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Encyclopedia > Megacity

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A megacity is generally defined as a metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people.[1] Some definitions also set a minimum level for population density (at least 2,000 persons/square km). Megacities can be distinguished from global cities by their rapid growth, new forms of spatial density of population, formal and informal economics, as well as poverty, crime, and high levels of social fragmentation. A megacity can be a single metropolitan area or two or more metropolitan areas that converge upon one another. The terms conurbation and metroplex are also applied to the latter. The terms megapolis and megalopolis are sometimes used synonymously with megacity. The term metacity is also sometimes used to describe cities with more than 20 million people. Mega city may refer to various megacities or megalopoleis in fiction: Mega City (also known simply as The City), the virtual city created within the reality of the Matrix series. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A world city, or a world-class city, is a city with a set of somewhat subjective traits which often include the following: International familiarity (or first-name familiarity – one would say Paris, not Paris, France). Active influence and participation in international events and world affairs (for example, New York... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... A metroplex is large metropolitan area containing several cities and their suburbs. ... A megalopolis is defined as an extensive metropolitan area or a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas. ...


In 1800 only 3% of the world's population lived in cities. By the 20th century's close, 47% did so. In 1950, there were 83 cities with populations exceeding one million; but by 2007, this had risen to 468 agglomerations of more than one million.[2] If the trend continues, the world's urban population will double every 38 years, say researchers. The UN forecasts that today's urban population of 3.2 billion will rise to nearly 5 billion by 2030, when three out of five people will live in cities.[3] Map of countries by population — China and India, the only two countries to have a population greater than one billion, together possess more than a third of the worlds population. ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ...


The increase will be most dramatic in the poorest and least-urbanised continents, Asia and Africa. Surveys and projections indicate that all urban growth over the next 25 years will be in developing countries.[4] One billion people, one-sixth of the world's population, now live in shanty towns,[5] which are seen as "breeding grounds" for social problems such as crime, drug addiction, alcoholism, poverty and unemployment. In many poor countries overpopulated slums exhibit high rates of disease due to unsanitary conditions, malnutrition, and lack of basic health care.[6] By 2030, over 2 billion people in the world will be living in slums.[7] Already over 90% of the urban population of Ethiopia, Malawi and Uganda, three of the world's most rural countries, live in slums. For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... Shanty towns are units of irregular low-cost and self-constructed housing built on terrain seized and occupied illegally -- usually on lands belonging to third parties, most often located in the urban periphery of the cities. ... Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a person is without work, available to work, and is currently seeking work. ... Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density. ... Tropical diseases are infectious diseases that either occur uniquely in tropical and subtropical regions (which is rare) or, more commonly, are either more widespread in the tropics or more difficult to prevent or control. ... A slum is an overcrowded and squalid district of a city or town usually inhabited by the very poor. ...


Global connectedness and local disconnectedness characterize megacities. The level of slums contrasts the global capital building capabilities. This can be viewed as one of the tensions brought about by the globalization of modern cities.


In 2000, there were 18 megacities – conurbations such as Tokyo, New York City, Mexico City, Bombay, Sao Paulo, Karachi that have populations in excess of 10 million inhabitants. Greater Tokyo already has 35 million, which is greater than the entire population of Canada.[8] For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... The Greater Tokyo Area (東京都市圏 Tōkyō-toshiken), also the Tokyo-Yokohama area, is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of the prefectures of Tokyo, Chiba, Kanagawa and Saitama. ...


By 2025, according to the Far Eastern Economic Review, Asia alone will have at least 10 hypercities (cities with a population greater than 20 million), including Jakarta, Indonesia (24.9 million people), Dhaka, Bangladesh (25 million), Karachi, Pakistan (26.5 million), Shanghai (27 million) and Bombay (with a staggering 33 million).[9] Lagos, Nigeria has grown from 300,000 in 1950 to an estimated 15 million today, and the Nigerian government estimates that the city will have expanded to 25 million residents by 2015.[10] Chinese experts forecast that Chinese cities will contain 800 million people by 2020.[11] Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ...


