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Encyclopedia > Memphis Belle

The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress is a 1944 documentary film which documents the last (25th) bombing run of the B-17 bomber Memphis Belle. The shots of the actual battle were done by cinematographer First Lieutenant Harold J. Tannenbaum, under the direction of William Wyler. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Documentary film is a broad category of cinematic expression united by the intent to remain factual or non-fictional. ... A B-17 on a bombing run. ... William Wyler (July 1, 1902 - July 27, 1981) was a prolific and award-winning motion picture director. ...


Made under the auspices of the First Motion Picture Unit, a branch of the United States Army Air Corps (to which future US President Ronald Reagan also belonged), the film claimed to show the everyday courage of the men who manned these planes. The First Motion Picture Unit was the first unit of the United States Military to be made entirely of motion picture personnel. ... 1. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...


The crew included:

  • Captain Robert Morgan (pilot)
  • Captain James A. Verinis (co-pilot)
  • Captain Vincent B. Evans (bombadier and chin turret operator)
  • Captain Charles B. Leighton (navigator)
  • Technical Sergeant Robert J. Hanson (radio operator)
  • Technical Sergeant Harold P. Loch (engineer and top turret gunner)
  • Staff Sergeant Casimer A. Nastal (waist gunner)
  • Staff Sergeant Clarence E. Winchell (waist gunner)
  • Staff Sergeant Cecil H. Scott (ball turret gunner)
  • Major John P. Quinlan (tail gunner)
  • Arthur Kennedy (crewman)

In 2001 the United States Library of Congress deemed the original version "culturally significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. Robert Morgan (July 31, 1918 - May 15, 2004) was United States Army colonel and pilot, from Asheville, North Carolina, was the commander of the Memphis Belle B-17, which flew 25 combat missions over Germany, Belgium, Holland, and France, between 7 November 1942, and 17 May 1943, during World War... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Library of Congress, Jefferson building The Library of Congress is the unofficial national library of the United States. ... The National Film Registry is the registry of films selected by the United States National Film Preservation Board for preservation in the Library of Congress. ...

Contents


1990 Fictionalized Version

A fictionalized version of the story was made as Memphis Belle in 1990, produced by David Puttnam in England. It was directed by Michael Caton-Jones from a script by Monte Merrick. The film starred Matthew Modine, Eric Stoltz, Tate Donovan, D. B. Sweeney, Billy Zane, Sean Astin, Harry Connick Jr. and Reed Diamond. Captain Morgan later said that this film was untrue in many ways and used dramatic license. David Tucker is a Sergeant in the US Army and a respected historian who wrote to Morgan about the Memphis Belle. Morgan told Sergeant Tucker that when his crew got into the air they were all business. Memphis Belle is an American movie released in 1990. ... This article is about the year. ... Sir David Terence Puttnam, Lord Puttnam of Queensgate CBE film producer and politician. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the British Isles Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked 1st UK... Michael Caton-Jones Michael Caton-Jones (Born Badgers Brook, Lothian, UK in 1958) is the Scottish-born director of such films as Scandal, Rob Roy, Memphis Belle and The Jackal. ... Matthew Avery Modine (born March 22, 1959 in Loma Linda, California is an American actor. ... Eric Stoltz Eric Stoltz (born September 30, 1961) is an American actor widely considered one of the most prominent and diverse performers in independent film. ... Tate Donovan Tate Donovan (born September 25, 1963) is an American actor. ... Billy Zane in a 1999 photo William George Zane, Jr. ... Sean Astin with his wife Christine and his oldest daughter Alexandra in Wellington (New Zealand) for the premiere of The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Sean Astin (born February 25, 1971 in Santa Monica, California) is a film actor, director, and producer. ... Harry Connick, Jr. ... Reed Diamond (born 20 July 1967 in New York City) is an American actor. ...


Aircraft Information

The actual Memphis Belle, a Boeing-built B-17F-10-BO, serial 41-24485, was delivered in July 1942 and flew its seven months for 25 missions with the 324th Bomb Squadron, 91st Bomb Group from Bassingbourne, England. These were: The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA)(TYO: 7661 ) is the worlds leading aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, about 30 miles north of Seattle, Washington. ...

