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Encyclopedia > Memphis, Tennessee
Memphis, Tennessee

Flag
Official seal of Memphis, Tennessee
Seal
Nickname: The River City, The Bluff City
Coordinates: 35°07′03″N 89°58′16″W / 35.1175, -89.97111
Country United States
State Tennessee
Counties Shelby County
Founded 1819
Incorporated 1826
Government
 - Mayor W. W. Herenton (D)
Area
 - City  313.8 sq mi (763.4 km²)
 - Land  302.3 sq mi (723.4 km²)
 - Water  15.4 sq mi (40.0 km²)
Elevation  337 ft (103 m)
Population (2005)
 - City 680,768
 - Density 2,327.4/sq mi (898.6/km²)
 - Metro 1,260,581
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website: http://www.memphistn.gov

Memphis is a city in the southwest corner of Tennessee, and the county seat of Shelby County. Memphis rises above the Mississippi River on the 4th Chickasaw Bluff just below the mouth of the Wolf River. As of 2006, Memphis had an estimated population of 680,768, making it the largest city in the state of Tennessee, the second largest in the southeastern region (only to Jacksonville, Florida), and the 17th largest in the United States [1]. The greater Memphis metropolitan area (including the adjacent areas of Mississippi and Arkansas) has a population of 1,260,581. This makes Memphis the second largest metropolitan area in Tennessee, surpassed only by metropolitan Nashville. Memphis is the youngest of Tennessee's four major cities (traditionally including Knoxville and Chattanooga and Nashville). A resident of Memphis is referred to as a Memphian. Memphis was the wife of Epaphus, the founder of Memphis, Egypt in Greek mythology. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Memphis, Tennessee Categories: GFDL images ... Memphis City Flag File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Memphis City Seal This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ... Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... 1819 common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A Municipal corporation is a legal definition for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, towns, townships, villages, and boroughs. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Dr. Willie W. Herenton is the mayor of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Chickasaw bluff is the most northern of four bluffs on the lower Mississippi River. ... The Wolf River is a small river of West Tennessee and Mississippi. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto: Where Florida Begins Location in the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Duval Government  - Mayor John Peyton (R) Area  - City  885 sq mi (2,264. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ... Nickname: Location within the U.S. State of Tennessee Coordinates: Cities in Tennessee Tennessee Government  - Mayor Bill Haslam (R) Area  - City 254. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

History

Mississippi River landing, Memphis, 1906
Mississippi River landing, Memphis, 1906

The Memphis area was first settled by the Mississippian Culture and then by the Chickasaw Indian tribe. Image File history File links Riverboats_at_Memphis. ... Image File history File links Riverboats_at_Memphis. ... The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 900 to 1500 CE, varying regionally. ... The Chickasaws are a Native American people of the United States, originally from present-day Mississippi, now mostly living in Oklahoma. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ...


European exploration came years later, with Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto believed to have visited what is now the Memphis area as early as the 1540s. By the 1680s, French explorers led by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle built Fort Prudhomme in the vicinity, the first European settlement in what would become Memphis, predating English settlements in East Tennessee by more than 70 years. [2] Hernando de Soto. ... Events and Trends 1541 Hernando de Soto is the first European to see the Mississippi River. ... Events and Trends The Treaty of Ratisbon between France and England in 1684 ended the Age of Buccaneers. ... Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... East Tennessee is a name given to approximately the eastern third of the state of Tennessee. ...


Despite such early outposts, the land comprising present-day Memphis remained in a largely unorganized territory throughout most of the 18th century, while the boundaries of what would become Tennessee continued to evolve from its parent — the Carolina Colony, later North Carolina and South Carolina. By 1796, the community was the westernmost point of the newly admitted state of Tennessee. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Carolina Colony grants of 1663 and 1665 The Province of Carolina was a North American English colony that existed from 1663 to 1729, when it was divided into the Provinces of North and South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (901 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35°12N...

Cotton merchants on Union Avenue, Memphis in 1937
Cotton merchants on Union Avenue, Memphis in 1937

Memphis was founded in 1820 by John Overton, James Winchester, and Andrew Jackson and was incorporated as a city in 1826. The city was named after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile River. Image File history File links Union_Avenue. ... Image File history File links Union_Avenue. ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Andrew Jackson (disambiguation). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Memphis, coordiates , , was the ancient capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt, and of the Old Kingdom of Egypt from its foundation until around 1300 BC. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Ineb Hedj (The White Walls). The name Memphis is the Greek deformation of the Egyptian name of Pepi... There is also Nile, a death metal band from South Carolina, USA. The Nile in Egypt Length 6 695 km Elevation of the source 1 134 m Average discharge 2 830 m³/s Area watershed 3 400 000 km² Origin Africa Mouth the Mediterranean Basin countries Uganda - Sudan - Egypt The...


The cotton economy of the antebellum South depended on the forced labor of large numbers of African-American slaves, and Memphis became a major slave market. Slaves seeking their freedom turned to the Underground Railroad to escape to the free states of the North, and the Memphis home of Jacob Burkle was a way-station on their route to freedom. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Burkle Estate is a historic home at 826 North Second Street in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


At the time of the American Civil War, Memphis was already an important regional city because of its river trade and railroad connections, particularly the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, completed in 1857. Tennessee seceded from the Union in June 1861 and Memphis briefly became a Confederate stronghold. Union forces captured Memphis from Confederacy in the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, and the city remained under Union control for the duration of the war, except for a dramatic raid conducted by Nathan Bedford Forrest. Memphis became a Union supply base and continued to prosper throughout the war. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Memphis and Charleston Railroad completed in 1857 was the first railroad in the United States to link the Atlantic Ocean with the Mississippi River. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Charles Henry Davis Charles Ellet, Jr. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Second Battle of Memphis was a battle of the American Civil War, occurring on August 21, 1864 in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... For the World War II general, see Nathan Bedford Forrest III. Nathaniel Bedford Forrest (July 13, 1821–October 29, 1877) was a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War. ...


Extensive yellow fever epidemics in the 1870s (1873, 1878, 1879) devastated the city. At that time it was not understood that this fatal disease was carried by a mosquito vector, so public health measures were unsuccessful. So many died or fled the epidemics that in 1879 Memphis lost its city charter and until 1893 was merely a taxing district. Eventually improvements in sanitation removed the breeding grounds of the mosquito vector and the city began to grow again. In 1897, Memphis' pyramid-shaped pavilion was a conspicuous part of the Tennessee Centennial exposition. 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A pyramid is any three-dimensional structure where the upper surfaces are triangular and converge on one point. ... The Tennessee Centennial and International Exposition was a Worlds Fair staged between May 1 and October 31 of 1897 in Nashville. ...


Memphis grew into the world's largest spot cotton market (over 40% of the nation's crop was traded here) and the world's largest hardwood lumber market. Into the 1950s, it was the world's largest mule market.[3] From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a hotbed of machine politics under the direction of E. H. "Boss" Crump. During the Crump era, Memphis developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful Movement. // The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the system of organization called a political machine. ... Edward Hull Crump (October 2, 1874–October 16, 1954) was a Memphis, Tennessee insurance broker, businessman, and political figure in the early 20th century. ... The City Beautiful movement was a Progressive reform movement in North American architecture and urban planning that flourished in the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environments. ...

Jazz musician, Memphis, 1939
Jazz musician, Memphis, 1939

During the 1960s the city was at the center of civil rights issues, notably the location of a sanitation workers' strike. Memphis is also known as the place where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motel, the day after giving his prophetic "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech at the Mason Temple. Image File history File links Jazz_drummer. ... Image File history File links Jazz_drummer. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... “Martin Luther King” redirects here. ... Motel where Rev. ... Mason Temple is the central house of worship of the Church of God in Christ, this denomination is the largest Pentecostal group in the United States. ...


Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south, including musical and culinary offerings. Many notable blues musicians grew up in and around the Memphis and northern Mississippi, and performed there regularly from the early 1900s onward. These included such musical greats as Muddy Waters, Robert Johnson, B.B. King, and Howlin' Wolf. The first African American-formatted radio station, WDIA, was founded in the city in 1947 by Bert Ferguson and John Pepper, and included a young B. B. King as disc jockey. B. B. King's moniker was derived from his WDIA nickname 'Beale Street Blues Boy', a reference to Memphis' Beale Street on which many nightclubs and blues venues were located. McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 – April 30, 1983), better known as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician and is generally considered the father of Chicago blues. He is also the actual father of blues musician Big Bill Morganfield. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Riley B. King aka B. B. King (b. ... Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), better known as Howlin Wolf or sometimes, The Howlin Wolf, was an influential blues singer, songwriter, guitarist and harmonica player. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... WDIA is an AM radio station in Memphis, TN. Similar to the Orange Mound neighborhood in Memphis, it was the first ever American radio station programmed by Negroes. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... John Pepper, real name József Pogany, also known as Joseph, (1886 - 1937) was a Hungarian-born American Communist. ... Beale Street is a street in Memphis, Tennessee and a significant location in African-American history and the history of the blues. ...


In addition to a rich musical heritage, Memphis also boasts a long culinary legacy dominated by regional barbecue. Memphis barbecue is rendered distinct by its sole usage of pork (as opposed to beef), focus on rib and shoulder cuts of meat, and multiple locally-owned barbecue restaurants. Celebration of this local dish reaches its climax each year in May, when the Memphis in May Festival holds its annual World-Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest. It has been suggested that Grilling be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Grilling be merged into this article or section. ... Memphis in May is a month long festival held in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Geography and climate

The Mud Island monorail on Front St in downtown Memphis

Memphis is located at 35°7′3″N, 89°58′16″W (35.117365, -89.971068).GR1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 763.4 km² (313.8 mi²). 723.4 km² (302.3 mi²) of it is land and 40.0 km² (15.4 mi²) of it (5.24%) is water. Image File history File links I took this picture and allow its free use File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links I took this picture and allow its free use File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

Memphis has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are persistently hot (between 68 °F [20 °C] and 95 °F [35 °C]) and humid due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early Autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October. Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late Autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Fall foliage becomes especially vibrant after the first frost, typically November, and lasts until early December. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur. The official all-time record low temperature was -13.0 °F (-25.0 °C), which occurred on December 24, 1963. Mild spells are sometimes warm with temperatures as high as 75 °F (23 °C) during January and February. Snowfall is not abundant but does occur during most winters, with an annual average of 5.7 inches (14.4 cm) at the airport. Spring often begins in late February or early March, following the onset of a sharp warmup. This season is also known as "severe weather season" due to the higher frequency of tornadoes, hail, and thunderstorms producing winds greater than 58 mph (93 km/h). Average rainfall is slightly higher during the spring months (except November) than the rest of the year, but not to any noticeable extent. Historically, April is the month with the highest frequency of tornadoes, though tornadoes have occurred every month of the year. Memphis is sunny approximately 64% of the time. The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... December 24 is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Non-metric source
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high (°F) 49 54 62 73 81 89 92 90 84 74 62 52 72
Avg low (°F) 32 35 43 52 61 69 73 71 64 52 42 35 53
Rainfall (in) 4.7 4.5 5.2 5.6 4.9 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.2 2.9 4.8 5.3 52.4
Metric source
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Avg high (°C) 9 12 16 22 27 31 33 32 28 23 16 11 22
Avg low (°C) 0 1 6 11 16 20 22 21 17 11 5 1 11
Rainfall (mm) 110 110 130 140 120 90 90 80 80 70 120 130 1330

Cityscape

View of the three bridges spanning over the Mississippi, as viewed from the Tom Lee Park, west of downtown Memphis.
View of the three bridges spanning over the Mississippi, as viewed from the Tom Lee Park, west of downtown Memphis.