Megacities around the world

In 1950, New York was the only urban area with a population of over 10 million.[12] Geographers have identified 25 such areas as of October 2005,[13] as compared with 19 megacities in 2004 and only nine in 1985. This increase has happened as the world's population moves towards the high (75–85%) urbanization levels of North America and Western Europe. The 1990 census marked the first time the majority of US citizens lived in cities with over 1 million inhabitants. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in October 28: Richard Smalley 26: Emil Kyulev 24: José Azcona del Hoyo 24: Rosa Parks 23: Stella Obasanjo 22: Liam Lawlor 22: Shirley Horn 20: Endon Mahmood 17: Ba Jin 10: Milton Obote 7: Charles... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... North American redirects here. ... A current understanding of Western Europe. ...


Today, the largest megacity is the Greater Tokyo Area. The population of this urban agglomeration includes areas such as Yokohama and Kawasaki, and is estimated to be between 35 and 36 million. This variation in estimates can be accounted for by different definitions of what the area encompasses. While the prefectures of Tokyo, Chiba, Kanagawa, and Saitama are commonly included in statistical information, the Japan Statistics Bureau only includes the area within 50 kilometers of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Offices in Shinjuku, thus arriving at a smaller population estimate.[14][15] A characteristic issue of megacities is the difficulty in defining their outer limits and accurately estimating the population. Map of Japan with the Greater Tokyo Area highlighted The Greater Tokyo Area is a large metropolitan area in Japan consisting of most of the Japanese prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, Saitama, and Tokyo (at the center). ... In the study of human settlements, an agglomeration is an extended city or town area comprising the built-up area of a central place (usually a municipality) and any suburbs or adjacent satellite towns. ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Chiba Prefecture ) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... Kanagawa Prefecture ) is a prefecture located in the southern Kantō region of Honshū, Japan. ... Saitama Prefecture (埼玉県; Saitama-ken) is located on Honshu island, Japan. ... Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building (Tochō) The Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building ), (also referred to as Tokyo City Hall, or tochō (都庁) for short) is the building which houses the headquarters of Tokyo local government; this comprises not only the 23 wards that people think of as the city of Tokyo, but also... Shinjuku ) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. ...


The nine largest megacities, according to this criterion are:

  1. Birkmannsweiler, (36,197,000) 13%
  2. New York City , (29,700,000) 25%
  3. São Paulo, Brazil (19,226,000) 4%
  4. Mexico City (19,100,000) 4%
  5. Karachi, Pakistan (18,600,000) 6%
  6. Mumbai (Bombay), India (18,100,000) 9%
  7. Delhi, India (18,050,000) 4%
  8. Shanghai, China (17,600,000)
  9. Los Angeles, USA (17,500,000) 8%

By 2050 Birkmannsweiler: 42.254.958, New York: 48.254.589 and Mumbai: 40.254.023. New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... A simulated-colour satellite image of the Greater São Paulo metropolitan area (centre), and the coastal towns of Santos and São Vicente (below). ... Greater Mexico City refers to the conurbation around Mexico City, oficially called Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México or ZMCM (Metropolitan Zone of Mexico City) in Mexico. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... The Mumbai metropolitan area also known as the Greater Mumbai urban agglomeration is an agglomeration (or urbanised area) consisting of the metropolis of Mumbai and its satellite towns. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... This article is about the state. ... , Bombay redirects here. ...


By 2100 New York: 63.587.325, Mumbai: 58.268.256, Birkmannsweiler: 54.200.587, New Delhi: 32.542.746, Mexico City: 26.879.500 and Los Angeles: 26.412.658 Source: Th. Brinkhoff: The Principal Agglomerations of the World, 2006-11-22 This article is about the state. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , This article is about the capital city of India. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Other megacities include.

Another list defines megacities as urban agglomerations instead of metropolitan areas [1]. As of 2007, there are 22 megacities by this definition. Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Peking redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Location within Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ...


