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Encyclopedia > Megafauna
The mammoth, an extinct genus of megafauna.
The mammoth, an extinct genus of megafauna.

Megafauna are generally defined as those species animals whose average adult weight exceed 100 pounds (44 kg). The term is also used to refer to particular groups of large animals, both to extant species and, more often, those that have become extinct in geologically recent times. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Megafauna are generally defined as animals that weigh over 500 kg to 1 tonne, i. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The following is a list of megafauna recently discovered by western science (with their respective date of discovery), but which may have been known to native peoples in some areas. ... Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Species Mammuthus africanavus African mammoth Mammuthus columbi Columbian mammoth Mammuthus exilis Pygmy mammoth Mammuthus imperator Imperial mammoth Mammuthus jeffersonii Jeffersonian mammoth Mammuthus trogontherii Steppe mammoth Mammuthus meridionalis Mammuthus subplanifrons South African mammoth Mammuthus primigenius Woolly mammoth Mammuthus lamarmorae Sardinian Dwarf Mammoth A mammoth is any of a number of an... The Dodo, shown here in a 1651 illustration by Jan Savery, is an often-cited[1] example of modern extinction. ... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ...


Megafauna animals are generally K-strategists, with great longevity, slow population growth rates, low death rates, and few or no natural predators capable of killing adults. These characteristics make megafauna highly vulnerable to human exploitation. Large animals with popular appeal, often called charismatic megafauna, are often used by environmentalist groups to promote attention to our damaging of the world's ecosystems. In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of traits which promote success in particular environments. ... Megafauna are generally defined as animals that weigh over 500 kg to 1 tonne, i. ... Bold textHello ...

Contents

Recent extinctions

Main article: Pleistocene megafauna

Many species of megafauna have become extinct within the last million years, and, although some biologists dispute it, human hunting is often cited as the cause. Other theories for the cause of the extinctions are climatic change associated with glaciation and the questionable hyperdisease hypothesis. It has been suggested that New World Pleistocene extinctions be merged into this article or section. ... “Hunter” redirects here. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ...