The city of Memphis is located in southwestern Tennessee and sits on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. It is the regional hub for a tri-state area of Arkansas, Mississippi and Tennessee. Interstate 40 enters the city from the northeast, and loops above the central part of the city, exiting across the Mississippi River and travelling to the west. Interstate 55 approaches the city from the south and connects with I-240, which completes the loop around central Memphis with I-40, and also leaves to the west. U.S. Highway 72 leaves the city traveling to the southeast. The west end of U.S. Highway 78 begins in Memphis, TN on Linden Avenue at the intersection of 2nd Street. As it leaves Memphis, US 78 follows Lamar Avenue, historically known as Pidgeon Roost Road for the nestings of passenger pigeons formerly in the vicinity. The east end of U.S. Highway 78 terminates in Charleston, South Carolina. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 431 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 690 pixel, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 431 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 690 pixel, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Location Tom Lee Park is located in downtown Memphis, TN, over looking the Mississippi River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... There are a number of places in the United States known as tri-state areas where three states meet at one point or in close proximity to each other. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... A compass rose with west highlighted This article refers to the cardinal direction; for other uses see West (disambiguation). ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Interstate 240 is an Interstate highway in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... United States Highway 72 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 432 miles from southeast Tennesee through northern Alabama and northern Mississippi to southwest Tennessee. ... Ordinal directions are the four compass directions: northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest, located halfway between the cardinal directions. ... Binomial name Ectopistes migratorius (Linnaeus, 1766) The Passenger Pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) or Wild Pigeon was a species of pigeon that was once the most common bird in North America. ...


Aquifer

Shelby County is located over four natural aquifers, one of which is recognized as the "Memphis sand aquifer" or simply as the "Memphis aquifer." This particular water source, located some 350 to 1100 feet underground, is stated to contain more than 100 trillion US gallons (380 km³) of water by Memphis Light, Gas, and Water,[4] which draws, verifies the cleanliness of, and distributes the water to over 250,000 customers. Furthermore, in the time since the tapping of the well in 1887, the aquifer has only descended 125 feet, suggesting a reliable water source in Memphis for years to come.[5] Most Memphians recognize this as their primary water source, and take great regional pride in their possession of the aquifer. Memphis water is notably soft, low in mineral content, and free of toxic substances.[6] An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. ... Hard water is water that has a high mineral content. ...


Sections and suburbs

See also: Memphis Metropolitan Area City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ...


The core of Memphis is marked by five major districts, with smaller districts lying within their borders. These are Downtown, Midtown, North Memphis, South Memphis, and East Memphis. In recent decades the city has expanded further by annexing adjacent territories, so these names can be somewhat misleading to those who are unfamiliar to the area. Located on the Mississippi River between I-40 and I-55. ... Midtown is one of the 5 defined districts of Memphis, Tennessee, USA containing different individual areas loosely defined as Danny Thomas on the West, North Parkway and Summer to the North, Highland to the East and Lamar and Park to the South. ... Raleigh is the eastern-most area within the city limits of Memphis, Tennessee. ... South Memphis is one of the oldest portions on Memphis, it is located just south of downtown. ... East Memphis is a rough geographical region of Memphis, Tennessee, but a very large region, with the following general neighborhood borders: On the West: Midtown (which is defined usually either as west of either Hollywood or E. Parkway) On The South: Hickory Hill, Orange Mound (usually Park Ave. ...


Sections and neighborhoods

Berclair is a district of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Central Gardens is a neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Chickasaw Gardens is an older upscale neighborhood in Memphis, Tn located near the center of the I-240 loop. ... Cooper-Young is a neighborhood in midtown Memphis, Tennessee that is centered at the intersection of Cooper Street and Young Avenue. ... Cordova is a community located on the east side in the City of Memphis, north of Germantown, Tennessee, and northwest of Collierville, Tennessee, in Shelby County . ... Located on the Mississippi River between I-40 and I-55. ... The Memphis Medical District, is an area which was created to provide a central location for medical care, for both Memphis, and surrounding cities. ... Mud Island is not actually an island but a small peninsula, surrounded by the Mississippi River to the west, Wolf River Harbor to the east. ... East Memphis is a rough geographical region of Memphis, Tennessee, but a very large region, with the following general neighborhood borders: On the West: Midtown (which is defined usually either as west of either Hollywood or E. Parkway) On The South: Hickory Hill, Orange Mound (usually Park Ave. ... Frayser is a neighborhood in north Memphis, Tennessee. ... Harbor Town is a upscale neighborhood just north of downtown Memphis, Tennessee on the Mississippi River. ... Hickory Hill is a neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Hollywood is a neighborhood in Memphis Tennessee. ... Lenox is a neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Orange Mound is a neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee and was the first African-American neighborhood in the United States to be built by African-Americans. ... Raleigh is the eastern-most area within the city limits of Memphis, Tennessee. ... North Memphis is a section on the north side of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Midtown is one of the 5 defined districts of Memphis, Tennessee, USA containing different individual areas loosely defined as Danny Thomas on the West, North Parkway and Summer to the North, Highland to the East and Lamar and Park to the South. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... South Memphis is one of the oldest portions on Memphis, it is located just south of downtown. ... Southside, is a subdistrict located in South Memphis, Tennessee. ... Locate near downtown Memphis. ... Victorian Village, Memphis is an area of Memphis, Tennessee located in the eastern quadrant of downtown Memphis. ... Whitehaven is a neighborhood on the south side of Memphis,Tennessee, first organized in the late 19th century. ... Wolfchase is a neighborhood in Memphis, Tennessee located in Bartlett. ...

Suburbs and towns in the Memphis Metropolitan Area

Tennessee

Arkansas Arlington is a town located in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... Atoka is a town located in Tipton County, Tennessee. ... Bartlett is a city located in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... Collierville is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee and a suburb of the Memphis metropolitan area. ... cordova tennsee it was a bad ass place to live in i really mean it i used to live there there was the cordova high school and i used to live around that ... Germantown is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, United States. ... Lakeland is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... Millington is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee. ... Oakland is a town located in Fayette County, Tennessee. ... Piperton is a city in Fayette County, Tennessee, United States. ...

Mississippi Marion is a city located in Crittenden County, Arkansas. ... Location of West Memphis, Arkansas Coordinates: County Crittenden Government  - Mayor William H. Johnson Area  - City 68. ...

Horn Lake is a city located in DeSoto County, Mississippi. ... Olive Branch is a city located in DeSoto County, Mississippi. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Walls, is a town located in northwest DeSoto County, Mississippi near the Mississippi River, part of the larger region known as “The Delta”, and known for its rich, dark soil. ... Tunica is a town in Tunica County, Mississippi, United States, located on the Mississippi River. ... Tunica Resorts, Mississippi is a town located in Tunica County, Mississippi, north of the county seat of Tunica. ...

People and culture

Demographics

City of Memphis
Population by year
[1]
1830 663
1840 1,799
1850 8,841
1860 22,623
1870 40,226
1880 33,592
1890 64,495
1900 102,320
1910 131,105
1920 162,351
1930 253,140
1940 292,942
1950 396,000
1960 497,524
1970 623,520
1980 646,356
1990 610,337
2000 650,100
2006 680,782

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 650,100 people, 250,721 households, and 158,455 families residing in the city. The population density was 898.6/km² (2,327.4/mi²). There were 271,552 housing units at an average density of 375.4/km² (972.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 61.41% African American, 34.41% White, 1.46% Asian, 0.19% Native American, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.45% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.97% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 250,721 households out of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 23.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.18. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 89.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.9 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $32,285, and the median income for a family was $37,767. Males had a median income of $31,236 versus $25,183 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,838. About 17.2% of families and 20.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Crime

While in 2004, violent crime in Memphis was at a record low for more than a decade, that trend has changed. In 2005, Memphis was ranked the 4th most dangerous city with a population of 500,000 or higher in the U.S.[8] Crime in Memphis increased in 2005, and has seen a dramatic rise in the first half of 2006. Nationally, cities follow similar trends, and crime numbers tend to be cyclic. Local experts and criminologists cite as possible causes to the rise in crime in Memphis to gang recruitment, and to a reduction of federal funding by 66% to the Memphis Police Department.


In the first half of 2006, robbery of businesses increased 52.5%, robbery of individuals increased 28.5%, and homicide increased 18% over the same period of 2005.[9] The Memphis Police Department has responded with the initiation of Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. (Crime Reduction Using Statistical History), which targets crime hotspots and repeat offenders.[10] Memphis ended 2005 with 154 murders, 2006 ended with 160 murders. In 2006, the Memphis metropolitan area ranked second most dangerous in the nation.[11]


Metropolitan area

Hernando de Soto Bridge and the Memphis skyline photographed from the Arkansas side.
Hernando de Soto Bridge and the Memphis skyline photographed from the Arkansas side.

