are too many to list by specific pathology. However general categories of possible causes of mental confusion include:


Gross structural brain disorders

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... For other uses of the word head, see head (disambiguation). ... In medicine, a trauma patient has suffered serious and life-threatening physical injury resulting in secondary complications such as shock, respiratory failure and death. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), is the most common and least serious type of traumatic brain injury. ... Head injury is a trauma to the head, that may or may not include injury to the brain (see also brain injury). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ... A cerebral hemorrhage is a bleed into the substance of the cerebrum. ... A brain tumor is any intracranial tumor created by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division, normally either in the brain itself (neurons, glial cells (astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, ependymal cells), lymphatic tissue, blood vessels), in the cranial nerves (myelin-producing Schwann cells), in the brain envelopes (meninges), skull, pituitary and pineal gland, or...

Neurological disorders

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems. ...

General metabolic causes

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Sleep deprivation is a general lack of the necessary amount of sleep. ... Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when temperature surrounding is very different. ... Hypothermia is a condition in which an organisms temperature drops below that Required fOr normal metabolism and Bodily functionS. In warm-blooded animals, core [[body Temperature]] is maintained nEar a constant leVel through biologic [[homEostasis]]. But wheN the body iS exposed to cold Its internal mechanismS may be unable... Hyperthermia is an acute condition resulting from excessive exposure to heat, it is also known as heat stroke or sunstroke. ... In medicine, hyperpyrexia is an excessive and unusual elevation of body temperature above 107. ... An infection is the detrimental colonization of a host organism by a foreign species. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption for humans. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Autoimmune diseases arise from an overactive immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. ...

Circulatory

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), sometimes called benign intracranial hypertension (BIH) or pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is a neurological disorder that is characterized by increased intracranial pressure (ICP), in the absence of a tumor or other intracranial pathology. ...

Lack of essential metabolic fuels, nutrients, etc.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Hypoxia is a pathological condition in which the body as a whole (generalised hypoxia) or region of the body (tissue hypoxia) is deprived of adequate oxygen supply. ... Hypoglycemia (hypoglycaemia in British English) is a medical term referring to a pathologic state produced by a lower than normal level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. ... An electrolyte is a substance containing free ions that behaves as an electrically conductive medium. ... Dehydration (hypohydration) is the removal of water (hydro in ancient Greek) from an object. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Toxication

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anesthesia (AE), also anaesthesia (BE), is the process of blocking the perception of pain and other sensations. ... A Cannabis sativa plant The drug cannabis, also called marijuana, is produced from parts of the cannabis plant, primarily the cured flowers and gathered trichomes of the female plant. ... This article is about the dangerous substance. ... Carbon monoxide, with the chemical formula CO, is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An assortment of psychoactive drugs A psychoactive drug or psychotropic substance is a chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior. ...

Mental illness

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ... Mania is a severe medical condition characterized by extremely elevated mood, energy, and thought patterns. ... Clinical depression (also called major depressive disorder, or unipolar depression when compared to bipolar disorder) is a state of intense sadness, melancholia or despair that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ...

Psychological stressors

  • Distraction
  • Emotional shock (great fear, grief, anger, etc.)

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ...

Possible co-existing symptoms

Confusion is a symptom. It may range from mild to severe. The confused state may include also: Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Prose is writing distinguished from poetry by its greater variety of rhythm and its closer resemblance to the patterns of everyday speech. ...

  • Jumbled or disorganized thought
  • Unusual, bizarre, or aggressive behavior
  • Difficulty in solving problems or tasks, especially those known to have been previously easy for the person
  • Inability to recognize family members or familiar objects, or to give approximate location of family members not present.
  • Illusions
  • Hallucinations
  • Paranoia
  • Disorientation
  • Inability to focus attention (see delirium)
  • Drowsiness
  • Abnormal sleeplessness and/or hyperactivity

Personification of thought (Greek Εννοια) in Celsus Library in Ephesos, Turkey Thought or thinking is a mental process which allows beings to model the world, and so to deal with it effectively according to their goals, plans, ends and desires. ... Aggression is defined as The act of initiating hostilities or invasion. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see illusion (disambiguation). ... A hallucination is a sensory perception experienced in the absence of an external stimulus, as distinct from an illusion, which is a misperception of an external stimulus. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Orientation is a function of the mind involving awareness of three dimensions: (1) time, (2) place and (3) person. ... This article is about the mental state and medical condition. ...

Cures

Confusion is a symptom, like shortness of breath or pain. Like other symptoms, the cure relates to the underlying cause.


Sources

  • Yahoo! Health
  • National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health
  • conFusion e-sports club

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Mental confusion (476 words)
Severe mental confusion of a degree considered pathological usually refers to loss of orientation (ability to place oneself correctly in the world by time, location, and personal identity), and often memory (ability to correctly recall previous events or learn new material).
Confusion as such is not synonymous with inability to focus attention, although severe inability to focus attention can cause, or greatly contribute to, confusion.
Since mental function is extremely sensitive to health, the appearance of either a new confused state, or a new loss of ability to focus attention (delirium), may indicate that a new physical or mental illness has appeared, or that a chronic physical or mental illness has progressed (become more severe).
Confusion Symptoms & Signs by MedicineNet.com (150 words)
Confusion is a change in mental status in which a person is not able to think with his or her usual level of clarity.
Frequently, confusion leads to the loss of ability to recognize people and or places, or tell time and the date.
Confusion has multiple causes, including injuries, medical conditions, medications, environmental factors, and substance abuse.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m