Megafauna by continent

"†" denotes extinct megafauna


African megafauna

Ancylotherium
Ancylotherium

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Binomial name (Blumenbach, 1797) The African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana) is the larger of the two species of African elephants. ... Species Deinotherium bozasi Arambourg, 1934 Deinotherium giganteus Kaup, 1829 Deinotherium indicum Falconer, 1845 Deinotherium (terrible beast) was a huge prehistoric proto-elephant that appeared in the Middle Miocene and continued until the Early Pleistocene. ... Species Dinofelis abeli Dinofelis barlowi Dinofelis diastemata Dinofelis paleoonca Dinofelis piveteaui Dinofelis therailurus Dinofelis is a genus of machairodontin saber-toothed cats belong to the tribe Metailurini that lived in Europe, Asia, Africa and North America approximately 5-1. ... It has been suggested that African Pygmy Elephant be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Subspecies E. a. ... Ancylotherium (meaning hooked beast) was one of the last surviving chalicotheres, living 6. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name Connochaetes gnou Fouche, 1823 The Black Wildebeest or White-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) natural populations of this species, endemic to the southern region of Africa, have been almost completely exterminated, but the species has been reintroduced widely, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho... Binomial name (Burchell, 1823) The Blue Wildebeest is a large ungulate mammal of the genus Connochaetes which grows to 1. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus eurycerus Ogilby, 1837 The Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus is a large African forest antelope species. ... Binomial name (Schreber, 1775) Type species Acinonyx venator Brookes, 1828 (= Felis jubata, Schreber, 1775) by monotypy The range of the Cheetah The Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) is a vulnerable member of the cat family (Felidae), a poor climber that hunts by speed and stealth. ... Binomial name Taurotragus oryx Pallas, 1766 The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Oryx beisa Rüppell, 1835 The East African Oryx (Oryx beisa, also known as the Beisa Oryx) found in steppe and semi-desert throughout the Horn of Africa and in parts of Tanzania. ... Binomial name Gorilla beringei Matschie, 1903 Subspecies G. b. ... Binomial name Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) The gemsbok or gemsbuck (Oryx gazella) is a large African oryx antelope. ... A Giant Eland Binomial name Taurotragus derbianus Gray, 1847 The Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus also known as the Derby Eland) is an open forest savannah antelope. ... Binomial name Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas, 1904 The Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the largest wild member of the pig family Suidae. ... Species  ?  ?  ? Pelorovis is an extinct genus of mammal. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) is a grassland antelope found in West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ‘ιπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy Hippopotamus). ... Human beings are defined variously in biological, spiritual, and cultural terms, or in combinations thereof. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 The Leopard (Panthera pardus) is an Old World mammal of the Felidae family and one of the four big cats of the genus Panthera, along with the tiger, the lion and the jaguar. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Lions in Africa Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a member of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus buxtoni Lydekker, 1910 The Mountain Nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni known in Ethiopian as Azagen) is an antelope found in high altitude woodland in a small part of central Ethiopia. ... Binomial name (Laurenti, 1768) The Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) is one of the 3 species of crocodiles found in Africa, and the second largest species of crocodile. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus angasii Gray, 1849 Male nyala. ... Binomial name (P.L. Sclater, 1901) Range map The okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a mammal of the Ituri Rainforest in central Africa. ... Binomial name Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of Ostriches. ... Trinomial name Equus quagga quagga Boddaert, 1785 The quagga is an extinct subspecies of the plains zebra, which was once found in great numbers in South Africas Cape Province and the southern part of the Orange Free State. ... Binomial name Hippotragus niger Harris, 1838 The Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger) is an antelope that inhabits wooded savannah in East Africa south of Kenya, and in Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Kobus ellipsiprymnus (Ogilby, 1833) The Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is an antelope found in Western, Central Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Binomial name Gorilla gorilla Savage, 1847 Subspecies G. g. ...

Australian megafauna

Diprotodon

See also: Australian megafauna Photo of a cast of a composite diprotodon skeleton excavated from Lake Callabonna, and on display at the Queensland Museum, photo taken by Erich Schulz This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Photo of a cast of a composite diprotodon skeleton excavated from Lake Callabonna, and on display at the Queensland Museum, photo taken by Erich Schulz This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Diprotodons | image = Diprotodon australis skull. ... Binomial name Genyornis newtoni Stirling & Zietz, 1896 Genyornis (Genyornis newtoni) was a genus of large, flightless bird that lived in Australia until about 50,000 years ago. ... Binomial name Megalania prisca (Richard Owen, 1860) Megalania prisca is an extinct giant monitor lizard. ... Binomial name Thylacoleo carnifex (Owen, 1858) The Marsupial Lion (Thylacoleo carnifex) is an extinct species of carnivorous marsupial, (the largest Austrailan mammalian predator at that time) that lived in Australia from about 24 million years ago, during the late Oligocene, and became extinct about 50,000 years ago, during the... Binomial name Palorchestes azael Palorchestes azael is an extinct species of marsupial. ... Species Procoptodon was a genus of giant short-faced kangaroo living in Australia during the Pleistocene epoch. ... Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 The Red Kangaroo (Macropus rufus) is the largest of all kangaroos and the largest surviving marsupial. ... Binomial name (Schneider, 1801) Range of the Saltwater Crocodile in black The Saltwater or Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is the largest of all living reptiles. ... Australian megafauna is a term used to describe a number of comparatively large animal species in Australia. ...


