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Encyclopedia > Melaka
Melaka
Malacca
Melaka Negeri Bersejarah
Image:Lambang Melaka.png
State Flag Coat of Arms
State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, "United We Stand")
Capital Malacca Town
Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob
Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam
Area 1,650 km²
Population
 - Estimated

648,500
State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya
This article is about a state in Malaysia. For the homonymous woody plant from which canes are made, see rattan. Malacca is also another name for Car Nicobar

Malacca (Jawi: ملاك; Malay: Melaka), dubbed as Negeri Bersejarah (Malay: historical state) or Negeri Hang Tuah (Hang Tuah state) is the second smallest state in Malaysia. It is located in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula, on the Straits of Malacca. The state's capital is Malacca Town. Image File history File links Flag_of_Malacca. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Malacca ... Malaysia Melaka map. ... Malacca Town (Malay: Bandar Melaka) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Malacca. ... The Malay language has a complex system of titles and honorifics which is still extensively used in Malaysia and Brunei. ... Melaka Maju Jaya (loosely translated as Onward Melaka) is the state anthem of Melaka/Malacca, a state in the southwest region of Peninsular Malaysia. ... A cane is a long, straight wooden stick, generally of bamboo, Malacca (rattan), or some similar plant, mainly used as a support, such as a walking stick or as an instrument of punishment. ... Genera Calamus Calospatha Ceratolobus Daemonorops Eremospatha Eugeissonia Korthalsia Laccosperma Metroxylon Myrialepis Oncocalamus Pigafetta Plectocomia Plectomiopsis Raphia Zalacca Zalacella Rattan (from the Malay rotan), is the name for the roughly six hundred species of palms in the tribe Calameae, native to tropical regions of Africa, Asia and Australasia. ... Car Nicobar (known as Malacca or Pu in the local language) is the northernmost of the Nicobar Islands, which in turn are the southern part of the Indian union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. ... The Jawi alphabet. ... The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu or Bahasa Malaysia, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo. ... A bronze sculpture of Hang Tuah with Ta Melayu Hilang Di-Dunia written at the top. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... This wide-angle map of south-east Asia shows that the Strait is the most direct route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. ... Malacca Town (Malay: Bandar Melaka) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Malacca. ...


Although Malacca was the original Malay sultanate, the state has no Sultan today. Instead, the head of state is the Yang di-Pertua Negeri or Governor. The Sultan in Disneys Aladdin A Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Yang di-Pertua Negeri, literally the head of state in Malay, is the title of the largely symbolic state Governors of the Malaysian states of Penang, Malacca, Sabah and Sarawak, who are appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia. ...

Contents


Geography

Malacca is on the southwest coast of the Malay Peninsula opposite Sumatra, with the states of Negeri Sembilan to the north and Johor to the east. The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the third largest island of Indonesia after Borneo (of which Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia) and New Guinea. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Seremban Royal Capital Seri Menanti Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Chief Minister YAB Dato Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hasan Area 6,645 km2 Population  - Est. ... State Motto: Kepada Allah berserah (English: all hopes is to God (Allah) Capital Johor Bahru Royal Capital Pasir Pelangi Sultan Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Chief minister Dato Abdul Ghani Othman Area 19,984 km² Population 3. ...


The offshore Pulau Besar (Malacca) is also part of Melaka. Pulau Besar is the name of many islands in Malaysia and Indonesia. ...


Demographics

Malacca has a population of 648,000 as of 2001, being composed of: 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...

The major towns of Malacca are Malacca Town, Alor Gajah, Masjid Tanah, Jasin, Merlimau, Pulau Sebang and Ayer Keroh. Malays (Dutch, Malayo, ultimately from Malay: Melayu) are a diverse group of Austronesian peoples inhabiting the Malay archipelago and Malay peninsula in Southeast Asia. ... The Chitty caretaker of the Chitty museum. ... The Kristang or Cristão people are an ethnic group of people, mostly in Malacca (Malaysia) and Singapore. ... Malacca Town (Malay: Bandar Melaka) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Malacca. ... Alor Gajah is a town and a district in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Masjid Tanah is a major town in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Jasin is one of the three districts in the State of Melaka in Malaysia. ... Merlimau is a main town in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Ayer Keroh is town in the Malaysian state of Malacca. ...


History

Sultanate of Malacca

Malacca was founded by Parameswara, a Srivijayan prince who left Sumatra in 1396 in order to further his enmity with the Majapahit Empire. According to a popular legend, Parameswara was resting under a tree near a river while hunting, when one of his dogs cornered a mouse deer. In self-defence, the mouse deer pushed the dog into the river. Impressed by the courage of the deer, and taking it as a propitious omen of the weak overcoming the powerful, Parameswara decided on the spot to found an empire on the very place that he was sitting. He named it "Melaka" after the tree under which he had taken shelter. People by name Parameshwara: The fourteenth century Indian mathematician. ... Srivijaya empire at its peak. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the third largest island of Indonesia after Borneo (of which Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia) and New Guinea. ... Events September 25 - Bayazid I defeats Sigismund of Hungary and John of Nevers at the Battle of Nicopolis. ... The Majapahit Empire was an Indianized kingdom based in eastern Java from 1293 to around 1500. ... The four species of chevrotain, also known as mouse deer, make up the family Tragulidae. ...


