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Encyclopedia > Memmingen

Coordinates: 47°59′N 10°11′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Memmingen
Coat of arms of Memmingen Location of Memmingen in Germany

Country Germany
State Bavaria
Administrative region Swabia
District urban district
Population 41,316 (December 31, 2004)
Area 70.19 km²
Population density 586 /km²
Elevation 595 m
Coordinates 47°59′ N 10°11′ E
Postal code 87681-87700
Area code 08331
Licence plate code MM
Mayor Dr. Ivo Holzinger (SPD)
Website http://www.memmingen.de

Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. The district-free town is located at the border to Baden-Württemberg, at the river Iller. Image File history File links Wappen_Memmingen. ... Image File history File links Karte_Memmingen_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including both internationally recognized and generally unrecognized independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Swabia (German: Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the south-west of Bavaria. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with SPD (disambiguation). ... This page as shown in the AOL 9. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Swabia (German: Schwaben) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the south-west of Bavaria. ... Baden-Württemberg is a federal state in southwestern Germany to the east of the Upper Rhine. ... The Iller (ancient name Hilaria) is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ...

Contents

History

The picturesque "Stadtbach" (Town River)
The picturesque "Stadtbach" (Town River)

It is believed that on the site of present day Memmingen in the time of the Romans there was a small military town, probably called Cassiliacum. In the 5th century an Alemanic settlement was established and in the 7th century a palace of the king of the Franks' . Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (986x1401, 634 KB) The Stadtbach (Town River). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (986x1401, 634 KB) The Stadtbach (Town River). ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 - 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The Alamanni, Allemanni or Alemanni, are a Germanic tribe, first mentioned by Dio Cassius, under the year 213. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ...


Memmingen was connected to Bohemia, Austria and Munich by the salt road to Lindau. Another important route through Memmingen was the Italian road from Northern Germany to Switzerland and Italy. Both roads helped Memmingen gain importance as a trading centre. In the Middle Ages, the place was known as Mammingin; in 1158 the Welfian Duke Welf VI founded the town of Memmingen. In 1286 it became an Imperial Free Town, responsible only to the Kaiser. Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München, (pronounced listen) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern). ... famous harbor entrance of Lindau reverse side of the old town hall of Lindau Lindau is a German city and an island in the eastern part of the Lake Constance, the Bodensee. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... The House of Welf (or House of Guelph) is a European dynasty that has included many German and British monarchs from the 11th century until the 20th century. ... Welf VI and Welf VII from the monastery of Steingaden. ... Events Margaret I of Scotland became queen of Scotland, end of Canmore dynasty. ... Kaiser is the German title meaning Emperor. ...

The West gate
The West gate

Christoph Schappeler, the preacher at St. Martin's in Memmingen during the early 1500's, was an important figure during the Protestant Reformation and the Peasants' War. His support for peasant rights helped to draw peasants to Memmingen. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1262 KB) Memmingen, das Westertor Quelle: Selbst fotografiert am 29. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1944x2592, 1262 KB) Memmingen, das Westertor Quelle: Selbst fotografiert am 29. ... Christoph Schappeler was the preacher at St. ... The Protestant Reformation, also referred to as the Protestant Revolution or Protestant Revolt, was a movement in the 16th century to reform the Catholic Church in Western Europe. ... Expanding insurgencies during the Peasants war The Peasants War (in German, der Deutsche Bauernkrieg) was a popular revolt in Europe, specifically in the Holy Roman Empire between 1524-1525. ...


The Twelve Articles: The Just and Fundamental Articles of All the Peasantry and Tenants of Spiritual and Temporal Powers by Whom They Think Themselves Oppressed was written (probably by Schappeler and Sebastian Lotzer) in early 1525. This was a religious petition borrowing from Luther's ideas to appeal for peasant rights. Within two months of its publication in Memmingen, 25,000 copies of the tract were in circulation around Europe. Sebastian Lotzer was a Memmingen journeyman furrier. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ...


In the 1630's Memmingen was at centre stage during the Thirty Years' War, and the Imperial generalissimo Wallenstein was quartered in the town when he was dramatically dismissed from service. From 1632 Memmingen was briefly garrisoned by the Swedish army, and became a base of operations for Swedish troops in Swabia. Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Combatants Anti-Imperialists: Sweden, Denmark, Dutch Republic, France, Scotland and smaller German states Imperialists: Catholic League, Holy Roman Empire, Spain, Austria, Bavaria, and smaller German states Commanders Frederick V Gustav II Adolf † Cardinal Richelieu Christian IV of Denmark Ferdinand II Ferdinand III Count-Duke Olivares Maximilian I The Thirty Years... A generalissimo is a commissioned officer of the highest rank; the word is often translated as Supreme Commander or Commander in Chief. It is an Italian superlative substantive, which grammatically would actually be disallowed in Italian (superlatives can be made with adjectives only). ... Categories: 1583 births | 1634 deaths | Assassinated people ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Following the reorganization of Germany in 1802, Memmingen became part of Bavaria. The 19th century saw the slow economic deterioration of the town, which was halted only with the building of a railroad following the course of the River Iller. --69. ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... The Iller (ancient name Hilaria) is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ...