Eurasian megafauna

Megaloceros

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 457 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (572 × 750 pixel, file size: 324 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Reconstruction of the extinct giant deer, genus Megaloceros By Pavel Riha, 2005; You can see more images at the Paleo-Gallery I, the copyright holder of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 457 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (572 × 750 pixel, file size: 324 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Reconstruction of the extinct giant deer, genus Megaloceros By Pavel Riha, 2005; You can see more images at the Paleo-Gallery I, the copyright holder of... Species Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus depressicornis There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Species Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus depressicornis There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Asian Elephant range The Asian or Asiatic Elephant (Elephas maximus), sometimes known by the name of its nominate subspecies (the Indian Elephant), is one of the three living species of elephant, and the only living species of the genus Elephas. ... Trinomial name Panthera leo persica Meyer, 1826 Current distribution of the Asiatic Lion in the wild Synonyms Leo leo goojratensis (India) Leo leo persicus (Persia) The Asiatic Lion (Panthera leo persica; also known as Indian Lion) is a subspecies of the lion found only in India. ... Binomial name Bos primigenius Subspecies Bos primigenius primigenius   (Bojanus, 1827) Bos primigenius namadicus   (Falconer, 1859) Bos primigenius mauretanicus   (Thomas, 1881) See Ur (rune) for the rune. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Bactrian Camel range The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. ... Binomial name Bos javanicus dAlton, 1823 The Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an ox that is found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, and Bali. ... Binomial name Ursus spelaeus Rosenmüller, 1794 The Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) was a species of bear which lived in Europe during the Pleistocene and became extinct at the end of the last ice age about 10,000 years ago. ... Trinomial name Panthera leo spelaea Goldfuss, 1810 The cave lion, also known as the European or Eurasian cave lion, is an extinct feline known from fossils and a wide variety of prehistoric art. ... Binomial name Panthera gombaszoegensis Kretzoi, 1938 The European jaguar (Panthera gombaszoegensis) lived about 1. ... Binomial name Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest 1822 The European Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus antiquus) was a species of hippopotamus that ranged across Europe, becoming extinct some time before the last ice age at the end of the Pleistocene epoch. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Gavialis gangeticus (Gmelin, 1789) Taxonomy The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) is the only surviving member of the family Gavialidae, a long-established group of crocodile-like reptiles with long, narrow jaws. ... Panda Bear redirects here. ... Binomial name Elasmotherium sibiricus The Giant Unicorn (Elasmotherium sibiricus) was a two meter high, and six meter long rhinoceros with a single two meter long horn in the forehead. ... Species Gigantopithecus blacki Gigantopithecus bilaspurensis Gigantopithecus was a genus of ape that existed from as long ago as 5 million years ago and as recently as 100 thousand years ago in what is today the countries of China and India. ... A Heck horse in Sababurg, Germany (2004) Heck horse in Haselünne, Germany (2004) The Heck horse is a breed of horse that resembles the extinct tarpan. ... Heck Cattle, also called reconstructed aurochs, is a hardy breed of cattle (Bos taurus) often referred to by its promoters by the name of aurochs. (The aurochs was an extinct recent ancestor to modern cattle. ... Binomial name Rhinoceros unicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ... Binomial name Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) Megaloceros redirects here. ... Binomial name Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Kaluga (Huso dauricus) (various groups of sturgeons) are large predatory fish found in the Amur River basin. ... Binomial name Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 The Kouprey (Bos sauveli also known as Kouproh) is a wild forest dwelling ox found mainly in northern Cambodia but also believed to be found in southern Laos, western Vietnam, and eastern Thailand. ... Binomial name Mammuthus trogontherii The steppe mammoth is an extinct species of elephant that ranged over most of northern Eurasia during the Ice Ages of the Pleistocene. ... Mammuthus meridionalis is an extinct species of elephant, a mammoth to be exact. ... Binomial name Pangasianodon gigas Chevey, 1931 The Mekong giant catfish, Pangasianodon gigas, is a species of freshwater fish in the shark catfish family (family Pangasiidae) of order Siluriformes, native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Moose range map The moose (so named in North America, derived from Eastern Abenaki moz)[1] or elk (in Anglophone Europe), Alces alces, is the largest extant member of the deer family Cervidae, distinguished from the others by the palmate antlers of its males. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Trinomial name Equus ferus przewalskii (Poliakov, 1881) Range map Przewalskis Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii or Equus caballus przewalskii, classification is debated), pronounced in English as //, also known as the Asian Wild Horse or Mongolian Wild Horse, or Takhi, is the closest living wild relative of the domestic Horse. ... Binomial name (Schneider, 1801) Range of the Saltwater Crocodile in black The Saltwater or Estuarine Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) is the largest of all living reptiles. ... Binomial name Melursus ursinus (Shaw, 1791) The Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) is a nocturnal bear, inhabiting the lowland forests of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. ... Stegodon is a genus of the extinct subfamily Stegodontinae of the order Proboscidea. ... Binomial name Bison priscus Bojanus, 1827 The Steppe Wisent (Bison priscus) was a steppe bison found on steppes throughout Europe, Central Asia, Beringia and North America during the Quaternary. ... Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... The Syrian Camel is an extinct species of wild camel from Syria. ... Binomial name Bubalus mindorensis (Heude, 1888) The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis; previously Anoa mindorensis), Tamarao or Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo is a bovine endemic to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Trinomial name Panthera tigris altaica Temminck, 1884 Distribution of the Siberian Tiger (in red) The Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) is a rare subspecies of tiger (). Also known as the Amur, North China, Manchurian, or Korean Tiger, it is the largest tiger subspecies of the world. ... Binomial name Bison bonasus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (IPA: ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, but survived the last ice age. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1766 Subspecies Bos grunniens grunniens Bos grunniens mutus The yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired humped domestic bovine found in Tibet and throughout the Himalayan region of south Central Asia, as well as in Mongolia. ... Binomial name Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 The Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domesticated pig. ... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... Binomial name Cervus elaphus Linnaeus, 1758 Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) is one of the largest species of deer in the world. ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus) is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Budorcas taxicolor Hodgson, 1850 The Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in heavily forested areas of the Eastern Himalayas. ... Binomial name Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758 Ursus arctos range map. ... Binomial name Equus hemionus Pallas, 1775 The onager (Equus hemionus) is a large mammal belonging to the horse family and native to the deserts of Syria, Iran, Pakistan, India, Israel, and Tibet (China). ... Binomial name Equus kiang , The Kiang (Equus kiang) is a large mammal belonging to the horse family. ... Binomial name Tapirus indicus (Desmarest, 1819) The Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus), also called the Asian Tapir, is the largest of the four species of tapir and the only one native to Asia. ...