United Nations projections indicate a slow down of the emergence of new megacities after 2005. However, the expansion and merging of highly-urbanized zones may remain an important trend, as typified by the following: UN redirects here. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Emerging megacities in China (in decreasing order of population): Boston redirects here. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Baltimore redirects here. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The BosWash or Bosnywash or Boshington or Northeast Corridor or simply Northeast megalopolis is the name for a group of metropolitan areas in the northeastern United States, extending from Boston, Massachusetts, to Washington, D.C., including Providence, Rhode Island; Hartford and New Haven and Stamford, Connecticut; New York, New York... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Tijuana (Spanish [], English usually []), is the largest city in the Mexican state of Baja California and the seat of the municipality of Tijuana. ... This article is about the region of Southern California. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... Winnenden is a town in the Rems-Murr district, in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... Nickname: Location in Brazil Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1901 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Nickname: Motto: Labore virtute civitas floret(Latin) Labour and virtue make the city blossom Location of Campinas Country Brazil State São Paulo Government  - Mayor Hélio de Oliveira Santos (Democrat Labour Party (Brazil)) Area  - City 797. ...

Emerging megacities in India (in decreasing order of population): Yangtze River Delta The Yangtze River Delta (Chinese 长江三角洲/長江三角洲 chángjiāng sānjiÇŽozhōu) or Yangtze Delta, generally comprises the triangular-shaped territory of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Ningbo (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 1,219,900 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is about the city in Jiangsu. ... Map of Pearl River Delta (details) The Pearl River Delta Region (PRD) in China occupies the low-lying areas alongside the Pearl River estuary where the Pearl river flows into the South China Sea. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... Zhuhai waterfront Zhuhai Campus of Zhongshan University Zhuhai (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; lit. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Peking redirects here. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ...

Emerging megacities in Pakistan (in decreasing order of population): , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Secunderabad   is twinned with the city of Hyderabad, the latter being the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, India. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of almost 51 lakhs (5. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ...

  (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ...   (Urdu: فیصل آباد) is a city located in Punjab, Pakistan. ... Multan shown on a 1669 world map   (Urdu: ملتان) is a city in the Punjab Province of Pakistan and capital of Multan District. ... Sialkot (Urdu/Punjabi: ), the capital of Sialkot District, is a city situated in the north-east of the Punjab province in Pakistan at the feet of the snow-covered peaks of Kashmir near the Chenab river. ... Location within Pakistan Coordinates: , Country Pakistan Province Constructed 1960s Union Council 40 UC (District Govt. ...   (Urdu: راولپنڈی) is a city in the Potwar Plateau near Pakistans capital city of Islamabad, in the province of Punjab. ...

Characteristics of Megacities in the United States of America

The Greater Los Angeles Metropolitan Region consists of 5 counties making up a population of over 15 million. The city of Los Angeles makes up less than one third of this total population. The cityspace of Orange County consists of municipalities containing no more than 300,000 each, but put together comprise a “county-city” of 2.6 million. This presents difficulties for census gathering. Sometimes it is included in Los Angeles population information but not recognized as a city-region of its own, and other times it is left out of the total figure.


Challenges Associated with Megacities

The world’s population of “slum” dwellers increases by 25 million every year. The majority of these numbers come from the fringes of urban margins, located in legal and illegal settlements with insufficient housing and sanitation. This has been caused by the massive migration, both internal and transnational, into cities. This has caused growth rates of urban populations and spatial concentrations not seen before in history. These issues raise problems in the political, social, and economic arenas. The record-setting populations living in urban slums have little or no access to education, healthcare, or the urban economy.


Global Megacities

Some features of the new urban age resemble those of the industrial urbanization of the North during the 19th and early 20th centuries, but to replicate policies that were successful for Europe and North America would not be an efficient path for the increasingly Global South and West.


Megacities defined as agglomerations

Another list also defines megacities as urban agglomerations (continuous urbanization). Currently (2007), the agglomerations of more than 10,000,000 inhabitants are as follows :

Rank Agglomeration name Country Population
1 Birkmannsweiler  Germany 33,600,000
2 Seoul  South Korea 23,400,000
3 Mexico City  Mexico 22,400,000
4 New York City  United States 21,900,000
5 Mumbai  India 21,600,000
6 Delhi  India 21,500,000
7 Sao Paulo  Brazil 20,600,000
8 Los Angeles  United States 18,000,000
9 Shanghai  China 17,500,000
10 Osaka  Japan 16,700,000
11 Cairo  Egypt 16,100,000
12 Kolkata  India 15,700,000
13 Manila  Philippines 15,600,000
14 Jakarta  Indonesia 15,100,000
15 Karachi  Pakistan 15,100,000
16 Guangzhou  China 14,700,000
17 Buenos Aires  Argentina 13,600,000
18 Moscow  Russia 13,500,000
19 Beijing  China 12,800,000
20 Dhaka  Bangladesh 12,600,000
21 Rio de Janeiro  Brazil 12,300,000
22 Tehran  Iran 12,100,000
23 London  United Kingdom 12,000,000
24 Istanbul  Turkey 11,800,000
25 Lagos  Nigeria 10,100,000
26 Paris  France 10,000,000

