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Encyclopedia > Menninger Foundation

The Menninger Clinic was founded in 1925 in Topeka, Kansas, by Drs. C.F., Karl, and Will Menninger. It represented the first group psychiatry practice. "We had a vision," Dr. C.F. said, "of a better kind of medicine and a better kind of world." Location in the state of Kansas Founded County Shawnee County Mayor Bill Bunten Area  - Total  - Water 147. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). ...



Treatment for children

Just a year after opening, The Menninger Clinic established the Southard School for children. The school fostered treatment programs for children and adolescents that were recognized worldwide. A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... The Abduction of Psyche by William-Adolphe Bouguereau Adolescence is the transitional stage of development between childhood and full adulthood, representing the period of time during which a person is biologically adult but emotionally not at full maturity. ...

During the 1930s, the Menningers expanded training programs for psychiatrists, psychologists, and other mental health professionals. They formally established the Menninger School of Psychiatry in 1946. It quickly became the largest training center in the country, driven by the country's demand for psychiatrists to treat military veterans returning from World War II. Training is the teaching of vocational or practical and relates to specific useful skills. ... A psychologist is a researcher and/or a practitioner of psychology. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ...

Revolution in psychiatric education

The School and the local Veterans Administration Hospital represented the center of a psychiatric education revolution. The Clinic and the School became the hub for training professionals in the bio-psycho-social approach. This approach integrated the foundations of medical, psychodynamic, developmental, and family systems to focus on the overall health of patients. For patients, this way of treatment attended to their physical, emotional, and social needs. Medicine is a branch of health science concerned with maintaining health and restoring it by treating disease. ... Psychodynamic psychotherapy is a type of psychotherapy which is similar to traditional psychoanalysis but less intense. ... A family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 A family is a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ... For the 1991 hit single from Mariah Carey, see Emotions (Mariah Carey song). ...

Staff at Menninger developed an intense commitment to delivering quality patient care and seeking innovative diagnostic tools and treatments. Dr. Will Menninger made a major contribution to the field of psychiatry when he developed a system of hospital treatment known as milieu therapy. This approach involved a patient's total environment in treatment. Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... Diagnosis (from the Greek words dia = by and gnosis = knowledge) is the process of identifying a disease by its signs, symptoms and results of various diagnostic procedures. ... Treatment may refer to: Health Therapy - the act of remediation of a health problem. ...

Advocacy and growth

Dr. Karl Menninger's first book, The Human Mind (1930), became a bestseller and familiarized the American public with human behavior. Many Americans also read his subsequent books, including The Vital Balance, Man Against Himself and Love Against Hate. Look up Book in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A book is a collection of leaves of paper, parchment or other material, bound together along one edge within covers. ... A bestseller is a book that is identified as extremely popular by its inclusion on a list of top-sellers. ... Human behavior is the collection of activities influenced by culture, attitude, emotions, values, ethics, authority, rapport, hypnosis, persuasion and coercion. ...

Service in World War II

Dr. Will Menninger served as Chief of the Army Medical Corps' Psychiatric Division during World War II. Under his leadership, the Army reduced losses in personnel due to psychological impairment. In 1945, the Army promoted Dr. Will to brigadier general.

After the war, Dr. Will lead a national revolution to reform state sanitariums. Drs. Will and Karl were both talented at instructing laypersons about psychiatry and behavior. In 1948, Time magazine featured Dr. Will on its cover, lauding him as "psychiatry’s U.S. sales manager." There are a few meanings of Sanitarium: A sanitarium can be a psychiatric hospital. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Notable Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ...

At The Clinic, staff proceeded to launch new treatment approaches and open specialty programs. Menninger gained a reputation for intensive, individualized treatment, particularly for patients with complex or long-standing symptoms. The treatment approach remained multidimensional, addressing a patient’s medical, psychological, and social needs. Numerous independent organizations recognized Menninger as a world leader in psychiatric and behavioral health treatment.


The Menninger Clinic remains one of the primary North American settings supporting psychodynamically informed research on clinical diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. Recently, efforts have been organized around the construct of mentalizing, a concept integrating research activities related to attachment, theory of mind, internal representations, and neuroscience.

Relocation to Texas

In June 2003, Menninger relocated its clinical programs from Topeka to Houston. Menninger announced its affiliation with Baylor College of Medicine and The Methodist Hospital in December 2002.

External links

  • Menninger (http://www.menningerclinic.org)
  • Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic (http://www.guilford.com/cgi-bin/cartscript.cgi?page=pr/jnme.htm&dir=periodicals&cart_id=)
  • Topeka Capital Journal's on-going coverage of the Menninger move - index page (http://www.cjonline.com/menninger)

  Results from FactBites:
Encyclopedia (302 words)
Charles Frederick Menninger (1862–1953) was born in Topeka, Kans. A general practitioner, he and his son Karl Augustus (1893–1990), organized a group practice of psychiatric specialists in 1920.
Karl Augustus Menninger was born in Topeka and educated at the University of Wisconsin and Harvard University.
William Claire Menninger was born in Topeka and educated at Cornell University.
Karl Menninger - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (486 words)
Karl Augustus Menninger (July 22, 1893 - July 18, 1990) was an American psychiatrist and a member of the famous Menninger family of psychiatrists who founded the Menninger Foundation and the Menninger Clinic in Topeka, Kansas.
The Menninger Foundation was established in 1941 and quickly became a U.S. psychiatric and psychoanalytic center.
In Menninger's letter he puts the terms diagnosis, patients and treatment in quotes, suggesting that he had agreed with Szasz's arguments that psychiatric diagnosis is a medical fraud, psychiatric patients are prisoners and psychiatric treatments are tortures.
  More results at FactBites »



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