Since World War II Memmingen has been a developing town, with a rate of economic growth above the average for Bavaria. Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


Sightseeing

Memmingen townhall
Memmingen townhall

Memmingen has considerable tourist interest, mainly because large areas of the medieval old town survived both World War II and the tasteless post-war reconstruction which has ruined many other German cities. The old town contains many interesting houses of patricians, some in the baroque style. Also of interest is the Stadtbach (town river), surviving sections of town wall as well as a medieval market place and a town hall built in renaissance style. Also famous is St. Martin's church, built in gothic style. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (986x1401, 644 KB) Memmingen, Germany Town hall taken in 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Memmingen Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (986x1401, 644 KB) Memmingen, Germany Town hall taken in 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Memmingen Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... The defensive wall of Braşov, Romania. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... See also Gothic art. ...


Every year Memmingen celebrates the Fischertag (Fisherman's day), recreating medieval traditions. Every four years Memmingen re-enacts the events around the visit of Wallenstein in 1630.


Politics

Mayor: Dr. Ivo Holzinger (SPD) (as of 2006) SPD redirects here. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

Memmingen is located at the western border of Bavaria at the river Iller, 50 km south of Ulm, and 30 km north of Kempten im Allgäu. The landscape or region beginning with Memmingen is called Unterallgäu and forms a part of the Allgäu. It is reached by the A7 and the A96 motorways and connected to the railroads Munich-Lindau and Ulm-Kempten-Oberstdorf. Ulm is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Danube, about 90 km south-east of Stuttgart and 140 km north-west of Munich. ... Kempten is the capital of Allgäu, a region in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Unterallgäu is a Kreis (district) in the southwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Allgäu is an area in south-west of Swabia (Bavaria) and contains also a small part of south-east Baden-Württemberg. ...


Trade and Economy

Most of its enterprises are SMEs. Of importance are Small and Medium-sized Enterprises or SMEs are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits. ...

Rohde & Schwarz (IPA: in German; anglicized pronunciation ) is an independent group of companies specializing in electronics. ...

Twin towns

Memmingen is twinned with the following towns: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Auch is a town and commune in southwestern France. ... Teramo is a town in the central Italian region of Abruzzo, 42°39N 13°42E, at 432 m (1417 ft) above sea-level, with 51,000 inhabitants as of the 2003 census. ... Eisleben is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Motto: (German for Unity and Justice and Freedom”) Anthem(s): (3rd stanza) also called Capital Berlin Largest city Berlin Official language(s) German 1 Government Federal Republic  - President Horst Köhler (CDU)  - Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) Formation    - Holy Roman Empire 843 (Treaty of Verdun)   - Unification January 18, 1871   - Federal Republic... Glendale is a city located in Maricopa County, Arizona. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ...

External links


Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria in Germany
Urban
districts

