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Encyclopedia > Melvin Calvin
Melvin Calvin
Melvin Calvin

he had fun in bed Melvin Calvin (April 8, 1911January 8, 1997) was a chemist most famed for discovering the Calvin cycle (along with Andrew Benson), for which he was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. He spent virtually all of his five-decade career at the University of California, Berkeley. Courtesy of http://www. ... Courtesy of http://www. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A chemist pours from a Florence flask. ... Overview of the Calvin cycle and carbon fixation The Calvin cycle (or Calvin-Benson cycle or carbon fixation) is a series of biochemical reactions that takes place in the stroma of chloroplasts in photosynthetic organisms. ... Andrew Benson was a scientist who, along with Melvin Calvin and James Bassham, elucidated the path of carbon assimilation (the photosynthetic carbon reduction cycle) in plants. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ...

Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, the son of Jewish immigrants from Russia. His father was Lithuanian and his mother Georgian. Calvin earned his Bachelor of Science from the Michigan College of Mining and Technology (now known as Michigan Tech University) in 1931 and his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Minnesota in 1935. He then spent the next four years doing postdoctoral work at the University of Manchester. He married Genevieve Jemtegaard in 1942, and they had three children, two daughters and a son. Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Michigan Technological University (abbr. ... Michigan Technological University (abbr. ... Doctor of Philosophy (from Greek , meaning Teacher of Philosophy), typically abbreviated Ph. ... Washington Avenue Bridge at night The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, almost always abbreviated U of M, and sometimes referred to as The U by locals, is the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system. ... The University of Manchester is a large university located in Manchester, England. ...

Calvin joined the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley in 1937 and was promoted to Professor of Chemistry in 1947. In 1963 he was given the additional title of Professor of Molecular Biology. He was founder and Director of the Laboratory of Chemical Biodynamics and simultaneously Associate Director of Berkeley Radiation Laboratory, where he conducted much of his research until his retirement in 1980. The University of California, Berkeley (also known as UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, and by other names, see below) is the oldest and flagship campus of the ten-campus University of California system. ... The Berkeley Lab is perched on a hill overlooking the Berkeley central campus and San Francisco Bay. ...

Using the carbon-14 isotope as a tracer, Calvin and his team mapped the complete route that carbon travels through a plant during photosynthesis, starting from its absorption as atmospheric carbon dioxide to its conversion into carbohydrates and other organic compounds. In doing so, the Calvin group showed that sunlight acts on the chlorophyll in a plant to fuel the manufacturing of organic compounds, rather than on carbon dioxide as was previously believed. In his final years of active research, he studied the use of oil-producing plants as renewable sources of energy. He also spent many years testing the chemical evolution of life and wrote a book on the subject that was published in 1969. Calvin also researched organic geochemistry, chemical carcinogenesis and analysis of moon rocks. Carbon-14 is the radioactive isotope of carbon discovered February 27, 1940, by Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben. ... The leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants. ... Chlorophyll gives leaves their green color Space-filling model of the chlorophyll molecule Chlorophyll is a green photosynthetic pigment found in most plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. ... Carbon dioxide is a chemical compound composed of one carbon and two oxygen atoms. ... Organic geochemistry is the study of the impacts and processes that organisms, and once-living organisms have on the earth. ... Lunar Ferroan Anorthosite #60025 (Plagioclase Feldspar). ...

He served on the Science Advisory Committee under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and the Advisory Group to the Office of Science and Technology Policy of the Executive Office of the President. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences, with which he was chairman of the Committee on Science and Public Policy, the Royal Society of London, the Japan Academy, and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences. Congress established Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in 1976 with a broad mandate to advise the President and others within the Executive Office of the President on the effects of science and technology on domestic and international affairs. ... President Harding and the National Academy of Sciences at the White House, Washington, DC, April 1921 The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a corporation in the United States whose members serve pro bono as advisers to the nation on science, engineering, and medicine. ... ... The Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences) is an organisation dedicated to the advancement of science and literature in the Netherlands. ...

In addition to the 1961 Nobel Prize in chemistry, his awards included the National Medal of Science, which he received in 1989, the Priestley Medal from the American Chemical Society, the Davy Medal from the Royal Society of London, and the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Chemists. National Medal of Science The National Medal of Science, also called the Presidential Medal of Science, is an honor given by the President of the United States to individuals in science and engineering who have made important contributions to the advancement of knowledge in the fields of behavioral and social... The Priestley Medal is awarded by the American Chemical Society (ACS) for distinguished service in the field of chemistry. ... ...

Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Preceded by
Jaroslav Heyrovský
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Succeeded by
Max Perutz and John Kendrew

Jaroslav Heyrovský listen ▶(?) (December 20, 1890 – March 27, 1967) was a Czech chemist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1959. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ... Max Ferdinand Perutz, OM (May 19, 1914 – February 6, 2002) was an Austrian-British molecular biologist. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

External links

  • Nobel speech and biographmems/mcalvin.html Tribute by Glenn Seaborg and Andrew Benson
  • research on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants
  • Biogrpahical memoir by Glenn Seaborg and Andrew Benson
  • U.S. Patent 4427511 Melvin Calvin - Photo-induced electron transfer method

  Results from FactBites:
timelinescience - photosynthesis (Melvin Calvin) - resources (322 words)
Calvin set up a team of young scientists - at 34 he was about the oldest - and for the first time he got together biologists, chemists and physicists who all worked together contributing different skills to the research.
The Calvin group showed that sunlight acts on the chlorophyll in a plant to fuel the manufacturing of organic compounds, rather than on carbon dioxide as was previously believed.
Melvin Calvin won 1961 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of the chemical pathways of photosynthesis.
Melvin Calvin Obituary (570 words)
Calvin was born on April 8, 1911 in Saint Paul, Minnesota.
One of Calvin's last visits to the Hill was in October 1995, when as a tribute to his accomplishments, the Laboratory named one of its nine roads in his honor.
Calvin is survived by two daughters, Elin Sowie and Karole Campbell, and a son, Noel, six grandchildren and two great grandchildren.
  More results at FactBites »



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