The Memphis Metropolitan Area (MSA), the 42nd largest in the United States, has a 2003 population of 1,239,337, and includes the Tennessee counties of Shelby, Tipton, and Fayette, as well as the Mississippi counties of DeSoto, Marshall, Tate, and Tunica, and the Arkansas county of Crittenden. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 625 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1438 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Memphis, Tennessee Hernando de Soto Bridge... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 625 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1438 pixel, file size: 391 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Memphis, Tennessee Hernando de Soto Bridge... City nickname: The River City or The Bluff City Location in the state of Tennessee County Shelby County, Tennessee Area  - Total  - Water 763. ... The following is a list (by population) of all Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau. ... Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Tipton County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... Fayette County is a county located in the state of Tennessee. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... DeSoto County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... Marshall County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Tate County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Tunica County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Crittenden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. ...


Cultural events and fairs

One of the largest celebrations in Memphis is Memphis in May. The month-long series of events promotes Memphis' heritage and outreach of its people far beyond the city's borders. Each year, Memphis in May honors a different country, highlighting various aspects of the honored nation's history and culture. Since its founding, the economic and educational impact of Memphis in May has given a significant boost to the city each spring. The celebration includes a diverse mix, beginning during the first weekend of the month at Tom Lee Park, the site of the Beale Street Music Festival. During International Week, the city focuses on its honored country, part of a larger program in coordination with area schools to broaden cultural awareness among students. Other signature events of Memphis in May include the World Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest and the closing event of the month — a performance of the Memphis Symphony Orchestra on the river called the Sunset Symphony. Memphis in May is a month long festival held in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Memphis in May is a month long festival held in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Carnival Memphis (formerly known as the Memphis Cotton Carnival), is a series of parties and festivities staged every year by the Carnival Memphis Association and its member krewes (similar to that of Mardi Gras) during the early summer. Carnival salutes various aspects of Memphis and its industries, and is reigned over by the current year's secretly selected King & Queen of Carnival. Fall brings the Mid-South Fair to the city each year. Carnival Memphis (formerly known as the Memphis Cotton Carnival), is a series of parties and festivities staged annually since 1931 in Memphis, Tennessee by the centralized Carnival Memphis Association and its member krewes (similar to that of Mardi Gras) during the month of June. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Mid-South Fair comes to Memphis, Tennessee, every year from September 23 through October 2. ...


An arts festival, the Cooper-Young Festival, is held annually in September in the Cooper-Young district of Midtown Memphis. The event draws artists from all over North America, and includes art sales, contests, and displays. Since the late 1980s the Cooper-Young Festival has grown into one of Memphis' most anticipated events, with over 50,000 guests in recent years enjoying a mix of art, music and crafts presented by over 300 artisans from around the country. The festival celebrates the arts, people, culture and Memphis heritage. In addition to art, the festival includes sales of clothing, jewelry, live music, and gay novelty items. Cooper-Young is a neighborhood in midtown Memphis, Tennessee that is centered at the intersection of Cooper Street and Young Avenue. ...


As a result of Hurricane Katrina, in August 2005 Memphis co-hosted the Voodoo Music Experience, normally the centerpiece of Halloween festivities in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 2006 the annual musical event returned to New Orleans. Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26. ... Halloween, or Halloween, is a tradition celebrated on the night of October 31, most notably by children dressing in costumes and going door-to-door collecting sweets, fruit, and other gifts. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area  - City  350. ...


The arts

Memphis is the home of founders and establishers of various American music genres, including Blues, Gospel, Rock n' Roll, and "sharecropper" country music (in contrast to the "rhinestone" country sound of Nashville). Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, and B. B. King were all getting their starts in Memphis in the 1950s. They are respectively dubbed the "King" of Country, Rock n' Roll, and Blues. Other famous musicians who either grew up or got their starts in the Memphis area include the Box Tops, the Gentrys, the Grifters, Aretha Franklin, Carl Perkins, John Lee Hooker, Justin Timberlake, Howlin' Wolf, Jerry Lee Lewis, Bobby "Blue" Bland, Charlie Rich, Lucero (band), Al Green, Muddy Waters, Big Star, Tina Turner, Roy Orbison, Willie Mae Ford Smith, Sam Cooke, Booker T. and the MGs, Otis Redding, Arthur Lee, The Blackwood Brothers, Isaac Hayes, Rufus Thomas, Carla Thomas, The Staple Singers, Sam and Dave, Three 6 Mafia, DJ Squeeky, 8 Ball & MJG,Elise Neal, Shawn Lane, The Sylvers, Anita Ward and "Father of the Blues" W.C. Handy. Johnny Cash (born J. R. Cash, February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American, multi Grammy Award-winning influential American country and rock and roll singer and songwriter. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... Riley B. King, better known as B. B. King or The King of Blues (born September 16, 1925 in Itta Bena, Mississippi), is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter, widely considered one of the best and most respected blues musicians of all time. ... The Box Tops were a United States pop music group of the late 1960s. ... The Gentrys were an American band of the 1960s and early 1970s, known for their one hit Keep on Dancing. Founded in 1963 and hailing from Memphis, Tennessee, the seven-member group included Larry Raspberry as the lead vocalist on the million-selling Keep on Dancing, which reached #4 on... The Grifters is the name of both a film and a 1990s indie rock band: Grifters (band) Grifters (film) Grifters is the plural form of a noun meaning a con artist. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American soul, R&B, and gospel singer, songwriter, and pianist born in Memphis, Tennessee, but raised in Detroit, Michigan, USA. She has been called for many years The Queen Of Soul, but many also call her Lady Soul, as well as... Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of rockabilly music, a mix of rhythm and blues and country music that evolved at Sun Records in Memphis in the early 1950s. ... John Lee Hooker (August 22, 1917 – June 21, 2001) was an influential American post-war blues singer, guitarist, and songwriter born in Coahoma County near Clarksdale, Mississippi. ... Justin Randall Timberlake (born January 31, 1981) is a two-time Grammy Award-winning American pop/R&B singer, and actor. ... Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), better known as Howlin Wolf or sometimes, The Howlin Wolf, was an influential blues singer, songwriter, guitarist and harmonica player. ... Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935), also known by the nickname The Killer, is an American rock and roll and country music singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... Bobby Blue Bland (born January 27, 1930) is an American singer and was an original member of The Beale Streeters. ... Charlie Rich (December 14, 1932 - July 25, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and pianist. ... Lucero is a Punk/Country music infused Rock & Roll band that is based in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Al Green in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort in Santa Ynez, California on July 27, 2006. ... McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1915 – April 30, 1983), better known as Muddy Waters, was an American blues musician and is generally considered the father of Chicago blues. He is also the actual father of blues musician Big Bill Morganfield. ... Big Star was an American rock and roll band of the early 1970s whose work is often cited as a prime example of power pop. ... Tina Turner (born November 26, 1939) is an eight time Grammy Award-winning American singer, dancer, record producer and performer whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Roy Kelton Orbison (April 23, 1936 – December 6, 1988), nicknamed The Big O, was an influential American singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll whose recording career spanned more than four decades. ... Willie Mae Ford (1904 – 1994), also known as Mother Willie Mae Ford Smith, was a gospel singer based in St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Booker T. & the M.G.s is a soul band, most prominent in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... The Blackwood Brothers Quartet is a famous American gospel music singing group. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an American soul and funk singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, arranger, and actor. ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Carla Thomas (born December 21, 1942 in Memphis, Tennessee) is often referred to as the Queen of Memphis Soul. ... The Staple Singers were a United States gospel, soul, and R&B singing group. ... Sam & Dave were an American soul duo, known as one of the best and earliest soul groups. ... Three 6 Mafia (formerly known as Triple Six Mafia) is an Academy Award-winning rap group. ... 8-Ball and MJG is an American Southern hip-hop duo from Memphis, Tennessee. ... Elise Neal (born March 14, 1966 in Memphis, Tennessee) is an American actress. ... Shawn Lane (March 21, 1963 – September 26, 2003) was an American guitarist and composer. ... The Sylvers — Memphis, Tennessee natives Olympia-Ann, Charmaine, Leon, James, Edmund, Ricky, Angela, Pat and Foster — were a popular R&B and soul family group in the 1970s. ... Anita Ward (born December 20, 1956 in Memphis, Tennessee) is an American singer. ... W.C. Handy photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1941 William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 - March 28, 1958) was an African American blues composer, often known as The Father of the Blues. ...


Memphis is also a literary mecca. Tennessee Williams wrote his first play on Snowden Street and saw it performed on Glenview Street. Civil War historian Shelby Foote was a lifelong resident. Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known by the pseudonym Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright and one of the prominent playwrights of the twentieth century. ... Shelby Foote (November 17, 1916 – June 27, 2005) was a noted author and historian of the American Civil War. ...


Memphis has also had a significant impact in the world of photography, William Eggleston, the pioneer of color photography as a serious artistic medium and considered one of the greatest photographers of all time, still lives and works in Memphis. A number of younger photographers, including Huger Foote, are Memphians. Some other notable Memphis photographers are fashion photographer Jack Robinson and civil rights-era artist Ernest C. Withers. William Eggleston (born July 27, 1939) is an American photographer. ...


In the last decade, the art scene in Memphis has exploded. The independent art scene has centered primarily in South Main, located in downtown Memphis on the trolley line. More than a dozen art galleries have moved into the neighborhood, fueling a redevelopment boom that has expanded into new residential construction. Perhaps the most interesting conversion has been the Power House, a former power plant near Central Station that has been transformed into contemporary art space. The Cooper-Young neighborhood in Midtown is also home to several art galleries. The Edge is a nascent arts neighborhood, located at the edge of downtown near Madison Avenue, Marshall, and Union Avenue. The Edge is home to Memphis' Black Repertory Theater, world-famous Sun Studios, and Delta Axis, among others.


Media

The Memphis regional market is the forty-fourth largest designated market area (DMA) in the nation, with 657,670 homes (0.597% of the total U.S.). Several media outlets in print, broadcast and internet cover varying segments of the market.


Newspapers
  • The Commercial Appeal — daily (Sunday-Saturday); general news. The Commercial Appeal is Memphis' largest and most widely circulated newspaper.
  • The Daily News — daily (Monday-Friday); legal records.
  • Memphis Business Journal — weekly; business and economic news.
  • The Memphis Flyer — weekly; politics, arts and entertainment, lifestyles.
  • The Shelby Sun-Times — weekly; East Memphis and eastern Shelby County community news.
  • The Tri-State Defender — weekly; African-American community news.
  • La Prensa Latina — weekly; Hispanic community news, Spanish-English bilingual.

