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Encyclopedia > Mendicant order
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The Mendicant (or Begging) Orders are religious orders which depend directly on the riches of the people for their livelihood. In principle they do not own property, either individually or collectively, and have taken a vow of poverty, in order that all their time and energy could be expended on religious work. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with monastic order. ... // Use of the term The concept of property or ownership has no single or universally accepted definition. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Jump to: navigation, search A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ...


Christian mendicant orders

Christian mendicant orders spend their time preaching the Gospel and serving the poor. Both of the two main new orders founded by Saint Dominic and Saint Francis were prompted by a concern to combat the Cathar heresy (in southern France and in northern Italy respectively) by offering a model of service to God within the community. They attracted a significant level of patronage, as much from townsfolk as aristocrats. Their focus of operation rapidly centred on towns where population growth historically outstripped the provision of parishes. Most medieval towns in Western Europe of any size came to possess houses of one or more of the major orders of friars. Some of their churches came to be built on grand scale with large spaces devoted to preaching, something of a speciality among the mendicant orders. Jump to: navigation, search Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament writings of his early followers. ... For the genre of Christian-themed music, see gospel music. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Jump to: navigation, search Francis of Assisi by El Greco Saint Francis of Assisi (born in Assisi, Italy, 1181; died there on October 3, 1226) founded the Franciscan Order or Friars Minor. He is the patron saint of animals, merchants, Catholic action and the environment. ... Cathars being expelled from Carcassone in 1209. ...


Saint Anthony and Saint Francis were notable inspirations to the formation of Christian mendicant traditions. Jump to: navigation, search Saint Anthony of Padua Saint Anthony of Padua, also venerated as Anthony of Lisbon, particularly in Portugal (August 15, 1195 - June 13, 1231) is a Catholic saint who was born in Lisbon as Fernando de Bulhões, to a wealthy family. ...


In the Middle Ages, the original mendicant orders of friars in the Church were the The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A friar is a member of a religious mendicant order of men. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest organizational body of Christians, with a membership of over one billion people worldwide. ...

  • Franciscans (Friars Minor, commonly known as the Grey Friars), founded 1209
  • Carmelites, (Hermits of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Carmel, commonly known as the White Friars), founded 1206–1214
  • Dominicans (Order of Preachers, commonly called the Black Friars), founded 1215
  • Augustinians (Hermits of St. Augustine, commonly called the Austin Friars), founded 1256

The Second Council of Lyons (1274) recognized these as the four "great" mendicant orders, and suppressed certain others. The Council of Trent loosened their property restrictions. Afterwards, except for the Franciscans and their offshoot the Capuchins, members of the orders were permitted to own property collectively as do monks. The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Origin and early history Carmelites (in Latin Ordo fratrum Beatæ Virginis Mariæ de monte Carmelo) is the name of a Roman Catholic order founded in the 12th century by a certain Berthold (d. ... The Augustinians, named after Saint Augustine of Hippo (died AD 430), are several Roman Catholic monastic orders and congregations of both men and women living according to a guide to religious life known as the Rule of Saint Augustine. ... The Second Council of Lyon was a Roman Catholic council convened in Lyon in 1274. ... The Council of Trent (Italian: Trento) was an ecumenical council of the Catholic Church held in discontinuous sessions between 1545 and 1563 in response to the Protestant Reformation. ... The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, the chief and only permanent offshoot of the Franciscans. ... Jump to: navigation, search A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ...


Among other orders are the

  • Trinitarians (Order of the Most Blessed Trinity), founded 1193
  • Mercedarians (Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy), founded 1218
  • Servites (Order of Servants of Mary), founded 1233
  • Minims (Hermits of St. Francis of Paola), founded 1436
  • Capuchins (Order of Friars Minor Capuchin), established 1525

Jump to: navigation, search The Trinitarians are an order of monks founded at Rome in 1198 by St. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Order of Merced (or Mercedarians or the Order of Captives) was one of many dozens of associations that sprang up in Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries as institutions of charitable works. ... The Servite Friars or Servants of Mary are one of the five original mendicant orders. ... The Minims (also called the Minimi or The Order of the Minims) are followers of a religious order founded by Francis of Paola in the fifteenth century in Italy. ... The Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (OFM Cap) is an order of friars in the Roman Catholic Church, the chief and only permanent offshoot of the Franciscans. ...

Non-Christian mendicant orders

The term "mendicant" may also be used to refer to other non-Catholic and non-Christian ascetics, such as Buddhist monks and Hindu holy men. The Buddhist Pali scriptures use the term bhikku for mendicant. The Buddhist mendicant tradition still survives in many Southeast Asian countries where Theravada Buddhism is practised. Asceticism denotes a life which is characterised by refraining from worldly pleasures (austerity). ... Jump to: navigation, search A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... . Pāli (ISO 639-1: pi; ISO 639-2: pli) is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... Debating bhikkhu in Tibet A bhikkhu (male) or bhikkhuni (female) is a fully ordained Buddhist monk. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Jump to: navigation, search Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ...


 
 

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