Source: City Population Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... This article is about the Brazilian state, São Paulo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ...   (Sindhi: , Urdu: ) is the largest city in Pakistan and is the provincial capital of Sindh province. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Peking redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...


Canadian usage of Megacity

In Canada, the 1990s saw the forced amalgamation of several municipal entities in the provinces of Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec into larger new municipalities. The process created what was labelled a megacity by the media, although none of the created municipalities fit in the definition of a megacity in the international sense. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


Examples of megacities in Canada include:

  • Halifax - the cities of Halifax and Dartmouth and surrounding municipalities were merged in 1996 into the Halifax Regional Municipality, often called a "megacity," with a total population under 400,000.
  • Toronto - In 1998 the municipalities that constituted the Municipality of Metropolitan Toronto were merged into a new City of Toronto, currently the largest of the Canadian cities, with a population of 2,503,281 in 2006. The Greater Toronto Area (or GTA) had a population of 5,555,912 in 2006.
  • Kawartha Lakes, Ontario - the primarily rural Victoria County had its townships, towns and villages merged into a "megacity" in 2000. The area has a population of only 70,000 (several thousand less than nearby city of Peterborough) yet takes up an area of 3,059.22 km² giving it a density of only a mere 22.6 persons per km².
  • Ottawa - the municipalities that constituted the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton were merged into a new City of Ottawa in 2001.
  • Gatineau - five municipalities in southwestern Quebec (Gatineau, Hull, Aylmer, Buckingham, and Masson-Angers) were merged into a new City of Gatineau in 2002.
  • Montreal - all of the municipalities on the island of Montreal were merged into a new City of Montreal for a short period of time until January 1st, 2006, when a partial demerger occurred.
  • Greater Sudbury - resulted from the merger of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury in 2001.
  • Hamilton - the municipalities that constituted Hamilton-Wentworth merged in a new City of Hamilton in 2001.

For more information on Ontario "megacities," see the article on the Common Sense Revolution. Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Location of Kawartha Lakes in Ontario The City of Kawartha Lakes is a city in east-central Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes (Nature Provides, Industry Develops) Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot Coordinates: , Country Province County Peterborough County Established 1819 - Scotts Plains Incorporated as town 1850 - Peterborough Incorporated as city July 1, 1905 Government  - Mayor Paul Ayotte  - MP Dean Del Mastro... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Motto: Fortunae meae, multorum faber[1] Location of Gatineau in Quebec, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  Quebec Administrative Region Outaouais Amalgamated 2002 Government  - Mayor Marc Bureau  - Governing body Gatineau City Council  - MPs Lawrence Cannon, Richard Nadeau, Marcel Proulx  - MNAs Roch Cholette, Stéphanie Vallée, Charlotte LÉcuyer, Norman MacMillan... Motto: Ursus super montem ivit Area: 342. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedificemus (Latin for Come, let us build together) Coordinates: , Country Province Established 1893 (as Sudbury)   2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Government  - Mayor John Rodriguez  - Governing Body Greater Sudbury City Council  - MPs Raymond Bonin (LPC), Diane Marleau (LPC)  - MPPs Rick Bartolucci (OLP), Shelley Martel (NDP) Area  - City 3,200 km... The Regional Municipality of Sudbury was a Regional Municipality in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... The phrase Common Sense Revolution (CSR) has been used as a political slogan to describe common sense conservative platforms in Australia and the U.S. state of New Jersey in the 1990s. ...