Parameswara converted to Islam in 1414 and changed his name to "Raja Iskandar Shah". What started as a fishing village then grew into the most important port in the region, attracting traders from Java, India, Arabia and China, and served as a stopping point for China-India trade during the two monsoon periods. Mass settlement of Chinese, mostly from the imperial and merchant fleet occurred during the reign of Parameswara, occurred in the vicinity of the Bukit China ("Chinese Hill") area, which had among the best Feng Shui (geomancy) in Malacca then. Sultan Iskandar Shah died in 1424, and was succeeded by his son, Sri Maharaja. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ... // Events Council of Constance begins. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a wind pattern that reverses direction with the seasons. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Map of Merchant marine by country. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ... Geomancy (from Old French geomancie <Late Latin geōmantia <Late Greek geōmanteia< geo, earth + manteia, divination) from the eponymous ilm al-raml (the science of sand), is a method of divination that interprets markings on the ground, or how handfuls of dirt land when someone tosses them. ... Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ...


Unfortunately, the prosperity of Malacca attracted the invasion of the Siamese. Attempts in 1446 and 1456, however, were warded off by Tun Perak, the then Chief Minister. The development of relations between Malacca and China was at that time a strategic decision to ward off further Siamese attacks. Anthem: Phleng Chat Capital Bangkok Largest city Bangkok Official language(s) Thai Government Constitutional monarchy  - King Bhumibol Adulyadej  - Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra Independence from Khmer Empire   - Sukhothai kingdom 1238–1368   - Ayutthaya kingdom 1350–1767   - Thonburi kingdom 1767–April 7, 1782   - Chakri dynasty April 7, 1782–present  Area    - Total 513,000... Events Mehmed II Sultan of the Ottoman Empire is forced to abdicate in favor of his father Murad II by the Janissaries. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ...


Because of its strategic location, Malacca was an important outpost for Zheng He's spectacular exploration fleet. To enhance relations, Hang Li Po, allegedly a princess of the Ming Emperor of China, arrived in Malacca, accompanied by 500 attendants, to marry Sultan Mansur Shah who reigned from 1456 until 1477. Her attendants married the locals and settled mostly in Bukit China. Outpost may mean: a trading post is a place for trading goods, typically in a remote wilderness area Outpost (computer game) outpost (chess) Outpost. ... The picture of Ming dynastys Islamic missionary navigator Hajji Mahmud Zheng He wearing the formal Ming dynastys official dress. ... Artist impression of princess Hang Li Po, wife of Sultan Mansur Shah of Malacca. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... Events January 5 - Battle of Nancy - Charles the Bold of Burgundy is again defeated, and this time is killed. ...


A cultural result of the vibrant trade was the expansion of the Peranakan people, who spread to other major settlements in the region. Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya (峇峇娘惹) and Straits Chinese (土生華人; named after the Straits of Malacca) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who...


During its heyday Malacca was a powerful Sultanate which extended its rule over the southern Malay Peninsula and much of Sumatra. Its rise help to hold off the Thai's southwards encroachment and arguably hasten the decline of the rival Majapahit Empire of Java. Malacca was also central in the spread of Islam in the Malay Archipelago. The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ... The Malay Archipelago refers to the vast group of islands located between mainland Southeast Asia (Indochina) and Australia. ...


Colonization

Malacca was conquered on August 24, 1511 by the Portuguese viceroy of India, Afonso de Albuquerque and it became a strategic base for Portuguese expansion in the East Indies. Sultan Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan of Malacca took refuge in the hinterland, and made intermittent raids both by land and sea, causing considerable hardship for the Portuguese. Finally in 1526, a large force of Portuguese ships, under the command of Pedro Mascarenhas, was sent to destroy Bentan, where Sultan Mahmud was based. Sultan Mahmud fled with his family across the Straits to Kampar in Sumatra, where he died two years later. August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1511 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... Afonso de Albuquerque Afonso de Albuquerque, Afonso dAlbuquerque or Alfonso de Albuquerque (pron. ... The Indies, on the display globe of the Field Museum, Chicago The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term used to describe lands of South and South-East Asia, occupying all of the former British India, the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Maldives, and... Sultan Mahmud Shah (Sultan 1488 - 1528) is the son of Paduka Sri Sultan Alauddin Riayat Shah. ... Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... This wide-angle map of south-east Asia shows that the Strait is the most direct route from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the third largest island of Indonesia after Borneo (of which Kalimantan belongs to Indonesia) and New Guinea. ...


The Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier spent several months in Malacca in 1545, 1546 and 1549. In 1641 the Dutch defeated the Portuguese to capture Malacca with the help of the Sultan of Johore. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events February 27 - Battle of Ancrum Moor - Scots victory over superior English forces December 13 - Official opening of the Council of Trent (closed 1563) Battle of Kawagoe - between two branches of Uesugi families and the late Hojo clan in Japan. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Events July - Ketts Rebellion Francis Xavier arrives in Japan. ... Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... State Motto: Kepada Allah berserah (English: all hopes is to God (Allah) Capital Johor Bahru Royal Capital Pasir Pelangi Sultan Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Chief minister Dato Abdul Ghani Othman Area 19,984 km² Population 3. ...


The Dutch ruled Malacca from 1641 to 1795 but they were not interested in developing it as a trading centre, placing greater importance to Batavia (Jakarta) in Indonesia as their administrative centre. Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This page is about the capital city of Indonesia. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ...


