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Encyclopedia > Mendoza, Argentina
Cities and towns
in Argentina
Mendoza
View of the Mendoza City in autumn
Province Mendoza
Department Mendoza
Location 32°53′ S 68°50′ W
Population 110,993
Demonym mendocino
CPA base M5500
Phone code +54 261
Mayor Eduardo Cicchitti
Party Radical Civic Union
Monument dedicated to the Army of the Andes, on the summit of the Cerro de la Gloria.
Monument dedicated to the Army of the Andes, on the summit of the Cerro de la Gloria.

Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of Mendoza Province. As per the 2001 census [INDEC] it has about 111,000 inhabitants, plus 848,660 in its metropolitan area, making it the fourth-largest conurbation in Argentina. This is a list of cities in Argentina. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ... Official name Departamento Capital Capital Mendoza Country Province Argentina Mendoza Foundation Founder December 20, 1869  ? Population:    - Total 110,993  - Density 2,055. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The Argentine postal code is a system that assigns at least an unique alphanumeric postal codes to each municipality. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Argentina made major changes to its telephone numbering plan in 1999, after its telephone system was privatized. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... “Political Parties” redirects here. ... The Radical Civic Union (in Spanish, Unión Cívica Radical, UCR) is a political party in Argentina. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 386 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mendoza, Argentina ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (768x1024, 386 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mendoza, Argentina ... Flag of the Army of the Andes. ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... National Statistics and Censuses Institute (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos, INDEC) is the Argentine government agency responsible for the collection and processing of statistical data. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Mendoza is on a major road between Argentina and Chile. It is a frequent stopover for climbers heading up Aconcagua (the highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere) or for other mountaineering, hiking, horseback riding, rafting, and outdoor activities. In the winter, skiers come to the city for its easy access to the Andes. Cerro Aconcagua is the highest mountain in the Americas. ... An open crevasse. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... horse, see Horse (disambiguation). ... Rafting in Brazil. ... A shaped, twin-tip alpine ski. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ...


One of the main industries of the Mendoza area is wine making. Another large industry is olive oil production. Vineyards in Agrelo, Mendoza. ... For the Popeye character, see Olive Oyl. ...

Contents

History

Gates of General San Martín Park
Gates of General San Martín Park

Mendoza was founded in 1561 by Pedro del Castillo. Here José de San Martín organized the army with which he won the independence of Chile and Peru. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 467 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mendoza, Argentina General San Martín Park ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 467 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Mendoza, Argentina General San Martín Park ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... José Francisco de San Martín Matorras, also known as José de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South Americas successful struggle for independence from Spain. ...


In 1861 a severe earthquake destroyed the city and killed at least 5,000 people. The city was rebuilt, and included new antiseismic urban designs, with large squares and wider streets and sidewalks than any other city in Argentina. San Martin street, and five main equidistant squares, are examples of that design. Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The 1861 Mendoza earthquake was a major seismic movement in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. ...


Culture

Videla Castillo Square, Foundational Area
Videla Castillo Square, Foundational Area

The grape harvest is marked each year by the Vendimia festival, taking place in early March, in which 17 beauty queens (one for each provincial departament) are nominated, and one winner is selected by a panel of about 50 judges. The queen from Mendoza City cannot be chosen because she acts as host for all other queens. Mendoza City proper does not have vineyards. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 864 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ...


Mendoza has an intense cultural activity, and the city is a main center for professional congresses and meetings. There are several museums, the main ones being the Museo Cornelio Moyano (a natural history museum) in the Gerneral San Martín Park and the Museo del Área Fundacional (Foundational Area Museum, historical) located in the Videla Castillo Square. In Maipú, 15 km southeast from Mendoza, there is the Museo Nacional del Vino (National Wine Museum), which focuses on the history of winemaking in the area. In Mayor Drummond, 14 km south from Mendoza, there is the Emiliano Guiñazú - Casa de Fader art museum, hosted in an 1890 mansion where many walls have paintings by the artist Fernando Fader. Maipú is a city in Mendoza Province, Argentina. ...


Urban structure

La Fontaine de L'Observatoire
La Fontaine de L'Observatoire

Like most cities in Argentina, Mendoza's outdoor cafes, tree-lined walkable streets & avenues and many plazas attest to the city's European heritage. Unique to Mendoza however is the exposed stone ditches (small canals) which run alongside many of the roads supplying water to the many trees that provide welcome shade. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ...


The city is centered around Independence Square “Plaza Independencia" with pedestrianized Sarmiento street running through its center. Other major streets, running perpendicular to Sarmiento, are 9 de Julio St., San Martín Avenue, and running parallel to Sarmiento are avenues Colón, Arístides Villanueva and Las Heras. Four additional plazas, San Martín, Chile, Italia, and España, are located 2 blocks off each corner of Independence Square. The main square of Siena, Italy This is a list of noteworthy car-free areas. ...


Located West of the city is the Parque San Martín designed by the world renowned landscape architect Carlos Thays. On its premises you can find soccer stadiums, a zoo, the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo and a monument that commemorates the cross of the Andes by San Martin and his army. A view of the city is available from the top of the hill "Cerro de la Gloria". Gates of General San Martín Park The Parque General San Martín is a park located in the city of Mendoza, Argentina. ... Carlos Thays (August 20, 1849 – January 31, 1934) was a French-Argentine landscape architect. ... The Universidad Nacional de Cuyo (National University of Cuyo, UNCuyo) it is the largest center of high education in the province of Mendoza, Argentina. ...


There are many Internet cafes and other establishments that offer wi-fi technology. Restaurants and wine bars on Aristídes Villanueva Avenue become very active day and night during weekends and various types of accommodations are available including luxurious “five star” Park Hyatt Mendoza, facing Plaza Independencia.