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Daily News is a business and legal newspaper covering Shelby County, Tennessee, including the largest city in the county, Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Memphis Business Journal is a weekly business paper concentrating on the Memphis, Tennessee area. ... The Memphis Flyer is a weekly alternative newspaper serving the greater Memphis, Tennessee area. ...

Magazines
  • The Downtowner - monthly; community interests; focus on the downtown area.
  • Memphis Magazine - monthly; general community interest, arts and entertainment, lifestyles.
  • Memphis Parent - monthly; family issues and interests.
  • RSVP Magazine — monthly; society and philanthropy events.

Television

A wide variety of local television stations also serves the market area. The major network television affiliates are WMC 5 (NBC), WREG 3 (CBS), WPTY 24 (ABC), WHBQ 13 (FOX), WLMT 30 (CW)), and WPXX 50 (MyNetworkTV). The area is also served by two PBS stations: WKNO 10 and WLJT 11. As an acronym, WMC usually refers to the Winter Music Conference, held every March in Miami. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... WREG-TV is Memphis, Tennessees CBS affiliate, operating on channel 3. ... CBSs first color logo, which debuted in the fall of 1965. ... WPTY-TV ABC24 is the ABC affiliate for Memphis, Tennessee, United States. ... The American Broadcasting Company ( oftenly known as ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... WHBQ-TV, channel 13, is a Fox owned and operated station in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... WLMT, channel 30, is a CW affiliate for the Memphis, Tennessee area. ... The CW Television Network, casually referred to as The CW, or most recently as The New CW (due to it being a new network) is a television network in the United States launched during the 2006 television season. ... WPXX-TV, channel 50 is a i Network affiliate in Memphis, Tennessee. ... MyNetworkTV (sometimes written My Network TV, and unofficially abbreviated MyNet, MyTV, MNT, or MNTV) is a television network in the United States, owned by News Corporation. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... WKNO-TV, channel 10, is a PBS member station in Memphis, Tennessee and serves the Mid-South area with quality and innovative programming. ... WLJT-TV, channel 11, is a PBS member station serving western and northwestern Tennessee. ...


Radio

Diverse formats can be found on the radio dial throughout the Memphis area. Two of the several stations of note include WMC-FM (99.7 FM, popularly known as FM 100), a leading Hot AC station; and the historic WDIA-AM (1070 AM), the first African-American-operated radio station in the US. WHER the first "All-Girl" radio station was founded in Memphis by record producer Sam Phillips in 1955.[2] WHBQ-AM and WMPS-AM broadcasting personalities Rick Dees, Wink Martindale, and Scott Shannon are now nationally known. WMC (99. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreviated AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream contemporary pop music, excluding hip hop, hard rock, and some teen pop music, which is intended for an adult audience. ... WDIA is an AM radio station in Memphis, TN. Similar to the Orange Mound neighborhood in Memphis, it was the first ever American radio station programmed by Negroes. ... See Whers ... For other persons named Sam Phillips, see Sam Phillips (disambiguation). ... Rigdon Ogden Rick Dees III (born March 14, 1950 in Jacksonville, Florida) is a radio disc jockey who currently lives in the San Fernando Valley community of Toluca Lake in Los Angeles, California, USA. Dees is best known for his syndicated radio show Rick Dees Weekly Top 40 and for... Wink Martindale entering on Tic Tac Dough Wink Martindale (born Winston Conrad Martindale on December 4, 1933 in Jackson, Tennessee, USA) is a disc jockey and television game show host. ... Michael Scott Shannon is a radio disc jockey, current co-host of The Big Show on WPLJ and the official voice of the Sean Hannity Show. ...


Religion

Asian-American Tombstones in Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis
Asian-American Tombstones in Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis

Since its founding, Memphis has been home to persons of many different faiths. An 1870 map of Memphis shows religious buildings of the Baptist, Catholic, Episcopal, Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational, and Christian denominations and a Jewish congregation.[3] Today, places of worship exist for Christians, Jews, Muslims, Buddhists, and Hindus. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1886 KB) Asian-American tombstones in Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, Tennessee Photographed summer 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1886 KB) Asian-American tombstones in Elmwood Cemetery, Memphis, Tennessee Photographed summer 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the religous people known as Christians. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ...


Baron Hirsch Synagogue, which was founded in Memphis in the late 19th century, has the largest congregation of Orthodox Jews in the United States.[4] Maurice de Hirsch, Baron Moritz von Hirsch auf Gereuth, in the baronage of Bavaria (December 9, 1831 - April 21, 1896), capitalist and philanthropist (German by birth, Austro-Hungarian by domicile), was born in Munich. ... Orthodox Judaism is one of the three major branches of Judaism. ...


Bellevue Baptist Church is a Southern Baptist megachurch in Memphis that was founded in the early 20th century. Its current membership is approximately 27,000. For many years, it was led by Adrian Rogers, a former three term president of the Southern Baptist Convention. Bellevue Baptist Church Bellevue Baptist Church is a large, Southern Baptist megachurch in the Cordova area of Memphis, Tennessee, United States. ... The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a United States cooperative ministry agency serving missionary Baptist churches around the world. ... The interior of Rev. ... Adrian Rogers Adrian Rogers,Th. ... The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a United States-based cooperative ministry agency serving Baptist churches around the world. ...


The international headquarters of the Church of God in Christ, one of the fastest growing sects of Christianity, is also in Memphis. The headquarters, also called Mason Temple, is where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "mountain top speech" the day before he was killed. The seal of the Church of God in Christ The Church of God in Christ, Incorporated is a Pentecostal body, the fourth largest Pentecostal Christian church in the United States. ... Mason Temple is the central house of worship of the Church of God in Christ, this denomination is the largest Pentecostal group in the United States. ... Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


Tallest buildings

Name Stories Height (in feet)
One Beale (proposed) 30 435
100 North Main 37 430
Morgan Keegan Tower 23 403
Clark Tower Executive Suites 32 400
One Commerce Square 31 396
Sterick Building 31 365

A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... One Beale is a proposed high rise hotel, condominium and office building in Memphis, Tennessee. ... 100 North Main currently stands as the tallest building in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Clark Tower, whose full name is the Clark Tower Executive Suites, is an office high-rise building located in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Sterick Building The Sterick Building is an office building in Memphis, Tennessee. ...

Economy

The city's central location has led to much of its business development. Located on the Mississippi River and intersected by two Interstate highways and seven major U.S. highways, Memphis is ideally located for commerce among the transportation and shipping industry. The city is also home to the world's busiest cargo airport, in terms of tonnage, which serves as the primary hub for FedEx shipping. Due to its location, more major metro areas can be reached overnight from Memphis than any other city in the central U.S. Memphis has also developed as a major manufacturing center of textiles, heating equipment, pianos, and automobile and truck parts. Memphis Light, Gas and Water ("MLG&W") is also one of the largest municipal utilities in the United States. A typical rural stretch of Interstate highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ... FedEx (NYSE: FDX), properly FedEx Corporation, is a company that offers overnight courier, ground, heavy freight, document copying and logistics services. ... Manufacturing is the application of tools and a processing medium to the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale. ...


Memphis is home to a growing number of nationally and internationally known corporations, including approximately 150 businesses from 22 countries. This includes the corporate headquarters of FedEx Corporation, AutoZone Incorporated and International Paper. It is also, home to Fred's Stores headquarters, a company which was named as one of the five fastest growing chain-stores by Forbes Magazine. Other corporations with a major presence in the area include Back Yard Burgers, Belz Enterprises, Buckeye Technologies, First Horizon National Corporation, Guardsmark, Hohenberg Bros. Co., Harrah's, Hilton, ServiceMaster, and Morgan Keegan & Company, Inc. Northwest Airlines also operates a major hub at Memphis International Airport, with daily nonstop flights to Amsterdam. FedEx (NYSE: FDX), properly FedEx Corporation, is a company that offers overnight courier, ground, heavy freight, document copying and logistics services. ... AutoZone is major corporation based in Memphis, Tennessee which is engaged primarily in the business of the retail sale of automotive parts and accessories. ... International Paper (NYSE: IP) is an American pulp and paper company, the largest pulp and paper company in the world and the largest private owner of timberland in the United States. ... Freds (NASDAQ: FRED) is a regional chain of dollar stores based in the southeastern United States. ... Alternate meaning: For the Boston Brahmin family associated with John Forbes Kerry, see Forbes family. ... Back Yard burgers is a franchise chain of fast food restaurants. ... Belz Enterprises is a major American-based developer of shopping malls. ... First Horizon National Corporation NYSE: FHN is a large banking company based in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Guardsmark is a major provider of security services in North America, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom. ... Hohenberg Bros. ... Harrahs Entertainment, Inc. ... The Hilton Hotel chain is owned by Hilton Hotels Corporation and is based in Beverly Hills, California. ... ServiceMaster (NYSE: SVM) is a Fortune 500 company that provides various services to residences and firms. ... Founded in 1969 in Memphis, Tennessee, Morgan Keegan & Company is a regional investment firm offering full-service investment banking, securities brokerage, trust and asset management. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota near Minneapolis-St. ... FAA diagram of Memphis International Airport (MEM) Memphis International Airport (IATA: MEM, ICAO: KMEM) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee, USA. Northwest Airlines operates its third-largest passenger hub in Memphis, with routes to a number of... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ...


The entertainment and film industry has also developed in recent years in the city. Several major motion pictures have been filmed in Memphis in recent years, including Making the Grade(1984), U2: Rattle & Hum, 1988 Mystery Train (1989), Great Balls of Fire! (1989), Trespass, 1991The Firm (1993), A Family Thing (1996), The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), The Rainmaker (1997), Cast Away (2000), The Queens of Comedy(2001),21 Grams (2003), Hustle & Flow (2005), Walk the Line (2005), Forty Shades Of Blue (2005), and Black Snake Moan (2007). The entertainment industry consists of a large number of sub-industries devoted to entertainment. ... The film industry consists of the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking: i. ... Making the Grade (Japanese: 5重合体! VWXYZ, 5 Polymers! VWXYZ) is the 4th episode of Yu-Gi-Oh! Duel Monsters GX (Yu-Gi-Oh! GX). ... Mystery Train is a 1989 comedy movie written and directed by independent film director Jim Jarmusch and set in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Great Balls of Fire! is an American 1989 film, directed by Jim McBride, and written by McBride and Jack Baran, based on a story by Myra Lewis and Murray Silver Jr. ... This article is about the 1993 film. ... A Family Thing is a 1996 film starring Robert Duvall, James Earl Jones and Irma P. Hall. ... The People vs. ... For the film based on this novel, see The Rainmaker (1997 film). ... For other uses, see Castaway (disambiguation). ... 21 Grams is a 2003 drama written by Guillermo Arriaga and directed by Alejandro González Iñárritu. ... Hustle & Flow is an Academy Award-winning 2005 film written and directed by Craig Brewer, and co-produced by John Singleton. ... Walk the Line is an Academy Award, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning film chronicling the life of Johnny Cash, American country singer. ... Black Snake Moan is a 2007 film released on March 2. ...