Malacca was ceded to the British in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 in exchange for Bencoolen on Sumatra. From 1826 to 1946 Malacca was governed, first by the British East India Company and then as a Crown Colony. It formed part of the Straits Settlements, together with Singapore and Penang. After the dissolution of this crown colony, Malacca and Penang became part of the Malayan Union, which later became Malaysia. The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824, also known as the Treaty of London (one of several), was a treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United Kingdom of the Netherlands in London on March 17, 1824. ... Bengkulu is a province of Indonesia. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company which was granted an English Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intention of favouring trade privileges in India. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... The Straits Settlements were a collection of territories of the British East India Company in Southeast Asia, which were given collective administration in 1826. ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Location in Malaysia Government Capital George Town (5. ... The Malayan Union was formed on April 1, 1946 by the British. ...


State government

Malacca is administered by its State Assembly and Executive Committee (EXCO). The State Assembly represents the highest authority in the state and decides on policy matters. The EXCO is responsible to the State Assembly and comprises members who are appointed every five years by the political party in power. It is headed by the Governor (Yang Di-Pertuan Negeri) who is appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ...


The Chief Minister's Department is the administrative pillar of the State Government, and is responsible for the overall administration of the State, as well as its political interest. The administrative complex houses the Chief Minister's office, as well as the office of the State Secretariat. For administrative purposes, Malacca is divided into three districts under separate jurisdiction: A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ...

  • Malacca Central District & Land Office
  • Alor Gajah District & Land Office
  • Jasin District & Land Office

These offices render various services and facilities to the people in their daily lives.


Economy

The tourism and manufacturing sectors are the two most important sectors in the state economy. Malacca has adopted as its slogan, "Visiting Malacca Means Visiting Malaysia" ("Melawat Melaka Bererti Melawati Malaysia"). It is rich in cultural heritage and bears several places of historical interest. El Nido, Philippines Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of services for this act. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Apart from tourism, Malacca is also a manufacturing centre for products ranging from food and consumer products, through high-tech weaponry and automotive components to electronic and computer parts. There are at least 23 industrial estates that houses some 500 factories from the United States, Germany, Japan, Taiwan, and Singapore. High tech refers to high technology, technology that is at the cutting-edge and the most advanced currently available. ... The bayonet, still used in war as both knife and spearpoint. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The field of electronics comprises the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves and semiconductors. ... A Lego RCX Computer is an example of an embedded computer used to control mechanical devices. ... An industrial park (or industrial estate in British English) is an area of land set aside for industrial development. ...


Education

Malacca has given birth to numerous successful Malaysians who have achieved immense success in Malaysia and abroad. Among them is Sim Wong Hoo who help founded the global sound technology company, Creative Technology. Sim Wong Hoo is the CEO and Chairman of Creative Technology, the pioneer of computer sound systems. ... Creative Technology Limited (SGX: C76, NASDAQ: CREAF) is a listed manufacturer of computer multimedia products based in Singapore where the firm was initially founded by Sim Wong Hoo (born 1955) on July 1, 1981. ...


The state is much sought after for medical education with the setting up of the Melaka Manipal Medical College. It has produced many doctors who are serving the country or working abroad since its inception in 1997. Melaka Manipal Medical College is a private medical college which offers a twinning programme for medical undergraduates leading to an MBBS degree. ...


The state also has a branch campus of Multimedia University. The campus currently attracts many foreign students, especially those Middle East and Africa, for its computer and engineering courses. The university also features degree programmes in fields like robotics, bio-instrumentation and law. Most of the student population of Multimedia University is drawn from its foundation programmes, also known as the Alpha Programmes. Multimedia Universitys Melaka Campus Multimedia University is Malaysias first private university. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... For other uses, see Africa (disambiguation). ...


Malacca also host a few public university college such as, Kolej Universiti Teknikal Kebangsaan Malaysia and Kolej Yayasan Melaka.


Medicine

Malacca boasts of the most up to date medical infrastructure, comparable to developed countries. There are numerous hospitals, both government and private, spread throughout the state. They are listed below:

  • Government hospitals
    • Melaka General Hospital
    • Jasin District Hospital

Currently, both these government hospitals serve as teaching hospitals for Melaka Manipal Medical College. Melaka Manipal Medical College is a private medical college which offers a twinning programme for medical undergraduates leading to an MBBS degree. ...

  • Private Hospitals
    • Putra Hospital (formerly known as Southern Hospital, owned by the state government)
    • Pantai Ayer Keroh
    • Mahkota Hospital (opposite Mahkota Parade)

Malacca's private healthcare services are becoming increasingly sought after by patients from as far away as Indonesia and Singapore.


Culture

Malacca is well-known for its food. Most notable of all is the Nyonya-Baba cuisine which is a mixture of Chinese and Malay cooking with most dishes being spicy in nature. Interesting dishes of the Peranakan include Itek Tim(a soup containing duck and salted vegetables), Ayam Pong Teh (chicken casserole with salted brown-bean sauce) as well as the famous Nyonya Laksa. Peranakan, Baba-Nyonya (峇峇娘惹) and Straits Chinese (土生華人; named after the Straits of Malacca) are terms used for the descendants of the very early Chinese immigrants to the Nusantara region, including both the British Straits Settlements of Singapore, Malacca and Penang and the Dutch-controlled island of Java among other places, who... A cuisine (from French cuisine, meaning cooking; culinary art; kitchen; itself from Latin coquina, meaning the same; itself from the Latin verb coquere, meaning to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a place of origin. ... Laksa (叻沙; pinyin: lèshā) is a popular spicy noodle soup from Peranakan culture, which is a merger of Chinese and Malay elements found in Malaysia and Singapore. ...