  • 7 November 1942 - Brest, France
  • 9 November 1942 - St. Nazaire, France
  • 17 November 1942 - St, Nazaire
  • 6 December 1942 - Lille, France
  • 20 December 1942 - Rommily-Sur-Seine, France
  • 3 January 1943 - St. Nazaire
  • 13 January 1943 - Lille
  • 23 January 1943 - Lorient, France
  • 4 February 1943 - Emden, Germany
  • 14 February 1943 - Hamm, Germany
  • 16 February 1943 - St. Nazaire
  • 26 February 1943 - Wilhelmshaven, Germany
  • 27 February 1943 - Brest
  • 6 March 1943 - Lorient
  • 12 March 1943 - Rouen, France
  • 13 March 1943 - Abbeville, France
  • 22 March 1943 - Wilhemshaven
  • 28 March 1943 - Rouen
  • 5 April 1943 - Antwerp, Belgium
  • 16 April 1943 - Lorient
  • 17 April 1943 - Bremen, Germany
  • 1 May 1943 - St. Nazaire
  • 4 May 1943 - Antwerp
  • 15 May 1943 - Wilhelmshaven
  • 17 May 1943 - Lorient
Memphis Belle during refurbishment in 2003
Memphis Belle during refurbishment in 2003

It was then brought back to the United States for war bond tours. The plane was named for pilot Robert K. Morgan's sweetheart, Margaret Polk. The famous Petty girl nose art was painted by the 91st's group artist Tony Starcer. After the war the Flying Fortress was saved from reclamation at Altus, Oklahoma by the efforts of the mayor of Memphis, the Hon. Walter Chandler, and the city bought the plane for $350. It was flown to Memphis in July 1946 and stored until the summer of 1949 when it was placed on display at the National Guard armory. It sat out-of-doors into the 1980s, slowly deteriorating due to weather and vandalism. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x750, 258 KB)030711-N-5319H-001 Naval Support Activity Mid-South (11 July 2003) – The Memphis Belle B-17 Flying Fortress stands disassembled in its hangar across from Naval Support Activity Mid-South, where volunteer mechanics, mainly employees of Federal... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x750, 258 KB)030711-N-5319H-001 Naval Support Activity Mid-South (11 July 2003) – The Memphis Belle B-17 Flying Fortress stands disassembled in its hangar across from Naval Support Activity Mid-South, where volunteer mechanics, mainly employees of Federal... An American War Bonds poster from 1942 War bonds were a form of savings bond used by many combatant nations to help fund World War I and World War II. They were also a measure to manage inflation by removing money from the economy heated up by the war efforts. ... A B-17 nicknamed Sally B in England in 2001 The B-17 Flying Fortress was the first mass-produced, four-engine heavy bomber. ... Altus is a city located in Jackson County, Oklahoma. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Walter Clift Chandler (October 5, 1887 — October 1, 1967) was an American politician from Tennessee. ... Seal of the National Guard Bureau Seal of the Army National Guard Seal of the Air National Guard // Background The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ...


In the early 1970s another mayor had donated the historic plane back to the Air Force, but they allowed it to remain in Memphis contingent on it being maintained. Efforts by the locally-organized Memphis Belle Memorial Association, Inc. (MBMA) saw the aircraft moved to Mud Island in the Mississippi River in 1987 for display in a new pavilion with roof cover. It was still open to the elements, however, and prone to weathering. Dissatisfaction with the site led to efforts to create a new museum facility in nearby Shelby County. In the summer of 2003 the Belle was disassembled and moved to a restoration facility in Millington, Tennessee for work. In September 2004, however, the National Museum of the United States Air Force, apparently tiring of the ups and downs of the city's attempts to preserve the aircraft, indicated that they wanted it back for restoration and eventual display at the museum near Dayton, Ohio. On August 30, 2005 the MBMA announce that a consultant that they hired determined that the MBMA would not be able to raise enough money to restore the Belle and otherwise fufill the Air Force's requirements to keep possession of the aircraft. They announced plans to return the aircraft to the National Museum of the United States Air Force after a final exhibition in Millington, Tennessee on September 30 - October 2, 2005. The Belle arrived safely at the Dayton, Ohio facility of the National Museum of the United States Air Force in mid-October 2005 and was placed in one of the Museum's restoration hangers. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Millington is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... Skyline of Dayton from the north, across the Great Miami River. ... August 30 is the 242nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (243rd in leap years), with 123 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... Millington is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Skyline of Dayton from the north, across the Great Miami River. ... The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Upon examination it was determined that the aircraft was far less complete than originally thought. The interior had been completely gutted by vandals and souvenir hunters. No instruments were found in the cockpit, and virtually every removable piece of the aircraft's interior had been scavenged, often sacrificing of the aircraft's wiring and control cables in the process. In addition a coat of green paint had been liberally applied to the aircraft's interior and throughout the inside of its wings. The Museum has placed restoration of "Memphis Belle" near the top of its priorities and hopes to have the restored aircraft on display in 2009 or 2010.