North American megafauna

Megafauna are animals whose average adult weight is over 100 pounds (44 kg). ...

Central & South American megafauna

Glyptodon

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 781 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (792 × 608 pixel, file size: 473 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Glyptodon: A large extinct armadillo on his walk round the Guayana highlands By Pavel Riha, 2000; You can see more images at the Paleo-Gallery... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 781 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (792 × 608 pixel, file size: 473 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Glyptodon: A large extinct armadillo on his walk round the Guayana highlands By Pavel Riha, 2000; You can see more images at the Paleo-Gallery... Binomial name Trichechus inunguis (Natterer, 1883) The Amazonian Manatee Trichechus inunguis is a species of manatee that lives in the freshwater habitats of the Amazon River and its tributaries. ... Mastodons or Mastodonts (meaning nipple-teeth) are members of the extinct genus Mammut of the order Proboscidea and form the family Mammutidae; they resembled, but were distinct from, the woolly mammoth which belongs to the family Elephantidae. ... Binomial name Tapirus bairdii (Gill, 1865) Baird’s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) is one of the three species of tapir found in Latin America. ... Binomial name Melanosuchus niger Spix, 1825 The Black Caiman (Melanosuchus niger) is a threatened species, related to alligators. ... Binomial name Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Brazilian Tapir (anta in Portuguese), also known as the Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) is one of four species in the tapir family, along with the Mountain Tapir, the Malayan Tapir, and the Bairds Tapir. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The West Indian Manatee (Trichechus manatus) is a manatee, and the largest surviving member of the aquatic mammal order Sirenia (which also includes the Dugong and the extinct Stellers Sea Cow). ... For other uses, see Cougar (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Doedicurus was a prehistoric glyptodont, living around 2 million to 15,000 years ago. ... Families Rathymotheriidae Scelidotheriidae Mylodontidae Orophodontidae Megalonychidae Megatheriidae Ground sloths are extinct edentate (Order Xenarthra) mammals that are believed to be relatives of tree sloths and three-toed sloths. ... Binomial name Eunectes murinus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Boa murina Linnaeus, 1758 Boa scytale Linnaeus, 1758 Boa gigas Latreille, 1802 Eunectes barbouri Dunn & Conant, 1936 The Green Anaconda (Eunectes murinus) is an anaconda. ... For other uses, see Jaguar (disambiguation). ... Evolution of the horse, showing reconstruction of the fossil species obtained from successive rock strata. ... Binomial name Macrauchenia patachonica Owen, 1838 Macrauchenia patachonica was a long-necked and long-limbed, three-toed South American ungulate mammal, typifying the order Litopterna, and existing at least seven million years ago. ... Binomial name Tapirus pinchaque (Roulin, 1829) The Mountain Tapir (Tapirus pinchaque) is the smallest of the four species of tapir and is the only one to live outside of tropical rainforests in the wild. ... Binomial name Crocodylus intermedius Graves, 1819 The Orinoco Crocodile Crocodylus intermedius is a crocodilian found in freshwater in northern South America, in particular the Orinoco river. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama huonaeus Lama, the modern genus name for a small group of closely allied animals, which, before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, were the only domesticated ungulates of the continent. ... Species Smilodon californicus Smilodon fatalis Smilodon gracilis Smilodon populator Smilodon floridus Smilodon neogaeus For the record label, see Smilodon Records Smilodon (IPA: //, a bahuvrihi from Greek: knife and (Ionic) tooth) is an extinct genus of large machairodontine sabre-toothed cats that are understood to have lived between approximately 3 million... Binomial name Smilodon populator Lund, 1842 Smilodon populator (the Smilodon that brings devastation) was a machairodontine saber-toothed cat species. ... Binomial name (Leidy, 1869) Smilodon fatalis (the deadly knife-tooth) is possibly the best-known of the machairodontine saber-toothed cats. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Species Tapirus bairdii Tapirus indicus Tapirus pinchaque Tapirus terrestris Tapirs (IPA:ˈteɪpÉ™r, pronounced as in taper, or IPA:təˈpɪər, pronounced as in tap-ear) are large browsing mammals, roughly pig-like in shape, with short, prehensile snouts. ... Synonyms Phororhacosidae Ameghino, 1889 Phororhacidae Lydekker, 1893 Brontornithidae Moreno & Mercerat, 1891 Darwinornithidae Moreno & Mercerat, 1891 Stereornithidae Moreno & Mercerat, 1891 Patagornithidae Mercerat, 1897 Devincenziidae Kraglievich, 1932 Mesembriorniidae Kraglievich, 1932 Phorusrhacidae Brodkorb, 1963 Phorusrhacoids, or Terror Birds, were large carnivorous flightless birds that were the dominant predators in South America during the... Binomial name Toxodon platensis Owen, 1837 Toxodon is a genus of mammals, similar to the capybara but now extinct, that lived in the late Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs in South America. ...