Climate

General San Martín Park
General San Martín Park

Mendoza has very dry summers with wetter winters. Average temperatures for January (summer) are 35 °C (95 °F) during daytime, and 23 °C (73 °F) at night. For July (winter), the average temperatures are 12 °C (53 °F) and 3 °C (38 °F), respectively. Download high resolution version (981x674, 194 KB)Mendoza, Park of General San Martin. ... Download high resolution version (981x674, 194 KB)Mendoza, Park of General San Martin. ...


Transportation

Mendoza is 1,037 kilometres from Buenos Aires (13 hours by bus) and 380 kilometres from Santiago, Chile (6-7 hours by bus). Mendoza also has an International Airport. It takes less than 2 hours to fly from Buenos Aires and less than 1 hour from Santiago, Chile. For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ...


The Mendoza public transport system includes buses, trolleybuses and taxi-cabs. The trolleybuses are more comfortable than the city buses, but are slower and not as numerous nor is the system as extensive as that for the buses. A trolleybus in Arnhem An electric trolleybus (also known as trolley bus or trackless trolley or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which the bus draws electricity using two trolley poles. ...


A heritage railway or tourist railroad, "The Wine Train" (Tren del Vino) is being planed witch will also provide local transportation, it will run along wine producing districts of Mendoza. [1] A scene on a heritage railway. ...


Transandine Railway

View of the Andes range from Mendoza
View of the Andes range from Mendoza

Mendoza developed partly because of its position at the beginning of the Transandine Railway linking it to Los Andes in Chile. This line is currently out of use, but there were plans to restore it in the summer of 2007. Due to the lack of concrete actions to restore this link, the most recent estimations are that the line could be restored around October, 2009. [1] However, as of October 2007, there is no indication of any restorative work underway. Section with rack Puente del Inca Station The Transandine Railway (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Trasandino) was a metre gauge combined rack and adhesion railway which operated between Mendoza in Argentina via the Uspallata Pass to Los Andes in Chile, a distance of 251 km. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (960 × 1280 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Section with rack Puente del Inca Station The Transandine Railway (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Trasandino) was a metre gauge combined rack and adhesion railway which operated between Mendoza in Argentina via the Uspallata Pass to Los Andes in Chile, a distance of 251 km. ... Los Andes is a Chilean town and municipality (comuna) located in the province of the same name, in Valparaíso Region (Fifth Region of Chile). ...


The Transandine Railway is a metre gauge line, with sections of rack, whilst the railways it links with are both broad gauge. A journey from Buenos Aires to Chile involved two breaks-of-gauge, and therefore two changes of train, one at Mendoza, and the other in Chile. Narrow-gauge railways are railroads (railways) with track spaced at less than the standard gauge of 4 ft 8½ in (1. ... Rack railway track using Von Roll system rack. ... For other uses, see Gauge. ... With railways, a break-of-gauge is where a line of one gauge meets a line of a different gauge. ...


People

See Cat: People from Mendoza


Twin cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Ramat Gan (רמת-גן) is a city in Israel, on the central coastal strip, just east of Tel Aviv, and part of the metropolis known as Gush Dan, in the Tel Aviv District. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ...

In Film

Mendoza is referenced in the 2006 acclaimed film Children of Men in which it is reported that the parents of the youngest person on the planet hail from the city of Mendoza in a bleak 2027. Children of Men is a 2006 dystopian science fiction film loosely adapted from P.D. James 1992 novel The Children of Men. ...


Throughout his career, the French director Jean-Jacques Annaud has prided himself on ambitious films that focus on the human heart in conflict with itself. But none compares to the scope and challenge of his 1997 film Seven Years In Tibet.To re-capture the experience, Annaud literally rebuilt Tibet in Argentina. The dozens of spectacular sets ranged from a 220-yard long re-creation of the capital city of Lhasa (built in the foothills of the Andes), to a 9000-square-foot re-creation of the legendary Hall of Good Deeds in the Potala, the ancient palace of the Dalai Lama. (It was built in an abandoned garlic warehouse outside the city of Mendoza.) For the 1997 film, see Seven Years in Tibet (1997 film). ...


References

  1. ^ Mendoza Wine Train

Publications

  • V. Letelier, Apuntes sobre el terremoto de Mendoza (Santiago de Chile, 1907)
  • V. Blasco Ibánez, Argentina y sus Grandezas (Madrid, 1910)

External links

  • (Spanish) Municipality of Mendoza - Official website.
  • (Spanish) Tourism office
  • (Spanish) Municipal information — Municipal Affairs Federal Institute (IFAM), Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina.
  • Photos of Mendoza and surroundings
  • Los Andes newspaper online edition
  • Diario Uno, newspaper online edition, in Spanish
  • (Spanish) Ciudadano Diario, newspaper online edition
  • (Spanish) Diario Jornada, newspaper online edition
  • El Sol newspaper (5 issues every week, Monday to Friday)
  • Universidad Nacional de Cuyo
  • Discover Mendoza - Tourism in Mendoza
  • CuyoNoticias digital newspaper

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mendoza, Argentina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (812 words)
Mendoza is a city in the west of Argentina, and the capital of the Mendoza Province.
Mendoza is on a major road between Argentina and Chile.
Mendoza has an intense cultural activity, and the city is a main center for professional congresses and meetings.
Study Spanish in Mendoza, Argentina (272 words)
Mendoza, located at the foot of the Andes, is one of the most visited cities in the world famous for its history, natural beauty, delicious wines, and famous ski centers.
Founded in the 16th century and reconstructed with a European design after a devastating earthquake in 1861, this city -with a population of almost 1.5 million- is an ideal place to visit and admire.
Mendoza is an ideal place to visit for those who want to study Spanish in a fun, outdoorsy environment while having the modern niceties of a small city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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