Baba-Nyonya house in Melaka
Baba-Nyonya house in Melaka

The Portuguese colonization of the early 16th century also contributed dishes like Devil's Curry and Portuguese tart to the town's already rich cuisine. The interesting Chinese cuisine in Melaka includes the popular Chicken Rice Ball as well as dodol, a sort of solidified pudding generally made with durian or coconut. Ikan Bakar restaurants are also popular in Melaka with places like Umbai, Serkam and Alai being the choice of the populace. Baba house, Malacca, Malaysia, by Andrew Lih File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Baba house, Malacca, Malaysia, by Andrew Lih File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Chicken Rice Ball dish is a variation of the Hainanese Chicken Rice. ...


The average tourist can find most popular Malaccan cuisine at the foodcourts or medan selera as they are referred to in the local Malay language. The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu or Bahasa Malaysia, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo. ...


Melaka's ethnic Portuguese population is a unique cultural and historical legacy of Portuguese colonization in the 16th and 17th century. Even to this day, many of the ancient traditions passed down since the Portuguese occupation are still practised, i.e. "Intrudu" (a water festival that marks the beginning of the Catholic fasting season, the season of Lent), "branyu" (traditional dance), "santa cruz" (a yearly fiesta of street celebrations). Fasting is the act of willingly abstaining from some or all food and in some cases drink, for a period of time. ... The 2006 Sinulog festival in the Philippines Renaissance festival A festival or fest is an event, usually staged by a local community, which centers on some theme, sometimes on some unique aspect of the community. ...


Transport

Tampin, a town 30 km north of Malacca town, is the nearest train station that serves Malacca. There were railway tracks from Tampin to Malacca before World War II but was dismantled by the Japanese during the war for the construction of the infamous Burmese Death Railway. It was never rebuilt after the war though traces of the line remain. Tampin is both a town and a district in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia and is located near the Malacca-Negeri Sembilan border. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Bridge over the river Kwai Map of the Death Railway The Death Railway (known also as Burma Railway or Burma Thai Railway) was a railway built from Thailand to Burma (now Myanmar) by the Japanese during World War II to complete the route from Bangkok to Rangoon and support...


Malacca has a bus station ,Melaka Central which has airconditioned waiting areas and separate areas for buses plying the town routes and for buses plying the intertown routes with regular bus services to Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Johor Bahru, and other places in Malaysia. It also has an airport at Batu Berendam which today mainly serves chartered flights from around the region. It also serves as a flight school for Malaysia Flying Academy. For other meanings, see Bus stop (disambiguation). ... An early motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by Netphener company (1895) A bus is a large automobile intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... Flag Seal Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Government Country State Malaysia Federal Territory Establishment 1857 (Granted city status in 1974) Mayor Ruslin Hasan Geographical characteristics Area 243. ... [[Flag of Johor Bahru جوهر بهارو|Flag]] [[Seal of Johor Bahru جوهر بهارو|Seal]] Nickname: JB, Bandar Raya Selatan Motto: Berkhidmat, Berbudaya, Berwawasan (English: ) Location Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Government Country State Malaysia Johor Establishment 1855 (Granted city status in 1994) Mayor Latiff Yusof Geographical characteristics Area     City 185 km²  (72. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ...


The Ayer Keroh exit at the North-South highway is the main entry to Malacca. There are two additional exits along the North-South highway, namely the Alor Gajah and Jasin exits. PLUS PLUS South section of North-South Expressway, facing towards Kuala Lumpur. ...


Popular historical attractions

Christ Church, Melaka.
Christ Church, Melaka.
Example of gravestone from St Francis Xavier Church.
Example of gravestone from St Francis Xavier Church.
  • Fort A Famosa: Constructed by the Portuguese in 1511, it suffered severe structural damage during the Dutch invasion. The plan by the British to destroy it was aborted as a result of the intervention of Sir Stamford Raffles in 1808.
  • St. John's Fort: Reconstructed by the Dutch in the third quarter of the 18th century, the cannons in this fort point inwards towards the mainland because at that time, the threat to Malacca was mainly from inland rather than the sea.
  • St. Peter's Church: Constructed in 1710 under the Dutch administration, the church is the oldest Catholic church in Malaysia. Its facade and decorative embellishment is a mix of both eastern and western architecture. Its bell was delivered from Goa in 1608.
  • St. Paul's Church: Constructed by the Portuguese captain, Duarte Coelho, this church was named "Our Lady of The Hill", but was later turned into a burial ground by the Dutch for their noble dead, and renamed "St. Paul's Church". Currently the church is part of the Malaccan Museums Complex. The body of St. Francis Xaxier was interred here temporarily before it was taken to Goa, India.
  • Christ Church: Constructed in 1753, the structure reflects original Dutch architecture. The building houses hand-crafted church benches, jointless ceiling skylights, a copper replica of the Bible, a headstone written in the Armenian language, and a replica of "The Last Supper".
  • Francis Xavier Church: This Gothic church was built by the French priest, Father Paderi Fabre, in 1849, to commemorate St. Francis Xavier who is also known as the "Apostle of the East". St. Francis Xavier is credited for his Catholic missionary work in Southeast Asia during the 16th century.
  • Stadhuys Building: Constructed in 1650 as the residence of the Dutch Governor and his deputy, the structure reflects Dutch architecture. It is today the "Museum of History and Ethnography". The museum exhibits traditional wedding clothes and artifacts of Melaka, dating back to its days of glory.
  • Jonker Street (Jalan Hang Jebat): This street is famous for its antique goods.