Island megafauna

Aepyornis

Aepyornis skeleton. ... Aepyornis skeleton. ... Binomial name †Archaeoindris fontoynonti Standing, 1909 Archaeoindris fontoynonti is an extinct species of lemur and was the largest of the primitive primates. ... Binomial name Geochelone nigra (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) The Galápagos tortoise (or giant Galápagos tortoise), Geochelone nigra, is the largest living tortoise. ... The Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus or Malagasy Dwarf Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus lemerlei) is an extinct species of Hippopotami that lived on the Island of Madagascar. ... The Madagascan Pygmy Hippopotamus (Choeropsis madagascariensis or Hexaprotodon madagascariensis) is an extinct species of pygmy hippopotamus that lived on the island of Madagascar. ... Species Aepyornis hildebrandti Aepyornis medius Aepyornis maximus Aepyornis is an extinct genus of flightless bird. ... Megaladapis is an extinct species of primate that once inhabited Madagascar. ... Genera Anomalopteryx (bush moa) Euryapteryx Megalapteryx (upland moa) Dinornis (giant moa) Emeus Pachyornis Moa were giant flightless birds native to New Zealand. ...

Ocean megafauna

Hydrodamalis

Species Basilosaurus (King Lizard) was a genus of cetacean that lived from 39 to 34 million years ago in the Eocene. ... Diversity Around 15 species; see list of cetaceans or below. ... Binomial name (Gunnerus, 1765) Range (in blue) The basking shark, Cetorhinus maximus, is the second largest fish, after the whale shark. ... Genera Berardius Hyperoodon Indopacetus Mesoplodon Tasmacetus Ziphius A beaked whale is any of at least 20 species of small whale in the family Ziphiidae. ... Binomial name Delphinapterus leucas (Pallas, 1776) Beluga range This article is about the whale. ... Bluefin tuna may mean any of several species of tuna: Northern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus thynnus Southern Bluefin Tuna Thunnus maccoyii Pacific Bluefin Tuna Thunnus orientalis This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Binomial name Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni Robson, 1925 The Colossal Squid (Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni), sometimes called the Antarctic or Giant Cranch Squid, is believed to be the largest squid species. ... Species Dorudon atrox Dorudon serratus Dorudon was a genus of ancient cetacean that lived alongside Basilosaurus 41 to 33 million years ago, in the Eocene. ... Binomial name Dugong dugon (Müller, 1776) Natural range of . ... Species M. leonina M. angustirostris Elephant seals are large, oceangoing mammals in the genus Mirounga, in the earless seal family (Phocidae). ... Binomial name Tridacna gigas Linnaeus, 1758 The giant clam (Tridacna gigas) or traditionally, pa’ua, is the largest living bivalve mollusk. ... Binomial name Epinephelus lanceolatus Bloch, 1790 The Giant Grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus) is also known as the Brindle Bass and as the Queensland Grouper in Australia. ... Binomial name Stereolepis gigas (Ayres, 1859) The giant sea bass (Stereolepis gigas), also known as the black sea bass, is a fish native to the northern Pacific Ocean. ... Species Architeuthis dux Steenstrup, 1857 ?Architeuthis hartingii Verrill, 1875 ?Architeuthis japonica Pfeffer, 1912 ?Architeuthis kirkii Robson, 1887 ?Architeuthis martensi (Hilgendorf, 1880) ?Architeuthis physeteris (Joubin, 1900) ?Architeuthis sanctipauli (Velain, 1877) ?Architeuthis stockii (Kirk, 1882) Synonyms Architeuthus Steenstrup, 1857 Dinoteuthis More, 1875 Dubioteuthis Joubin, 1900 Megaloteuthis Kent, 1874 Megateuthis Hilgendorf in Carus... Binomial name Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein, 1822) The goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara) is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Range (in blue) The great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniforme shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. ... Binomial name Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) This page redirects from Chelonia, which is the genus name of this turtle, but has also been used for the order Testudines of all turtles and tortoises. ... Binomial name Somniosus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801 Range of the Greenland shark The Greenland shark, Somniosus microcephalus, also known as the sleeper shark, gurry shark, ground shark or grey shark, is a large shark native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland. ... Binomial name (Blainville, 1820) Hydrurga leptonyx range map. ... Binomial name Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761) The Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the biggest of all turtles alive, reaching a length of 2 m (6. ... Species Trichechus inunguis Trichechus manatus Trichechus senegalensis For the record label, see Manatee Records. ... Binomial name Manta birostris Dondorff, 1798 Hello wikipedia. ... Species Makaira indica Makaira mazara Makaira nigricans Makaira (Latin via Greek: sword) is a genus of marlins and spearfishes. ... Binomial name Agassiz, 1843 The megalodon, Carcharodon megalodon, (from ancient Greek μεγας = big + οδους (genitive οδοντος) = tooth) was a giant prehistoric shark that probably lived between about 16 to 1. ... Binomial name Megachasma pelagios Taylor, Compagno and Struhsaker, 1983 The megamouth shark, Megachasma pelagios, is an extremely rare and unusual species of shark, discovered in 1976, with 37 specimens known to be caught or sighted as of 2006. ... Binomial name Monodon monoceros Linnaeus, 1758 Narwhal range The Narwhal (Monodon monoceros) is an Arctic species of cetacean. ... Genera Agrostichthys Regalecus Oarfish are large, greatly elongated, pelagic Lampriform fish comprising the small family Regalecidae. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The ocean sunfish (Mola mola) or common mola is the heaviest bony fish in the world, with an average weight of 1000 kilograms. ... Genera See text. ... Binomial name Orcinus orca Linnaeus, 1758 Orca range (in blue) The orca (Orcinus orca), commonly known as the killer whale, and sometimes called the grampus, is the largest member of the oceanic dolphin family. ... Binomial name Tursiops truncatus Montagu, 1821 The Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is the most common and well-known dolphin species. ... Sousa may mean a number of different things: Sousa is a common surname in the Portuguese language, namely in Portugal and Brazil. ... Species Stenella attenuata Stenella frontalis Stenella longirostris Stenella clymene Stenella coeruleoalba Stenella is a genus in the dolphin family. ... Delphinus, being Latin for Dolphin, is a rather small (ranked 69th) northern constellation very close to the celestial equator. ... Grampus can be: An alternative common name for the orca; The name of the genus that includes Rissos Dolphin as its only species CSS Grampus, a Confederate river steamer HMS Grampus, a number of ships and submarines of the Royal Navy. ... Genera Neophocaena Phocoena - Harbor porpoise Phocoenoides - Dalls porpoise The porpoises are small cetaceans of the family Phocoenidae; they are related to whales and dolphins. ... Species Lampris guttatus Lampris immaculatus Opah (also known colloquially as moonfish, sunfish, kingfish, and Jerusalem haddock) are large, colourful, deep-bodied pelagic Lampriform fish comprising the small family Lampridae (also spelled Lamprididae). ... Binomial name Somniosus pacificus Bigelow & Schroeder, 1944 The Pacific sleeper shark, Somniosus pacificus, is a sleeper shark of the family Dalatiidae, found circumglobally on continental shelves and slopes in temperate waters between latitudes 70° N and 47° S, from the surface to 2,000 m. ... Binomial name Lamna nasus Bonnaterre, 1788 The Porbeagle (Lamna nasus) is a large pelagic predatory shark. ... See: Sawfish is a window manager for Unix systems running X. Sawfish is a type of cartilaginous fish. ... Genera Kogia Physeter The sperm whale family or simply the sperm whales is the collective name given to three species of whale, the Sperm Whale, the Pygmy Sperm Whale and the Dwarf Sperm Whale. ... Binomial name Hydrodamalis gigas (Zimmermann, 1780) Stellers Sea Cow (Hydrodamalis gigas) is an extinct large sirenian mammal formerly found near the Asiatic coast of the Bering Sea. ... Binomial name Eumetopias jubatus (Schreber, 1776) The Stellers sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), also known as the Northern Sea Lion, is a sea lion of the temperate eastern Pacific, named by Georg Steller. ... Species For species see text. ... Binomial name Péron & Lesueur 1822 Tiger shark range The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier, one of the largest sharks, is the only member of the genus Galeocerdo. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Walrus Subspecies Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) are large semi-aquatic mammals that live in the cold Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Binomial name (Smith, 1828) Range of whale shark The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a slow filter feeding shark that is the largest living fish species. ... Image File history File links Steller. ... Image File history File links Steller. ...

