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Encyclopedia > Menkaura
Persondata
NAME Menkaura
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Menkaure, Mycerinus (Latin), Mykerinos (Greek), Mancheres (Manetho)
SHORT DESCRIPTION Pharaoh of Egypt
DATE OF BIRTH {{{Birth}}}
PLACE OF BIRTH Ancient Egypt
DATE OF DEATH {{{Death}}}
PLACE OF DEATH Ancient Egypt
Preceded by:
Khafra
Pharaoh of Egypt
4th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Shepseskaf
Menkaura
Menkaure, Mycerinus (Latin), Mykerinos (Greek), Mancheres (Manetho)
Statue of Menkaura on display at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Statue of Menkaura on display at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Reign 2532 BC to 2504 BC[2]
Praenomen

Men-kau-re[1]
Eternal like the Souls of Re
Nomen

Consort(s) Khamerernebty II
Issues Khuenre, Shepseskaf, Khentkawes
Father Khafre
Mother Khamaerernebty I
Died 2504 BC
Burial Pyramid at Giza
Major
Monuments
Pyramid at Giza

Menkaura (or Men-Kau-Re; Mycerinus in Latin; Mykerinos in Greek) was a pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt (ca. 2620 BC–2480 BC) who ordered the construction of the third and smallest of the Pyramids of Giza. His main queen was Khamerernebty II. Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... The Pyramid of Khafra and the Great Sphinx of Giza Portrait of Khafra, originally found at Mit Rahina, now residing in the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo. ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ... Shepseskaf was the last Egyptian Pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty. ... Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 409 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1092 × 1600 pixel, file size: 420 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Example of Egyptology displays ot Boston Museum of Fine Arts. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 409 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1092 × 1600 pixel, file size: 420 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Example of Egyptology displays ot Boston Museum of Fine Arts. ... Paul Gauguin, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (Doù venons-nous? Que faisons-nous? Où allons-nous?) (1897). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... This article is about the Egyptian god. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Menkaures Pyramid, located on the Giza Plateau on the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, is the smallest of the three Pyramids of Giza. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... The Fourth dynasty of Egypt was the second of the four dynasties considered forming the Old Kingdom. ... Menkaures Pyramid, located on the Giza Plateau on the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, is the smallest of the three Pyramids of Giza. ...


Some authors date his rule between 2532 BC–2504 BC or 28 years but the Turin King List data of 18 years for him is regarded as being closer to the truth since several of his statues were unfinished upon his death--suggesting a much shorter reign--while his pyramid is the smallest of all the 3 royal pyramids at Giza. His name means "Last long (Men) the vital forces (Kau) of Ra." He was the successor of Khafra (Chephren). (27th century BC - 26th century BC - 25th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC – Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period. ... The Turin King List also known as the Turin Royal Canon, is a unique papyrus, written in hieratic, currently in the Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) at Turin, to which it owes its modern name. ... Pyramids of Giza in 1960s Egypt: Site of Giza or Al Jizah (top center). ... This article is about the Egyptian god. ... The Pyramid of Khafra and the Great Sphinx of Giza Portrait of Khafra, originally found at Mit Rahina, now residing in the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo. ... Khafra (Greek Chephren) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty, with his capital at Memphis. ...


According to Herodotus, Menkaura was the son of Khufu (Greek Cheops), and alleviated the suffering his father's reign had caused the inhabitants of ancient Egypt. Herodotus adds that he suffered much misfortune: his only daughter died before him, whose corpse was interred in a wooden bull (which Herodotus claims survived to his lifetime); and that the oracle at Buto predicted he would only rule six years, but through his shrewdness, Menkaure was able to rule a total of 12 years and foil the prophecy (Herodotus, Histories, 2.129-133). Other conflicting sources state that Menkaura was not the son of Khufu, but of Khafra, who in turn is the son of Khufu. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Khufus Cartouche Khufu (in Greek known as Cheops) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypts Old Kingdom. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... In Egyptian mythology, Apis or Hapis (alternatively spelt Hapi-ankh), was a bull-deity worshipped in the Memphis region. ... Consulting the Oracle by John William Waterhouse, showing eight priestesses in a temple of prophecy An oracle is a person or persons considered to be the source of wise counsel or prophetic opinion; an infallible authority, usually spiritual in nature. ... Buto Buto or Butos or Butosos (Greek: , Herod. ... The Histories of Herodotus by Herodotus is considered the first work of history in Western literature. ... Khufus Cartouche Khufu (in Greek known as Cheops) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypts Old Kingdom. ... The Pyramid of Khafra and the Great Sphinx of Giza Portrait of Khafra, originally found at Mit Rahina, now residing in the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo. ... Khufu Protected by Khnum[1] Horus name Medjedu Nebty name Nebty-r-medjed Golden Horus Bikwy-nub Consort(s) Meritates, Henutsen, plus two other queens whose names are not known[2] Issues Djedefra, Kawab, Khafre, Djedefhor, Banefre, Khufukaef, Hetepheres II, Meresankh II, Khamerernebty[2] Father Sneferu Mother Hetepheres I Died...


Menkaura was not succeeded by Prince Khuenre, his eldest son, who predeceased Menkaura but rather by Shepseskaf, a younger son of this king.[3]

Contents

Trivia

Menkaura was the subject of a poem by the 19th century English poet Matthew Arnold, entitled "Mycerinus". Matthew Arnold Caricature from Punch, 1881: Admit that Homer sometimes nods, That poets do write trash, Our Bard has written Balder Dead, And also Balder-dash Family tree Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was an English poet and cultural critic, who worked as an inspector of schools. ...


Gallery of images

External links

  • Menkaure and His Queen by Dr. Christopher L.C.E. Witcombe.

References

  1. ^ Clayton, Peter A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. 2006. p.56
  2. ^ Clayton, op. cit., p.56
  3. ^ Clayton, op. cit., pp.57-58
Preceded by
Khafra
Pharaoh of Egypt
Fourth Dynasty
Succeeded by
Shepseskaf
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Menkaura

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Pharaohs - Menkaura (234 words)
Menkaura (Mycerinus) was the builder of the 3rd pyramid at Giza.
Menkaura felt that the beauty and power of the temples should be enjoyed by all, not just the nobility.
He is known to have had at least three children.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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