Memnon of Rhodes (380 – 333 BC) was the commander of the Greek mercenaries working for the Persian king Darius III when Alexander the Great of Macedonia invaded Persia in 334 BC and won the Battle of the Granicus River. He was the only one to declare, prior to the battle, that it was impossible for the Persians to defeat the Macedonian army in a set-piece confrontation, and called for a strategy of scorched earth that would deny Alexander both supplies and treasure, both of which they badly needed to feed and pay the army. This advice was rejected by the Persian satraps, and history was the result. Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 430s BC 420s BC 410s BC 400s BC 390s BC - 380s BC - 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC 330s BC 385 BC 384 BC 383 BC 382 BC 381 BC 380 BC 379 BC 378 BC 377... Centuries: 5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC Decades: 380s BC 370s BC 360s BC 350s BC 340s BC - 330s BC - 320s BC 310s BC 300s BC 290s BC 280s BC 338 BC 337 BC 336 BC 335 BC 334 BC - 333 BC - 332 BC 331 BC 330... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Darius III or Codomannus (c. ... Alexander the Great (in Greek , transliterated Megas Alexandros) (July 356 BC â June 11, 323 BC), King of Macedon (336â323 BC), is considered one of the most successful military commanders in world history, conquering most of the world known to the ancient Greeks before his death. ... Events Alexander the Great crosses the Bosporus, invading Persia. ... The Battle of the Granicus River in May, 334 BC was the first major victory of Alexander the Great against the Persian Empire. ... Satrap (Greek σατράπης satrápēs, from Old Persian xšaθrapā(van), i. ...
Many scholars maintain that had Memnon's advice been taken, Alexander would have had an immensely difficult time continuing his campaign in Asia, and might have soon been forced to withdraw back to Macedon. Memnon also suggested trying to stir up a revolt in Greece itself, threatening Alexander's base of power and perhaps forcing him to withdraw. It was not until the major defeat at the Battle of Issus that this admirable approach to the Macedonian invasion was finally put into action, but by then the advantage had been lost, and Alexander showed himself willing to sacrifice Greece if necessary by then if he still felt he could accomplish his greater goals. Macedons regions and towns Macedon or Macedonia (from Greek ; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was the name of an ancient kingdom in the northern-most part of ancient Greece, bordering the kingdom of Epirus on the west and the region of Thrace to the east. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ...
Memnon died during the siege of Mytilene in August 333. This city is not ot be confused with a village in the island of Samos named Mytilinii Mytilene (Μυτιλήνη in Greek) is the capital city of Lesbos, a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. ...
Memnon of Rhodes from Livius.org, by Jona Lendering
Memnon (1) from Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography
Wiki Classical Dictionary: Memnon of Rhodes
Alexander vs. Memnon of Rhodes; Lucky escape?
Categories: Ancient Greeks | Mercenaries | Ancient Greek generals | Alexander the Great
A contemporary of Demosthenes and Aristotle, Memnon rose from humble origins to command the whole of western Asia in a time of strife and slaughter.
But, to the King of Kings, his majesty Darius III of Persia, Memnon was the one man capable of defending Asia Minor from the rising power of the barbaric Macedonians.
It is a record of his triumphs and tragedies, his loves and losses, and of the determination that drove him to stand against the most renowned figure of the ancient world — the ambitious young conqueror called Alexander the Great.
All this time Memnon was tracking him with the fleet, but the Persian army made no move and Alexander avoided engagement at sea.
At Halicarnassus, the capital of Caria, he made an alliance with the exiled queen Ada; she had been ousted by her brother, Pixodarus, and the city was in the hands of his son-in-law, a Persian named Orontobates.
Memnon had reoccupied several of the Aegean islands and was planning an invasion of the Greek mainland, so that Alexander had to commission a new fleet to check him.
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