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Encyclopedia > Megapolis

Megacity, megapolis, or megalopolis is a general term for cities together with their suburbs or recognized metropolitan areas usually with a total population in excess of 10 million people. Whereas the term city may denote importance, population size or legal status of a place, the term megacity concentrates on size only.


In 1950 New York was the only such area. There are nineteen as of 2004; an increase from only nine in 1985. This has happened as the world's population moves towards the high (75-85%) urbanization levels of North America and Western Europe. It is not clear that any city exclusive of its suburbs exceeds 10 million.


United Nations projections indicate a slowing-down of the emergence of new megacities after 2005. However the expansion of the kind of highly-urbanised zones may remain an important trend, as seen in Boston-Washington (BosWash), Tokyo-Osaka, Johannesburg-Pretoria or Rio de Janeiro-So Paulo.


Many megacities have such a high population density that the cost of living is too high for those of average means to have a decent living space. Also, in such areas people are potentially more vulnerable to natural disasters and terrorism. Some consider this to be a problem of overpopulation, others merely as one of overconcentration.


Canada

In Canada, megacity refers informally to the results of having merged multiple cities that have grown together or the suburbs of an urban region into one large municipality. Cities so merged include Winnipeg (this merger antedates the term, and was called "Unicity" at the time), Halifax, Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, Sudbury, Montreal, Gatineau, Longueuil, Quebec, Saguenay, and Lvis. A Canadian "megacity", however, is not necessarily an entirely urban area, as many cities so named have both rural and urban portions, and do not necessarily constitute a large metropolis. Their definition is thus close to the metropolitan area concept.


Megacities in fiction

Fictional megacities feature in much dystopian science fiction, with cities such as the Sprawl and Mega-City One. The Sprawl is featured in William Gibson's Neuromancer, while Mega-City One is a megalopolis of 800 million people across the east coast of the United States, featured in the comic 2000 AD. The Matrix movies take place in a megacity, which is referred to merely as "the city" and is a virtual amalgamation of the generic features of contemporary cities. Planet-wide megacities have been depicted, including Trantor in Isaac Asimov's Foundation series of books and Coruscant in the Star Wars storyline.


Naming scheme for megalopolises

A number of megalopolises use portmanteau words as their names (e.g. ChiPitts).


  Results from FactBites:
 
Megapolis - RPGnetWiki (900 words)
Megapolis began as the township of Meganville, and was founded in the late 17th century.
Megapolis natives Kid Dynamo, American Wonder, Major Tank (a former villain who chose service instead of jail time), and a mysterious ghost of the revolution called The Unknown Soldier formed a group called “The Four Freedoms”.
During this time, Megapolis' most famous superhero was Titan, an incredibly strong hero, who was nearly indestructible.
Megapolis Panama Real Estate and Preconstruction (736 words)
MEGAPOLIS is a unique project in Central America and one of the best in the world.
Most tourists stay in Panama City but others need to be transfer to the beaches because of the lack of availability of hotel rooms.
This is the reason why MEGAPOLIS is being created, due to the high demand of tourists coming to Panama.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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