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Encyclopedia > Mendoza Province
Mendoza
Capital Mendoza
Area 148,827 km²
Population 1,579,651 (2001)
Density 10.61/km²
Governor Julio César Cleto Cobos
Demonym Mendocino
ISO 3166-2 AR-M

Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise San Juan, San Luis, La Pampa, Río Negro and Neuquén. To the west is Chile. Image File history File links Mendoza. ... Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of the Mendoza Province. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Cuyo is the name given to the wine-producing, mountainous area of north-west Argentina, comprising the provinces of San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza. ... San Juan is a province of Argentina, located in the west of the country. ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ... Río Negro is a province of Argentina, located at the northern edge of Patagonia. ... Neuquén is a province of Argentina, located in the west of the country, at the northern end of Patagonia. ...

Contents


History

Evidence of inhabitants in the area date to 2,000 years BC. On the basin of the Atuel River, 300 years BC lived a group of people that lived of hunting, and cultivation of maize, pumpkins and beans. Dionysius Exiguus invented Anno Domini years to date Easter. ... Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Pumpkins Pumpkin attached to a stalk A pumpkin is a squash fruit, most commonly orange in colour when ripe, that grows as a fruit (gourd from a trailing vine of the genus Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae). ... Green beans Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) used for food or feed. ...


Some of the tribes present at the arrival of the Spaniards include the Puelches and Huarpes. The first Spanish conquerors came around 1550 from the Viceroyalty of Peru. In 1561 the city of Mendoza was founded. The Puelche are an extinct tribe of South American Indians. ... Events February 7 - Julius III becomes Pope. ... Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of the Mendoza Province. ...


With the creation of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, its 30,000 inhabitants became part of the intendency of Cuyo de Córdoba del Tucumán, but in 1813 the intendency of Cuyo separated from the other provinces. Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ... Tucumán is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cuyo is the name given to the wine-producing, mountainous area of north-west Argentina, comprising the provinces of San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza. ...


José de San Martín was governor of the region and received important support from Mendoza when he took off with his Army of the Andes form Plumerillo in 1817 to cross the Andes in a campaign to release Chile from the "oppression of Spain". José Francisco de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850) was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the successful struggle for independence from Spain of the southern nations of South America. ... José Francisco de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850) was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the successful struggle for independence from Spain of the southern nations of South America. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ...


The 1861 earthquake nearly destroyed the city of Mendoza, which had to be almost entirely reconstructed. In 1885 the railways reach the Province, allowing a fluent transport for the wines of the regions towards the ports of Buenos Aires. 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Buenos Aires (English: Fair Winds; originally Ciudad de la Santísima Trinidad y Puerto de Santa María de los Buenos Aires, City of the Holy Trinity and Port of Saint Mary of the Fair Winds) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, and one of...


In 1939 the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (National University of Cuyo), one of the most important of the country, is founded. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (National University of Cuyo, UNCuyo) it is the largest center of high education in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. ...


Geography and climate

The geography of the province descends from the 6959 m of the Aconcagua mountain to the semi-flat lands of the east. A series of longitudinal valles such as the Uspallata, separate the Andes from the Precordillera lower mountains. To the east, the Cuyean plains are crossed by tributaries of the Desaguadero River. Other important rivers include Mendoza River, Tunuyán River, Diamante River and the Atuel River. metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... The Cerro Aconcagua is located in Argentina and is the highest mountain in The Americas and the Southern Hemisphere, as well the highest peak outside of Asia and one of the Seven Summits. ... The Andes between Chile and Argentina The Andes form the longest mountain chain in the world. ... Cuyo is the name given to the wine-producing, mountainous area of north-west Argentina, comprising the provinces of San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza. ... The Desaguadero River is the general name of a river in western Argentina that receives a number of different names on its path of 1,515 kilometres, being its most important section named that way. ...


The climate is continental, sunny and dry in the entire territory of the province, with warm summers and relatively cold winters. The arid soil due to the scant precipitation and the great temperature difference between day and night allows mainly xerophytes and few trees to grow. The annual precipitation lies between 150 and 350 mm, and hail is not uncommon and an important problem in the regional viticulture. There are fertile lands surrounding the basins of the many rivers, born in glaciers of the Cordillera. An arid environment has a high precipitation deficit, receiving much less precipitation annually than would satisfy the climatological demand for evaporation and transpiration. ... Soil is the material on the surface of a lithosphere subject to weathering, and especially the earthy portion of that material. ... A xerophyte describes a plant that has structural (xeromorphic) and physiological adaptations which enable them to survive, or even thrive, in areas with very little free moisture. ... A year is the time between two recurrences of an event related to the orbit of the Earth around the Sun. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... Look up Hail, hail in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) refers to the cultivation of grapes, often for use in the production of wine. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... Aletsch glacier, Switzerland A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ...


Different wind fronts affect the landscape, mainly the Zonda wind, but also the mild Pampero, the warm Viento Norte and in winter the very rare Sudestada from the Southeast. This latter one affects mostly the pampas. Zonda wind is a regional term for the foehn wind that often occurs in Andes of Argentina. ... The pampero is a west or southwest wind in Southern Argentina. ...