The city appeared in the top eight of the 50 best major metro areas in the U.S. for starting and growing a business in 2000, according to Inc. magazine. Southern Business and Development magazine ranked Memphis as one of the most successful models for economic development in the south, also recognized the city as one of the top ten markets over the past decade. In October 2002, Ebony Magazine has cited Memphis as a city for its outstanding African-American leadership. Memphis also had the highest rate of high technology start-up operations over the last three years among the nation's 60 largest metro areas, according to Brandow Company research. 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Inc. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... Ebony, a magazine for the African American market, was founded by John H. Johnson and has been published since the autumn of 1945. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ...


Fortune 500 Companies

Memphis is the corporate international headquarters of several corporations. Two of them, FedEx and International Paper, are 2006 members of the Fortune 100. Memphis has four members in the Fortune 500: AutoZone, ServiceMaster, FedEx, and International Paper. Two other businesses, First Horizon National Corporation (575) and Fred's Stores are in the Fortune 1000. FedEx (NYSE: FDX), properly FedEx Corporation, is a courier company offering overnight courier, ground, heavy freight, document copying and logistics services. ... International Paper (NYSE: IP) is an American pulp and paper company, the largest pulp and paper company in the world and the largest private owner of timberland in the United States. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... AutoZone NYSE: AZO is a Fortune 500 corporation based in Memphis, Tennessee which is engaged primarily in the business of the retail sale of automotive parts and accessories. ... ServiceMaster (NYSE: SVM) is a Fortune 500 company that provides various services to residences and firms. ... FedEx (NYSE: FDX), properly FedEx Corporation, is a courier company offering overnight courier, ground, heavy freight, document copying and logistics services. ... International Paper (NYSE: IP) is an American pulp and paper company, the largest pulp and paper company in the world and the largest private owner of timberland in the United States. ... First Horizon National Corporation NYSE: FHN is a large banking company based in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Freds (NASDAQ: FRED) is a regional chain of dollar stores based in the southeastern United States. ... It has been suggested that Fortune 500 be merged into this article or section. ...


Infrastructure

Government

Memphis is governed by a mayor and thirteen council members, six elected at large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts. In 1995, the council adopted a new district plan which changed council positions to all districts. This plan provides for nine districts, seven with one representative each and two districts with three representatives each. Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


The current mayor of the city of Memphis is Dr. W. W. Herenton, a formidable and controversial local political figure. Dr. Herenton is currently serving his fourth consecutive term as Mayor. He was elected for the first time in 1991, when he became Memphis' first elected black mayor. (J.O. Patterson, Jr., had previously served as mayor on an interim basis, thus preventing Herenton from actually being the first black mayor.) Prior to his election, Dr. Herenton served for 12 years as the superintendent of Memphis City Schools. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Dr. Willie W. Herenton is the mayor of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Memphis City Schools is a school district located in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. ...


In recent years, there has been discussion of the potential of a merger of Shelby County and Memphis into a metropolitan government, similar to that in Nashville. In the United States the term metropolitan government is most frequently used to describe a system of municipal government in which most or all of the functions of a government of a county are combined with those of its principal city. ... Nickname: Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates: Country United States State Tennessee Counties Davidson County Founded: 1779 Incorporated: 1806 Government  - Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Area  - City  526. ...


Memphis politics have been very racially polarized for many years. Most whites have supported the Republican Party since the 1960s, while most blacks have remained loyal to the Democratic Party. A major influence in Memphis' black politics is the Ford family of funeral directors, whose political prominence dates to the Crump era. The best-known member of this family is Harold Ford, Sr., who represented most of Memphis in the U.S. House from 1975 to 1997. His brother, John, was a state senator for 30 years and is currently at the center of the Tennessee Waltz scandal. The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Harold Eugene Ford, Sr. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John N. Ford (born May 3, 1942) is a funeral director, insurance agent, and consultant in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Tennessee State Senate is the upper house of the Tennessee General Assembly, the formal name of the Tennessee state legislature. ... Operation Tennessee Waltz was a sting operation set up by federal and state law enforcement agents, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Tennessee Bureau of Investigation. ...


The greater part of Memphis is within the Ninth Congressional District, which is represented by Democrat Steve Cohen. Cohen is the first white Democrat to represent a significant portion of Memphis in over 40 years. The previous representative, Harold Ford, Jr., unsuccessfully ran for the Senate seat vacated by Bill Frist. Much of east Memphis is in the 7th District, represented by conservative Republican Marsha Blackburn. The current boundaries of Tennessees Ninth District. ... Stephen Ira Steve Cohen (born May 24, 1949) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Tennessees ninth district. ... Harold Eugene Ford, Jr. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ... The current boundaries of Tennessees 7th District The 7th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Tennessee. ... Marsha Blackburn (born June 6, 1952 in Laurel, Mississippi) is a Tennessee politician. ...


Academic institutions

Early nursing class in Memphis.

The city is served by Memphis City Schools while surrounding suburbs in other areas of Shelby County are served by Shelby County Schools. Image File history File links Nurses. ... Image File history File links Nurses. ... Memphis City Schools is a school district located in Memphis, Tennessee, United States. ... The Shelby County School District is the fourth largest school system in Tennessee with a population of over 45,000 students. ...


Colleges and universities located in the city include the University of Memphis (formerly Memphis State University), Rhodes College (formerly Southwestern at Memphis), Le Moyne-Owen College, Crichton College, and Christian Brothers University. Some smaller specialty colleges are also located in Memphis, including Harding University Graduate School of Religion, Memphis Theological Seminary, Memphis College of Art, and Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary. The major community college is Southwest Tennessee Community College. The University of Memphis is a public American research university located in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. The University was founded under the auspices of the General Education Bill, enacted by the Tennessee Legislature in 1909. ... Rhodes College is a four-year, private liberal arts college located in Memphis, Tennessee. ... LeMoyne-Owen College is a fully-accredited, four-year private historically black college located in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Crichton College is a private Christian college located in Memphis, Tennessee. ... Christian Brothers University is the oldest college in the city of Memphis, Tennessee. ... Harding University Graduate School of Religion is located in Memphis, Tennessee, in the United States. ... Memphis Theological Seminary is a Protestant theological seminary located in Memphis, Tennessee at the corner of Union and East Parkway. ... The Memphis College of Art, known as the Memphis Academy of Arts before the 1980s, is a small, private art college in Memphis, Tennessees Overton Park. ... Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary is a fully accredited institution of higher learning with the objective of preparing graduate theological training for individuals called into vocational ministry. ... Southwest Tennessee Community College is a junior college operated by the Tennessee Board of Regents in Memphis, Tennessee, USA. It is the result of a merger between two institutions started by the Regents in the 1960s, the former Shelby State Community College and the former State Technical Institute at Memphis...


Memphis is also home to St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, a world class medical research facility. 1996 Nobel Laureate Peter Doherty conducts research at this facility. There are also several other major medical teaching institutions in the city, including the University of Tennessee Health Science Center (Colleges of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy and Allied Health Sciences), the Southern College of Optometry and the Baptist Memorial College of Health Sciences. St. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Prof. ... The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) in Memphis is part of the statewide, multi-campus University of Tennessee system, a subdivion of the Knoxville-based University of Tennessee proper. ... The Southern College of Optometry, located at 1245 Madison Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, is dedicated to the study of optometry, the field of medicine dedicated to not only the performance of refractive eye examinations and the fitting of necessary corrective lenses or vision therapy, but also the diagnosis and treatment... Baptist Memorial College of Health Sciences is a private, coeducational, specialized college in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry was founded in 1878 making it the oldest dental college in the South, and the third oldest public college of dentistry in the United States.[12] The Memphis Training School for Nurses, progenitor of the School of Nursing, was chartered September 28, 1887.[13]


Transportation

Memphis trolley on the Riverfront loop

Interstate highways I-40, its spur highway I-240 and I-55 are the main freeways in the Memphis area. The interstates of I-40 and I-55 (along with rail lines) cross the Mississippi at Memphis into the state of Arkansas. The future interstates of I-22 and I-69 are also planned to converge into the Memphis area. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x773, 653 KB) Image of a trolley on the Riverfront loop in Memphis, TN Photo made by: Thomas R Machnitzki http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x773, 653 KB) Image of a trolley on the Riverfront loop in Memphis, TN Photo made by: Thomas R Machnitzki http://www. ... Interstate 40 (abbreviated I-40) is a major west-east interstate highway in the United States. ... Interstate 240 is an Interstate highway in the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,002 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Previously known as Corridor X (one of the Appalachian Regional Corridors), Interstate 22, when completed, will follow the U.S. Highway 78 corridor along a 176 mile (283 km) route from Memphis, Tennessee to Birmingham, Alabama. ... Interstate 69 just outside Indianapolis near Fortville, Indiana Interstate 69 (abbreviated I-69) is an interstate highway in the Southern and Midwestern United States. ...

Amtrak's City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005.
Amtrak's City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005.

A large volume of railroad freight traffic moves through Memphis, thanks to two Mississippi River railroad crossings and the convergence of east-west rail routes with north-south routes. Memphis had two major rail passenger stations, Memphis Union Station, razed in early 1969, and Memphis Central Station[14] , which has been renovated and serves Amtrak's City of New Orleans route between Chicago and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Memphis at 6:50am daily with service to Greenwood, Yazoo City, Jackson, Hazlehurst, Brookhaven, McComb, Hammond, and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Memphis at 10:40pm daily with service to Newbern-Dyersburg, Fulton, Carbondale, Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago. [15] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 728 KB)The City of New Orleans in the Memphis, Tennessee train station. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 728 KB)The City of New Orleans in the Memphis, Tennessee train station. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Memphis Union Station was a jointly owned passenger terminal serving the Missouri Pacific Railroad, St. ... Memphis Central Station, referred to as Grand Central Station prior to 1944, is located at 545 South Main Street, on the corner of Main and Calhoun Streets (now renamed Patterson Boulevard) just south of the downtown business district. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Amtraks City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Amtraks City of New Orleans stops at the Memphis, Tennessee station in 2005. ... Nickname: Coordinates: Country United States State Mississippi County Hinds Founded 1822 Government  - Mayor Frank Melton Area  - City  106. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Carbondale is a city in Southern Illinois in the midwest United States, about one hour north of Cairo. ... Champaign is a city in Champaign County, Illinois, in the United States. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ...


