Menangle virus is a virus that infects pigs, humans and bats. It was first identified after a piggery in Menangle near Sydney, NSW, Australia was struck with an alarming number of still born mummified births and deformities during farrowing. 2 workers at the piggery came down with a serious flu-like sickness, but subsequently recovered. The source of the outbreak was identified as a nearby population of fruit bats or flying foxes. Bats appear to be an asymptomatichost. Infection is thought to occur through serious contact with bodily fluids from infected animals (i.e. urine, faeces, blood and possible foetal matter).
Menangle is related to the recently discovered Timoan virus which is also bat-borne.
Menangle is one of three recently discovered viruses in Australia that are carried by bats, the others are Hendra virus and Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV or bat rabies).
The initial consideration of Japanese encephalitis virus was based on the nature of the clinical signs in the affected people as well as the strong epidemiological connection between infections in humans and contact with pigs.
Menanglevirus are all novel paramyxoviruses that appear to have emerged from a fruit bat reservoir over the past decade.
Epidemiological trace-back studies of the Nipah virus outbreak in pig farms in the Ipoh district of Malaysia, 1997-1999.
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