Economy

The main economic activity is agriculture, most notably viticulture with 70% of national production. Other important crops mainly for the Argentine market are apples, pears, tomatoes, onions, plums, olives, cherries, peaches and quinces. Apiculture, with 30,000 beehives is also a growing activity favoured by the dry weather. wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) refers to the cultivation of grapes, often for use in the production of wine. ... Argentine wine, as with many aspects of Argentine cuisine, has its roots in Spain. ... Binomial name Malus domestica Borkh. ... Species About 30 species, including: Pyrus amygdaliformis Pyrus austriaca Pyrus balansae Pyrus betulifolia Pyrus bourgaeana Pyrus bretschneideri Pyrus calleryana Pyrus caucasica Pyrus communis Pyrus cordata Pyrus cossonii Pyrus elaeagrifolia Pyrus fauriei Pyrus kawakamii Pyrus korshinskyi Pyrus lindleyi Pyrus nivalis Pyrus pashia Pyrus persica Pyrus phaeocarpa Pyrus pyraster Pyrus pyrifolia Pyrus... Binomial name Solanum lycopersicum L. The tomato (Solanum lycopersicum, formerly Lycopersicon lycopersicum) is a plant in the Solanaceae or nightshade family, native to Central and South America, from Mexico to Peru. ... Binomial name Allium cepa L. Onion in the general sense can be used for any plant in the Genus Allium but used without qualifiers usually means Allium cepa, also called the garden onion. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Syria and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... Species Several, including: Prunus apetala Prunus avium(Wild Cherry) Prunus campanulata Prunus canescens Prunus cerasus(Sour Cherry) Prunus concinna Prunus conradinae Prunus dielsiana Prunus emarginata(Bitter Cherry) Prunus fruticosa Prunus incisa Prunus litigiosa Prunus mahaleb(Saint Lucie Cherry) Prunus maximowiczii Prunus nipponica Prunus pensylvanica(Pin Cherry) Prunus pilosiuscula Prunus rufa... Binomial name Prunus persica (L.) Batsch A peach dessert The Peach (Prunus persica) is a tree native to China that bears a juicy fruit of the same name. ... Binomial name Cydonia oblonga Mill. ... Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of one or more hives of honeybees. ... The term Beehive can refer to several different things: Beehive (beekeeping) is a human-provided structure in which bees are induced to live and raise their young. ...


14% of the national reserves of petroleum are in Mendoza. There's also mining of lime and uranium. Mendoza's main industries are the vineyards and wine production with 1,200 wineries, followed by canned fruits, petroleum refinery (in Luján de Cuyo), cement and others. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... Lime is a general term for various naturally occurring minerals and materials derived from them in which carbonates, oxides and hydroxides of calcium predominate. ... General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Atomic mass 238. ... Wine Barrels A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ... Cement is a material used for bonding other materials together, and as a binder in concrete. ...


Tourism has become one of the most important sources of income of the province, with around 700,000 visitors per year. The main attractions are the Las Leñas ski centre, Aconcagua and the Provinicial Parks Canón de Atuel, Puente del Inca, Guaymallen and others. Finally, atracted to the wine-producing region, the Fiesta de la vendimia wine-production festival receives many visitors in late February or early March. The Cerro Aconcagua is located in Argentina and is the highest mountain in The Americas and the Southern Hemisphere, as well the highest peak outside of Asia and one of the Seven Summits. ... The following is a list of significant wine-producing regions. ...


Political division

The province is divided into 18 departments (Spanish: departamentos). Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ...

  1. Capital (Mendoza)
  2. General Alvear Department (General Alvear)
  3. Godoy Cruz Department (Godoy Cruz)
  4. Guaymallén Department (Villa Nueva)
  5. Junín Department (Junín)
  6. La Paz Department (La Paz)
  7. Las Heras Department (Las Heras)
  8. Lavalle Department (Lavalle)
  9. Luján de Cuyo Department (Luján de Cuyo)
  10. Maipú Department (Maipú)
  11. Malargüe Department (Malargüe)
  12. Rivadavia Department (Rivadavia)
  13. San Carlos Department (San Carlos)
  14. San Martín Department (San Martín)
  15. San Rafael Department (San Rafael)
  16. Santa Rosa Department, Mendoza (Santa Rosa)
  17. Tunuyán Department (Tunuyán)
  18. Tupungato Department (Tupungato)

Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of the Mendoza Province. ... Gral. ... Godoy Cruz is a city in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. ... Las Heras is a city in the province of Mendoza, Argentina, located in the north of the metropolitan area of the provincial capital (Greater Mendoza). ... Malargüe is a town of approximately 20,000 inhabitants which is the capital of the department of Malargüe in the southwest part of the province of Mendoza in Argentina. ... San Rafael is one of the departments of the Mendoza Province, Argentina. ... San Rafael is a city in the central region of the province of Mendoza, Argentina, 240 km from the provincial capital. ... Tupungato is one of the highest mountains in South America, lying near the Chilean-Argentine border. ...

External links

  • Official site (Spanish)
  • Mendoza Ministry of Tourism and Culture (in Spanish)
  • Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (in Spanish)
  • Map of Mendoza

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mendoza Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (630 words)
Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region.
Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise San Juan, San Luis, La Pampa, Río Negro and Neuquén.
The geography of the province descends from the 6959 m of the Aconcagua mountain to the semi-flat lands of the east.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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