Arctic megafauna

Binomial name Rangifer tarandus The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... Species M. leonina M. angustirostris Elephant seals are large, oceangoing mammals in the genus Mirounga, in the earless seal family (Phocidae). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Species Camelops sulcatus Camelops huerfanensis Camelops kansanus Camelops traviswhitei Camelops hesternus Camelops minidokae Camelops is an extinct genus of camels that once roamed western North America, where it appeared about 45 million years ago. ... Binomial name Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1799) Megaloceros redirects here. ... Binomial name Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach, 1799 For the rock band, see Wooly Mammoth (band). ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Binomial name Phipps, 1774 Polar bear range Synonyms Ursus eogroenlandicus Ursus groenlandicus Ursus jenaensis Ursus labradorensis Ursus marinus Ursus polaris Ursus spitzbergensis Ursus ungavensis Thalarctos maritimus The polar bear (Ursus maritimus), a bear native to the Arctic, is the apex predator within its range. ... Species Smilodon californicus Smilodon fatalis Smilodon gracilis Smilodon populator Smilodon floridus Smilodon neogaeus For the record label, see Smilodon Records Smilodon (IPA: //, a bahuvrihi from Greek: knife and (Ionic) tooth) is an extinct genus of large machairodontine sabre-toothed cats that are understood to have lived between approximately 3 million... Binomial name Hydrodamalis gigas (Zimmermann, 1780) Stellers Sea Cow (Hydrodamalis gigas) is an extinct large sirenian mammal formerly found near the Asiatic coast of the Bering Sea. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of Walrus Subspecies Walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) are large semi-aquatic mammals that live in the cold Arctic seas of the Northern Hemisphere. ...

Domestic megafauna


† -- denotes extinct megafauna as of the 20th century AD/CE. cow and ox, see Cow (disambiguation) and Ox (disambiguation). ... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The llama (Lama glama) is a South American camelid, widely used as a pack animal by the Incas[1] and other natives of the Andes mountains. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


See also

The large size of a polar bear allows it to radiate less heat in a cold climate. ... In evolutionary biology, Copes rule states that population lineages tend to increase body size over geological time. ... A Giant isopod (Bathynomus giganteus) In zoology, deep-sea gigantism, also known as abyssal gigantism, is the tendency for species of crustaceans, invertebrates and other deep-sea dwelling animals to display a larger size than their shallow-water counterparts. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... Island gigantism is a biological phenomenon by which the size of animals isolated on an island increases dramatically over generations. ... The following is a list of megafauna recently discovered by western science (with their respective date of discovery), but which may have been known to native peoples in some areas. ... It has been suggested that New World Pleistocene extinctions be merged into this article or section. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Megafauna extinction – people theory (380 words)
Megafauna became extinct up to 50,000 years ago in Australia and New Guinea, around 10,900 years ago in North (and presumably South) America, about 1500 years ago in Madagascar, and between 900 and 600 years ago in New Zealand.
Secondly, megafauna are the biggest and slowest animals in the environment.
The other theory of megafauna extinction that is based on climate change must argue that extinction could have happened at almost any time in the last 50,000 years, whether the climate has been warm and wet or cold and dry, or any combination in between.
Megafauna extinction – patterns of extinction (457 words)
The extinction of megafauna around the world was probably due to environmental and ecological factors.
It is believed that megafauna initially came into existence in response to glacial conditions and became extinct with the onset of warmer climates.
In temperate Eurasia and North America, megafauna extinction concluded simultaneously with the replacement of the vast periglacial tundra by an immense area of forest.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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