A former firebomber B-17G-85-DL, serial 44-83546, registered N3703G, was converted into a B-17F configuration by removal of its chin turret for the 1990 remake of the Memphis Belle story and continues to make air show appearances in that guise. Originally painted with the Warner Bros. movie version of the nose art and markings, the B-17 (owned by David Tallichet) now carries the historic markings found on the actual Memphis Belle. It currently operates out of Floyd Bennett Field, New York. Map of Floyd Bennett Field today. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ...


Other Planes Named "Memphis Belle"

A Republic F-105 Thunderchief from 357th Tactical Fighter Squadron of the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing based at Takhli Royal Thai Air Base during the Vietnam War was named Memphis Belle II in honor of the original B-17F. The aircraft claimed two MiG kills in addition to numerous bombing missions. It is currently preserved at the National Museum of the United States Air Force at Wright Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio. The Republic F-105 Thunderchief (commonly known as the Thud by its pilots) was a single-seat, supersonic fighter-bomber used by the United States Air Force. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Commanders Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 1,250,000+ US dead: 58,226 US... The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official national museum of the United States Air Force and is located at Wright-Patterson AFB, east of Dayton, Ohio. ... Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force base in Greene and Montgomery counties, adjacent to Fairborn and Dayton, Ohio. ... Skyline of Dayton from the north, across the Great Miami River. ...


There was also a General Dynamics FB-111 (68-0267) named Memphis Belle II for a time during the 1980s. A U.S. Air Force F-111 The General Dynamics F-111 Aardvark (the nickname was unofficial for most of its lifespan, but it was officially named Aardvark at its retirement ceremony for the United States Air Force) is a long-range strategic bomber, reconnaissance, and tactical strike aircraft. ...


A Boeing B-52 Stratofortress (59-2594) was named Memphis Belle III. It was sent to the Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC) in October, 1992, in compliance with the START I treaty. A B-52 in flight The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is a long-range strategic bomber flown by the United States Air Force (USAF) since 1954, replacing the Convair B-36 and the Boeing B-47. ... Welcome sign at AMARC. Airplanes being used for salvage parts at AMARC. The Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Center (AMARC) is an aircraft storage and maintenance facility at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1992 (MCMXCII in Roman) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... START, officially the STrategic Arms Reduction Treaty was a nuclear weapons limitation treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union. ...


The first B-52H constructed (60-0001) is named the Memphis Belle VI. It is currently based at Barksdale Air Force Base, flying for the 2nd Bomb Wing. Barksdale Air Force Base is a United States military base near Bossier City, Louisiana. ...


A Lockheed C-141 Starlifter (67-0024) is named the Memphis Belle V. It has recently been transferred to the AMARC inventory. Media:example. ...


References

  • Morgan, Col. Robert K., Ret., with Power, Ron, The Man Who Flew the Memphis Belle, Dutton, New York, 2001, ISBN 0-525-94610-1.
  • 25 Missions - The Story of the Memphis Belle, published by the authority of the Commanding General, Army Air Forces - Training Aids Division, Army Air Forces, New York City, July 1943 - reprinted by the Memphis Belle Memorial Association, Inc., 1977.
  • Thompson, Scott A., Final Cut - The Post-War B-17 Flying Fortress : The Survivors, Second edition, 2000, ISBN 1-57510-077-0.

External links

  • Website of the Memphis Belle Memorial Association (former custodian of the MB)
  • The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress (1944) at The Internet Movie Database
  • Memphis Belle (1990) at The Internet Movie Database
  • The Real Memphis Belle Movie (1944) - Watch the entire movie online

  Results from FactBites:
 
Memphis Belle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (899 words)
The Memphis Belle: A Story of a Flying Fortress is a 1944 documentary film which documents the last (25th) bombing run of the B-17 bomber Memphis Belle.
The actual Memphis Belle, a Boeing-built B-17F-10-BO, serial 41-24485, was delivered in July 1942 and flew its seven months of missions with the 324th Bomb Squadron, 91st Bomb Group from Bassingbourne, England.
Efforts by the locally-organized Memphis Belle Memorial Association, Inc. (MBMA) saw the aircraft moved to Mud Island in the Mississippi River in 1987 for display in a new pavilion with roof cover.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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