Public transportation in the Memphis area is provided by the Memphis Area Transit Authority, which provides the area with buses and a downtown trolley system that is also in the process of expanding into a regional system. The Memphis Area Transit Authority(MATA) is the largest transit agency in Tennessee. ...


Memphis is served by Memphis International Airport, which handles more cargo than any other airport in the world as of 2007. FAA diagram of Memphis International Airport (MEM) Memphis International Airport (IATA: MEM, ICAO: KMEM) is a public airport located 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of Memphis in Shelby County, Tennessee, USA. Northwest Airlines operates its third-largest passenger hub in Memphis, with routes to a number of... Worlds busiest airport is a claim that is fiercely fought over by the owners of the worlds largest airports. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bridges

Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge, Frisco Bridge, Harahan Bridge
Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge, Frisco Bridge, Harahan Bridge

Four rail and highway bridges cross the Mississippi River at Memphis. They are, in order of construction: the Frisco, Harahan, Memphis-Arkansas, and Hernando de Soto Bridges. The piers of the first three bridges had to be lined up for river navigation as they were built side-by-side at a narrow point in the river. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x811, 156 KB) // Caption Memphis, Tennessee, 1985 Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge, left Memphis Bridge, center Harahan Bridge, right Hernando de Soto Bridge, far right Summary This image was found at the Library of Congress HAER archive entry with the original caption... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x811, 156 KB) // Caption Memphis, Tennessee, 1985 Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge, left Memphis Bridge, center Harahan Bridge, right Hernando de Soto Bridge, far right Summary This image was found at the Library of Congress HAER archive entry with the original caption...


The Frisco Bridge (May 12, 1892) was the longest bridge in North America when it opened and was originally called the Great Bridge at Memphis. This cantilever truss steel railroad bridge was built between 1888–1892. It was designed by George S. Morison, who also designed the Taft Bridge in Washington D.C.


The Harahan Bridge (July 14, 1916) is a trestle railroad bridge to which later were added narrow, one-way wooden cantilevering roadways along the outsides of bridge so it could be used for cars. In 1928, sparks from a train ignited and set on fire to one of the wooden plank roads. Today, only trains use the Harahan Bridge but there are plans to add a pedestrian walkway and bike path.

View of the Hernando de Soto Bridge from the Tennessee side of the river.
View of the Hernando de Soto Bridge from the Tennessee side of the river.

The Memphis-Arkansas Bridge (December 17, 1949), originally named E. H. Crump Bridge, carries Interstate 55 and has a pedestrian walkway. The bridge was built between 1945–1949 and is the longest Warren truss- style bridge in the United States. It is listed on the National Historic Register. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 416 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 666 pixel, file size: 471 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by Nima Kasraie File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 416 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 666 pixel, file size: 471 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by Nima Kasraie File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Hernando de Soto Bridge is an arch bridge carrying Interstate 40 across the Mississippi River between Memphis, Tennessee and West Memphis, Arkansas. ...


The Hernando de Soto Bridge (August 2, 1973) with its steel arches carries I-40. In 1986, "M" shaped lights became part of the bridge and a Memphis landmark. The Guinness Book of World Records list the deSoto bridge for its unique structural "letter" shape. In 2001 the mysterious disappearance and death of Harvard University biophysicist Don Wiley, whose abandoned car was found on the bridge, brought the Hernando de Soto Bridge national headlines.[5] Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Don Craig Wiley, 1944-2001, American crystallographer. ...

Name Nickname Length (in feet) Date Opened
Frisco Bridge 12 May, 1892
Harahan Bridge 14 July, 1916
Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge "Old Bridge" 5220.7 ft. long 17 December, 1949
Hernando de Soto Bridge "New Bridge"; "Dolly Parton Bridge";"M Bridge" 3.3 miles long 2 August, 1973

A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Frisco Bridge is a cantilever bridge carrying a rail line across the Mississippi River between Memphis, Tennessee and West Memphis, Arkansas. ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Harahan Bridge is a cantilever bridge carrying two rail lines across the Mississippi River between West Memphis, Arkansas and Memphis, Tennessee. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Memphis-Arkansas Memorial Bridge is a cantilever bridge carrying Interstate 55 across the Mississippi River between Memphis, Tennessee and West Memphis, Arkansas. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Hernando de Soto Bridge is an arch bridge carrying Interstate 40 across the Mississippi River between Memphis, Tennessee and West Memphis, Arkansas. ... Year 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. ...

Tourism and recreation

Museums and art collections

Mud Island Mississippi River Park. View from south of the island.
Mud Island Mississippi River Park. View from south of the island.

Many museums of interest are located in Memphis, including the National Civil Rights Museum, located in the former Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. It includes a historical overview of the American civil rights movement, ranging from the abolishment of slavery to more modern themes such the GLBT movement. On Martin Luther King Day, a yearly parade and celebration happens outside the room where Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 456 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 729 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by Nima Kasraie File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 456 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 729 pixel, file size: 433 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by Nima Kasraie File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mud Island is not actually an island but a small peninsula, surrounded by the Mississippi River to the west, Wolf River Harbor to the east. ... It has been suggested that Lorraine Motel be merged into this article or section. ... Motel where Rev. ... “Martin Luther King” redirects here. ... The Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. ...


The Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee. The Brooks' permanent collection includes works from the Italian Renaissance and Baroque eras to British, French Impressionists, and 20th-century artists (including regional artists like Memphian Carroll Cloar). It is located in Overton Park, which is also home to the Memphis Zoo, the Overton Shell Auditorium, and the Memphis College of Art. Carroll Cloar was a nationally known 20th century painter born in Earle, Arkansas, on Jan. ... The Memphis Zoo is a zoo located in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Memphis College of Art, known as the Memphis Academy of Arts before the 1980s, is a small, private art college in Memphis, Tennessees Overton Park. ...


A smaller art museum, the Dixon Gallery and Gardens in east Memphis focuses on impressionism and has several works by Monet, Degas and Renoir. It also includes four outdoor gardens with Greco-Roman sculptures. The Dixon Gallery and Gardens (17 acres) is an art museum with gardens located at 4339 Park Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ... Oscar-Claude Monet (November 14, 1840 - December 5, 1926), French impressionist painter. ... Edgar Degas (July 19, 1834 - September 27, 1917) was a French painter and sculptor. ... The name Renoir refers to more than one person. ...


Downtown Memphis is home to the Peabody Place Museum, the largest collection of 19th century Chinese art in the nation. The Art Museum at the University of Memphis is home to the largest collection of Egyptian antiquities in the South.


The Children's Museum of Memphis offers interactive and educational activities for children to take part in. Permanent exhibits include a skyscraper maze, an airplane cockpit (donated by FedEx), a fire engine, an art studio, grocery store, and, most recently, a mechanic's garage sponsored by AutoZone, Inc.


Graceland, the former home of Rock 'n' Roll legend Elvis Presley, is one of the most visited houses in the United States (second only to the White House), attracting over 600,000 domestic and international visitors a year. Featured at Graceland are two of Presley's private airplanes, his extensive automobile and motorcycle collection and other Elvis memorabilia. Elvis, along with family members including his mother and father, are buried next to the Graceland estate in the Meditation Garden. Celebrations at Graceland include the annual Graceland Christmas lighting ceremony in November, Elvis' birthday in January and Elvis Week in August, commemorating Presley's life and career on the anniversary of his death. The Heartbreak Hotel, located across the street, is named after a popular Elvis hit. Graceland is now a National Historic Landmark. For other uses, see Graceland (disambiguation). ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ...


Also commemorating the city's musical heritage, the Stax Museum of American Soul Music is home to a broad collection of artifacts, photographs, exhibits, commentary, and music. Along with the legendary Stax Sound, the museum also spotlights the music of Muscle Shoals, Motown, Hi and Atlantic. This year, Memphis Celebrates 50 Years of Soul. The Stax Museum on McLemore Avenue in Memphis is a replica of the Stax studio (torn down in 1989) built on the same site where many historic recording sessions took place. ...


The National Ornamental Metal Museum is the only museum in North America dedicated to the preservation and exhibition of fine metalwork. The site is situated on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River and includes historic buildings, a working blacksmith shop and foundry, and a sculpture garden. Every October, the Museum hosts an annual Repair Days Weekend, during which the public can get broken metal items fixed and observe skilled metalsmiths at work. The National Ornamental Metal Museum The National Ornamental Metal Museum is a museum in Memphis, Tennessee for the collection, preservation, and exhibition of historical and contemporary metalwork. ...


The Pink Palace Museum and Planetarium, serves as the Mid-South's major science and historical museum, and features exhibits ranging from archeology to chemistry. It includes America's third largest planetarium and an IMAX Theatre. The Pink Palace also contains a variety of exhibits relating to Memphis history. One exhibit features a replica of the original Piggly Wiggly store, the first self-service grocery store, commemorating the invention of the supermarket by Memphian Clarence Saunders in 1916. Saunders built the Pink Palace mansion as his own residence in 1923, but lost the home because of financial reversals on Wall Street. The original main entrance lobby of the Pink Palace features a three-panel mural by Memphis artist Burton Callicott. The murals commemorate the discovery of the Mississippi River near the site of Memphis by the Spanish conquistador Hernando DeSoto and his men and their encounters with Native Americans. The three murals were commissioned in 1934 by the Works Progress Administration (WPA). Callicott, who died in 2004, taught at the Memphis College of Art. IMAX theatre at the Melbourne Museum complex, Australia BFI London IMAX by night IMAX dome in Guayaquil, Ecuador IMAX (short for Image Maximum) is a film format created by Canadas IMAX Corporation that has the capacity to display images of far greater size and resolution than conventional film display... Piggly Wiggly is a supermarket chain in the Southeastern and Midwestern states of the United States. ... Clarence Saunders Clarence Saunders (August 9, 1881 - October 14, 1953) was a grocer who first developed the modern retail sales model of self-service. ... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from the intersection of Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... Hernando de Soto is a: Spanish explorer. ... Native Americans are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... WPA Graphic The Works Progress Administration (later Work Projects Administration, abbreviated WPA), was created on May 6, 1935 by Presidential order (Congress funded it annually but did not set it up). ... The Memphis College of Art, known as the Memphis Academy of Arts before the 1980s, is a small, private art college in Memphis, Tennessees Overton Park. ...