Amberg · Ansbach · Aschaffenburg · Augsburg · Bamberg · Bayreuth · Coburg · Erlangen · Fürth · Hof · Ingolstadt · Kaufbeuren · Kempten · Landshut · Memmingen · München (Munich) · Nürnberg (Nuremberg) · Passau · Regensburg · Rosenheim · Schwabach · Schweinfurt · Straubing · Weiden · Würzburg Image File history File links Flag_of_Bavaria_(lozengy). ... The Free State of Bavaria  (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Amberg (currently incorrect) Amberg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ansbach, or Anspach, originally Onolzbach, is a town in Bavaria, Germany. ... Aschaffenburg is a city in Bavaria, Germany. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... For other meanings, see Bamberg (disambiguation). ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... Coburg is a city located on the Itz River in Bavaria, Central-West Germany. ... Erlangen around 1915 Erlangen is a German city in Middle Franconia. ... South part of the city, seen from the Alte Veste (Zirndorf), 2004 The city of Fürth is located in northern Bavaria, Germany in the district of Middle Franconia. ... Hof is a city located on the banks of the Saale in the northeastern corner of the German state of Bavaria, in the Franconia region, hard by the Czech border and the forested Fichtelgebirge upland region. ... Ingolstadt is a city in the Federal State of Bavaria, Germany. ... Kaufbeuren is an independent city in the Regierungsbezirk of Schwaben, southern Bavaria. ... Kempten is the capital of Allgäu, a region in the south-west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Landshut is a city in Bavaria, Germany, the capital of the Niederbayern region. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München, (pronounced listen) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern). ... Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Old Town of Passau Passau (Latin: Batavia) is a town in Niederbayern, Eastern Bavaria, Germany, known also as Dreiflüssestadt (the City of three rivers), because the Danube River is joined there by the Inn River from the South, and the Ilz River coming out of the Bavarian Forest to... Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona) is a city (population 129,175 in 2005) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... Rosenheim is a town in Bavaria (Germany) on the river Inn, at 47°51′ N 12°8′ E. It is seat of administration of the district of Rosenheim, but is not a part of it. ... Schwabach is a German city of about 40,000 inhabitants near Nuremberg in the middle of the Franconia district of Bavaria. ... Schweinfurt is a city in the Unterfranken region of Bavaria in Germany on the right bank of the canalized Main, which is here spanned by several bridges, 27 km North-East of Würzburg. ... Straubing is an independent city in Niederbayern. ... Weiden in der Oberpfalz (official name: Weiden i. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ...

Rural
districts

Aichach-Friedberg · Altötting · Amberg-Sulzbach · Ansbach (district) · Aschaffenburg · Augsburg · Bad Kissingen  Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen · Bamberg · Bayreuth · Berchtesgadener Land · Cham · Coburg · Dachau · Deggendorf · Dillingen  Dingolfing-Landau · Donau-Ries · Ebersberg · Eichstätt · Erding · Erlangen-Höchstadt · Forchheim · Freising · Freyung-Grafenau  Fürstenfeldbruck · Fürth · Garmisch-Partenkirchen · Günzburg · Haßberge · Hof · Kelheim · Kitzingen · Kronach · Kulmbach · Landsberg · Landshut · Lichtenfels · Lindau · Main-Spessart · Miesbach · Miltenberg · Mühldorf · München (Munich)  Neuburg-Schrobenhausen · Neumarkt · Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim · Neustadt (Waldnaab) · Neu-Ulm · Nürnberger Land  Oberallgäu · Ostallgäu · Passau · Pfaffenhofen · Regen · Regensburg (district) · Rhön-Grabfeld · Rosenheim (district) · Roth  Rottal-Inn · Schwandorf · Schweinfurt · Starnberg · Straubing-Bogen · Tirschenreuth · Traunstein  Unterallgäu · Weilheim-Schongau · Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen · Wunsiedel · Würzburg Aichach_Friedberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Altötting is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Amberg_Sulzbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ansbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Aschaffenburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Augsburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bad Kissingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bamberg Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Bayreuth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Berchtesgadener Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Cham is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Coburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dachau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Deggendorf is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dillingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Dingolfing-Landau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Donau-Ries is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ebersberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Eichstätt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Erding is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Erlangen-Höchstadt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Forchheim is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Freising is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Freyung-Grafenau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Fürstenfeldbruck is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Fürth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Garmisch-Partenkirchen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Günzburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Haßberge is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Hof is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kelheim is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kitzingen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kronach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Kulmbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Landsberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Landshut is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Lichtenfels is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Lindau is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Main-Spessart is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Miesbach is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Miltenberg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Mühldorf is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Munich (German München) is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neuburg-Schrobenhausen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neumarkt is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim is a district in Panda Stripe Village, Germany. ... Neustadt (Waldnaab) is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Neu-Ulm is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Nürnberger Land is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Oberallgäu is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Ostallgäu is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Passau is a district (Kreis) in the southeast of Bavaria. ... Pfaffenhofen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Regen is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Regensburg is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rhön-Grabfeld is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rosenheim is a Kreis (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany. ... Roth is a district in Bavaria, Germany. ... Rottal-Inn is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Schwandorf is a Kreis (district) in the east part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Schweinfurt is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Starnberg is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Straubing-Bogen is a Kreis (district) in the eastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Tirschenreuth is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Traunstein is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Unterallgäu is a Kreis (district) in the southwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Weilheim-Schongau is a Kreis (district) in the south of Bavaria, Germany. ... Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen is a Kreis (district) in the west of Bavaria, Germany. ... Wunsiedel is a Kreis (district) in the northeastern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Würzburg is a Kreis (district) in the northwestern part of Bavaria, Germany. ...


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Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany.
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From 1632 Memmingen was briefly garrisoned by the Swedish army, and became a base of operations for Swedish troops in Swabia.
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