Megacities in fiction

Fictional megacities feature in much dystopian science fiction, with examples such as the Sprawl, featured in William Gibson's Neuromancer, and Mega-City One, a megalopolis of over 400 million people across the east coast of the United States, features in the Judge Dredd comic, serialised in 2000 AD. This article is about the philosophical concept and literary form. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... In William Gibsons fiction, the Sprawl is a name for the BAMA, Boston-Atlanta Metropolitan Axis, and it is the urban environment taken to the extreme. ... Mega-City One is a huge fictional city-state covering much of what is now the Eastern United States in the Judge Dredd comic book series. ... For the 1995 film, see Judge Dredd (film). ... Cover of the first issue of 2000 AD, 26 February 1977. ...


Demolition Man (1993) features a megacity called "San Angeles", formed from the joining of Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, San Diego, and the surrounding metropolitan regions following a massive earthquake. Demolition Man is an American science fiction-action film released in 1993. ... San Angeles is a fictional city in the West Coast state of California in the United States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin...


Soylent Green (1973) features New York City in 2022 with a population of 40 mil. The city has a huge food shortage, which leads one company, the manufacturers of the popular food "Soylent Green" to create food out of the deceased, telling customers that it is plankton. It is not said how large the city is, but the main character does make the comment that something is "over the city line in Philadelphia" making the viewer wonder if the city has sprawled that far. For the metal band, see Soilent Green. ...


Planet-wide megacities (ecumenopoleis) have been depicted, including Trantor in Isaac Asimov's Foundation series of books, Coruscant in the Star Wars universe, 'City Europe' in David Wingrove's Chung Kuo series of books, Holy Terra and the hive cities of Necromunda in Warhammer 40,000, and Ravnica in the eponymous Magic: The Gathering expansion. In Stargate Atlantis, the Asurans appear to have an extremely large city that may or may not be an ecumenopolis, named Asuras. The surface of the fictional world of Coruscant, the capital world of the Star Wars galaxy, and a popular example of an ecumenopolis. ... Trantor is a fictional planet in Isaac Asimovs Foundation series and Empire series of science fiction novels. ... Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), pronounced , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов [1], was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful writer, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... Hari Seldons holographic image, pictured on a paperback edition of Foundation, appears at various times in the First Foundations history, to guide it through the social and economic crises that befall it. ... Coruscant (pronounced //)[1] is a fictional planet in the Star Wars universe. ... This article is about the series. ... Holy Terra is a fictional planet based in the tabletop strategy game Warhammer 40,000, and is the future incarnation of Earth. ... Goliath Ganger having fought off a Milliasaur. ... Warhammer 40,000 (informally known as Warhammer 40K, WH40K, W40K or just 40K) is a science fantasy game produced by Games Workshop. ... This article is about the Magic: The Gathering set known as Ravnica: City of Guilds. ... Magic: The Gathering (colloq. ... Stargate Atlantis (often abbreviated as SGA) is an American-Canadian science fiction television program, part of the Stargate franchise owned by MGM. Developed by longtime SG-1 producers Brad Wright and Robert C. Cooper, it is a spin-off from the television series Stargate SG-1. ... The Asurans are a fictional race in the science fiction series Stargate Atlantis that bear many similarities to the Replicators of Stargate SG-1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Asurans are a fictional race in the science fiction series Stargate Atlantis that bear many similarities to the Replicators of Stargate SG-1. ...


Many of these fictional depictions were inspired by Fritz Lang's 1927 film, Metropolis. Ridley Scott's 1982 film, Blade Runner, features an influential depiction of Los Angeles in 2019. Friedrich Christian Anton Fritz Lang (December 5, 1890 – August 2, 1976) was an Austrian-German-American film director, screenwriter and occasional film producer, one of the best known émigrés from Germanys school of Expressionism. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Metropolis Metropolis is a science fiction film produced in Germany set in a futuristic urban dystopia. ... Sir Ridley Scott (born November 30, 1937 in South Shields, South Tyneside) is a British film director and producer. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the 1982 film. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... 2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The MMORPG game "Guild Wars" has a massive, fictional megacity on its southern continent, Cantha, called Kaineng City which is very run down, corrupted, and in colossal slums and poverty. The city is a daily struggle for survival infested with crime, plagues, starvation, and a massive sewer system called the "undercity". This article is for the Guild Wars series. ...