In order to attract more tourists to Malacca, the State government has built a number of museums to house its rich cultural heritage. Image File history File links Christ_church_melaka. ... Image File history File links Christ_church_melaka. ... Image File history File links Melakagrave1_small. ... Image File history File links Melakagrave1_small. ... AFamosa at the foot of St. ... Thomas Stamford Raffles. ... 1808 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A small American Civil War-era cannon on a carriage A caun is any large tubular firearm designed to fire a heavy projectile over a considerable distance. ... Table of Fortification, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... // Events April 10 - The worlds first copyright legislation became effective, Britains Statute of Anne Ongoing events Great Northern War (1700-1721) War of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713) Births January 3 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (d. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... West facade of the Notre-Dame de Strasbourg Cathedral A facade (or façade) (Pronounced fa-sa-de) is generally the exterior of a building — especially the front, but also sometimes the sides and rear. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... A bell is a simple sound-making device. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Events March 18 - Sissinios formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia May 14 - Protestant Union founded in Auhausen. ... This article concerns the rank and title of Captain. ... 1753 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The word skylight, when used alone, has several possible meanings in the English language. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Atomic mass 63. ... Look up replica in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... Headstones in the Japanese Cemetry in Broome, Western Australia A cemetery in rural Spain A typical late 20th century headstone in the United States A headstone, tombstone or gravestone is a marker, normally carved from stone, placed over or next to the site of a burial. ... Armenian is an Indo-European language spoken by the Armenian people in the Armenian Republic and also used by the Armenian Diaspora. ... The Last Supper was the last meal Jesus shared with his apostles before his death. ... See also Gothic art. ... Roman Catholic priests in traditional clerical clothing. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... // Events June 23 - Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland, the only of the three Kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler. ... Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphein = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on fieldwork. ... The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ... I archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological endeavor. ... Antiques (Latin antiquus, old) are objects which have reached an age which makes them a witness of a previous era in human society. ...


Sources, References and External links


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Flag of Melaka Malacca
Districts: Alor Gajah | Central Melaka | Jasin
City: Malacca Town
Towns: Alor Gajah | Ayer Keroh | Batu Berendam | Bukit Katil | Durian Tunggal | Jasin | Klebang | Lendu | Lubuk China | Masjid Tanah | Merlimau | Nyalas | Ramuan China | Selandar | Serkam | Sungai Rambai | Sungai Udang | Tanjung Bidara | Tanjung Kling | Tanjung Tuan | Umbai
Islands: Pulau Besar | Pulau Melaka
States and Federal Territories of Malaysia Flag of Malaysia
States: Johor | Kedah | Kelantan | Malacca | Negeri Sembilan | Pahang | Perak | Perlis | Penang | Sabah | Sarawak | Selangor | Terengganu
Federal Territories: Kuala Lumpur | Labuan | Putrajaya
Dutch overseas empire
Former colonies
Africa: Arguin Island | Cape Colony | Lydsaamheid fort & factory in Delagoa Bay | Dutch Gold Coast | Gorée | Mauritius