The Memphis Walk of Fame is a public exhibit located in the Beale Street historic district, which is modelled after the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but is designated exclusively for Memphis musicians, singers, writers, and composers. Honorees include W. C. Handy, B. B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, and Alberta Hunter among others. Beale Street is a street in Memphis, Tennessee and a significant location in African-American history and the history of the blues. ... W.C. Handy photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1941 William Christopher Handy (November 16, 1873 – March 28, 1958) was an African American blues composer and musician, often known as the Father of the Blues. ... Riley B. King, better known as B. B. King or The King of Blues (born September 16, 1925 in Itta Bena, Mississippi), is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter, widely considered one of the best and most respected blues musicians of all time. ... Bobby Blue Bland (born January 27, 1930) is an American singer and was an original member of The Beale Streeters. ... Alberta Hunter (April 1, 1895 - October 17, 1984), was a celebrated African-American jazz singer, songwriter and nurse. ...


The Gibson Guitar Factory & Showcase is a guitar manufacturing plant where visitors can learn how the famous Gibsons are meticulously crafted, and listen to live showcases of local and world-renowned talent. Famous Gibson musicians include B. B. King, Les Paul, Chuck Berry, Carl Perkins, and Scotty Moore. Riley B. King, better known as B. B. King or The King of Blues (born September 16, 1925 in Itta Bena, Mississippi), is an American blues guitarist and singer-songwriter, widely considered one of the best and most respected blues musicians of all time. ... Les Paul (born Lester William Polsfuss on June 9, 1915) is an American jazz guitarist and inventor. ... Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born October 18, 1926 in St. ... Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of rockabilly music, a mix of rhythm and blues and country music that evolved at Sun Records in Memphis in the early 1950s. ... Winfield Scott Scotty Moore III (born December 27, 1931 near Gadsden, Tennessee) is a legendary American guitarist and member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ...


Mud Island River Park and Mississippi River Museum is located on Mud Island in downtown Memphis. The Park is noted for its River Walk, a 2112:1 scale (30 inches=1 mile) working model showing 1000 miles of the Lower Mississippi River, from Cairo, Illinois to New Orleans, Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico. The Walk stretches roughly 0.5 miles, allowing visitors to walk in the water and see models of cities and bridges along the way. The museum offers 18 galleries of regional history and features an indoor life-size replica of a civil war era riverboat. Mud Island is not actually an island but a small peninsula, surrounded by the Mississippi River to the west, Wolf River Harbor to the east. ... Cairo is a city in Alexander County, Illinois in the United States. ... Nickname: Location in the State of Louisiana and the United States Coordinates: Country United States State Louisiana Parish Orleans Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor Ray Nagin (D) Area  - City  350. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Victorian Village is a historic district of Memphis featuring a series of fine Victorian-era mansions, some of which are open to the public as museums. Victorian Village, Memphis is an area of Memphis, Tennessee located in the eastern quadrant of downtown Memphis. ...


Other museums in the area include the Fire Museum[16] and Memphis Rock 'n' Soul Museum[17].


Performing arts

The Memphis area is home to many of West Tennessee's larger performing arts organizations, such as the Memphis Symphony Orchestra, which performs at the Cannon Center for the Performing Arts downtown. Ballet Memphis is the region's only professional ballet company and performs at the Orpheum Theatre. The Ford Foundation awarded Ballet Memphis one of its prestigious challenge grants in 2001, and has praised the organization as a national treasure of the cultural world. Opera Memphis, the region's opera company, performs at the Clark Opera Memphis Center in East Memphis. Other major theatres in the city include Playhouse on the Square, Circuit Playhouse, Theatre Memphis, and Theatre Works. Memphis also features classes and performances from the Memphis Improvisational Theatre. The Memphis Comedy & Improv Alliance provides information on improv and comedy performances throughout the area. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... An exterior view of the Clark Opera Memphis Center An interior view of the Clark Opera Memphis Center Opera Memphis is a non-profit arts organization in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Parks, gardens, and cemeteries

View from the Riverfront Park onto the Memphis skyline, the Pyramid Arena in the background
View from the Riverfront Park onto the Memphis skyline, the Pyramid Arena in the background

Major Memphis parks include W.C. Handy Park, Riverfront Park, Tom Lee Park, Audubon Park, Overton Park including the Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Park, the Lichterman Nature Center, and the Memphis Botanic Garden. Shelby Farms park, located at the eastern edge of the city, is one of the largest urban parks in America. Historic Elmwood Cemetery is one of the first rural garden cemeteries in the South, and contains the Carlisle S. Page Arboretum. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x773, 639 KB) Image of the Memphis, TN skyline, the Pyramid Arena in the background Photo made by: Thomas R Machnitzki http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x773, 639 KB) Image of the Memphis, TN skyline, the Pyramid Arena in the background Photo made by: Thomas R Machnitzki http://www. ... View looking north View from the Riverfront Park. ... Overton Park is a large public park in midtown Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Old Forest Arboretum of Overton Park (172 acres) is a forest tract and arboretum located in Overton Park, Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Memphis Botanic Garden (96 acres) is a botanical garden located at 750 Cherry Road, Memphis, Tennessee. ... Scenic view in Shelby Farms park Shelby Farms is one of the largest urban parks in the United States, located in Memphis, TN. Lakes, forests, and wetlands provide natural habitats for many smaller species close to an urban metropolitan area. ... Historic Elmwood Cemetery, founded in 1852, is the oldest active cemetery in Memphis, Tennessee. ... The Carlisle S. Page Arboretum (80 acres) is an arboretum located within Historic Elmwood Cemetery, 824 South Dudley Street, Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Other points of interest

Blues fans can visit Beale Street, where a young B.B. King used to play his guitar. He occasionally still appears there at a club bearing his name, which is partly owned by him. Street performers play live music, and bars and clubs feature live entertainment around the clock. Today, Beale Street, is the most visited tourist attraction in the state of Tennessee, and considered to be the busiest street in the southern United States, second being Bourbon Street. Blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that most often follows a twelve-bar structure. ... Beale Street is a street in Memphis, Tennessee and a significant location in African-American history and the history of the blues. ... The famous sign of Bourbon Street in New Orleans. ...

Pyramid Arena
Pyramid Arena

Sun studios was where Elvis first recorded "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin". Other famous musicians who got their start at Sun include Johnny Cash, Rufus Thomas, Charlie Rich, Howlin' Wolf, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 429 KB) Beschreibung Foto made by Wolfgang Beckers in march 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 429 KB) Beschreibung Foto made by Wolfgang Beckers in march 2006. ... Label of the fourth Sun Records Sun Records has been the name for four 20th century record labels. ... Johnny Cash (born J. R. Cash, February 26, 1932 – September 12, 2003) was an American, multi Grammy Award-winning influential American country and rock and roll singer and songwriter. ... Rufus 1990 album for Alligator Records, That Woman Is Poison! Rufus Thomas (March 26, 1917 – December 15, 2001) was a rhythm and blues and soul singer from Memphis, Tennessee, who recorded on Sun Records in the 1950s and on Stax Records in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Charlie Rich (December 14, 1932 - July 25, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and pianist. ... Chester Arthur Burnett (June 10, 1910 – January 10, 1976), better known as Howlin Wolf or sometimes, The Howlin Wolf, was an influential blues singer, songwriter, guitarist and harmonica player. ... Roy Kelton Orbison (April 23, 1936 – December 6, 1988), nicknamed The Big O, was an influential American singer-songwriter and a pioneer of rock and roll whose recording career spanned more than four decades. ... Carl Lee Perkins (April 9, 1932 – January 19, 1998) was an American pioneer of rockabilly music, a mix of rhythm and blues and country music that evolved at Sun Records in Memphis in the early 1950s. ... Jerry Lee Lewis (born September 29, 1935), also known by the nickname The Killer, is an American rock and roll and country music singer, songwriter, and pianist. ...


The Center for Southern Folklore highlights southern artists and musicians through public performances and exhibitions. The Center's archival collections contain thousands of photographs, recordings, and films. The Memphis Music and Heritage Festival, held each Labor Day weekend, is hosted an organized by the Center. The Center for Southern Folklore is an American non-profit cultural organization based in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


The Memphis Zoo, which is located in midtown Memphis, features many exhibits, of mammals, birds, fish, and amphibians, from all regions of the world. The most popular exhibits are the Cat House, which is the fifth oldest in the United States, and the zoo's panda exhibit, which is one of only a handful in North America. The Memphis Zoo is a zoo located in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Adventure River Water Park in the Eastern part of the city and Libertyland Amusement Park, formerly located at the Midsouth Fairgrounds, have been closed. The Libertyland rides were sold after a long legal battle. Maywood Beach, a water park in Memphis suburb of Olive Branch, Mississippi, closed in 2003. This left the entire metro area without a Water park or Amusement park. Adventure River was a Water park located in Memphis, Tennessee, on the north side of Interstate 40, near Whitten Road. ... Entrance to Libertyland Libertyland was Memphis, Tennessees only amusement park. ... Maywood Beach was a Water park located in Olive Branch, Mississippi, just across the Mississippi state line from Memphis, Tennessee. ... Olive Branch is a city located in DeSoto County, Mississippi. ... Fun at a water park A water park is an amusement park that features waterplay areas, such as water slides, splash pads, spraygrounds (water playgrounds), lazy rivers, or other recreational bathing environments. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Other Memphis attractions include the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium (also at the Midsouth Fairgrounds), Mud Island, Detour Memphis - an art and performing space, the Lichterman Nature Center - a nature learning center, the Pyramid Arena, FedExForum, and the Memphis Queen riverboat cruises. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mud Island is not actually an island but a small peninsula, surrounded by the Mississippi River to the west, Wolf River Harbor to the east. ... Detour Memphis is an online magazine that specializes in avant-garde and underground works (including poetry, plays, short stories, and other works). ... Lichterman Nature Center is a certified arboretum located in Memphis, TN. It is located at 5992 Qunice Road. ... The Pyramid Arena is a 21,000 seat arena located in downtown Memphis at the banks of the Mississippi River. ... FedExForum is one of the most unique arenas in the NBA. It officially opened in September of 2004, after much debate and also a alberta clipper wind storm in Jully 2003 that nearly brought the crains building the arena down on famed Beal street. ...


