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Encyclopedia > Melk Abbey
Stift Melk
Courtyard of the Stift Melk
Courtyard of the Stift Melk
Melk Abbey

Melk Abbey or Stift Melk is an historic Austrian Benedictine abbey, and one of the world's most famous monastic sites. It is located above the town of Melk on a rocky outcrop overlooking the river Danube in the federal state of Lower Austria, adjoining the Wachau valley. It has the rare distinction of surviving as an active Benedictine monastery continuously since its foundation. Download high resolution version (2443x1523, 2681 KB)Foto W. Hochauer, Stift Melk, Lower Austria, This photo is from Abbey Melk, April 2005 from Walter Hochauer [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Wachau Stift Melk Image:Stift melk 001. ... Download high resolution version (2443x1523, 2681 KB)Foto W. Hochauer, Stift Melk, Lower Austria, This photo is from Abbey Melk, April 2005 from Walter Hochauer [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Wachau Stift Melk Image:Stift melk 001. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 833 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 833 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1536 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Niels Nielsen took this picture. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1536 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Niels Nielsen took this picture. ... The longest lasting of the western Catholic monastic orders, the Benedictine Order traces its origins to the adoption of the monastic life by St. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... The Order of Friars Minor is a major mendicant movement founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Melk seen from the abbey Stift Melk Melk (older spelling: Mölk) is a city of Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria, next to the Wachau valley along the Danube. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... Since Austria is a federal republic according to the constitutional framework of Austrian politics, Austrias nine provinces are customarily referred to as States of Austria or Bundesländer, singular Bundesland. ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ... Stift Melk, Wachau (Wachau is also the name of a municipality in the district of Kamenz in Saxony, Germany: see Wachau, Saxony). ...


The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey. A school was founded in the 12th Century, and the monastic library soon became renowned for its extensive manuscript collection. The monastery was also a major site for the production of manuscripts. In the 15th Century the abbey became the centre of the Melk Reform movement which reinvigorated the monastic life of Austria and Southern Germany. Events Northumbria divided by the Normans into the counties of Northumberland, County Durham, Yorkshire, Westmorland and Lancashire August 11, powerful Britain Coronation of Rama Varma Kulasekhara in Kerala Synod of Melfi under Pope Urban II imposes slavery on the wives of priests Palmyra destroyed by earthquake Byzantine conquest of Crete... Leopold II (1050 – October 12, 1095) was a Babenberg Margrave of Austria ruling from 1075 onwards. ... Lambach Abbey (Stift Lambach) is a Benedictine monastery in Lambach in Austria. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


Today's impressive Baroque abbey was built between 1702 and 1736 by architect Jakob Prandtauer. Particularly noteworthy is the abbey church with frescos by Johann Michael Rottmayr and the impressive library with countless medieval manuscripts. Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... Jakob Prandtauer (1660–1726) was an architect. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... Johann Michael Rottmayr Johann Michael Rottmayr (December 11, 1656 in Laufen an der Salzach, Austria; † October 25, 1730) was an Austrian painter. ... Julio Pérez Ferrero Library - Cúcuta, Colombia A modern-style library in Chambéry A library is a collection of information resources and services, organized for use, and maintained by a public body, institution, or private individual. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


Due to its fame and academic stature, Melk managed to escape dissolution under Emperor Joseph II when many other Austrian abbeys were seized and dissolved between 1780 and 1790. The abbey managed to survive other threats to its existence during the Napoleonic Wars, and also in the period following the Nazi Anschluss (takeover) of Austria in 1938, when the school and a large part of the abbey were confiscated by the state. Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Joseph II (Joseph Benedict August Johannes Anton Michel Adam) (March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Austrian Empire[1] Kingdom of Portugal Kingdom of Prussia[1] Russian Empire[2] Kingdom of Spain[3] Kingdom of Sweden United Kingdom[4] Ottoman Empire[5] French Empire Kingdom of Holland Kingdom of Italy Kingdom of Naples Duchy of Warsaw Kingdom of Bavaria[6] Kingdom of Saxony[7... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The school was returned to the abbey after the Second World War and now caters for nearly 900 pupils of both sexes. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Since 1625 the abbey has been a member of the Austrian Congregation, now within the Benedictine Confederation. The Austrian Congregation is a congregation of Benedictine monasteries situated in Austria, within the Benedictine Confederation. ... See also Rule of Saint Benedict and Benedictine. ...


Umberto Eco named one of the protagonists in his well-known novel The Name of the Rose as a tribute to the abbey and its famous library "Adso von Melk". Umberto Eco (born January 5, 1932) is an Italian medievalist, semiotician, philosopher and novelist, best known for his novel The Name of the Rose (Il nome della rosa) and his many essays. ... The Name of the Rose, a novel by Umberto Eco, is a murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the year 1327. ...


See also

Culture on the territory of what is today Austria can be traced back to around 1050 B.C. with the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures. ...

External links with English content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Stift Melk

Coordinates: 48°13′41″N, 15°20′02″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Monastery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2210 words)
Westminster Abbey was for a short time a cathedral, and was a Benedictine monastery until the Reformation, and its Chapter preserves elements of the Benedictine tradition.
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