The Americas: Berbice | New Holland (in Brazil) (part) | Dutch Guiana & | Demerara | Essequibo annex Pomeroon | New Netherland (New Amsterdam, New Sweden) | Tobago | Virgin Islands (part) Image File history File links Flag_of_Malacca. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km2 Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... Alor Gajah is a town and a district in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Central Melaka or Melaka Tengah is a main district in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Jasin is one of the three districts in the State of Melaka in Malaysia. ... Malacca Town (Malay: Bandar Melaka) is the capital of the Malaysian state of Malacca. ... Alor Gajah is a town and a district in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Ayer Keroh is town in the Malaysian state of Malacca. ... Batu Berendam is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Bukit Katil is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Durian Tunggal is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Jasin is one of the three districts in the State of Melaka in Malaysia. ... Klebang is a famous beach in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Lendu is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Lubuk China is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Masjid Tanah is a major town in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Merlimau is a main town in Melaka, Malaysia. ... Nyalas is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Ramuan China is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Selandar is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Serkam is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Sungai Rambai is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Sungai Udang is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Tanjung Bidara is a famous beach in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Tanjung Kling is a small town in Melaka state Malaysia. ... Tanjung Tuan or Cape Rachado is a town in Malacca, Malaysia. ... Umbai is a town between Jasin-Central Melaka border in Melaka. ... Pulau Besar is a main island in Malacca, Malaysia Categories: | | ... Pulau Melaka is the man made islands in Malacca Town, Melaka, Malaysia. ... Malaysia is a federation of 13 states. ... Wilayah Persekutuan is the Malay term for Federal Territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... State Motto: Kepada Allah berserah (English: all hopes is to God (Allah) Capital Johor Bahru Royal Capital Pasir Pelangi Sultan Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Chief minister Dato Abdul Ghani Othman Area 19,984 km² Population 3. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Alor Star Royal Capital Anak Bukit Sultan Tuanku Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Chief Minister Dato Hj Mahdzir Bin Khalid Area 9,426 km2 Population  - Est year 2003 1 778 188 State anthem Allah Selamatkan Sultan Mahkota Kedah (Jawi:قدح, pop. ... State Motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan (English : Submit to God, government of Kelantan Capital Kota Bharu Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra ibni al-Marhum Sultan Yahya Petra Chief minister Tuan Guru Dato Haji Nik Aziz Nik Mat Area 14,922 km² Population 1. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km2 Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Seremban Royal Capital Seri Menanti Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman Chief Minister YAB Dato Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hasan Area 6,645 km2 Population  - Est. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Kuantan Royal Capital Pekan Sultan Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Chief Minister Dato Seri Adnan Yaakob Area 35,964 km2 Population  - Est year 2005 1,372,500 State anthem Pahang State Anthem Pahang (Jawi: Ú¨Ù‡Ú ) is the largest state on Peninsular Malaysia, occupying the huge Pahang... State motto: no State motto Capital Ipoh Royal Capital Kuala Kangsar Sultan Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah Chief Minister Dato Seri Diraja Tajol Rosli bin Mohd Ghazali Area 21,006 km² Population  - Est. ... State motto: no State motto Capital Kangar Royal Capital Arau Raja Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Regent Syed Faizuddin Putra Chief Minister Shahidan Kassim Area 810 km2 Population  - Est year 2000 198335 State anthem Amin amin ya Rabaljalil Perlis, a retailer of fine clothing located on Magazine Street in Uptown New Orleans. ... State motto: Bersatu dan Setia (United and Loyal), formerly Let Penang Lead Location in Malaysia Government Capital George Town (5. ... State motto: Sabah Maju Jaya Capital Kota Kinabalu Governor Tun Haji Ahmadshah Abdullah Chief Minister Hj. ... State motto: United, Industrious, Dedicated (Malay: Bersatu, Berusaha, Berbakti ) Capital Kuching Governor T.Y.T Tun Datuk Patinggi Abang Muhammad Salahuddin Chief Minister Y.A.B. Datuk Patinggi Tan Sri Haji Abdul Taib Bin Mahmud / Pehin Sri Dr. Hj. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah (English: Under Gods (Allah) Protection) Capital Shah Alam Royal Capital Klang Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Chief Minister Dato Seri Dr Mohd Khir bin Toyo Area 7,956 km2 Population  - Estimated 4,100,000 State anthem Duli Yang Maha Mulia Selangor (Jawi: سلنجور, population 4. ... Terengganu (Jawi: ترڠڬانو, formerly spelled Trengganu or Tringganu) is a sultanate and constitutive state of federal Malaysia. ... Flag Seal Nickname: KL Motto: Maju dan makmur (Malay: Peace and progress) Location Location in Malaysia Coordinates: Government Country State Malaysia Federal Territory Establishment 1857 (Granted city status in 1974) Mayor Ruslin Hasan Geographical characteristics Area 243. ... State motto: Capital Victoria Governor  ? Chief Minister  ? Area 92 km2 Population 78,000 (est. ... Image:InsertMapHere Mayor Tan Sri Samsudin Osman District Federal Territory Area 46 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Metropolitan 45,000 (est. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Maximum extent of Portuguese colonial possessions in the 16th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Souira Guedima, formerly known as Aguz, is a Moroccan town. ... Alcácer Ceguer (also know as El Qsar es Seghir) was a moroccan stronghold in the Strait of Gibraltrar, between Tanger and Ceuta. ... Asilah or Arzila is a city situated on the northwest tip of Morocco with a history back to 1500 B.C. The Phoenicians used the city as a trading site. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Area  â€“ Total   28 km² Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ Density  75,276  2688. ... El Jadida (الجديدة) is a port city on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, in the province of El Jadida. ... The ramparts of Essaouira Essaouira (Arabic: ‎) is a city and tourist resort in Morocco, near Marrakesh on the Atlantic coast. ... Asfi (french Safi) is a city located in western Morocco, by the Atlantic Ocean. ... Panorama of the seaside from the Kasbah The beach seen from the Anezi Hotel Agadir is a city in southwest Morocco, capital of the Souss-Massa-Dra region. ... Tangier, Morocco Tangier (Tanja طنچة in Berber and Arabic, Tánger in Spanish, and Tanger in French), is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 669,685 (2004 census). ... The skyline Location of Accra Labadi Beach Downtown Accra Accra, population 1,970,400 (2005), is the capital of Ghana. ... Motto: Virtus Unita Fortior (English: United virtue is stronger) Anthem: Angola Avante! (Portuguese: Forward Angola!) Capital Luanda Largest city Luanda Official language(s) Portuguese Government Multi-party democracy  - President José Eduardo dos Santos  - Prime Minister Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos Independence From Portugal   - Date November 11, 1975  Area    - Total... Image:Annobon island. ... Arguin is an island off the west coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin, at 20° 36 N., 16° 27 W. It is 6 km long by 2 broad. ... Map of Angola, highlighting Cabinda Cabinda is a small territory, administered as an exclave of Angola. ... Elmina is a town on the Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana, lying west of Cape Coast. ... Bioko (spelled also Bioco) is an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea, formerly called Fernando Pó or Fernando Póo. ... Flag of Gold Coast Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa. ... Portuguese Guinea was the name for what is today Guinea-Bissau from 1446 to September 10, 1974. ... Bissau, estimated population 355,000 (2004), is the capital of Guinea-Bissau. ... Cacheu is a town in north western Guinea-Bissau, lying on the Cacheu River. ... Malindi is a city in Kenya that has been a Swahili settlement since the 14th century. ... Mauritius (right) and Réunion (left) The Mascarene Islands (or Mascarenhas Archipelago) is a group of islands in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, which includes Mauritius, Réunion, Rodrigues, and Cargados Carajos shoals. ... Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya. ... Mozambique is a country in Southern Africa, bordering South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. ... Kilwa Kisiwani is an Islamic community on an island off the coast of East Africa, in present day Tanzania. ... Ouidah is a city on the Atlantic coast of Benin. ... São Tomé (population 53,300 in 2003) is the capital city of São Tomé and Príncipe and is by far the nations largest town. ... Príncipe is the smaller of the two major islands of São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Map of the Socotra archipelago Socotra or Soqotra (Arabic سقطرى ; Suquá¹­ra) is a small archipelago of four islands and islets in the Indian Ocean off the Horn of Africa, some 350 km south of the Arabian peninsula. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar (IPA pronunciation: ), as used today, is the collective name for two East African islands off mainland Tanzania: Unguja (also called Zanzibar) and Pemba. ... Ziguinchor (from Portuguese Cheguei e choram, I came and they Cry) is the capital of the Casamance region of Senegal, lying on the Casamance River. ... Categories: Iran geography stubs | Cities in Iran | Coastal cities ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area 3,500 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 646,024 [2] 184. ... Motto: none Anthem: Sri Lanka Matha, by Ananda Samarakone Capital Sri Jayawardenapura Largest city Colombo Official language(s) Sinhala, Tamil Government Democratic Socialist Republic  - President Mahinda Rajapaksa  - Prime Minister Ratnasiri Wickremanayake Independence From the UK   - Granted February 4, 1948  Area    - Total 65,610 km² (122nd)   (25,332 sq mi)   - Water... Lakshadweep (Malayalam: ലക്ഷദ്വീപ് []) is the smallest Union Territory of India. ... Portuguese India (Port. ... Vasai-Virar is a city in Maharashtra state in western India. ... MumbaÄ« (DevanāgarÄ«: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on Salsette Island, off the west coast of Maharashtra. ... Kozhikode district and city in Kerala Kozhikode in Malayalam കോഴിക്കോട്, also known as Calicut, is the third largest city (pop. ... Khambhat, formerly known as Cambay, is a town in Gujarat state, India. ... Inside St. ... Chaul is a former city of Portuguese India, now in ruins. ... Chittagong (Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম, Chôţţogram) is the major seaport and second largest city of Bangladesh. ... , Kochi ((?); Malayalam: കൊച്ചി []); formerly known as Cochin) is a city in the Indian state of Kerala. ... Cranganore (modern day Kodungallur) and known in ancient times as Shinkli, Muchiri (anglicised to Muziris), Muyirikkodu, Muchiripattinam was a famous and prosperous sea-port at the mouth of the Periyar (also known as Choorni Nadi) river in the southern Indian state of Kerala. ... Dadra and Nagar Haveli (Gujarati: દાદરા અને નગર હવેલી, Hindi: दादरा और नगर हवेली, Urdu: دادرہ اور نگر حویلی, Portuguese: Dadrá e Nagar-Aveli) is a Union Territory in western India. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ... Hugli-Chinsura (also commonly known as Hooghly-Chinsura) is a town in West Bengal, India. ... Machilipatnam , also known as Masulipatnam or Bandar or Masula (for short among Finnish mission workers [3]), is a city on the southeastern or Coromandel Coast of India. ... Mangalore , (called MangalÅ«ru in Kannada), is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Nagapattinam (formerly known as Negapatam and also as Shiva Rajadhani) is a small city with a population of about 100,000, located in coastal Tamil Nadu, India. ... Pulicat is a town which lies in the Tiruvallur District, in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. ... For the district with the same name, see Kollam District. ... The island as seen from the sky Salsette is an island in Maharashtra state on Indias west coast. ... Saint Thomas of Mylapore, or in Portuguese São Tomé de Meliapore, in Latin Sancti Thomae de Meliapor), was a suffragan to the primatial See of Goa in the East Indies. ... Surat (Gujarati:સુરત) is a port city in the Indian state of Gujarat and administrative headquarters of the Surat District. ... Thoothukudi (தூத்துக்குடி in Tamil). ... Banda Besar island seen from Fort Belgica The Banda Islands (Kepulauan Banda in Bahasa Indonesia) are a group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea, about 140km south of Seram island and about 2000km east of Java, and are part of the Indonesian province of Maluku. ... Map of Flores Island Flores (Portuguese for flowers) is one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, an island arc with an estimated area of 14,300 km² extending east from the Java island of Indonesia. ... Coloane (Traditional Chinese: 路環島; Simplified Chinese: 路环岛; Pinyin: Lùhuán DÇŽo; Jyutping: Lou6-waan4 Dou2, literally Road Ring Island) is one of the two main islands of Macau in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Taipa (氹仔島; Cantonese Jyutping; Tam5 Zai2 Dou2; pinyin: DàngzÇŽi DÇŽo) is an island of Macau in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Ilha Verde (Portuguese literally meaning island green; Chinese: 青洲; Cantonese Yale: chÄ«ng jāu, Jyutping: cing1 zau1; Mandarin pinyin: QÄ«ngzhōu) was formerly an island to the west of the Macao Isthmus. ... Hengqin (横琴岛, 橫琴島; Pinyin: Héngqín DÇŽo) is an island in Zhuhai, a prefecture-level city in the Guangdong Province of Peoples Republic of China. ... Makassar, (Macassar, Mangkasar) is the provincial capital of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km2 Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... The Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Moluccan Islands or simply Maluku) are an archipelago in Indonesia, and part of the larger Malay Archipelago. ... Ceram and Ambon Islands (Operational Navigation Chart, 1967) Not for navigational use Ambon City in 2001, showing heavy damage from fighting Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia. ... A 1720 depiction of Ternate. ... Tidore is an island and town in the Maluku Islands of eastern Indonesia, just west of the larger island of Halmahera. ... Nagasaki City Hall Mayor {{{Mayor}}} Address 〒850-8685 Nagasaki-shi, Sakura-machi 2-22 Phone number 095-825-5151 Official website: www1. ... View of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay Scale model of Dutch trading post on display in Dejima (2003) Edo-era boundaries of Dejima island (outlined in red) within the modern city of Nagasaki. ... Portuguese Timor is the former name (1596 - 1975) of East Timor when it was under Portuguese control. ... Motto: Libertad o Muerte (English: Liberty or Death) Anthem: Orientales, la Patria o la tumba Capital Montevideo Largest city Montevideo Official language(s) Spanish Government President Democratic Republic Tabaré Vázquez Independence from Brazil - Declared August 25, 1825 - Recognised August 28, 1828 Area  - Total    - Water (%)   176,220 km² (90th) 68... Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. ... Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Antes morrer livres que em paz sujeitos (Portuguese: To die free rather than to be subjugated in peace) Official language Portuguese Capitals Ponta Delgada (Presidency of the autonomous government), Angra do Heroísmo (Supreme Court), Horta (Legislative Assembly) Other towns Praia da Vitória... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Portuguese: Of the islands, the most beautiful and free) Official language Portuguese Capital Funchal Other towns Porto Santo, Machico, Santa Cruz, Câmara de Lobos, Santana, Ribeira Brava, Caniço Area 797 km² Population  - Total (1991)  - Density... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Dutch Empire. ... Arguin is an island off the west coast of Mauritania in the Bay of Arguin, at 20° 36 N., 16° 27 W. It is 6 km long by 2 broad. ... Official language English and Dutch1 Capital Cape Town Largest City Cape Town Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st 569,020 km² (1910) Negligible Population  - Total (1911)  - Density Ranked 1st 2,564,965 4. ... Maputo Bay from space, January 1990 Maputo Bay (Baia de Maputo), formerly Delagoa Bay (Port. ... The Dutch Gold Coast, or Dutch Guinea, was a part of the sector of Guinea (coastal West Africa) known in the colonial era as the Gold Coast (in present Ghana), gradually colonized by the Dutch since 1598. ... ÃŽle de Gorée (i. ... Berbice is the Second largest of the three counties in Guyana and is known as the ancient county. ... // The Age of Exploration The discovery of Brazil was preceded by a series of treaties between the kings of Portugal and Castille, the last of them is the Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in 1494, creating the Tordesillas Meridian, that divided the world between that two kingdoms. ... // Native American period The history of Suriname dates from 3000 BCE, when Native Americans first inhabited the area. ... Demerara was one of the original British colonies that was joined into the colony of British Guiana, now Guyana. ... Essequibo is the name of a Dutch colony founded in 1616 and located in the region of the Essequibo River. ... River in Guyana, South America. ... Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) was the name of the 17th century fortified settlement on Manhattan Island in the New Netherland territory (1614-1674) situated originally between 38 and 42 degrees latitude. ... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... Castara village beach looking south, Tobago Tobago is the smaller of the two main islands that make up the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. ...


