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Encyclopedia > Mehmed IV
Sultan Mehmed IV
Sultan Mehmed IV

Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, "fourth", and Avci, "hunter") (January 2, 16421693) (Arabic: محمد الرابع) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Mehmed IV of the Ottomans This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Mehmed IV of the Ottomans This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... Arabic (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Sogut (1299-1326), Bursa (1326-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), Ä°stanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ...


Early Life

He was the son of Ibrahim I by a concubine, Turhan Hadice. Soon after his birth, his father and mother quarrelled and Ibrahim was so enraged that he tore Mehmed from his mother's arms and flung the infant into a pool. Fortunately, Mehmed was rescued. Sultan Ibrahim I Ibrahim I (November 5, 1615 – August 12, 1648) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1640–1648. ... Turhan Hadice (1627-1682) was concubine to Ottoman sultan Ibrahim I and the mother of his successor, Mehmed IV. She was of Russian origin. ...


Accomplishments

Known as Avci, "the hunter", outdoor exercise took up much of the time of Sultan Mehmed. His reign is notable for a brief revival of Ottoman fortunes led by the infamous Grand Vizier, Mehmed Köprülü. Köprülü regained the Aegean islands from Venice and fought successful campaigns against Transylvania (1664) and Poland (16701674). At one point Ottoman rule was close to extending into Podolia and Ukraine. A Vizier (وزير, sometimes also spelled Wazir) is an Arabic term for a high-ranking religious and political advisor, often to a king or sultan. ... Mehmed Köprülü (1575/1578/1583 – October 31, 1661) was the Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 1656 until his death. ... The Aegean Sea. ... Location within Italy Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venexia) 45°26′N 12°19′E, the city of canals, is the capital of the region of Veneto and of the province of Venice in Italy. ... For other uses, see Transylvania (disambiguation). ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 19 - England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster. ... Historical arms of Podolia The region of Podolia (Ukrainian: Podillya, Polish: Podole) lies in the west-central and south-west portions of present-day Ukraine that correspond to Khmelnytskyi Oblast and Vinnytsia Oblast. ...


A later vizier, Kara Mustafa was less able. Supporting the 1683 Hungarian uprising of Imre Thököly against Austrian rule, Kara Mustafa marched a vast army through Hungary and besieged Vienna at the Battle of Vienna. On the Kahlenberg Heights, the Ottomans were utterly routed by the Imperial army (under Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine) and the vengeful Poles led by their King, John III Sobieski. Headstone of Kara Mustafa, Edirne, Turkey Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha (1634/1635 – December 25, 1683) was an Ottoman military leader and vizier who was a central character in the empires last attempts at expansion into central and eastern Europe. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... Count Imre Thököly de Késmárk (Thököly/Tököly/Tökölli Imre in Hungarian; Imrich Tököli in Slovak; Emericq Thököly according to his most frequent signature) (1657-1705), statesman, leader of an anti-Habsburg uprising, prince of Transylvania. ... Vienna (German: Wien [viːn]; Slovenian: Dunaj, Croatian and Serbian: Beč Romanian: Viena, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya;) Vienna is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Combatants Habsburgs, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Ottoman Empire and its allies Khanate of Crimea, Central Hungary, Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia Commanders Jan III Sobieski, Charles V, Duke of Lorraine Merzifonlu Kara Mustafa Pasha Strength 70,000 138,000 Casualties 4,000 dead 15,000 dead {{{notes}}} The Battle of Vienna (Turkish: Ä°kinci... Charles IV (* April 5, 1604 in Nancy – September 18, 1675 in Allenbach), was the titular Duke of Lorraine from 1661 to 1670 See also: Dukes of Lorraine family tree Categories: French people stubs | Dukes of Lorraine | 1604 births | 1675 deaths ... The Duchy of Lorraine was an independent state for most of the period of time between 843 to 1739. ... Reign From May 21, 1674, until June 17, 1696 Elected On May 21, 1674 in Wola, today suburb of Warsaw, Poland Coronation On February 2, 1676 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Nobel Family Sobieski Coat of Arms Janina Parents Jakub Sobieski Zofia Teofillia Daniłowicz Consorts Marie Casimire Louise Children...


Kara Mustafa was strangled in Belgrade on Mehmed's orders and his head was placed on a column just outside the former palace in Edirne, but it was not enough to save the throne for the Sultan who was deposed and imprisoned at Edirne near his favourite hunting grounds. Mayor Nenad Bogdanović Area 359. ... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575 Edirne is a city in Thrace, the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ...


Mehmed's reign is notable in that it formally ended the era of Ottoman sultans as true rulers of the empire; in 1656 he signed away his executive powers to Mehmed Köprülü, thus ushering in the era of Grand Viziers as the real power behind the throne in Istanbul.

Preceded by:
Ibrahim I
Ottoman Sultan
1648–1687
Succeeded by:
Suleiman II

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mehmed IV - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (333 words)
Sultan Mehmed IV Mehmed IV (also known as Dördüncü, "fourth", and Avci, "hunter") (January 2, 1642–1693) (Arabic: محمد الرابع) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687.
Kara Mustafa was strangled in Belgrade on Mehmed's orders and his head was placed on a column just outside the former palace in Edirne, but it was not enough to save the throne for the Sultan who was deposed and imprisoned at Edirne near his favourite hunting grounds.
Mehmed's reign is notable in that it formally ended the era of Ottoman sultans as true rulers of the empire; in 1656 he signed away his executive powers to Mehmed Köprülü, thus ushering in the era of Grand Viziers as the real power behind the throne in Istanbul.
ninemsn Encarta - Printer-friendly - Ottoman Empire (1627 words)
The practice was abandoned in 1603; Mehmed III had left only two sons and there was a danger the house of Osman might die out—in 1640 there was only one male survivor of the Osman house and Ibrahim I was perforce chosen sultan despite doubts about his mental capacity.
Mehmed IV (Muhammad IV) was known as “the Hunter” because he spent all his time amusing himself with this pastime, while his grand vizier led the empire to disaster.
For example, Mehmed II spoke six languages, Selim I and Suleiman I were both notable poets in Persian, Murad IV and Selim III were well-informed about European affairs, and Ahmad III was a man of perhaps too exquisite sensibility, a patron of all the arts, and a devotee of the tulip.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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