Sports

Memphis is home to several professional sports teams. The Memphis Grizzlies of the National Basketball Association is the only one of the "big four" major sports leagues in the city. The team plays at FedExForum downtown. Several minor league teams also call Memphis home, including the Memphis Redbirds of the Pacific Coast League, a Triple A baseball farm team for the St. Louis Cardinals. The Redbirds play at AutoZone Park, a state-of-the-art baseball-only venue downtown. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... “NBA” redirects here. ... The term major professional sports league is used to describe the most important and well regarded leagues in the biggest professional sports in a country or region. ... FedExForum is one of the most unique arenas in the NBA. It officially opened in September of 2004, after much debate and also a alberta clipper wind storm in Jully 2003 that nearly brought the crains building the arena down on famed Beal street. ... League Pacific Coast League Division American Conference Year founded 1998 Major League affiliation St. ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... An exterior view of AutoZone Parks main entrance . AutoZone Park is a minor league baseball stadium located in downtown Memphis, Tennessee and the home of the Memphis Redbirds of the Pacific Coast League, the AAA affiliate of the St. ...


The Memphis RiverKings are a professional hockey team of the Central Hockey League. The Memphis Panthers are a football team that play in the North American Football League. The RiverKings play at the DeSoto Civic Center in nearby DeSoto County, Mississippi. The Panthers play at Halle Stadium. Memphis is also home to the Memphis Blues, a professional Rugby team, which plays at Tobey Field in Midtown, Memphis. Memphis is considered a pro wrestling history ground. The sport's greatest name to come out of the city is Jerry "The King" Lawler. Many greats started out their careers in Memphis; among these names include Hulk Hogan, The Undertaker, Stone Cold Steve Austin, The Rock, Mick Foley, "Macho Man" Randy Savage", and Ric Flair. Memphis has two pro-wrestling organizations, Power-Pro Wrestling which is filmed in the Cook Convention Center in downtown Memphis, and Memphis Wrestling which is filmed in the Desoto Civic Center in Desoto County. Previous RiverKings logo The Memphis RiverKings are a professional minor league ice hockey team. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... This article is about the current CHL; for earlier leagues also called the Central Hockey League, see Central Hockey League (disambiguation) The Central Hockey League (CHL) is a mid-level professional hockey league, owned by Global Entertainment Corporation. ... The Memphis Panthers are an amateur American football team in the North American Football League (NAFL). ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The North American Football League (NAFL) is owned by Greens Worldwide Incorporated and is an adult amateur American football league that was designed to be a self-sustaining level of minor league football where players can develop their skills and simply play for the love of the game. ... The DeSoto Civic Center is a 8,411-seat multi-purpose arena in Southaven, Mississippi. ... DeSoto County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. ... A rugby union scrum. ... Professional wrestling is a form of performance entertainment where the participants engage in simulated sporting matches. ... Jerry ONeil Lawler (born November 29, 1949) is an American professional wrestler and wrestling commentator, known throughout the wrestling world as The King. He is currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment working and wrestling on its RAW brand as the color commentator. ... Terrence Terry Gene Bollea (born on August 11, 1953) is an American actor and semi-retired professional wrestler better known by his ring name Hulk Hogan. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Dwayne Douglas Johnson (born May 2, 1972) is an American actor and former third-generation professional wrestler,[2] best known for his time in World Wrestling Entertainment as The Rock between 1996 and 2004. ... Mick Foley Sr. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ric Flair (born February 25, 1949 [1] and named Richard Morgan Fliehr upon his adoption several weeks later), is an iconic American professional wrestler currently signed to World Wrestling Entertainment on its RAW brand. ...


Memphis is also home to Memphis Motorsports Park, just north of the city on the outskirts of Memphis and Millington, TN. The venue has a 3/4-mile paved oval track that annually hosts 2 NASCAR-sanctioned events, a Busch-series race (the Sam's Town 250) and a Craftsman Truck series race (the O'Reilly 200). It also has a 1/4-mile drag strip that annually hosts the NHRA POWERade O'Reilly Mid-South Nationals, as well as locally-sanctioned events that run from February to November. Memphis Motorsports Park is a race track located in Millington, Tennessee, approximately twenty miles north of downtown Memphis. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... The National Hot Rod Association, known as the NHRA, was founded by Wally Parks in 1951 in the State of California to provide a governing body to organize and promote the sport of drag racing. ...


Golf is a very popular form of recreation in Memphis, which has seven municipal courses.[18] There are over 30 public and private golf courses in the Memphis Metropolitan Area.[19]


Golf is a sport in which individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and also is one of the few ball games that does not use a fixed standard playing area. ...

Club Sport League Venue
Memphis Grizzlies Basketball National Basketball Association FedExForum
Memphis Redbirds Baseball Pacific Coast League AutoZone Park
Memphis RiverKings Ice Hockey Central Hockey League DeSoto Civic Center
Memphis Panthers Football North American Football League Halle Stadium
Memphis Blues Rugby USA Rugby South Tobey Field

This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “NBA” redirects here. ... FedExForum is one of the most unique arenas in the NBA. It officially opened in September of 2004, after much debate and also a alberta clipper wind storm in Jully 2003 that nearly brought the crains building the arena down on famed Beal street. ... League Pacific Coast League Division American Conference Year founded 1998 Major League affiliation St. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ... An exterior view of AutoZone Parks main entrance . AutoZone Park is a minor league baseball stadium located in downtown Memphis, Tennessee and the home of the Memphis Redbirds of the Pacific Coast League, the AAA affiliate of the St. ... Previous RiverKings logo The Memphis RiverKings are a professional minor league ice hockey team. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... This article is about the current CHL; for earlier leagues also called the Central Hockey League, see Central Hockey League (disambiguation) The Central Hockey League (CHL) is a mid-level professional hockey league, owned by Global Entertainment Corporation. ... The DeSoto Civic Center is a 8,411-seat multi-purpose arena in Southaven, Mississippi. ... The Memphis Panthers are an amateur American football team in the North American Football League (NAFL). ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The North American Football League (NAFL) is owned by Greens Worldwide Incorporated and is an adult amateur American football league that was designed to be a self-sustaining level of minor league football where players can develop their skills and simply play for the love of the game. ... The Memphis blues is a style of blues music that was created in 1920s and 1930s by Memphis-area musicians like Frank Stokes, Sleepy John Estes, Furry Lewis and Memphis Minnie. ... A rugby union scrum. ...

See also

{This is a list of famous people who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Memphis, Tennessee, and its surrounding metropolitan statistical area, including Crittenden County, Arkansas, DeSoto County, Mississippi, Marshall County, Mississippi, Tate County, Mississippi, Tunica County, Mississippi, Fayette County, Tennessee, Shelby County, Tennessee, and Tipton... This is a list of mayors of Memphis. ... The Memphis Mafia was the nickname for a group of friends, associates, employees and yes-men whose main function was to be around Elvis Presley from 1956 until he died. ...

Sister cities

Memphis has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): Kanifing (Gambia) and Kaolack (Senegal). Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Kanifing is a city in The Gambia. ... The Mosque in Medina Baay, Kaolack. ...


Geo-Locations

Latitude Longitude


35.15310 -90.06466 - Hernando de Soto Bridge (I40) The Hernando de Soto Bridge is an arch bridge carrying Interstate 40 across the Mississippi River between Memphis, Tennessee and West Memphis, Arkansas. ...


35.15236 -90.04456 - 332 N Lauderdale Street Memphis, Tennessee USA 38105 - St Jude Children's Research Hospital From the stjude. ...


35.14783 -90.05163 - 100 North Main Street 38103 Tallest Building in Memphis


35.13956 -90.05165 - 200 Beale Street Memphis, Tennessee USA 38103 - Beale Street Visitors Center Beale Street is a street in Memphis, Tennessee and a significant location in African-American history and the history of the blues. ...


35.13900 -90.03759 - 706 Union Avenue Memphis, Tennessee USA 38104 - Sun Studios Sun Studio opened by rock pioneer Sam Phillips at 706 Union Avenue in Memphis, Tennessee, on January 3, 1950. ...


35.13426 -90.05772 - 450 Mulberry Street Memphis, Tennessee USA 38103 - Lorraine Motel Motel where Rev. ...


35.12312 -90.07532 - 374 Metal Museum Drive, Memphis, TN 38106 National Ornamental Metal Museum The National Ornamental Metal Museum The National Ornamental Metal Museum is a museum in Memphis, Tennessee for the collection, preservation, and exhibition of historical and contemporary metalwork. ...


35.04750 -90.02486 - 3764 Elvis Presley Blvd Memphis, Tennessee USA 38116 Graceland Mansion For other uses, see Graceland (disambiguation). ...


External links

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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

References

  1. ^ History and Facts about Memphis & Shelby County (2006-11-18).
  2. ^ WHER: 1000 Beautiful Watts
  3. ^ Bird's eye view of the city of Memphis, Tennessee 1870.
  4. ^ Baron Hirsch Congregation
  5. ^ Don C. Wiley: Obituary and Newspaper Report


  Results from FactBites:
 
Memphis (Tennessee) - MSN Encarta (493 words)
The largest city in the state, Memphis is located on the Chickasaw Bluffs overlooking the confluence of the Wolf and Mississippi rivers.
Memphis is the commercial center of the Mississippi Delta, a rich farming area known for its cotton and soybean production.
A noted medical and educational center, Memphis is the site of Rhodes College (1848), The University of Memphis (1912), LeMoyne-Owen College (1862), Christian Brothers University (1871), Memphis College of Art (1936), Southern College of Optometry (1932), a campus (founded in 1911) of the University of Tennessee, and several junior colleges.
Memphis, Tennessee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4404 words)
Memphis is a city in Shelby County, Tennessee, of which it is the county seat.
Memphis is on the Lower Chickasaw Bluff above the Mississippi River, at the mouth of the Wolf River.
Memphis is governed by a mayor and thirteen council members, six elected at large from throughout the city and seven elected from geographic districts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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