Dutch colonization of the Americas During the 17th century, Dutch traders established trade posts and plantations throughout the Americas; actual colonization, with Dutch settling in the new lands was not as common as with settlements of other European nations. ...


Asia: Ceylon | Dutch India (Dutch Bengal - Coromandel Coast - Malabar Coast) | Deshima island in Japan | Dutch East Indies | Malacca | Taiwan Dutch India refers to the Dutch colonial possessions on the Indian subcontinent, while Dutch Indies refers to the far wider notions of the Dutch West Indies (in the Americas) and especially the Dutch East Indies (mainly present Indonesia, the colonial jewel in the Dutch crown, confusingly often informally called Indi... Dutch India refers to the Dutch colonial possessions on the Indian subcontinent, while Dutch Indies refers to the far wider notions of the Dutch West Indies (in the Americas) and especially the Dutch East Indies (mainly present Indonesia, the colonial jewel in the Dutch crown, confusingly often informally called Indi... The Coromandel Coast is the name given to the southeastern coast of the Indian peninsula. ... Malabar Coast, Kerala Bekal Fort Beach, Kerala The Malabar Coast also known as the Malabarian Coast, is a long and narrow south-western shore line of the mainland Indian subcontinent. ... View of Dejima in Nagasaki Bay Scale model of Dutch trading post on display in Dejima (2003) Edo-era boundaries of Dejima island (outlined in red) within the modern city of Nagasaki. ... The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-Indië) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km2 Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ...


Arctic & Oceania: Netherlands New Guinea (Indonesian Irian Jaya) | Smeerenburg on Amsterdam island Dutch New Guinea was a common name of western New Guinea while it was a colonial possession of the Netherlands. ... The settlement of Smeerenburg on Amsterdam Island in north-west Svalbard, originated with Dutch whalers before 1620: one of Europes northernmost outposts. ... Official language Norwegian Capital Longyearbyen King Harald V Governor Per Sefland Area  - Total Ranked 122nd 62,049 km² Population  - Total (2004)  - Density Ranked 230th 2,756 0. ...

See also: Dutch East India Company | Dutch West India Company
Present colonies (only Caribbean)
Kingdom of the Netherlands: Netherlands Antilles | Aruba

Coordinates: 2°12′N 102°15′E Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Melaka (city) - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Melaka (city) (214 words)
Seaport and capital of Melaka state, Peninsular Malaysia, situated on the Strait of Malacca at the mouth of the Melaka River; population (2000 est) 369,200.
Historically Melaka is a blend of Portuguese, Dutch, and British colonial influences.
Melaka has a large Baba (Malay-speaking) Chinese community, and a small Portuguese Eurasian fishing community (speaking the archaic Christao dialect of Portuguese), forming two distinctive subcultures.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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