Another MMORPG game City of Heroes is set in the fictional megacity known as Paragon City, which contains two other cities: Galaxy City and Skyway City. In the two novels based on the game as well as the official timeline for the game, Paragon City has existed at least as far back as the early to mid-1800s. Paragon is depicted as being one of if not the single largest city on Earth in its world setting. City of Heroes (CoH) is a massively multiplayer online role-playing computer game based on the superhero comic book genre, developed by Cryptic Studios and published by NCsoft. ...


The sprawling metropolis featured in The Matrix series of films can be considered a megacity. While the city is never referenced by name in the films, in the MMORPG The Matrix Online, the city itself is simply called the Mega City. The City is based on Sydney This article is about the 1999 film. ... The Matrix Online (MxO) is a massively multiplayer online game developed by Monolith Productions. ... It has been suggested that Club Hel (The Matrix) be merged into this article or section. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ...


The Fifth Element has a parody of New York City set in 2263 which is completely built up with depleted water levels the city is transformed into a much bigger metropolis than it is today. building are so high that people use flying cars to get around and the ground level of the Earth is obscured by cloud cover. This article is about the 1997 film. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


References

  1. ^ "How Big Can Cities Get?" New Scientist Magazine, 17 June 2006, page 41.
  2. ^ Principal Agglomerations of the World
  3. ^ Megacities Of The Future
  4. ^ Nigeria: Lagos, the mega-city of slums
  5. ^ Half of humanity set to go urban
  6. ^ Planet of Slums - The Third World’s Megacities
  7. ^ State of World Population 2007
  8. ^ The world goes to town
  9. ^ Planet of Slums by Mike Davis
  10. ^ Lagos, Nigeria facts - National Geographic
  11. ^ China's urban population to reach 800 to 900 million by 2020: expert
  12. ^ Tertius Chandler, 1987, St. David's University Press. Top 10 Cities of the Year 1950. Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. Retrieved on 2007-03-24.
  13. ^ Population statistics
  14. ^ Greater Tokyo population statistics
  15. ^ Tokyo metropolitan area population statistics
  16. ^ Hamilton Tolosa, “The Rio/São Paulo/Belo Horizonte Extended Metropolitan Region; A Quest for Global Integration”, The Annals of Regional Science 37:2 (September 2003), pp. 480, 485.

Soja, Edward W.. "Postmetropolis, Critical Studies of Cities and Regions". Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2000 (alk. paper, ISBN 1-55718-000-3; paperback, ISBN 1-55718-001-1) is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 83rd day of the year (84th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Try2004 Hyperstructure or Megacity as featured on the Discovery Channels Extreme Engineering programs. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... In American local government, a consolidated city-county, metropolitan municipality or regional municipality is a city and county that have been merged into one jurisdiction. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... “World city” redirects here. ... A megalopolis is defined as an extensive metropolitan area or a long chain of continuous metropolitan areas. ... A metroplex is large metropolitan area containing several cities and their suburbs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Urban sprawl, also known as suburban sprawl, is the spreading out of a city and its suburbs over rural land at the fringe of an urban area. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 This is a list of the 100 largest urban agglomerations in the world according to the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report (2005 revision). ... 27 metropolitan areas of at least 10 million people. ... Map of countries by population density (See List of countries by population density. ...

External links

, Current TV is an Emmy award winning independent media company led by former U.S. Vice President Al Gore, and businessman Joel Hyatt. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
MEGACITY : New Encyclopedia Topic (650 words)
A megacity is usually defined as a recognized metropolitan area with a total population in excess of 10 million people.
Megacities have been agglomerated in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, and have resulted in large amounts of acrimony.
The Matrix trilogy takes place in a megacity, which is referred to merely as "The City" and is a virtual amalgamation of the generic features of contemporary cities (street names mentioned in the first Matrix correspond to streets in the Chicago Loop).
Top20SanDiego.com - Your Top20Guide to San Diego, CA. (2771 words)
The bar featured in the piano scene, Kansas City BBQ, is on the corner of Kettner Boulevard and West Harbor Drive (near the Manchester Grand Hyatt hotel) and contains memorabilia from the film.
San Diego and Los Angeles are part of the futuristic utopian megacity San Angeles in the 1993 movie Demolition Man.
In the comic book series Aquaman, half of San Diego was plunged into the Pacific Ocean by an earthquake.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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